Veranstaltungen

Bildung und Familie

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21. Mai 2014

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Early retirement disincentives: Effectiveness and implications for distribution and welfare

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of early retirement disincentives that have been introduced in Germany and investigates the distributional and welfare implications. Therefore, we set up a detailed model of the German social security and tax system with special focus on the PAYG-pension system. Building on the fact that the institutional changes were phased in - impacting birth cohorts to a different degree - we are able to estimate the parameters of a structural dynamic retirement model. This enables us to analyze whether and to what extent disincentives are able to steer retirement behavior. The estimates are based on high quality administrative data. We also compute changes in Gini coefficients of expected remaining lifetime consumption as well as equivalent and compensating variations to assess welfare effects. Furthermore, we discuss if recently introduced subsidies for private old age provisions are adequate to compensate the associated welfare losses.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
21. Mai 2014

BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Skills, Occupational Choice, and Educational Attainment

Abstract: Miriam Gensowski proposes a model of educational choice in which the formation of wage expectations accounts for anticipated occupational choices as well as education levels. Occupations are characterized as bundles of tasks that are explicitly linked to multi-dimensional abilities and personality traits. These traits are measured in Project Talent data that I augment with information from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The importance of skills is contrasted with the influence of parental background in this mutually dependent decision.

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Referent/-in
  • Miriam Gensowski(University of Copenhagen)
  • Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    16. Mai 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Household Formation, Female Labor Supply and Savings

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    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Dr. Hans Fehr, Universität Würzburg
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    10. Mai 2014

    Veranstaltung Lange Nacht der Wissenschaften 2014 im DIW Berlin

    Zum vierten Mal wird das DIW Berlin an der Langen Nacht der Wissenschaften teilnehmen. Auch diesmal werden unsere Referenten mit spannenden Vorträgen zahlreiche Besucher anlocken.

    Nähere Informationen

    Zeit
    17:00 - 24:00
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    9. Mai 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Extra! Extra! Read all about it! Internet is killing printed news

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    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Tarjei Havnes, University of Oslo
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    8. Mai 2014

    BIEN Lunchtime Seminar Professionelle Wahrnehmung von Unterricht - Warum ist dies ein wichtiges Ziel der universitären Lehrerausbildung?

    mit Kommentar von Sonja Mohr

    Anmeldung bis 30.04.2014 unter 

     

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    Referent
  • Prof. Dr. Tina Seidel
  • Zeit
    11:30 - 12:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Saal) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    7. Mai 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Subsidized Early Child Care on Maternal Labor Supply: Quasi-experimental Evidence from Germany

    (joint with Katharina Wrohlich)
    This paper uses spatial and temporal variation in county child care availability for children under three year induced by the expansion of public child care in West Germany to analyze the impact of subsidized early childcare provision on maternal labor supply. We imply a general difference-in-differences approach to identify this causal link, controlling for time and county fixed effects, as well as potential determinants of the regional child care availability, since the degree of expansion might not be exogenous. So far, our preliminary results based on two different data sets (SOEP and Microcensus) do not show a significant effect of the differences in child care availability on the county level on the individual probability of mothers to work.

    Referent/-in
  • Denise Sengül
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    2. Mai 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Intergenerational Mobility Curves

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    Referent/-in
  • Bhash Mazumder, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    25. April 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Forward-looking Behavior and Stockpiling of Prescription Drugs

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    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Niels Skipper, Aarhus University
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    23. April 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Early Universal Care on Objective Child Health Outcomes

    Referent/-in
  • Verena Lauber (University of Konstanz)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    9. April 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Is it really all that bad? The impact of shortening high school tenure on grade repetitions and graduation rates

    (joint with Jan Marcus, DIW Berlin)
    In designing education systems, policy-makers face a trade-off between the provision of higher levels of schooling and earlier labour market entries. The G8-reform, a fundamental education reform in Germany, tackles this trade-off by increasing education efficiency: The time in high school is reduced by one year while the total number of instruction hours is left unchanged. As a first indicator of the overall effectiveness of this recent policy, we study its effect on grade repetitions and high school graduation rates. Employing administrative data on all pupils in Germany, we exploit both temporal and regional variations in the implementation of the reform. We show that the shortening of the high school track length has no impact on grade repetitions in lower grades, whereas they double for pupils in the final years before graduation. The large majority of students, however, completes high school earlier. We cannot find any reduction in graduation rates. The results are robust to various changes in model specifications. The results indicate that the reform's potential benefits for labour markets, pension schemes and fertility will be slightly attenuated due to increased repetition rates.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    12. März 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family pension benefits and household savings

    Child-raising pension benefits (Kindererziehungszeiten) in Germany are designed as a compensation for employment interruptions due to child-birth. These benefits increase the parent's (usually the mother's) pension wealth. In principle, this implies negative incentives for private savings.
    Based on the Income and Expenditure Survey (EVS), the impact of child-raising pension benefits on household savings shall be identified by exploiting the pension reform 1992 as a natural experiment. In this cluster seminar the research idea will be presented.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    26. Februar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen How far do criminals understand the criminal law? Evidence from French mandatory sentencing

    This paper studies the deterrent effect of a medium increase in the severity of sentences and documents how the understanding of the newly enacted law evolves in the criminal population. The empirical strategy exploits mandatory sentencing act against repeat offenders passed by the French parliament in August 2007. The law specifically targets offenders who did the same act twice. Nevertheless, it was mainly presented as a law against recidivists without further explanation. I use a unique dataset including individual level data reporting the outcome of all trials ended with a conviction in France. The identification strategy is based on timing of events framework and competing risk analysis. It exploits the fact that offenders sentenced before the law was passed differ by the type of their new offense and the time between the first conviction and the date of application of the law. The analysis shows a significant short term deterrent effect of the law which disappear after some months. It also shows that the short term effect also concerns crimes that were presented as targeted but were not effectively affected. After four months, new offenses of different type are not deterred while new offenses of similar type still are.

    Referent/-in
  • Arnaud Philippe
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    12. Februar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply under working hours constraints - Assessing the potential of a family working time benefit in Germany

    (joint with Kai-Uwe Müller and Katharina Wrohlich) 
    The majority of empirical labor supply models used for policy evaluation assumes observed hours of work as revealed preferences of individuals or households. Economic actors maximize their utility by choosing among different bundles of income and leisure. By assumption their choice is not constrained by regulations, institutions, or insufficient labor demand. In this paper we evaluate the employment effects of a policy proposal for which restrictions on the choice of working hours are crucial by using a structural labor supply model with working hours constraints. The family working time benefit (FWTB) is targeted at couple households with young children and designed to improve the financial incentives for a more equal distribution of gainful employment and care or family duties among spouses. Conditional on both partners working around 30 hours per week (equal to 80% of a conventional full-time job) the (hypothetical) income difference to their full-time income is partially compensated. Although its employment effects would be rather small, we find that FWTB reaches its goal by reducing working hours for fathers and increasing them for mothers. The pure incentive effect on labor supply is roughly halved when accounting for working hours constraints.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    7. Februar 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Social Insurance and Retirement: A Cross-Country Perspective

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    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Johanna Wallenius, Stockholm School of Economics
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    6. Februar 2014

    BIEN Lunchtime Seminar Was Kinder lesen: Kognitive Konsequenzen und pädagogische Herausforderungen

    mit Kommentar von Prof. Dr. Martin Brunner

    Anmeldung bis 30.01.2014 unter

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    Referent
  • Dr. Sascha Schroeder
  • Zeit
    11:30 - 12:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Saal) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    29. Januar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Is Being Tough Helpful? Search Requirements, Sanction Threats and Time to Job Finding

    (joint with Patrick Arni) 
    The enforcement of job search requirements is increasingly employed to determine the level of search effort provided by unemployment insurance recipients. We evaluate the impacts of this policy on the rate of job finding. Previous research on job search monitoring has focused on the effects of an imposed benefit sanction. By estimating the impacts of requirement policies and their anticipated enforcement, we analyze how monitoring affects search outcomes before a sanction event occurs. New Swiss administrative data sources allow us to match individual-level information on requirement setting, compliance behavior and enforcement policies. We estimate a multivariate duration model which we complement with quasi-experimental variation in our parameters of interest. Our preliminary results indicate that additional applications generated by a high-requirement policy do not directly translate into job search success. Search requirements rather seem to influence unemployment exit rates through changes in non-compliance behavior and sanction anticipation.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    15. Januar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Educational Choice against All the Odds - Personality Traits as a Tool Kit?

    Students from a non-academic background have a significant lower probability of receiving tertiary education than their peers from an academic background. This is true even in an educational system where higher education is free of charge and financial constraints play a rather small role. Many theoretical and empirical articles describe reasons for this inequality. While primary effects, as less educational input at home, and secondary effects, fewer financial resources, explain the lower attendance, few studies show the factors that lead to a successful transition into tertiary education. In this paper we examine students who enter college against all the odds. Holding parental background and cognitive ability constant, by applying a propensity score matching method, we show that personality traits explain college enrollment intentions. The results show that educational policies should not neglect students' non-cognitive skills, as these skills help explain how to close the educational gap. Our first preliminary results show that "openness to experience" increases students' intention to pursue a college degree. (joint with Frauke Peter)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    9. Januar 2014

    BIEN Lunchtime Seminar Die Rolle institutioneller Rahmenbedingungen für das Risiko einer Rückstellung vom Schulbesuch

    mit Kommentar von Prof. Dr. Katharina Spieß

    Anmeldung bis 02.01.2014 unter

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    Referent
  • Prof. Dr. Birgit Becker
  • Zeit
    11:30 - 12:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Saal) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    18. Dez 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Transition to Parenthood and the Dynamic of Women´s Economic Dependency. A Comparison of Germany and Switzerland

    Referent/-in
  • Lena Liechti
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
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