Veranstaltungen

Bildung und Familie

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21. Juni 2013

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Offering Intensive Support to At-Risk High School Students
A Program Evaluation of Pathways to Education

The Pathways to Education Program is an intervention that was developed to encourage schooling among disadvantaged early high school students. The program adopts a multi-faceted approach, offering extensive tutoring, mentoring, and financial support, as well as easy access to student-parent workers who provide information and advice as needed on a wide range of issues. The program began in the 2001-2002 school year for transitioning Grade 8 students in two schools surrounding Regent Park, a large public housing project in downtown Toronto. Participation required parents and students to commit in writing to the program. This study presents the first evaluation of the pathways program using publicly available data.

Mehr Informationen
Referent/-in
  • Philip Oreopoulos, University of Toronto
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 468
    19. Juni 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Natural Disaster, Policy Disaster, Policy Action, and Mental Well-Being: The Case of Fukushima

    We study the impact of the Fukushima disaster on people's mental distress in another industrialized country, 5500 miles away. The meltdown significantly increased environmental concerns by 25% among the German population. Subsequent drastic policy action permanently shut down the oldest nuclear reactors, implemented the phase-out of the remaining ones, and proclaimed the transition to renewables. This energy policy turnaround was largely supported by the population and equalized the increase in mental distress. We fail to detect any significant long-term impact of Fukushima. However, we estimate that during the 3 months after the meltdown, Fukushima triggered external monetized health costs worth €250 per distressed citizen-particularly among risk averse women above 40.

    Autoren
  • Asst. Prof. Dr. Nicolas R. Ziebarth, Cornell University
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    5. Juni 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Education and time investment in children: Is Germany different?

    Parental investment in terms of money and time is considered to be crucial for a child's development. Research on childcare, which is mainly based on US data, agrees that education has a positive impact on maternal caring time, despite the fact that high earning prospects increase the incentives for labor market participation. Given differences in the family support and other aspect of family environment there is no reason to believe that these results apply to all other countries.
    This paper provides evidence for West Germany using the German Time Use Survey (GTUS). Comparable results show no significantly positive effect of college education on childcare time for mothers. This is in particular the case for university education. The highest secondary school degree, however, has a positive impact on childcare for mothers. Households with a university educated mother divide caring responsibilities differently. Their partners spend significantly more time caring, especially during the week. These mothers spend relatively more time caring on weekends and daycare is used more often. On weekends the father's university education has a positive impact on caring time, especially the time spend with the child and another adult. These results are strongly influenced by households with a child that is in pre-school age. Analyzing subcategories of childcare separately reveals that university educated mothers spend relatively less time on basic and recreational care, but more on educational care activities.

    The effects for West Germany are directly contrasted to four other OECD countries and East Germany. In France and East Germany, two areas with a relative high supply of public daycare, the effect of college education for mothers it is even negative on weekdays. In Spain, a typical Southern European country, it is only a little larger than in West Germany. In the Anglo-Saxon countries, UK and US, the marginal effect of education is relatively larger. Controlling for the partner's education shrinks the effect for the US. The partner's characteristic may consequently be one driving force behind the educational effects. The mother's college education has a positive effect on the father's caring time in all countries but the UK and East Germany.

    Referent/-in
  • Verena Lauber, Universität Konstanz
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    22. Mai 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Estimating labour supply elasticity from bunching: Some issues

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    3. Mai 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Intergenerational Transfer of the Gender Gap in Labor Force Participation

    Abstract: In this paper we empirically investigate the intergenerational transfer of a gender gap in labor force participation. Specifically, we analyze the extent to which the family and the local community nurture the gender gap. We utilize extremely rich registry data that allows us to estimate the effect of gender on labor force participation in sibling fixed effects models, and study how the gender effect differs across family and neighborhood characteristics during childhood. The underlying idea is that genetic or hormonal differences contributing to gender differences in labor supply are independent of family and neighborhood characteristics. The results suggest that childhood environment plays a large role in explaining the gender differences in labor force participation.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Mari Rege, Uni Stavanger, Norway
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 468
    24. April 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays

    Excessive alcohol consumption among the youth is a major public health concern both in Germany and Europe. In March 2010 the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg banned the sale of alcoholic beverages between 10pm and 5am in off-premise outlets (e.g. petrol stations, supermarkets). We use monthly administrative data from a 70% random sample of all hospital admissions for the years 2007-2010 in order to evaluate the impact of this policy on alcohol-related hospitalizations. Applying a difference-in-difference approach, we find that the policy change reduces alcohol-related hospitalizations among teenagers and young adults by about 7-10%. (joint with Thomas Siedler)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    17. April 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Do mothers adjust their labor supply in response to child-raising benefits in the pension system?

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    20. März 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Bank’s trading activity, the lending channel and real investment - Evidence from individual firm-bank relationships in Germany

    What began as a financial crisis in 2007/2008 quickly became a massive crisis of the real economy. We investigate the importance of the bank lending and firm borrowing channel in the transmission of asset price shocks to real investment. For the analysis we match individual firm and bank financial statements in Germany for the period of 2004-2010. The data include a large number of medium sized businesses. Using IV estimations in first differences to eliminate firm- and bank-specific effects, we find that banks which experience losses from their trading activities cut back lending, and firms whose relationship banks reduce lending decrease investment. The results support the view that a separation of own trading from commercial bank activities may contribute to shielding the real economy from financial crises.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    6. März 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Distributional Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap

    This study investigates the relationship between locally available quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC) institutions and the probability of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care arrangements. By considering several indicators of structural quality we extend the existing literature which has mostly focused on the importance of availability or costs of ECEC services for maternal work-care choices during the early years. We investigate the relationships with formal and informal care use, which mostly have been examined in two separate strands of the literature. Furthermore, we provide differentiated analyses for mothers with children aged under three and from three to school age, for East and West Germany, and for partnered and single mothers.

    The empirical analysis is based on the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and on the "Families in Germany"-Study (FiD) for 2010 and 2011, which are linked with regional data on structural quality from German youth and welfare offices in 2010. We use probit regression models of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care, respectively. These components of maternal work-care decisions are interdependent and may be influenced by common unobserved factors. Therefore, the error terms between the probit regressions are allowed to correlate in a framework of seemingly unrelated estimations. Our results show negative associations of local child-teacher-ratios with maternal (full-time) employment and (full-day) formal ECEC use in several subgroups. The effects are stronger for single mothers compared to those with a partner and stronger in West Germany than in East Germany. Other structural quality indicators, such as group size and teacher education, are not significantly related to or show counterintuitive associations with maternal work-care arrangements.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    20. Februar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Day-care quality and work-care choices of mothers in Germany

    This study investigates the relationship between locally available quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC) institutions and the probability of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care arrangements. By considering several indicators of structural quality we extend the existing literature which has mostly focused on the importance of availability or costs of ECEC services for maternal work-care choices during the early years. We investigate the relationships with formal and informal care use, which mostly have been examined in two separate strands of the literature. Furthermore, we provide differentiated analyses for mothers with children aged under three and from three to school age, for East and West Germany, and for partnered and single mothers.

    The empirical analysis is based on the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and on the "Families in Germany"-Study (FiD) for 2010 and 2011, which are linked with regional data on structural quality from German youth and welfare offices in 2010. We use probit regression models of maternal employment, use of formal and informal care, respectively. These components of maternal work-care decisions are interdependent and may be influenced by common unobserved factors. Therefore, the error terms between the probit regressions are allowed to correlate in a framework of seemingly unrelated estimations. Our results show negative associations of local child-teacher-ratios with maternal (full-time) employment and (full-day) formal ECEC use in several subgroups. The effects are stronger for single mothers compared to those with a partner and stronger in West Germany than in East Germany. Other structural quality indicators, such as group size and teacher education, are not significantly related to or show counterintuitive associations with maternal work-care arrangements.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    13. Februar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Incidence of Social Security Contributions - Empirical Evidence for Germany

    This paper exploits an increase of the East German taxable maximum of health insurance to analyse the incidence of social security contributions. A difference-in-differences approach is used to estimate the effects on yearly changes in gross wages. Employees earning somewhat less than the taxable maximum serve as control group. I find that considerable shifting in any direction can be rejected.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    9. Januar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen How learning a musical instrument affects educational achievement

    Learning a musical instrument during childhood may increase educational opportunities by improving cognitive skills, teaching non-cognitive skills or by sending positive signals to teachers. Our study tests these hypotheses with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, which contains information on musical practice during childhood as well as detailed parental background characteristics. In order to reduce the bias resulting from non-random selection into musical practice, we use propensity score matching. Moreover, we test the robustness of our results with siblings fixed effects. We find that learning a musical instrument improves cognitive skills by 0.3 and school marks by 0.15 standard deviations. Educational ambitions improve whereas non-cognitive skills do not seem to be affected. Positive effects are stronger for children from lower socio-economic status.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    19. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Die Nachfrage nach Energie, Mobilität und Freizeit und Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage

    Ein Nachfragesystem, dass Mobilität, Energiegüter und Freizeit (respektive Arbeitsangebot) einschließt, wird mit den Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichproben (EVS) der Jahre 1998, 2003 und 2008 geschätzt. Getrennt für Single- und Paarhaushalte weren Eigen- und Kreuzpreiselastizitäten berechnet, mit denen die Auswirkungen der EEG Umlage simuliert werden. Die EEG Umlage wirkt wie eine Stromsteuer und führte zwischen 2008 und 2013 zu einer Steigerung des Strompreises für die Haushalte von im Schnitt 25,9%.
    Belastungswirkungen, Nachfrageeffekte, Arbeitsangebot, Aufkommenswirkungen und Wohlfahrtseffekte werden mit dem Nachfragesystem simuliert.

    Der Vortrag findet auf deutsch statt.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    5. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Health risks and insurance against work incapacity over the life-cycle

    This paper proposes a structural life-cycle model to analyze the links between individuals' health, labor market participation, wealth accumulation, and early retirement. I rely on the framework of a dynamic programming discrete choice model which is estimated using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study. A sequential Expectation-Maximization algorithm is used to obtain good starting values for a subsequent full information maximum likelihood estimation. A policy analysis focuses on the early retirement option of the German statutory pension scheme which constitutes an insurance against work incapacity. I simulate scenarios where health shocks do or do not occur at different ages during the life-cycle for individuals with differing endowments at age 40. A comparison of expected consumption paths and net present values of expected life-cycle incomes between the scenarios sheds some light on health-related poverty risks and the magnitude of risks being uninsured by the German early retirement scheme. Furthermore, I investigate a counterfactual policy scenario where reductions on the pension benefits of early retirees are abolished for individuals who are in bad health.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    21. Nov 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Examining the Structure of Spatial Health Effects using Hierarchical Bayes Models

    Abstract

    This paper makes use of Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects. We focus on Germany and combine rich individual-level household panel data with administrative county-level information to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable, we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. Our findings reveal strong and highly significant spatial dependencies and clusters. The strong and systematic county-level impact is comparable to an age effect on health of up to 30 years. Even 20 years after the peaceful German reunification, we detect a clear spatial East-West health pattern that equals an age impact on health of up to 15 life years.

    Referent/-in
  • in Zusammenarbeit mit Nicolas R. Ziebarth (Cornell University)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    7. Nov 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Liquidity Constraints and the Permanent Income Hypothesis: Pseudo Panel Estimation with German Consumption Survey Data

    Abstract: This paper empirically investigates the relevance of liquidity constraints and excess sensitivity in intertemporal household consumption. Using a pseudo panel that has been constructed on rich German consumption survey data, we estimate the consumption responses to permanent and transitory income shocks, as well as the presence of excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes. A switching regression approach with unknown sample separation is applied to identify the two regimes whether to be liquidity constrained or not. The results are used to test whether liquidity constraints affect the validity of the permanent income hypothesis. For households in the constrained regime, reactions to changes in transitory income are found to be significantly greater than for households in the unconstrained regime. Furthermore, we provide evidence for excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes for households in the constrained regime if total consumption, durable as well as non-durable, is considered.

    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    24. Oktober 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labour Market Outcomes

    Abstract

    This paper exploits the effects of job information centers in West Germany on pupils' educational and occupational choices, as well as on their labor market outcomes in later life. This paper contributes to the very sparse literature on the impacts of the public provision of labor market related information. We exploit the fact that West Germany job information centers were introduced at different times in different places, and use a differences-in-differences approach to identify parameters with causal interpretation. Combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP) with administrative data on the location and introduction of job information centers allows us to detect whether an individual could have benefited from the information service during their youth. The results suggest that individuals in counties with a job information center while they were in grades 8 and 9, choose more education, have more prestigious jobs and have higher wage incomes than pupils who did not have access to facilities.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    24. Oktober 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes

    Referent/-in
  • in Zusammenarbeit mit Thomas Siedler (Universität Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    18. Juli 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Wage Mobility in East and West Germany

    This article studies long run patterns and explanations of wage mobility as a characteristic of regional labor markets. Using German administrative data we describe wage mobility since 1975 in West and since 1992 in East Germany. Wage mobility declined substantially in East Germany in the 1990s and moderately in East and West Germany since the late 1990s. Therefore, wage mobility does not balance recent increases in cross-sectional wage inequality. We apply RIF regression based decompositions to measure the role of factors associated with these mobility changes. Increasing job stability plays an important role in the East German mobility decline.
    Link: http://ftp.iza.org/dp6246.pdf

     

    Autoren
  • Prof. Dr. Regina T. Riphahn, LMU München
  • Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    4. Juli 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The treatment effect of attending a high-quality school and the influence of unobservables

    This paper studies the effect of attending a high-quality middle school on subsequent educational outcomes. The analysis is based on data from the German socio-economic household panel in which we observe children when they make their secondary school decisions (in the age between 10-12) and later when they self-report on their intentions with regard to their further educational pathway (in the age of 16-17). To identify the treatment effect, we use a regression-control framework as well as an instrumental variable approach (based on local supply of schools). In a second step, we carefully examine the influence of unobservable characteristics in both methods using the new technique proposed by Altonji, Elder and Taber (2005). Our findings suggest that unobservable characteristics are indeed crucial to the validity of the research design. While we find large positive and significant effects of attending a high-quality school, we cannot rule out that the estimates are not in fact driven by selection on unobservables.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
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