puje (Copyright)  Diagramm Statistik Aufschwung
Press Release, 08 Oct 2015

The German economy is experiencing a moderate upturn. Gross domestic product will increase by 1.8 percent in 2015 and in 2016 respectively. Growth will be driven by private consumption. In view of the world economy’s modest growth, exports are only expected to rise slightly, especially as the... more

sunshine (Copyright)  Analyse Auswertung Analysen
Press Release, 07 Oct 2015

Very few research-intensive sectors and larger enterprises—research concentrated in public-sector and publicly funded research institutes and universitiesOver the past two decades, research and development (R&D) activities in eastern Germany have increased substantially, albeit to a lesser... more

danstar (Copyright)  Arbeit Beruf Arbeit
Interview, 07 Oct 2015

Mr. Eickelpasch, after reunification, we saw a substantial increase in research and development, or R&D, activities in eastern Germany. How big is the gap between the east and the west of the country today? If we look at the number of R&D employees as a share of the total workforce in... more

sunshine (Copyright)  R ckansicht Von
Press Release, 01 Oct 2015

Binding quota could combat gender stereotypes – quality of talent pool expected to improve overall – no discrimination against men anticipated On January 1, 2016, a fixed 30-percent gender quota for supervisory boards will come into force in Germany. This is binding for all listed... more

Marcin Balcerzak (Copyright)  B ro Office
Interview, 01 Oct 2015

Dr. Schmitt, as of 2016, there will be a gender quota in Germany. What will this consist of?   The legislation envisages a fixed gender quota for listed companies that also have employee representation on their supervisory boards, in other words, are subject to full codetermination. These... more

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by Alexander Eickelpasch, in DIW Economic Bulletin

Over the past two decades, research and development (R&D) activities in eastern Germany have increased substantially, albeit to a lesser extent than in western Germany. Furthermore, R&D in eastern Germany was primarily conducted by research in the government sector and less so by universities and businesses. In 2013, overall, R&D activities in eastern Germany reached 86 percent of the western German level; in the private sector, eastern Germany reached just under 50 percent of the western German level. The comparatively low level of R&D activity in eastern Germany’s private sector is due to the economic and corporate structure: compared to the western German average, in eastern Germany the research-intensive sectors are not as well established and there are also fewer larger enterprises that generally perform a higher percentage of R&D work than smaller ones. The number of new products launched by companies as a share of the turnover is far lower than for western German firms, and this gap was found to further increase in recent years. Although the German government continues to grant a certain “east bonus” in its backing of private-sector R&D, structural differences will mean that no noticeable convergence towards the western German level can be expected in the near future. Significant regional differences in private-sector R&D activities have also been observed in western Germany.

by Norma Schmitt, in DIW Economic Bulletin

In 2016, a fixed gender quota will come into force in Germany, affecting the supervisory boards of listed companies that also have employee representation (full codetermination).1 By as early as September 30, 2015, however, all companies will be obliged to set a self-imposed target quota – even companies that meet just one of these criteria; i.e., either listed or subject to codetermination. A variety of concerns have been expressed about the implementation of this law, including fears that the quota will impair company performance and the quality of the talent pool, or the belief that it discriminates against men and stigmatizes women. The present article examines these key criticisms on the basis of research findings to date. In conclusion, the advantages of a gender quota should allay these concerns since, in the long term, it contributes to dismantling gender stereotypes and consequently also mitigates the negative impact these stereotypes have on the selection of the best candidates for senior management positions.

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