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18 February 2015

Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Preference for College and Educational Inequality: Do Students Lack Information - Evidence from a Field Experiment

In Germany students from a non-academic family background are still underrepresented in universities. Even though access to higher education has increased, students from non-academic family backgrounds are still twenty percentage points less likely to enroll in university compared to their peers from academic backgrounds. Since in Germany no tuition fees need to be paid, financial constraints are less likely to explain this educational inequality. Recent evidence suggests that students’ choice against university education is based on incomplete information. Using data from a randomized controlled trial this paper examines whether improving the level of information reduces differences in students’ intention to study. For students from non-academic family backgrounds we find that provision of information increased their preference for university education. Our results suggest that providing information may be a suitable policy tool to reduce educational inequality at the transition to tertiary education.

Speaker
Time
12:30 - 13:30
Location
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Contact(s)
at DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
13 February 2015

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Educational choices - competitiveness or locus of control?

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Speaker
  • Stefan Wolter, University of Bern
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    6 February 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Plan switching and inertia in Medicare Part D: Evidence from administrative data

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    Speaker
  • Florian Heiß, Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    4 February 2015

    Seminar From financial to real economy crisis – Evidence from individual company-bank relationships in Germany
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: What began as a financial crisis in 2007/2008 quickly became a massive crisis of the real economy. We investigate the importance of the bank lending and firm borrowing channel in the transmission of shocks to trading returns of banks to real investment of firms. For the analysis we match individual firm and bank financial statements in Germany for the period of 2004-2010.

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    Speaker
  • Frank Fossen (Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Time
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Location
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    21 January 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions An instrument for every child? The effects of a universal music education program

    Universal music education programs have become increasingly popular among policy makers in Germany and other developed countries. They are presented as innovative policies that improve educational opportunities for the poor. The political hopes are based on the assumption that learning a musical instrument positively develops cognitive and non-cognitive skills. However, the educational effects of universal music education have been insufficiently studied. Using data from two household panel studies in Germany (SOEP and FiD), I examine whether a universal music education program decreases the strong association between socio-economic status and access to instrumental music lessons. I further investigate whether the program affected the development of non-cognitive skills as well as the likelihood to attend an upper secondary school. Regional and temporal variation in program implementation allows me to identify causal effects. Preliminary results suggest that universal music education projects successfully provide more equal access to extracurricular music activities. The program also shows small positive effects on social skills, in particular for children from disadvantaged social backgrounds.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    16 January 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Dynamic Discrete Choice Estimation of Agricultural Land Use

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    Speaker
  • Paul Scott, Toulouse School of Economics
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    9 January 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Fitting Parsimonious Household-Portfolio Models to Data

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    Speaker
  • Christos Koulovatianos, University of Luxembourg
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    7 January 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Inequality and Defined Benefit Pensions when Life Expectancy is Heterogeneous

    This study analyzes the distributional effects of a defined pension benefit system under heterogeneous life expectancies. For this purpose, we propose a methodology that quantifies life expectancy-based regressive redistribution using a life expectancy-adjusted benchmark scenario. This methodology is combined with a structural life-cycle model of labor supply, retirement and consumption decisions that allows for behavioral responses to changes in the pension system. We show that the German pension system induces a large regressive redistribution of life-time income, and has a relevant regressive effect on average annual consumption. Behavioral responses to regressive redistribution matter for the results. Introducing progressivity into either pension contributions or pension benefits only partially offsets the effects of life expectancy-based regressive redistribution via the pension system.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    19 Dec 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Direct and Indirect Effects of Mass Layoffs – Evidence from Geo-Referenced Data

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    Speaker
  • Achim D. Schmillen, The World Bank
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    12 Dec 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Life Saving Effects of Hospital Proximity

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    Speaker
  • Veronica Grembi, Copenhagen Business School
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    5 Dec 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Poverty, labour markets and trade liberalization in Indonesia

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    Speaker
  • Krisztina Kis-Katos, University of Freiburg
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    28 Nov 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Innovation: Evidence from TRIPS

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    Speaker
  • Margaret Kyle, Toulouse School of Economics & MINE Paris Tech
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    21 Nov 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Information Flow in Networks of Former Coworkers

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    Speaker
  • Albrecht Glitz, Humboldt University Berlin
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    14 Nov 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Bailouts and austerity

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    Speaker
  • Thushyanthan Baskaran, University of Goettingen
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    7 Nov 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The economic impact of cartels and anti-cartel enforcement

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    Speaker
  • Prof. Dr. Peter Ormosi, University of East Anglia
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    17 October 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Asymmetric Information and Imperfect Competition in Lending Markets

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    Speaker
  • Nicola Pavanini, University of Zurich
  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    30 July 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Family-Friendly Workplaces: Selection and Satisfaction

    We exploiting two unique data sources, a linked employer-employee dataset and a dataset on families in Germany, to analyze the effect of a change in firm family friendliness on workforce composition and worker satisfaction. We focus on two types of family friendly policies: The offer of childcare services and flexible working hours. Combining fixed effect and matching methods to account for selection effects we find some evidence for a stronger increase in the fraction of women in firms which introduced a family friendly policy. The effect is in particular strong for childcare services in East Germany. Satisfaction with work and care are also affected. Flexible working hours, if at all, only set incentives for higher educated women to choose a specific employer.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    16 July 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Role of Time Preferences in Educational Decision Making

    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the role time preferences play in educational decision making. In the presentation, I introduce a dynamic structural life-cycle model in which a forward-looking decision maker makes periodical decisions between continuing schooling and exiting to the labour force. The strategy of the underlying paper is to solve and estimate two versions of this model, one with an exponential, one with a hyperbolic discount factor, and compare subsequent model fit and outcomes from policy simulations. In the presentation, I show the solution to the exponential version and some cautious results of first estimation under some very basic specifications.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    11 July 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The effects of policy on the future costs of carbon capture for coal power plants

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    Speaker
  • Prof. Gregory F. Nemet, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    4 July 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Returning to work after childbirth: The role of job satisfaction

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    Speaker
  • Anke Plagnol, Ph.D., City University London
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    Room 2.61 Hertie School of Governance Friedrichstr. 180 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
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