Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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5. Februar 2014

BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Door Opener or Waste of Time? The Effects of Internships on Labor Market Outcomes

Abstract: This paper studies the effect of internships while enrolled at university on labor market choices and wages later in life. We use variation in the introduction and abolishment of mandatory internships at German universities in the wake of the Bologna reform as an instrument for doing an internship.

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Referent/-in
  • Nils Saniter (DIW Berlin)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    RWI Berlin in the facilities of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (R. 1.15) Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    29. Januar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Is Being Tough Helpful? Search Requirements, Sanction Threats and Time to Job Finding

    (joint with Patrick Arni) 
    The enforcement of job search requirements is increasingly employed to determine the level of search effort provided by unemployment insurance recipients. We evaluate the impacts of this policy on the rate of job finding. Previous research on job search monitoring has focused on the effects of an imposed benefit sanction. By estimating the impacts of requirement policies and their anticipated enforcement, we analyze how monitoring affects search outcomes before a sanction event occurs. New Swiss administrative data sources allow us to match individual-level information on requirement setting, compliance behavior and enforcement policies. We estimate a multivariate duration model which we complement with quasi-experimental variation in our parameters of interest. Our preliminary results indicate that additional applications generated by a high-requirement policy do not directly translate into job search success. Search requirements rather seem to influence unemployment exit rates through changes in non-compliance behavior and sanction anticipation.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    29. Januar 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Negative reciprocal inclinations drive workers' reaction to perceived contract breaches: Evidence on heterogeneous responses of public sector workers to a retrenchment of pension rights

    Abstract: We document the importance of negatively reciprocal inclinations in labor relationships by showing that a retrenchment of pension rights, which is perceived as unfair, causes a larger reduction in job motivation the stronger workers' negatively reciprocal inclinations are. We exploit unique matched survey and administrative data on male employees in the public sector in the Netherlands and compare the job motivation of employees born in 1950, who faced a substantial retrenchment of their pension rights resulting from a pension reform in 2006, to that of slightly older employees who remain entitled to more generous pension benefits. Job motivation is significantly lower among negatively reciprocal employees who were affected by the reform. The adverse effect on job motivation is greater for negative reciprocal employees born very shortly after the cut-off date of January 1, 1950, as well as for those with many untreated colleagues who perceive the policy change as being more unfair. We also find that the treatment effect is stronger among workers who are more likely to hold their employer accountable for the drop in their pension rights, that is, those who work for the national government which initiated the pension reform.

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    Referent/-in
  • Raymond Montizaan (Maastricht University), mit Frank Cörvers, Andries de Grip, Thomas Dohmen
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    22. Januar 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Effects of the 2009 Scrappage Premium on German Households’ Consumption Patterns

    Abstract: We use the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) to analyze household consumption spending reactions to the German 2009 car scrappage scheme. The subsidy meant a windfall gain to concerned households and a rational reaction would be to adjust the consumption path to the increase in permanent income. Applying regression methods, we model different categories of consumption spending (nondurables, durables, services, and overall consumption) as a function of the scrappage dummy, the household income and further controls for the respective household and its head and evaluate differences of household consumption spending between subsidized and non-subsidized car buyers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Stefan Witte (Saarland University)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    15. Januar 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Spite - another aspect of competition?

    Abstract: While numerous experiments demonstrate how pro-sociality can influence economic decision-making, evidence on explicitly anti-social economic behavior has thus far been limited. In this paper we investigate the importance of spite in experimental rent-seeking contests. Our social preference elicitations reveal that subjects'investments are driven by spite, not fairness or reciprocity.

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    Referent/-in
  • Benedikt Hermann (University of Nottingham)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    8. Januar 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Understanding the effect of retirement on health using Regression Discontinuity Design

    Peter Eibich (DIW Berlin) will present his paper "Understanding the effect of retirement on health using Regression Discontinuity Design". This paper estimates the causal effect of retirement on health. Discontinuities in retirement age induced by the German pension system are exploited to identify the effect in a Regression Discontinuity design. Self-reported health status and the physical and mental summary score of the SF12 measure are used as dependent variables. The results show an increase in all health measures upon retirement. There is evidence for effect heterogeneity with respect to gender, occupational strain and the partner's retirement status. Analyzing the effect of retirement on health behavior as possible mechanisms suggests that the positive effects on health are caused by an increase in physical activity.

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    Speaker
  • Peter Eibich (DIW)
  • Ort
    RWI Berlin in the facilities of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (R. 1.15) Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    11. Dez 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung How to Stimulate Single Mothers to Leave Welfare for Work: Evidence from a Field Experiment

    We present the results from a field experiment in which single mothers on welfare were stimulated to find a job. Two policy instruments were introduced: an earnings disregard and job creation. The experiment was performed at the level of municipalities in The Netherlands, a country with relatively high benefits and low incentives for single mothers to leave welfare for work. In our analysis we make a distinction between native and immigrant welfare recipients. For immigrant single mothers we find a positive employment effect of an earnings disregard. For native single mothers with the youngest child between 5 and 11 years the earnings disregard had a weakly significant positive effect on working hours. Job creation in addition to the earnings disregard increased working hours for immigrant single mothers with the youngest child between the age of 5 and 11 and for native single mothers with the youngest child in the age category from 0 to 4 years. Although the outflow from welfare is not affected, welfare expenditures go down.

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    Speaker
  • Jan van Ours (Tilburg University), joint with Marike Knoef
  • Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    4. Dez 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung When parental background matters: the intergenerational mobility and assimilation of Italian immigrants in Germany

    Abstract: This study presents an empirical analysis of intergenerational mobility in educational achievements of Italian immigrants in Germany. For this purpose a model of intergenerational human capital transmission is introduced and applied to the specific situation of immigrants and their offspring in the host country. The model is empirically tested by means of OLS and Probit estimation based on household survey data from German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) and checked with an until now unexplored database from the Registry of Italians Resident Abroad (A.I.R.E.). Alternative measures to compare intergenerational mobility of immigrants and natives are also determined by the transition-matrix approach. Consistent with suggestions of previous studies and economic theory, substantial inequality of educational achievements between immigrants and natives is found, with the gap getting lower in the case of „second generation“ immigrants. Nevertheless, the findings of this study show that the children of Italian immigrants exhibit higher intergenerational education mobility than natives, suggesting that the assimilation process of this group in the host country is not slowed down by persistence of educational disadvantages. Moreover, holding parental education constant, Italian second generation immigrants have no less opportunities than natives to achieve higher schooling degrees. In further analytical steps, the impact of ethnicity on human capital accumulation is estimated through characteristics like migration time, language spoken at home and Italian region of provenience.

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    Referent/-in
  • Guido Neidhöfer (Free University Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6:30 - 8:00 pm
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    27. Nov 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Looking Back in Anger? Retirement and Unemployment Scarring

    (joint with A. Knabe und R. Schöb)
    Unemployment leaves scars since it lowers workers' life satisfaction even when they are reemployed. Using German panel data, we test whether unemployment experience prior to retirement lowers well-being in retirement. Although retired people report the less life satisfaction the more unemployment they experienced, we cannot attribute this difference to unemployment. A final unemployment spell does not lower life satisfaction after retirement below the level during employment before. Actually, people are the more satisfied after retirement compared to employment periods the more unemployment they experienced in their lives. Our findings indicate that scars of unemployment are limited to working life and that retirement helps people to overcome issues coinciding with unemployment experience.

    Referent/-in
  • Clemens Hetschko (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    20. Nov 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The returns to graduating with honors - Evidence from law graduates

    Abstract:
    The paper studies the causal effects of graduating from university with an honors degree on subsequent labor market outcomes. While a rich literature has focused on the identification of the returns to human capital, few studies could analyze returns at the very top of the education distribution. We highlight the importance of honors degrees for future labor market success in the context of German law students. Using multiple empirical designs (regression-control, matching, difference-in-difference, regression discontinuity design), we find that students of law who passed the state bar exam with an honors degree receive a sizable and significant earnings premium, are more likely to work in public service, are less likely to be self-employed, and are more often engaged in Ph.D. studies.

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    Referent/-in
  • Mathias Schumann (University of Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    RWI Berlin in the facilities of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (R. 1.15) Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    20. Nov 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Employment and Wage Impacts of Social Security Contributions

    We present work in progress on evaluating the employment and wage effects of social security contributions (SSC). We propose to use an equilibrium job search model allowing for extensive and intensive employment reactions, with firms also changing wages. The model naturally generates adjustment dynamics. Using firm-level data on productivity will allow us to identify to what extent productive workers and productive firms sort positively - an estimate for which we believe tax policy must be taken into account. We include detailed information on corporate taxation. The direction and degree of sorting will also determine the distributional impacts of SSC policies across different individuals. We propose to use long-running matched employer-employee data from France and Germany to consider the impacts of large changes in SSC on employment and wages.

    Referent/-in
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    13. Nov 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Impact of Education on Personality - Evidence from a German High School Reform

    Abstract: This paper investigates the short-term effects of reducing the length of upper secondary school on students' personality traits using state-level high school reforms in Germany as a quasi-natural experiment. Starting in 2001, the number of years of the academic secondary school track (Gymnasium) was gradually reduced from nine to eight in most of Germany's federal states, leaving the overall curriculum unchanged.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    6. Nov 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Achievement: Evidence from Chile

    Abstract: This paper studies the short term and micro level effects of the number of jobs released through early retirement on labour market outcomes for young potential entrants. Causal estimates of old-young substitution effects in local labour markets are obtained by means of instrumental variable estimation, exploiting a unique administrative data set covering the entire population of Norway and exogenous variation created by the gradual phasing in of an early retirement programme. The resulting short term substitution effects are rather sizable: For every additional early retirement pensioner there is room for one new labour market entrant.

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    Referent/-in
  • Katja Kaufmann (Bocconi University, Milan)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    30. Oktober 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Early Retirement and Youth Employment in Norway

    Abstract: This paper studies the short term and micro level effects of the number of jobs released through early retirement on labour market outcomes for young potential entrants. Causal estimates of old-young substitution effects in local labour markets are obtained by means of instrumental variable estimation, exploiting a unique administrative data set covering the entire population of Norway and exogenous variation created by the gradual phasing in of an early retirement programme. The resulting short term substitution effects are rather sizable: For every additional early retirement pensioner there is room for one new labour market entrant.

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    Referent/-in
  • Ola Vestad (Statistics Norway)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    23. Oktober 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Local Employer Competition and Training of Workers

    Abstract: The new training literature suggests that in a monopsonistic market employers will not only pay for firm-specific training but also for general training if the risk of poaching is limited. This implies that training participation should decrease when competition for employees is higher among firms. Using worker level data for Germany we find that the hypothesis is supported empirically. Specifically, we find that employees are significantly less likely to participate in training if the density of firms in a sector is higher within the local labor market.

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    Referent/-in
  • Marcus Tamm, RWI
  • Zeit
    18:30 Uhr
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    16. Oktober 2013

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Estimation of a Roy/Search/Compensating Differential Model of the Labor Market

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    Referent/-in
  • Rune Vejlin, Aarhus University
  • Zeit
    18:30 Uhr
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
    18. Sept 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The effects of flexible working hours on German couples' wages

    Working flexible hours is believed to increase an employee's productivity, which is claimed to result in higher wages. This enhancement of productivity is attributed to a reduction in work-life stress as well as to the employee's ability to work non-core hours. Despite these claims, there is no sufficient quantitative evidence as to whether this effect of flexible hours on wages exists. If interpreted as a lack of commitment, taking up flexible working hours could also be punished with lower wages. The SOEP provides a unique opportunity to test these opposing wage arguments. Moreover, with this household panel, for the first time, one can test whether partners profit from changes in couple-level flexibility. Fixed effects analysis is used to test the opposing arguments. Furthermore, the paper looks at who uses the flexible working hours.

    Referent/-in
  • Laura Langner (Rienecker) (University of Oxford)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    17. Juli 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply estimation with endogenous rationing. An application to the federal minimum wage in Germany

    This paper extends a standard static structural labor supply framework by taking labor demand constraints into account. Contrary to previous papers the rationing risk is not only determined by exogenous demand side factors, but also depends on the individual's productivity. The resulting labor supply elasticities from the extended framework differ from the unconstrained model. This approach is shown to be particularly useful for evaluating policy reforms that affect labor supply incentives and have direct consequences for labor costs. We apply the model to analyze the employment effects of a federal minimum wage in Germany as well as the impact of employer- vs. employee-oriented wage subsidies under a statutory minimum.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    12. Juli 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Impact of Immigration on Natives' Wages
    Heterogeneity resulting from Product and Labor Market Regulation

    Does regulation of product and labor markets alter the impact of immigration on wages of competing native workers? Exploiting the unique historical event of the German reunification, we compare the wage consequences of East Germans migrating into different segments of the West German labor market: one segment without product and labor market regulation, to which standard immigration models best apply, one segment in which product and labor market regulation interact, and one segment covering intermediate groups of workers. We find a negative effect of the large influx of close substitutes in production on the wage growth of competing native West Germans in the segment with almost free firm entry into product markets and weak worker influence on the decision-making of firms. Competing native workers were shielded from such pressure if firm entry regulation interacted with labor market institutions, implying a strong influence of workers on the decision-making of profit-making firms.

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    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Dr. Susanne Prantl, University of Cologne
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 520
    10. Juli 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar What is the effort for? Employment histories and incomes in later life in Europe

    The income situation of the elderly population in modern welfare states is the result of an interplay of individual developments over the life course and the national institutional and policy framework. While achievements on the labor market generally are the basis for the economic status in retirement, their actual effect, however, may vary according to the specific national conditions related to pension system, labor market policy and gender regime. I use data of the SHARELIFE study (3rd wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe), which contains life-history information of older individuals in 13 European countries, to analyze individual and institutional determinants of the income situation in later life and their interplay. The results show, first, considerable cross-national variation in the effect of employment history characteristics, especially regarding female part-time employment and family care. Second, institutional factors shape the relationship of employment history and old age income situation of women, while those factors are rather irrelevant for the income situation of older men.
    The talk will also include a comparison of SHARE and SOEP regarding the survey procedures for retrospective employment history information.

    Referent/-in
  • Katja Möhring (GK SOCLIFE, University of Cologne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
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