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17. April 2015

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Do Public Tuition Subsidies Promote College Enrollment? Evidence from Community College Taxing Districts in Texas

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Referent/-in
  • Brian McCall, University of Michigan
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    15. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Peer Effects in Labor Supply Decisions of Mothers with Young Children

    Social and economic policies are likely to affect individuals not only by the change in financial incentives, but also by a change in the behavior of their social or work environment. It is our goal to determine social interaction effects in the context of employment behavior in Germany. In particular, we analyze whether the labor supply decisions of mothers with young children depend on the decisions made by their coworkers. The identification of social interaction effects bears various challenges that need to be overcome by the design of the empirical strategy. To this end we follow a reduced-form approach exploiting quasi-random variation in the costs of parental leave induced by the introduction of the new Elterngeld in 2007. Administrative linked employer-employee panel data enables us to assign a peer group to each individual and provides us with individual employment histories of all individuals in these social groups. This data set, combined with microeconometric and quasi-experimental methods, allows us to overcome the challenges associated with the identification and determine existence and magnitude of social interaction effects in employment decisions.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    1. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Job Search Expectations

    We introduce subjective expectations about the labour market into a job search model. We show how biases in expectations over the wage distribution affect optimal search intensity and the duration of unemployment. Optimistic individuals search more but reject more offers, with an ambiguous effect on unemployment duration. Based on extensive survey data from Germany, we confirm previous evidence that the unemployed are overly optimistic. We show how the simple search model with subjective wage expectations can be empirically estimated using panel data including information on expectations. Estimation is work in progress.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    27. März 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Gini’s mean difference offers a response to Leamer’s critique

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    Referent/-in
  • Shlomo Yitzhaki, Hebrew University Jerusalem
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    18. März 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The German child-care pension benefit and household savings

    In this paper, I estimate the impact of the German child-care pension benefit (Kindererziehungszeiten) on household savings, exploiting the pension reform 1992 as a natural experiment based on the Income and Expenditure Survey (EVS). The child-care pension benefits are designed as a compensation for employment interruptions due to child-birth and they increase a mother’s pension wealth. In principle, this implies negative incentives for private savings. However, the preliminary results indicate that household savings are not affected by the higher generosity of child-care pension benefits.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    16. März 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Showrooming and resale price maintenance

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    Referent/-in
  • Jeanine Miklós-Thal, Simon Business School, Universtiy of Rochester
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    12. März 2015

    BIEN Lunchtime Seminar The Introduction of Academy Schools to England’s Education

    Anmeldung bis 6. März unter

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    Referent
  • Prof. Stephen Machin, PhD
  • Zeit
    11:30 - 12:45 Uhr
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    10. - 11. März 2015

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Economics of Educational Achievement

    On March 10 and 11, Prof. Ludger Woessmann will hold four lectures as part of the 2015 Lecture Series of the Berlin Network of Labor Market Research (BeNA). 

    Ludger Wößmann will give three lectures and a research talk. The lectures will provide an overview of research on the importance of educational achievement for economic prosperity both at the macroeconomic and at the microeconomic level, as well as on how institutions of the school system affect educational achievement.

    The Berlin Network of Labor Market Research (BeNA) is run by Ph.D. students and Post-Docs from DIW Berlin and five other major research institutions in Berlin.

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    Referent
  • Prof. Dr. Ludger Wößmann
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    18. Februar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Preference for College and Educational Inequality: Do Students Lack Information - Evidence from a Field Experiment

    In Germany students from a non-academic family background are still underrepresented in universities. Even though access to higher education has increased, students from non-academic family backgrounds are still twenty percentage points less likely to enroll in university compared to their peers from academic backgrounds. Since in Germany no tuition fees need to be paid, financial constraints are less likely to explain this educational inequality. Recent evidence suggests that students’ choice against university education is based on incomplete information. Using data from a randomized controlled trial this paper examines whether improving the level of information reduces differences in students’ intention to study. For students from non-academic family backgrounds we find that provision of information increased their preference for university education. Our results suggest that providing information may be a suitable policy tool to reduce educational inequality at the transition to tertiary education.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    13. Februar 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Educational choices - competitiveness or locus of control?

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    Referent/-in
  • Stefan Wolter, University of Bern
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    6. Februar 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Plan switching and inertia in Medicare Part D: Evidence from administrative data

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    Referent/-in
  • Florian Heiß, Heinrich-Heine Universität, Düsseldorf
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    4. Februar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Dynamics of Earnings in Germany: Evidence from Social Security Records

    Labor markets are subject to structural changes in last decades—globalization, skill biased technological change as well as demographic changes have deep effects on individual earnings biographies and their volatility. We examine these patterns for male employees in West Germany from 1960 - 2009. Therefore, we decompose earnings into permanent and transitory components and estimate parameters of the underlying variance-covariance structure of an error components model. We find both increases in the permanent and transitory component, which is in line with the literature about increasing cross-sectional and lifetime earnings inequality. However, the pattern has changed for younger cohorts, suggesting a long-lasting trend.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    4. Februar 2015

    Seminar From financial to real economy crisis – Evidence from individual company-bank relationships in Germany
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: What began as a financial crisis in 2007/2008 quickly became a massive crisis of the real economy. We investigate the importance of the bank lending and firm borrowing channel in the transmission of shocks to trading returns of banks to real investment of firms. For the analysis we match individual firm and bank financial statements in Germany for the period of 2004-2010.

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    Referent/-in
  • Frank Fossen (Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    21. Januar 2015

    Seminar Equalization of Opportunity: Definitions, Implementable Conditions and Application to Early-Childhood Policy Evaluation
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper develops a criterion to assess equalization of opportunity that is consistent with theoretical views of equality of opportunity. We characterize inequality of opportunity as a situation where some groups in society enjoy an illegitimate advantage. In this context, equalization of opportunity requires that the extent of the illegitimate advantage enjoyed by the privileged groups falls.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Francesco Andreoli (CEPS/INSTEAS and University of Verona
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    21. Januar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen An instrument for every child? The effects of a universal music education program

    Universal music education programs have become increasingly popular among policy makers in Germany and other developed countries. They are presented as innovative policies that improve educational opportunities for the poor. The political hopes are based on the assumption that learning a musical instrument positively develops cognitive and non-cognitive skills. However, the educational effects of universal music education have been insufficiently studied. Using data from two household panel studies in Germany (SOEP and FiD), I examine whether a universal music education program decreases the strong association between socio-economic status and access to instrumental music lessons. I further investigate whether the program affected the development of non-cognitive skills as well as the likelihood to attend an upper secondary school. Regional and temporal variation in program implementation allows me to identify causal effects. Preliminary results suggest that universal music education projects successfully provide more equal access to extracurricular music activities. The program also shows small positive effects on social skills, in particular for children from disadvantaged social backgrounds.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    16. Januar 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Dynamic Discrete Choice Estimation of Agricultural Land Use

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    Referent/-in
  • Paul Scott, Toulouse School of Economics
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    9. Januar 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Fitting Parsimonious Household-Portfolio Models to Data

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    Referent/-in
  • Christos Koulovatianos, University of Luxembourg
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    8. Januar 2015

    BIEN Lunchtime Seminar Effekt des Hochschulzugangs (mit/ohne Abitur) auf den Studienerfolg

    mit Kommentar von Dr. Marco Neumann

    Anmeldung bis 05.01.2015 unter

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent
  • Prof. Dr. Holger Lengfeld
  • Zeit
    11:30 - 12:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Saal) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    7. Januar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Inequality and Defined Benefit Pensions when Life Expectancy is Heterogeneous

    This study analyzes the distributional effects of a defined pension benefit system under heterogeneous life expectancies. For this purpose, we propose a methodology that quantifies life expectancy-based regressive redistribution using a life expectancy-adjusted benchmark scenario. This methodology is combined with a structural life-cycle model of labor supply, retirement and consumption decisions that allows for behavioral responses to changes in the pension system. We show that the German pension system induces a large regressive redistribution of life-time income, and has a relevant regressive effect on average annual consumption. Behavioral responses to regressive redistribution matter for the results. Introducing progressivity into either pension contributions or pension benefits only partially offsets the effects of life expectancy-based regressive redistribution via the pension system.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    19. Dez 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Direct and Indirect Effects of Mass Layoffs – Evidence from Geo-Referenced Data

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    Referent/-in
  • Achim D. Schmillen, The World Bank
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
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