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9 Nov 2016

Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Do Caseworkers Reduce Unemployment? Evidence from Unexpected Work Absences

Caseworkers are the primary human resource used by governments to match unemployed workers to jobs. This paper provides first estimates on the role of caseworkers in reducing the duration of unemployment spells, using register data from the Swiss UI. For identification, I exploit caseworker-time specific variation in unexpected work absences, which I show to be independent of job seeker characteristics and labor market conditions. I find that the duration of unemployment increases on average by 2 weeks if a job seeker's caseworker is absent for at least ten workdays during the first three months of unemployment. This effect is largely driven by absences of high value added caseworkers. As main channels, I identify a reduction in the number of caseworker meetings and an increase in the probability of meeting with a replacement. Further, the participation in programs with individual-specific content is reduced. It appears that personal interactions and individualized treatment assignments are an important component of the caseworker's production function. Placebo tests reveal that future absences do not affect current outcomes, confirming the absence of confounding caseworker-time specific trends.

Speaker
Time
12:30 - 13:30
Location
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Contact(s)
at DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
28 October 2016

DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Ant or the Grasshopper? The Long-Term Consequences of Unilateral Divorce Laws on Savings of European Households

More Information
Speaker
  • Luca Stella, University of Wuppertal, IZA

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    26 October 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Work Incentives in Europe: The Effect of Participation Tax Rates on Employment Decisions

    Many advanced economies implemented labor market reforms over the past decades in order to encourage higher labor force participation rates. In this paper, we measure work incentives inherent in tax-benefit systems by computing Participation Tax Rates (PTRs) across the EU and subsequently identify the impact of these disperse PTRs on the probability of employment. We find that higher PTR-levels are negatively associated with the probability of being employed, i.e., higher work incentives increase the participation probability. The effect is larger for women than men. We estimate an average participation elasticity for women of 0.08 and 0.06 for men.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    19 October 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Optimal Taxation Under Different Concepts of Justness

    We extend the optimal taxation framework by Saez (2002) to allow for alternative concepts of justness. We calculate weights of a social planner's function as implied by the current German tax and transfer system based on the concepts of Minimum Sacrifice and subjective just incomes from survey questions and compare them to the welfarist case. We use new questions from the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) to obtain information about what amount of taxes individuals consider as just. We find that the German system is not pareto-optimal as it implies negative weights for working poor under the welfarist approach. Minimum absolute and relative sacrifice are the only concepts of justness that do not imply negative social weights for at least one income group.

    Speaker
  • Robin Jessen, FU Berlin
    Davud Rostam-Afschar, FU Berlin

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    12 October 2016

    Workshop SOEPcampus@Uni Bielefeld: Introduction to the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)

    Data Management & Basic Longitudinal Designs

    The SOEP is a representative longitudinal survey of the population in Germany conducted annually since 1984. It is one the most important sources for longitudinal research worldwide. It collects data on topics such as household composition, employment and family biography, income, health, education, life satisfaction, and personality. Working with a rich longitudinal dataset like the SOEP offers numerous possibilities but also requires specialized skills.

    This one day workshop offers participants the opportunity to gain a well-grounded first understanding of how to work with SOEP data. Additionally, the core analytical potentials of the SOEP (and longitudinal data in general) will be explored. 

    The software used in the workshop will be stata. Basic knowledge of stata is required.

    This workshop is open for all students and researchers from sociology, economics, psychology and related disciplines. There are no fees. However, registration is limited to 25 persons and organized on a first-come, first-serve basis. For further information and registration, please visit the website of Bielefeld University or download our form for registration and send it to .

    Inviter
    Time
    10:00-18:00 Uhr
    Location
    Universität Bielefeld
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 503
    Contact(s)
    external
    For organizational inquiries, contact regina.fischer@uni-bielefeld.de
    25 to 30 Sept 2016

    Workshop 10th International Research Workshop “Methods for Ph.D.”

    Empirical research is seeking through methodological processes to discover, hopefully, nontrivial facts and insights. Beside choosing a topic and grounding an idea in theory, empirical research consists of gathering and analysing data as well as presenting results in scientific contexts.
    Our workshop tackles these steps of your research project:

    • Gathering data via (un)structured interviews and analysing standardized survey data,
    • using the computer for qualitative and quantitative data analysis.


    The regular workshop fee is 449 Euro. It covers the participation in three courses, meals and accommodation. The workshop fee is 279 Euro without accommodation (only meals are included).
    It is possible to get a certificate on 5 credit points (according to the European Credit Transfer System).

    The following courses will be offered:
    Parallel courses offered Monday to Wednesday morning (September 26/27/28):

    • Data Analysis with R
    • Data Analysis with Stata
    • Grounded Theory
    • Qualitative Interviewing
    • Developing Theoretical Contributions


    Parallel courses offered Monday to Wednesday afternoon (September 26/27/28):

    • Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)
    • Case Study Research
    • Introduction to the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) and Applied Survival Analysis
    • Analyzing Panel and Spatial Data
    • Questionnaire Design


    Parallel Courses at the SDU (Thursday, September 30):

    • Academic English Writing
    • Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Modelling and Its Applications to Policy Impact Analysis
    • Introduction to Network Analysis
    • Reproducible Research with R and RStudio
      Analysis of Qualitative Data and Exploratory Statistics



    For further information, especially lecturers, program, organizers and registration visit the website.

    The International Research Workshop is organised by

    • Simon Fietze (University of Southern Denmark/Department of Marketing and Management)
    • Wenzel Matiaske (Helmut-Schmidt-University Hamburg/Institute for Employment Relations and Labour)
    • Heiko Stüber (Institute for Employment Research (IAB))
    • Akademie Sankelmark

    Contact:

    The workshop is supported by

    • Europa-Universität Flensburg
    • University of Hamburg, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences
    • University of Hamburg, School of Business
    • Leuphana University Lüneburg, Faculty of Economics
    • Werkstatt für Personal- und Organisationsforschung e.V.
    • German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) at the DIW Berlin

    More Information
    Location
    Akademie Sankelmark (near Flensburg) Akademieweg 6 24988 Oeversee
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 281
    Contact(s)
    external
    Workshop committee:
    Simon Fietze (University of Southern Denmark/Department of Border Region Studies),
    Wenzel Matiaske (Helmut-Schmidt-University Hamburg/Institute for Employment Relations and Labour), and
    Heiko Stüber (Institute for Employment Research)

    E-Mail (irwsnetwork@gmail.com)
    3 August 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Time use, Experienced Well-Being and Labor Market Status

    We investigate the role of labor market status for day-by-day experienced well-being for employed and unemployed workers. The German representative SOEP-IS dataset (waves 2012-2015) allows us to assess individual time use and accompanying experienced well-being. Using information from the integrated day reconstruction method (DRM) module, our analysis overcome shortcomings of previous studies that had to rely on selective samples and cross-section design. We calculate the share of total time in pleasurable activities (p-index) and use it as an outcome variable. Thus, working and work related activities like commuting as well as housework rank least due to their lower level of affective experience. We further show that the average experienced well-being level of unemployed is significantly higher than the level of the employed. This difference vanishes when calculating the p-index for the employed without working or work-related activities. We interpret this as a hint that working itself reduces the experienced well-being of the workers. Regression analysis with a standard set of controls and day of the week fixed effects confirm this finding. Taking time-invariant individual traits into account does not alter this result. These findings are in strong contrast to the established literature regarding the effects of labor market status on evaluative well-being. Experienced well-being captures further relevant aspects of SWB and its role for labor market status.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    13 July 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Labour market dynamics with multiple industries

    Changes in economic environment often influence industry competitiveness: For example, weaker exchange rates make exporting industries more competitive, higher energy prices benefit energy producers and harm large energy consumers.
    Thus, industries are important for workers: Employment opportunities vary widely across industries, as do wages. This can best be understood in a model that recognizes the costs (but also the possibility) for workers to move across industries. We present an equilibrium job search model with industries and costly transition across industries. Individuals consider the long-run opportunities and risks of moving across industries. The model allows us to understand persistent differences in wages and unemployment across industries as well as considerable flows. We discuss identification of the model and propose future empirical applications using German data.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    8 July 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Impact of Class Size on Academic Underachievement: An Education Production Function Framework

    More Information
    Speaker
  • Kristof De Witte, KU Leuven

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    27 to 29 June 2016

    Workshop SOEPcampus@Universität Mannheim 2016
    Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)

    This year's SOEPcampus@University of Mannheim Workshop "Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)" will take place from June 27-29 (workshop held in German).

    Registration
  • Please contact .

  • Location
    Universität Mannheim
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 503
    24 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Industrial Espionage and Productivity

    More Information
    Speaker
  • Albrecht Glitz, Humboldt University Berlin

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    22 to 23 June 2016

    GSOEP 12th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP 2016)

    The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g., economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology, and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We especially encourage submissions on inter-generational mobility in income, wealth, educational attainment, fertility, and related areas.

    Scientific committee

    • Reiner Pollack, WZB and Freie Universität Berlin
    • Anette Fasang, Humboldt University Berlin, WZB
    • Jan Goebel, DIW Berlin
    • Jürgen Schupp, DIW Berlin and Freie Universität Berlin
    • Carsten Schröder, DIW Berlin and Freie Universität Berlin

    More Information
    Keynote Speakers
  • Vida Maralani, Yale University/USA
    Richard Breen, University of Oxford/UK

  • Location
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    22 to 24 June 2016

    Workshop Longitudinal Data Management and Life Course Design with the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study
    Course at the 69th Annual Summer Institute

    Unfortunately the workshop has been cancelled. We apologise for any inconvenience this may cause.

    More Information
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 503
    20 to 21 June 2016

    Workshop Panel Survey Methods Workshop 2016

    The aim of the workshop is to foster discussion and initiate methodological research specific to the collection of panel survey data. The format of the meeting will be informal, designed to encourage interaction and collaboration. This will be the fifth biennial PSMW. Previous workshops took place in Colchester, UK; Mannheim, Germany; Melbourne, Australia; and Ann Arbor, USA.

    The main topics of the 2016 PSMW in Berlin include, but are not limited to, the following:

    • Measurement error, including panel conditioning, seam effects, recall error, and dependent interviewing
    • Mixed-mode data collection, including effects on cost, measurement error, attrition, and logistics and methods for identifying selection versus measurement effects
    • Attrition and non-response, including effects of survey design features, assessment of bias, methods to minimize effects, and adjustment methods (weighting and imputation)
    • Role of interviewers in longitudinal surveys
    • Challenges of cross-national longitudinal data
    • Paradata, including collection and use in longitudinal surveys
    • Sampling issues, including refreshment sampling and following rules
    • Use of administrative data in longitudinal surveys
    • Other innovations in longitudinal surveys, including biomarkers, online panels, use of new technologies, linking data sources, consent issues, and experimental designs.

    More Information
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 678
    15 June 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Income Taxation, Benefit Programs and the Inequality of Lifetime Income

    (joint with Peter Haan and Victoria Prowse)

    We show how taxes and three transfer programs—unemployment insurance, social assistance and disability benefits—affect the inequality of lifetime income, and we explore how well taxes and transfer programs mitigate lifetime income risk due to labor market frictions. Calculations based on income trajectories generated from a dynamic life-cycle model show that taxes and transfer programs eliminate about 20% of the inequality of lifetime personal income as measured by the Gini coefficient. Social assistance is the most cost-effective transfer program for reducing lifetime income inequality followed by unemployment insurance; disability benefits are generally received by individuals in the middle of the lifetime income distribution and, therefore, are not strongly redistributive on a lifetime basis. Social assistance eliminates the majority of the lifetime income risk due to labor market frictions. Meanwhile, taxes become less progressive as frictions increase meaning that taxes do nothing to mitigate friction-driven lifetime income risk.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    15 to 18 June 2016

    Conference 30th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE)

    The 30th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE) will take place on June 15-18, 2016, organized by the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) at the Harnack House, in Berlin.

    The aim of the Conference is to facilitate the exchange of research ideas and results across a range of fields, including the economics of the household, labour economics, public economics, demography, and health economics.

    Marco Francesconi (University of Essex) will serve as the program chair and Daniel D. Schnitzlein (DIW Berlin, Leibniz University Hannover) as coordinator of the local organizing team. The keynote speakers will be Marianne P. Bitler (University of California-Irvine) and David Figlio (Northwestern University).
    The presidential address will be given by Arthur van Soest (Tilburg University). As part of the 30th anniversary of the Society, there will be a series of special sessions delivered by past presidents of ESPE.

    The paper submission site will open by November 1, 2015. The submission deadline is February 1, 2016. Acceptance decisions will be announced by April 1, 2016.

    More Information
    Keynote Speakers
  • Marianne P. Bitler (University of California-Irvine)
    David Figlio (Northwestern University)

  • Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    13 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Networks, Frictions, and Price Dispersion

    More Information
    Extra Seminar
    Speaker
  • Gregory Veramendi, Arizona State University

  • Inviter
    Time
    11.00 - 12.00
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    10 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Explosive earnings dynamics: Whoever has will be given more

    More Information
    Speaker
  • Mark Trede, University of Münster

  • Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    1 June 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The effect of compressing secondary schooling on higher education decisions

    The sustainability of social security systems in many European countries is at risk due to population aging. Many suggestions to increase the share of working-age individuals deal with raising the age for full pension eligibility. A fundamental education reform in Germany extends the working life from the other side: A major education reform in Germany reduced the length of the academic high school track from 9 to 8 years, while leaving the number of overall instruction hours unchanged. Accordingly, the fixed number of instruction hours was distributed over fewer years of schooling, such that learning intensity and weekly workload increased. We investigate the consequences of this so-called G8 reform on students’ higher education decisions. Based on a difference-in-differences approach using high-quality, administrative data on all students in Germany, we find that the G8 reform not only resulted in delayed university enrollment, but also decreased general enrollment rates. Moreover, students' study progress in higher education is negatively affected.
    Our results imply that the G8 reform leads to a reduction in human capital and that the main goal of reducing age at labor market entry may not be fully achieved. 

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    27 May 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Private Pensions and Public Pension Design

    More Information
    Speaker
  • Cormac O'Dea (IFS)

  • Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
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