Gk (Copyright)  Detailaufnahme Detailansicht Detail
In the media, 15 Aug 2017

The op-ed by Marcel Fratzscher was first published on FT.com on August 9, 2017. The gains would outweigh the costs and help chart a path for the continent’s future As Germany heads towards its general election one of the debates in Berlin and elsewhere is what course the next government will ... more

Bernd Leitner (Copyright)  Mehrwertsteuer Mehrwertsteuern Umsatzsteuer
Report, 02 Aug 2017

If the desire is to provide tax relief to households with lower and middle incomes in Germany, it is necessary to target the valueadded tax rather than the personal income tax. Lowering the standard value-added tax rate by one percentage point (from 19 to 18 percent) would mean relief worth 11 ... more

Gk (Copyright)  Steuer Aktenordner Akte
Interview, 02 Aug 2017

Mr. Bach, to what extent could cutting the value-added tax rate relieve low- and middle-income earners? If you want to provide significant fiscal relief to lower and middle income groups, you should focus more on the valueadded tax and less on the income tax. The value-added tax puts the burden on ... more

Fotocenter Berlin (Copyright)
Report, 02 Aug 2017

On 5 July 2017, Isabel Teichmann (Department of Energy, Transportation, Environment; until 30 June 2017: Department of Competition and Consumers) was awarded the Albrecht-Daniel-Thaer-Förderpreis for her doctoral thesis “Three Topics in Agriculture: Private Quality Standards, Marketing ... more

sunshine (Copyright)  Unterlagen Papiere Akten
Report, 26 Jul 2017

Ownership of publicly listed German companies has undergone significant changes in recent years. The aim of this report is to document these trends since 2007 and analyze the extent to which firms that compete in the same product market are owned by the same investors, which is known as common ... more

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by Stefan Bach, Niklas Isaak, in DIW Economic Bulletin

If the desire is to provide tax relief to households with lower and middle incomes in Germany, it is necessary to target the valueadded tax rather than the personal income tax. Lowering the standard value-added tax rate by one percentage point (from 19 to 18 percent) would mean relief worth 11 billion euro for consumers. The reduced value-added tax rate of seven percent should only be cut for food and local public transportation. Lowering it by two percentage points to five percent would generate relief equaling 3.8 billion euro. In total, these reform measures would generate fiscal relief of just under 15 billion euro. The simultaneous abolition of the remaining value-added tax would yield an overall revenue loss of 7.4 billion euro to the government. It could be abolished gradually in order to appropriately deal with adjustment issues or political resistance. Due to the regressive nature of the value-added tax, a major portion of the tax cuts would benefit lower and middle income groups, assuming companies pass on the relief to consumers by lower prices.

by Jo Seldeslachts, Melissa Newham, Albert Banal-Estanol, in DIW Economic Bulletin

Ownership of publicly listed German companies has undergone significant changes in recent years. The aim of this report is to document these trends since 2007 and analyze the extent to which firms that compete in the same product market are owned by the same investors, which is known as common ownership. We show that some large foreign institutional investors have overtaken domestic investors and now occupy the top spots. This is true both in terms of value and the number of blockholdings, i.e. large blocks of shares.In addition, there has been an increase in ownership concentration overall. That said, private and governmental investors with few but large holdings, still own more than half of German equity. Using two leading industries, the chemical and car industries, we show that ownership trends and levels of common ownership can be very different across industries. While it is unclear a priori what common ownership implies for competition, innovation, and consumer welfare, markets that show more common ownership, such as the chemical sector, deserve more attention from policy makers, regulators, and academics alike.

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