puje (Copyright)  Mathematik Mathe Integralrechnung
Press Release, 10 Feb 2016

Proportion of tutored students nearly twice as high as 15 years ago – household income becoming a less influential factor – parental migration background no longer determines participation – nevertheless, educational inequalities persist More and more schoolchildren in Germany are... more

DC_1 (Copyright)  Zweifel Sorge Zweifelnd
Interview, 10 Feb 2016

How much are German schoolchildren being tutored? The usage of tutoring in Germany is noteworthy. Among secondary school students, 18 percent reported having been tutored in the past 6 months. Among primary school students, it’s clearly much lower, at 6 percent. However, it’s... more

Gk (Copyright)  Steuer Aktenordner Akte
Press Release, 01 Feb 2016

DIW Berlin experts estimate annual value of inheritances and gifts to be between 200 and 300 billion euros – high levels of inequality due to heavy concentration of wealth and largely tax-free transfers of big businesses – experts recommend reducing tax privileges and imposing limited... more

rotoGraphics (Copyright)  Frau Weiblich Frauen
Report, 28 Jan 2016

by Stefan Bach and Andreas Thiemann Compared to the rest of Europe, Germany exhibits an especially high concentration of wealth. According to estimates based on a microsimulation model, a German wealth tax could generate an estimated ten to 20 billion euros per year in revenue—even with... more

Alex Loban (Copyright)  Auto PKW Wagen
Interview, 28 Jan 2016

Dr. Bach, what is the real net worth of German households and how is this wealth distributed? German households have a real net worth of 8.6 trillion euros. This massive wealth is very highly concentrated and is equivalent to around two and a half times the country’s GDP. We estimate that... more

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by Adrian Hille, C. Katharina Spieß, Mila Staneva, in DIW Economic Bulletin

Private tutoring is playing an increasingly significant role in the education of many teenagers and children: In 2013, a total of 18 percent of students at the secondary level (approximately ages 10–17) worked with paid tutors; among students at the primary level (approximately ages 6–10), this figure stood at six percent. In the period between 2009 and 2013, an average of 47 percent of 17-year-old respondents indicated that they had received tutoring at least once in the course of their school careers—roughly 20 percentage points more than what had been reported around 15 years earlier, as the present calculations show. Although households with above-average incomes engaged the services of paid tutors the most frequently of any group, discrepancies in usage among the various socioeconomic groups have started to fade: An increasing number of students from families with below-average incomes are also working with tutors, though this share remains lower than those of other groups.

by Stefan Bach, Andreas Thiemann, in DIW Economic Bulletin

Every year in Germany, an estimated 200 to 300 billion euros is gifted or inherited. Due to the extremely unequal distribution of wealth, these capital transfers are also highly concentrated. Approximately half of all transfers are less worth than 50,000 euros. Transfers of over 500,000 euros were received by one and a half percent of beneficiaries, accounting for one-third of the total transfer volume. The 0.08 percent of cases with transfers of over five million euros received 14 percent of the transfer volume and more than half of corporate transfers, which are currently largely exempt from inheritance tax. Abolishing tax concessions could considerably increase the tax base of inheritance tax in the longer term. This would make it possible to reduce tax rates to a level that avoids placing a greater burden on family businesses.

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