Veranstaltungen

Bildung und Familie

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27 June 2014

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Labor force participation elasticities of low income couples. Theory and evidence from a Swedish housing allowance reform

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Speaker
  • Hakan Selin, Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU)
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    20 June 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Internet as a Tax Haven? The Effect of the Internet on Tax Competition

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    Speaker
  • David R. Agrawal, Ph.D., University of Georgia
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    18 June 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Sample Selection and Quantile Regression: An Application to Wages in Germany

    The presentation will consist of an overview of three available econometric procedures for controlling for sample selection in the context of quantile regression. The purpose of the underlying paper is to apply them to the study of the development of wages in Germany over the last three decades.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    13 June 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Women Helping Women? Gender Spillovers in Career Progression

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    Speaker
  • Astrid Kunze, Ph.D., Norwegean School of Economics
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    10 June 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Private school “effects” on student achievement in Australian schools

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    Speaker
  • Prof. Chris Ryan, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    6 June 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Private experience and observational learning in pharmaceutical demand

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    Speaker
  • Tanja Saxell, Ph.D., Government Institute for Economic Research (VATT), Helsinki
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    4 June 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Freedom of Others: On Behavioral Responses to Mass-Releases from Prisons in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany)

    Using a wide range of administrative criminal, prison, and police records from the GDR, the paper estimates the incapacitation effect on crime. The paper analyzes a unique quasi-natural experiment: A collective pardon of essentially all GDR prison population in 1987. An instrumental variable strategy is applied to relate crime and recidivism rates to pardon-induced releases from prison. Preliminary results indicate a significantly higher probability of crime and recidivism after the pardon. Interpreting changing levels in incapacitation in a non-democratic state as varying rates of repression the paper contributes to both, the literature on crime and democratization. (research idea)

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    23 May 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Trust, Leniency and Deterrence

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    Speaker
  • Prof. Chloé Le Coq, Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    21 May 2014

    BeNA - Seminar on Labor Research Skills, Occupational Choice, and Educational Attainment

    Abstract: Miriam Gensowski proposes a model of educational choice in which the formation of wage expectations accounts for anticipated occupational choices as well as education levels. Occupations are characterized as bundles of tasks that are explicitly linked to multi-dimensional abilities and personality traits. These traits are measured in Project Talent data that I augment with information from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The importance of skills is contrasted with the influence of parental background in this mutually dependent decision.

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    Speaker
  • Miriam Gensowski(University of Copenhagen)
  • Time
    18:15 - 19:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    21 May 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Early retirement disincentives: Effectiveness and implications for distribution and welfare

    This paper evaluates the effectiveness of early retirement disincentives that have been introduced in Germany and investigates the distributional and welfare implications. Therefore, we set up a detailed model of the German social security and tax system with special focus on the PAYG-pension system. Building on the fact that the institutional changes were phased in - impacting birth cohorts to a different degree - we are able to estimate the parameters of a structural dynamic retirement model. This enables us to analyze whether and to what extent disincentives are able to steer retirement behavior. The estimates are based on high quality administrative data. We also compute changes in Gini coefficients of expected remaining lifetime consumption as well as equivalent and compensating variations to assess welfare effects. Furthermore, we discuss if recently introduced subsidies for private old age provisions are adequate to compensate the associated welfare losses.

    Speaker
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    16 May 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Household Formation, Female Labor Supply and Savings

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    Speaker
  • Prof. Dr. Hans Fehr, University of Würzburg
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    9 May 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Extra! Extra! Read all about it! Internet is killing printed news

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    Speaker
  • Prof. Tarjei Havnes, University of Oslo
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    7 May 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Effect of Subsidized Early Child Care on Maternal Labor Supply: Quasi-experimental Evidence from Germany

    (joint with Katharina Wrohlich)
    This paper uses spatial and temporal variation in county child care availability for children under three year induced by the expansion of public child care in West Germany to analyze the impact of subsidized early childcare provision on maternal labor supply. We imply a general difference-in-differences approach to identify this causal link, controlling for time and county fixed effects, as well as potential determinants of the regional child care availability, since the degree of expansion might not be exogenous. So far, our preliminary results based on two different data sets (SOEP and Microcensus) do not show a significant effect of the differences in child care availability on the county level on the individual probability of mothers to work.

    Speaker
  • Denise Sengül
  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    2 May 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Intergenerational Mobility Curves

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    Speaker
  • Bhash Mazumder, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    25 April 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Forward-looking Behavior and Stockpiling of Prescription Drugs

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    Speaker
  • Prof. Niels Skipper, Aarhus University
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    23 April 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Effect of Early Universal Care on Objective Child Health Outcomes

    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    Contact(s)
    external
    Verena Lauber (University of Konstanz)
    9 April 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Is it really all that bad? The impact of shortening high school tenure on grade repetitions and graduation rates

    (joint with Jan Marcus, DIW Berlin)
    In designing education systems, policy-makers face a trade-off between the provision of higher levels of schooling and earlier labour market entries. The G8-reform, a fundamental education reform in Germany, tackles this trade-off by increasing education efficiency: The time in high school is reduced by one year while the total number of instruction hours is left unchanged. As a first indicator of the overall effectiveness of this recent policy, we study its effect on grade repetitions and high school graduation rates. Employing administrative data on all pupils in Germany, we exploit both temporal and regional variations in the implementation of the reform. We show that the shortening of the high school track length has no impact on grade repetitions in lower grades, whereas they double for pupils in the final years before graduation. The large majority of students, however, completes high school earlier. We cannot find any reduction in graduation rates. The results are robust to various changes in model specifications. The results indicate that the reform's potential benefits for labour markets, pension schemes and fertility will be slightly attenuated due to increased repetition rates.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    12 March 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Family pension benefits and household savings

    Child-raising pension benefits (Kindererziehungszeiten) in Germany are designed as a compensation for employment interruptions due to child-birth. These benefits increase the parent's (usually the mother's) pension wealth. In principle, this implies negative incentives for private savings.
    Based on the Income and Expenditure Survey (EVS), the impact of child-raising pension benefits on household savings shall be identified by exploiting the pension reform 1992 as a natural experiment. In this cluster seminar the research idea will be presented.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    26 February 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions How far do criminals understand the criminal law? Evidence from French mandatory sentencing

    This paper studies the deterrent effect of a medium increase in the severity of sentences and documents how the understanding of the newly enacted law evolves in the criminal population. The empirical strategy exploits mandatory sentencing act against repeat offenders passed by the French parliament in August 2007. The law specifically targets offenders who did the same act twice. Nevertheless, it was mainly presented as a law against recidivists without further explanation. I use a unique dataset including individual level data reporting the outcome of all trials ended with a conviction in France. The identification strategy is based on timing of events framework and competing risk analysis. It exploits the fact that offenders sentenced before the law was passed differ by the type of their new offense and the time between the first conviction and the date of application of the law. The analysis shows a significant short term deterrent effect of the law which disappear after some months. It also shows that the short term effect also concerns crimes that were presented as targeted but were not effectively affected. After four months, new offenses of different type are not deterred while new offenses of similar type still are.

    Speaker
  • Arnaud Philippe
  • Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    12 February 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Labor supply under working hours constraints - Assessing the potential of a family working time benefit in Germany

    (joint with Kai-Uwe Müller and Katharina Wrohlich)
    The majority of empirical labor supply models used for policy evaluation assumes observed hours of work as revealed preferences of individuals or households. Economic actors maximize their utility by choosing among different bundles of income and leisure. By assumption their choice is not constrained by regulations, institutions, or insufficient labor demand. In this paper we evaluate the employment effects of a policy proposal for which restrictions on the choice of working hours are crucial by using a structural labor supply model with working hours constraints. The family working time benefit (FWTB) is targeted at couple households with young children and designed to improve the financial incentives for a more equal distribution of gainful employment and care or family duties among spouses. Conditional on both partners working around 30 hours per week (equal to 80% of a conventional full-time job) the (hypothetical) income difference to their full-time income is partially compensated. Although its employment effects would be rather small, we find that FWTB reaches its goal by reducing working hours for fathers and increasing them for mothers. The pure incentive effect on labor supply is roughly halved when accounting for working hours constraints. 

    Speaker
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
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