Veranstaltungen

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24 June 2016

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Industrial Espionage and Productivity

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Speaker
  • Albrecht Glitz, Humboldt University Berlin

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    15 June 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Income Taxation, Benefit Programs and the Inequality of Lifetime Income

    (joint with Peter Haan and Victoria Prowse)

    We show how taxes and three transfer programs—unemployment insurance, social assistance and disability benefits—affect the inequality of lifetime income, and we explore how well taxes and transfer programs mitigate lifetime income risk due to labor market frictions. Calculations based on income trajectories generated from a dynamic life-cycle model show that taxes and transfer programs eliminate about 20% of the inequality of lifetime personal income as measured by the Gini coefficient. Social assistance is the most cost-effective transfer program for reducing lifetime income inequality followed by unemployment insurance; disability benefits are generally received by individuals in the middle of the lifetime income distribution and, therefore, are not strongly redistributive on a lifetime basis. Social assistance eliminates the majority of the lifetime income risk due to labor market frictions. Meanwhile, taxes become less progressive as frictions increase meaning that taxes do nothing to mitigate friction-driven lifetime income risk.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    13 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Networks, Frictions, and Price Dispersion

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    Extra Seminar
    Speaker
  • Gregory Veramendi, Arizona State University

  • Inviter
    Time
    11.00 - 12.00
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    10 June 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Explosive earnings dynamics: Whoever has will be given more

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    Speaker
  • Mark Trede, University of Münster

  • Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    1 June 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The effect of compressing secondary schooling on higher education decisions

    The sustainability of social security systems in many European countries is at risk due to population aging. Many suggestions to increase the share of working-age individuals deal with raising the age for full pension eligibility. A fundamental education reform in Germany extends the working life from the other side: A major education reform in Germany reduced the length of the academic high school track from 9 to 8 years, while leaving the number of overall instruction hours unchanged. Accordingly, the fixed number of instruction hours was distributed over fewer years of schooling, such that learning intensity and weekly workload increased. We investigate the consequences of this so-called G8 reform on students’ higher education decisions. Based on a difference-in-differences approach using high-quality, administrative data on all students in Germany, we find that the G8 reform not only resulted in delayed university enrollment, but also decreased general enrollment rates. Moreover, students' study progress in higher education is negatively affected.
    Our results imply that the G8 reform leads to a reduction in human capital and that the main goal of reducing age at labor market entry may not be fully achieved. 

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    27 May 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Private Pensions and Public Pension Design

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    Speaker
  • Cormac O'Dea (IFS)

  • Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    13 May 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Careers and Fertility: Policies and their Evaluation

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    Speaker
  • Jian Li, University of Luxembourg

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    4 May 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Income and the Utilization of Long-Term Care: Evidence from Short-Term Income Shocks

    Ex post moral hazard poses a concern to private insurers and to policymakers considering the expansion of publicly subsidized health insurance.  This is especially true of private long-term care insurance markets in the United States, which are small and have been contracting in recent years.  A significant publicly administered option was passed as part of the Affordable Care Act but then repealed.  Long-term care thus constitutes the largest out-of-pocket health care expense facing the elderly in the United States today.  In formulating policy to mitigate this risk, it is important to distinguish moral hazard arising from price effects, which may be considered socially inefficient spending, from moral hazard arising from income effects, which may represent a socially efficient increase in access to care.  Little evidence exists, however, on the effects of income on utilization of long-term care services.  In this paper, we examine the purchase of long-term care services following plausibly exogenous positive shocks to income.  We find that positive income shocks lead to a greater probability of purchase of home-based long-term care but not of nursing home care.
    (joint with Daifeng He, Jing Dong and John Nyman)

    Speaker
  • R. Tamara Konetzka (University of Chicago)

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    22 April 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Reference pricing with endogenous generic entry

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    Speaker
  • Chiara Canta, Norwegian School of Economics

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    6 April 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions What drives ethnic de-segregation: selective mobility of immigrants out of co-ethnic neighbourhoods

    The value of segregated neighbourhoods in the process of integration is highly debated with often ideologically charged arguments. This study investigates the effect of socio-economic and cultural assimilation on selective mobility of immigrants. For that, detailed neighbourhood and housing market information are linked to representative household panel data for Germany. The data allows distinguishing the ethnic composition of households and their neighbours. This enables a fine-grained assessment on the relation between co-ethnicity and mobility while controlling for regional supply and demand of housing. As a result, higher income and being a second-generation immigrant are associated with moving out (vs. moving among) co-ethnic neighbourhoods. Other indicators of cultural assimilation such as German language proficiency, holding a German passport and affiliation to one’s home country show no significant effect. Feeling generally disadvantaged due to origin has also little explanatory power for the residential behaviour of immigrants. However, experienced discrimination in the housing is particularly apparent among out movers. The results are in line with the spatial assimilation model but emphasize structural and not cultural terms that drive moving out of co-ethnic neighbourhoods. The popular accusation of ethnic self-segregation should therefore be revisited and contrasted with barriers for residential and social mobility among immigrants.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    9 March 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Full or partial retirement? A dynamic discrete choice analysis

    We consider forward looking older workers deciding between immediate retirement and working full-time or part-time until a given retirement age. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of modelling the part-time work decision in the option value and the dynamic programming models.

    Speaker
  • Tunga Kantarci (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    12 February 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Consumer Search Costs and Preferences on the Internet

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    Speaker
  • Gregory Jolivet, University of Bristol

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    10 February 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Full or partial retirement? Effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age in the Netherlands and the United States

    The share of the older workers in the labor force has increased due to population aging and pension reforms in many countries. However, rules of the public and private pension schemes and restrictions from the employers still require large populations of older workers with possibly heterogeneous work preferences to retire fully at a given age. We study the preferences of older people for a rich set of retirement trajectories characterized by early or delayed full retirement as well as partial retirement at various ages in the Netherlands and the United States. Two in five prefer partial retirement over early or delayed abrupt full retirement. This suggests that partial retirement can substantially increase the utility derived from work in old age. Furthermore, we study the effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age on the preferences to delay retirement fully or partially as means of reducing public expenditure. Individuals want to use partial retirement to extend their work lives if deferring pension rights are made actuarially attractive or if pension accruals are made less generous. On the other hand, as the retirement age increases, individuals want to retire early or work part-time instead of full-time. The comparison of the results between the Netherlands and the United States shows that while people in the Netherlands are responsive to a substitution effect of higher pensions, people in the United States are responsive to an income effect of higher pensions.

    Speaker
  • Tunga Kantarci (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    29 January 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Job Market

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    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    27 January 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Career Breaks of Mothers and the Role of Time Discounting

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    22 January 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Job Market

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    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    15 January 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Job Market

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    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    13 January 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Labor Market Frictions and Retirement Timing in Germany – A Structural Model and Subsequent Ex-Ante Policy Evaluation

    Losing a job after age 60 in Germany is virtually equivalent to the end of one’s working life. Roughly 25% of job exits after age 60 are involuntary with considerable variation along region, age, tenure and education. Considering this, I estimate a structural model of retirement timing in the presence of labor market frictions. A subsequent ex-ante policy analysis is meant to illustrate the likely consequences of shifting the regular retirement age to 67 (“Rente mit 67”) in terms of average retirement age. Scenarios without frictions provide an upper bound for the reaction potential of the work force and likely to overestimate the true effect.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    8 January 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Regulating innovative industries – the case of telecom in Austria

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    Speaker
  • Johannes Koenen, CESifo

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    11 Dec 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Risk-sharing and family labor supply

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    Speaker
  • Andreas Steinhauer, University of Edinburgh

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
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