Veranstaltungen

Bildung und Familie

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1 March 2017

Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Evaluating the Labor Market Effects of Compulsory Military Service in Germany

Between 1956 and 2011 more than 12.4 million German men had to perform some form of compulsory national service, either military or civil. However, little is known about the impacts of this conscription system on draftees in Germany. I present new evidence on the long-run effects of mandatory military service on wages of West-German men born between 1960 and 1970 using detailed longitudinal data.

Speaker
Time
12:30 - 13:30
Location
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Contact(s)
at DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
17 February 2017

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Evaluation of Best Price Clauses in Online Hotel Booking

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Speaker
  • Matthias Hunold, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    1 February 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Paid parental leave and child development: Evidence from the 2007 German parental benefit reform and administrative data

    This paper examines the effects of a substantial change in publicly funded paid parental leave in Germany on child development and socio-economic development gaps at age 6. For children born before January 1, 2007, parental leave benefits were means-tested and paid for up to 24 months after childbirth.  Thereafter, parental leave benefits were earnings-related and only paid for up to 14 months. Higher-income households benefited more from the reform than low-income households. We study the reform effects on children's language skills, motor skills, socio-emotional stability, and school readiness using administrative data from mandatory school entrance examinations. To estimate causal reform effects on child development, we use a difference-in-differences design which exploits the eligibility rule based on children's birthdate. We find no impact of the reform on child development and socio-economic development gaps. The effects are precisely estimated and robust to various model specifications and sample definitions. Our results suggest that  such substantial changes in parental leave benefits are unlikely to have a substantial impact on children's development.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    4 January 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Job risk, fertility, and female labor supply

    Recent research from the demographic and economic literature suggests a strong link between labor market uncertainty and fertility. Taking this relationship into account, I take a new look at parental leave policies in Germany. Using a dynamic structural life-cycle model of female labor supply and fertility, I will evaluate the impact of these policies under job risks and with fixed-term contracts. Estimation is work in progress.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    7 Dec 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Distributional price effects of rent controls in Berlin

    An enormous increase of initial rents in many German cities over the last decade has prompted the current grand coalition to implement a new rent control called "Mietpreisbremse" in 2015 (literally a brake on rental prices). This reform aims to stop exploding rents and to provide particularly more affordable rental housing in the lower and medium rental price segment. Since then, rental prices of re-lettings are capped at a local rental index in declared areas. As an exception, newly built ats or those that have been reconstructed extensively are not affected by the reform and landlords may always uphold the rent paid by previous tenant. I apply a classical difference-in-difference strategy and a new changes-in-changes model including covariates in order to analyze both average and distributional price effects of the intervention in Berlin. The basis for empirical results is data on newly offered rental prices from 2012 to 2016 that is also enhanced with the local rental index and previous rents. Thereby, I can define the range of effects one could reasonably expect beforehand. Results indicate that the reform indeed lowered initial rents temporarily. In contrast to the reforms intention, however, significant effects are found only in the upper price segment. The effects also fall short of anticipated expectation and fade out too fast. Meanwhile, newly offered rental prices even outrun the pre-reform level, which highlights the lack of enforcement supplementary. I will therefore argue that the reform so far has failed to meet the intended objective and is poorly targeted.

    Speaker
  • Lorenz Thomschke

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    2 Dec 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Effect of Prices and Income on Carbon Emission from Food

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    Speaker
  • Sinne Smed, University of Copenhagen

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    25 Nov 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Adjustment Cost and Market Structure Dynamics in High-Tech Services, 2016

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    Speaker
  • Florin Maican, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) and University of Gothenburg

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    23 Nov 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Top of the Class: the Importance of Ordinal Rank

    This paper establishes a new fact about educational production: ordinal academic rank during primary school has long-run impacts on later achievement that are independent from underlying ability. Using data on the universe of English school students, we examine a setting in which the same baseline score on a national standardized test can correspond to different ranks among students situated in different primary school classes, where we calculate ranks using this baseline score. Institutional factors cause students to be re-assigned to a new set of secondary school peers and teachers that are unaware of the student’s prior ranking. We find large and significant positive effects on test scores and subject choices during secondary school from experiencing a high primary school rank, conditional on the underlying primary baseline score. The effects are especially large for boys, contributing to an observed gender gap in end-of-high school STEM subject choices. Merged survey data suggest that the development of confidence is a likely mechanism.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    11 Nov 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Gender, Competition and Choices in Higher Education

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    Speaker
  • Anne Boring, Sciences Po

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    9 Nov 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Do Caseworkers Reduce Unemployment? Evidence from Unexpected Work Absences

    Caseworkers are the primary human resource used by governments to match unemployed workers to jobs. This paper provides first estimates on the role of caseworkers in reducing the duration of unemployment spells, using register data from the Swiss UI. For identification, I exploit caseworker-time specific variation in unexpected work absences, which I show to be independent of job seeker characteristics and labor market conditions. I find that the duration of unemployment increases on average by 2 weeks if a job seeker's caseworker is absent for at least ten workdays during the first three months of unemployment. This effect is largely driven by absences of high value added caseworkers. As main channels, I identify a reduction in the number of caseworker meetings and an increase in the probability of meeting with a replacement. Further, the participation in programs with individual-specific content is reduced. It appears that personal interactions and individualized treatment assignments are an important component of the caseworker's production function. Placebo tests reveal that future absences do not affect current outcomes, confirming the absence of confounding caseworker-time specific trends.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    28 October 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Ant or the Grasshopper? The Long-Term Consequences of Unilateral Divorce Laws on Savings of European Households

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    Speaker
  • Luca Stella, University of Wuppertal, IZA

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    26 October 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Work Incentives in Europe: The Effect of Participation Tax Rates on Employment Decisions

    Many advanced economies implemented labor market reforms over the past decades in order to encourage higher labor force participation rates. In this paper, we measure work incentives inherent in tax-benefit systems by computing Participation Tax Rates (PTRs) across the EU and subsequently identify the impact of these disperse PTRs on the probability of employment. We find that higher PTR-levels are negatively associated with the probability of being employed, i.e., higher work incentives increase the participation probability. The effect is larger for women than men. We estimate an average participation elasticity for women of 0.08 and 0.06 for men.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    13 July 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Labour market dynamics with multiple industries

    Changes in economic environment often influence industry competitiveness: For example, weaker exchange rates make exporting industries more competitive, higher energy prices benefit energy producers and harm large energy consumers.
    Thus, industries are important for workers: Employment opportunities vary widely across industries, as do wages. This can best be understood in a model that recognizes the costs (but also the possibility) for workers to move across industries. We present an equilibrium job search model with industries and costly transition across industries. Individuals consider the long-run opportunities and risks of moving across industries. The model allows us to understand persistent differences in wages and unemployment across industries as well as considerable flows. We discuss identification of the model and propose future empirical applications using German data.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    8 July 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Impact of Class Size on Academic Underachievement: An Education Production Function Framework

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    Speaker
  • Kristof De Witte, KU Leuven

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    24 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Industrial Espionage and Productivity

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    Speaker
  • Albrecht Glitz, Humboldt University Berlin

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    15 June 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Income Taxation, Benefit Programs and the Inequality of Lifetime Income

    (joint with Peter Haan and Victoria Prowse)

    We show how taxes and three transfer programs—unemployment insurance, social assistance and disability benefits—affect the inequality of lifetime income, and we explore how well taxes and transfer programs mitigate lifetime income risk due to labor market frictions. Calculations based on income trajectories generated from a dynamic life-cycle model show that taxes and transfer programs eliminate about 20% of the inequality of lifetime personal income as measured by the Gini coefficient. Social assistance is the most cost-effective transfer program for reducing lifetime income inequality followed by unemployment insurance; disability benefits are generally received by individuals in the middle of the lifetime income distribution and, therefore, are not strongly redistributive on a lifetime basis. Social assistance eliminates the majority of the lifetime income risk due to labor market frictions. Meanwhile, taxes become less progressive as frictions increase meaning that taxes do nothing to mitigate friction-driven lifetime income risk.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    13 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Networks, Frictions, and Price Dispersion

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    Extra Seminar
    Speaker
  • Gregory Veramendi, Arizona State University

  • Inviter
    Time
    11.00 - 12.00
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    10 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Explosive earnings dynamics: Whoever has will be given more

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    Speaker
  • Mark Trede, University of Münster

  • Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    1 June 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The effect of compressing secondary schooling on higher education decisions

    The sustainability of social security systems in many European countries is at risk due to population aging. Many suggestions to increase the share of working-age individuals deal with raising the age for full pension eligibility. A fundamental education reform in Germany extends the working life from the other side: A major education reform in Germany reduced the length of the academic high school track from 9 to 8 years, while leaving the number of overall instruction hours unchanged. Accordingly, the fixed number of instruction hours was distributed over fewer years of schooling, such that learning intensity and weekly workload increased. We investigate the consequences of this so-called G8 reform on students’ higher education decisions. Based on a difference-in-differences approach using high-quality, administrative data on all students in Germany, we find that the G8 reform not only resulted in delayed university enrollment, but also decreased general enrollment rates. Moreover, students' study progress in higher education is negatively affected.
    Our results imply that the G8 reform leads to a reduction in human capital and that the main goal of reducing age at labor market entry may not be fully achieved. 

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    27 May 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Private Pensions and Public Pension Design

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    Speaker
  • Cormac O'Dea (IFS)

  • Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
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