The 2020 Strategy Experience: Lessons for Regional Cooperation, EU Governance and Investment

Berlin, 17 June 2015
DIW Berlin, Mohrenstrasse 58, Schumpeter Hall

In October 2014 the European Council agreed to create a “reliable and transparent governance system… to ensure that the EU meets its energy policy goals”. With the announcement of the Energy Union Package in February 2015, the Commission initiated a debate on how to make the European energy sector more secure, sustainable and competitive. This conference therefore invites academia and think tanks to prepare new analysis and practitioners to discuss experience that Europe and its Member States have gathered with cooperation and coordination mechanisms for energy policy to date. The objective is to gather the evidence base to inform the future development of EU energy policy and governance.   


8.45     Registration

9.15     Welcoming remarks: Ingmar Jürgens (EC Berlin Office), Karsten Neuhoff (DIW Berlin)

9.30 – 11.00

Panel 1 - Cross-border and domestic infrastructure development

We will start the discussion by evaluating the experience with the development of electricity and gas infrastructure. The main question discussed during this session will be: How do member states coordinate their policies to advance projects across different regulatory regimes and involve multiple stakeholders? The panelists will also analyse the role of European mechanisms to support the development of infrastructure, including the European Fund.

Chair: Kacper Szulecki, University of Oslo

Paper 1: László Szabó, Regional Centre for Energy Policy Research, Budapest

The 10 % Interconnection target of the EU: what are the impacts on the EU carbon emissions? | PDF, 0.57 MB

Paper 2: Siddharth Fresa, University La Sapienza, Rome / Stanford Uni.

Multilevel EU Energy Governance. A new role for ACER? | PDF, 251.66 KB

Discussant 1: Anne-Therese Gullberg, CICERO, Oslo

Discussant 2: Jean Michel Glachant, Florence School of Regulation, EUI, Florence

Additional paper: Adrienn Selei, Borbala Toth

A top-down approach to identify the most important natural gas cross-border infrastructure projects | PDF, 1.45 MB

11.00 – 11.30 Coffee Break

11.30 – 13.00

Panel 2 - Regional cooperation and coordination

A deeper cooperation and coordination between the EU member states is necessary to achieve the goals of the European Energy Union. The panelists will look into the limitations and barriers to improve regional cooperation and coordination. We will also try to find out to what extent the European Semester has been effective in fostering coordination? Through which mechanisms and what are the visible effects so far?

Chair: Jacques de Jong, Clingendael International Energy Programme (CIEP), The Hague

Paper 1: Katharina Umpfenbach, Ecologic Institute, Berlin

Regional cooperation in the context of the new 2030 energy governance | PDF, 351.37 KB

Paper 2: Tomas Wyns, Institute for European Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Brussels

Situational analysis of EU energy law in relation to enhancing investor certainty and Member State cooperation under a post-2020 framework | PDF, 0.85 MB

Discussant 1: Oliver Sartor, Inst. for Sustainable Development and International Relations, Paris

Discussant 2: Jon Birger Skjærseth, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Oslo

Additional paper: Jörn Richert

A Single Voice and Beyond. Energy Policy Making in the EU, the Influence of External Development, and the Development of an External Dimension

13.00 – 14.00 Lunch

14.00 – 15.30

Panel 3 - Renewable energy expansion and policy diffusion

Development of renewable energy sources is a decisive factor that can make European energy more sustainable and secure. But taking into consideration the high costs of the upfront investment of new sources, how can we tackle the rising energy prices and make sure that competitiveness of the European economy is not compromised? Panelists will discuss what helped and hindered mutual learning among Member States. In particular we will explore the varying perspectives on renewable energy deployment and how experience with early deployment of renewable energy sources influenced developments in other EU member states. Special attention will also be given to the changing political economy of the energy sector with increased RES deployment.

Chair: Karsten Neuhoff, DIW Berlin

Paper 1: Stefan Ćetković , Environmental Policy Research Centre, FU Berlin

Varieties of capitalism and renewable energy development | PDF, 203.09 KB

Paper 2 : Dorian Frieden,  Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft, Graz

Transnational renewable electricity cooperation: What's in for the host country? | PDF, 0.57 MB

Discussant 1: Severin Fischer, German Inst. for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Berlin

Discussant 2: Simon Müller, International Energy Agency, Paris

Additional paper: Oscar Fich-Roy

An offshore wind union? Diversity and convergence in European offshore wind governance | PDF, 411.04 KB

15.30 – 16.00 Coffee Break

16.00 – 17.30 Round-table: “Building an Energy Union: from Theory to Practice"

We explore what lessons can be learned from practical experience of European energy governance in different sectors gathered during the day for the structure and governance of the “Energy Union”. How can the political momentum behind the “Energy Union” idea be used effectively to improve European energy policy and governance? What are the main questions that arise from the Commission’s February 2015 Communication on the Energy Union Strategy Framework? What challenges need to be overcome to implement the Commission’s Strategy effectively and what options exist to do so?

To discuss these issues we will create a platform that brings together present and former policy makers and senior energy analysts from different knowledge backgrounds


Teresa Ribera, director, IDDRI, Paris


Andreas Goldthau, Belfer Center, Harvard University / CEU Budapest
Robert Brückman, eclareon, Berlin
Camilla Bausch (Ecologic), Berlin
Ingmar Jürgens (Representation of the European Commission, Berlin)

Additional paper: Kacper Szulecki, Severin Fischer, Anne Therese Gullberg, Oliver Sartor

Energy Union. Evolution, national expectations and implications for EU energy and climate governance | PDF, 303.18 KB

The discussion summary on the conference was published and is to be found here

A Climate Policy Journal Special Issue: Learning from the 2020 Strategy: New governance mechanisms and regional cooperation in European energy policy could be found here

Energy Security with Renewables

Berlin, 24-25 November 2016
DIW Berlin, Mohrenstrasse 58, Schumpeter Hall

The European Energy Union envisages important developments for the power sector: According to the Commission’s modelling, the economic pathway of decarbonizing the energy sector involves 27% of renewable in the European energy mix by 2030. This is backed by a corresponding renewable target, and will most likely result in significantly higher shares of renewables in the power sector. Regulators and power consumers request that this is achieved while ensuring secure and economic electricity supply -and investors are looking for clarity to guide strategic and financing choices. The EU Commission has announced a set of documents that will outline its perspective on key policy choices for fall of 2016. At the conference we will discuss whether and how proposals for the individual elements can fit into
a consistent picture?

Among decision makers from ministries, parliament, energy companies and recognized scientists and policy advisors we want to discuss how the design of short-term power markets contributes to secure and efficient system operation realizing the synergies of the integrated European power system. We then explore the role of renewable remuneration mechanisms as complement to short-term price signals and EU ETS for economic delivery of the renewable objectives. Analogous we then want to discuss the role of EU ETS and other policies for strategic choices on investment in conventional technologies and the portfolio of flexibility options. 


Thursday, November 24

10.00     Registration

10.30 - 11.00     Setting the scene

Laszlo Varro (International Energy Agency) Energy security in a decarbonising system | PDF, 0.94 MB

11.00 – 13.00

Session 1: Flexing the muscles: Is the power market robust for new technologies?

Intraday and balancing markets are gaining in importance to ensure economic and secure operation of Europe’s power system with increasing shares of wind and solar as well as flexibility and storage technologies. However, currently TSOs lack visibility and coordination of intraday developments resulting in increasing out of market interventions to align market outcomes with physical requirements. It is also discussed whether intraday and balancing products and market places are aligned with needs of different generation and flexibility options, or whether their differences across EU member states restrict optimization potential and complicate coordination between TSOs. How can all flexibility and generation technologies be fully integrated across borders? Is the whole EU transmission network actually coordinating enough to maximize its capacity or does this require smaller pricing zones?

Chair: Karsten Neuhoff (DIW Berlin)

Opening Comments:

Clara Poletti (Italian Regulatory Authority for Electricity Gas and Water)

Alberto Pototschnig (ACER) Flexing the muscles: Is the power market robust for new technologies? | PDF, 0.66 MB

14.00 - 15.30

Session 2: Dressing up: What policy will attract finance at low cost for renewables?

Large scale deployment of wind and solar requires very large volumes of capital. The returns necessary to attract investors may well be the main determinant of Europe’s power prices. Hence we want to explore how power markets can remunerate renewable generation and how this will impact the attractiveness of renewable for investor classes that can offer low-cost finance. How can regulatory risks and market failures best be addressed? What are the implications of auctions? What is the role of financial instruments offered for example by the European Investment Bank? What are risks for current and future consumers and tax payers?

Chair: Teresa Ribera (IDDRI)

Opening comments:

Irene Otero-Novas (Thesis Energy)

Jana Nysten (Becker Büttner Held)

16.00 – 17:45

Session 3: How to ensure renewables to contribute to energy security?

In European debates renewables are still often portrayed as gap filler, while their energy security contribution is better recognized in other regions. What is needed for generation adequacy to be a considered at regional or European level, so as to allow for reducing back-up requirements and mobilizing flexibility at regional and European scale ? How can an integrated perspective on short-term power market design and renewable remuneration mechanisms enhance predictability and visibility of power flows – and thus allow for higher utilization and more secure operation of power systems? How can renewable remuneration mechanisms not only hedge electricity producers against the risk of low power prices, but also help insure electricity consumers against periods of high electricity prices? Is integration of renewables into the European power market only possible once renewable remuneration mechanisms are abandoned? To date discussions have focused on the distortions that renewable support mechanisms can create to the fragmented European short-term markets. Assume the power market has flexed its muscles. Can we imagine design choices of renewable remuneration mechanism that will suit the market – or is the emperor better-off naked?

Chair: Jean-Michel Glachant (EUI)

Opening comments:

Andrew Claxton (EPEX) How to ensure renewables contribute to energy security | PDF, 214.02 KB

Leigh Hancher (University of Tilburg)

Catherine Mitchel (Exeter University)

Friday, November 25

9.00 - 10.30

Session 4: Can EU ETS provide pathway for fossils generation and flexibility options?

The EU 2030 strategy defines a 2030 target for renewables while for the remainder of the power sector it is largely argued that the emission trajectory embedded in EU ETS will guide investment and closure choices for gas, coal and lignite. In recent years, the potential of higher carbon prices under EU ETS did deter new investments in coal power stations. But can EU ETS also support strategic choices on new investment, large-scale re-investment or closure of gas, coal and lignite power stations? We want to discuss whether the strength and credibility of EU ETS are sufficient to achieve this objective. What are the uncertainties remaining about the role of gas, coal and flexibility options? What political risk can emerge from interactions with energy security and local economic development? We want to discuss the implications for investors so as to assess for what time frames it would be possible to develop a shared perspective on the role of key technologies necessary to guide public and private choices. Could policy provide support to address some of the uncertainties and barriers during a transition – and what risks could the additional policy interventions pose?

Chair: Simon Mueller (International Energy Agency)

Opening comments:

Daniele Agostini (ENEL)

Michael Grubb (University College London) EU Energy markets and carbon pricing | PDF, 455.28 KB

11.00 - 12:45

Session 5: What will empower consumers?

Retail competition with suppliers fighting for margins may no longer be the key issue for secure, sustainable and economic power supply. Local generation, digitalization or small scale storage are turning consumers into prosumers. Who will engage with the consumers – old or new retail companies – or third parties? What market design and regulation do they require - enhanced retail competition, third party access, or neutral regulated platforms? Can this be the starting point for unlocking flexibility from new devices, consumer response and multiple energy carriers and efficiency potentials in electricity and beyond – or will it result in uncertainty and reduce system integration? What can catalyze the development?

Chair: Carlos Batlle (Comillas University)

Opening comments:

Anna Colucci (European Commission)

Grzegorz Nowaczewski (Virutal Power Plant)

12:45 - 13.00  Concluding remarks

The program of the conference could be found here | PDF, 132.46 KB