Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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10. Juli 2013

Seminar The Economic Incidence of Social Security Contributions: Evidence from German Administrative Data
Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

Abstract: This paper applies a test for the economic incidence of social security contributions (SSC) based on the reaction of gross wages in response to a variation in social security contributions. Exploiting an increase of the East German taxable maximum of health insurance, a difference-in-differences approach is used to estimate its effects on yearly changes in gross wages.

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Referent/-in
Zeit
6.30 - 8.00 pm
Ort
DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
Ansprechpartner/-in
extern
, HU Berlin
3. Juli 2013

Seminar The Role of Peers in Estimating Tenure-Performance Profiles: Evidence from Personnel Data
Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

Abstract: We estimate tenure-performance profiles using panel data on individual workers' performance. The results show that a 10 per cent increase in tenure leads to a performance increase of 4.3 per cent of a standard deviation; this translates to a performance increase of 61 per cent within the first year of the employment relationship.

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Referent/-in
  • Jan Sauermann (SOFI)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    26. Juni 2013

    Seminar Top of Class: The Importance of Ordinal Rank Position
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We find an individual's ordinal rank within their reference group has effects on later objective outcomes. To evaluate the impact of local rank, we use a large administrative dataset spanning five cohorts of the student population in England. Academic rank within primary school has sizable, robust and significant effects on later achievement, conditional on national test scores.

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  • Felix Weinhardt (LSE)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    19. Juni 2013

    Seminar The health effects of weather and pollution: implications for climate change
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper comprehensively assesses the joint effects of extreme weather conditions and pollution shocks on population health. We merge German censuses of hospital admissions and death records for 1999 to 2008 with rich weather and pollution data from more than 2,000 ambient monitors on a daily county level basis. Extreme heat significantly increases hospitalizations and deaths.

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  • Nicolas Ziebarth (Cornell University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    14. Juni 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Trends in Hours Worked across Countries
    Evidence using Micro Data

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    Referent/-in
  • Alexander Bick, Arizona State University
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 164
    12. Juni 2013

    Seminar Measuring and Assessing the Effect of Job Mismatch
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We propose and implement a method to measure mismatch using observable worker and job characteristics rather than outcome variables. The approach consists of estimating the deviation from the average match between relative job task supply and demand. We show that, as predicted in the theoretical literature, mismatch is detrimental for wages and job satisfaction.

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    Referent/-in
  • Michael Böhm (LSE/Bonn University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    5. Juni 2013

    Seminar High-Impact Minimum Wages and Heterogeneous Regions
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We estimate the effects on wage and employment growth rates of the introduction and subsequent increases of a substantial minimum wage in the main construction industry of Germany. Using a regional dataset constructed from individual employment histories, we exploit the spatial dimension and border discontinuities of the regional data to account for spillovers between districts and unobserved heterogeneity at the local level.

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  • Alfredo Paloyo (RWI Essen)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    24. Mai 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Fertility and Female Labor Supply
    IV Evidence from IVF Treatments

    Abstract: In this paper we introduce a new IV strategy based on IVF induced fertility variation in infertile families to estimate the causal effect of children on their parents' labor supply using the census of IVF treated women(and spouses) in Denmark. Because the observed chances of IVF success do not depend on the labor market histories of women before they enter the IVF treatment, IVF treatment success provides a plausible instrument for childbearing among childless women. IV estimates show that women work significantly less because of childbearing. The labor supply consequences are the largest during the first two years of the child's life and are still observed when children are about ten years old.

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    Referent/-in
  • Dr. Erik Plug, University of Amsterdam
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    23. - 24. Mai 2013

    Graduate Center Masterclasses Macro-Labor Analysis

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  • Sanjay Chugh, Boston College
  • Zeit
    14:00-18:00(Do), 09:00-12:30(Fr)
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    22. Mai 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Estimating labour supply elasticity from bunching: Some issues

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    22. Mai 2013

    Seminar The Evaluation of Start-Up Subsidies for the Unemployed and the Role of "Unobserved" Characteristics for Matching Estimators
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Start-up subsidies for the unemployed have become an important part of Active La- bor Market Policy (ALMP) in many countries. Previous evaluation results show pre- dominantly (very) positive results indicating that these programs are an effective way to increase employment probabilities and income of participants. Most of the stud- ies are using matching estimators based on the conditional independence assumption (CIA) to estimate these effects and are prone to bias if there are unobserved factors af- fecting the selection process into the programs.

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    Referent/-in
  • Martin Weißenberger (University of Potsdam)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    17. Mai 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Are Women more Attracted than Men to Cooperation?

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  • Prof. Peter Kuhn, University of California
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 526
    15. Mai 2013

    Seminar The power of (no) recognition: Evidence from a field experiment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: While recognition is considered a major employee motivation tool by HRM practitioners, sound empirical evidence on its efficacy is just beginning to appear. We contribute to this nascent evidence by running a field experiment involving students on a large undergraduate course. Our treatment, given in randomly selected student groups, was to publicly recognize students who scored within top 30% of their group on the first of the two midterm exams. Our findings are: 1) students in the treatment groups who were not recognized have improved their performance on the second midterm compared to their peers in the control groups; 2) students in the treatment groups who were recognized have done no better than their peers; 3) commitment to the course and the distance between the actual and the top 30% grade moderate the effect of recognition on performance. Discussing several competing theories, we argue that adherence to performance norms is the best explanation to our findings.

    (joint with Nicky Hoogveld)

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  • Nick Zubanov (Erasmus University Rotterdam)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    2. Mai 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Role of Language Skills in the German Labor Market

    (joint with Ingo Isphording and Sebastian Otten)

    This paper uses data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to study the effect of language skills on labor market outcomes. To address problems related to endogeneity and measurement error, we construct an instrumental variable based on differences in language acquisition profiles of immigrants across the distribution of linguistic distance between German and the language spoken in the country of origin. Our findings indicate that the effect of language skills on employment probabilities is insignificant, while the positive effect of language skills on wages may be attributed to the sorting of immigrants across occupations. Our results further indicate that OLS regressions systematically underestimate the returns to language skills in the German labor market.

    Referent/-in
  • Mathias Sinning (Australian National University)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    24. April 2013

    Seminar The Impact of Immigration on Natives' Wages: Heterogeneity resulting from Product and Labor Market Regulation
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)


    Sorry, the seminar has been canceled!


    Abstract:
    Does regulation of product and labor markets alter the impact of immigration on wages of competing native workers? We take German reunification as a natural experiment and compare the wage consequences of East Germans migrating into different segments of the West German labor market: one segment without product and labor market regulation, to which standard immigration models best apply, one segment in which product and labor market regulation interact, and one segment covering intermediate groups of workers.

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  • Susanne Prantl (University of Cologne, MPI)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    17. April 2013

    Seminar Social Insurance and the Marriage Market
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    When social insurance eligibility depends on marital status, this is a government intervention into the marriage market. I formally show that such intervention influences three behavioral margins in the marriage market, and test the theory exploiting a Swedish reform of survivors insurance - an annuity paid to widows, but not divorcees, upon the husband's death. First, I analyze bunching in the distribution of marriages and show that, by affecting the wedge between marriage and cohabitation, survivors insurance alters the composition of married couples up to 45 years before the annuity's expected payout. This distortion is larger in couples with higher ex post male mortality, holding constant the policy's value at realization and all demographics that I observe, suggesting "adverse selection" into government-provided insurance. Second, I use a regression discontinuity design to show that removal of survivors insurance from existing marriage contracts caused divorces and, in surviving unions, a renegotiation of marital surplus. Third, because survivors insurance subsidized couples with highly unequal earnings (capacities), its elimination raised the long-run assortativeness of matching. I argue that such marriage market responses to social insurance design have important implications for when it is optimal to separate social insurance from marriage in modern societies.

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  • Petra Persson (Columbia University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    13. Februar 2013

    Seminar Moving to Opportunity or No Opportunity to Move? - Financial Constraints, Internal Migration and Unemployment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In this paper, I investigate the effect of residential relocation on individual unemployment duration using geo-referenced data from the German Socio-Economic Panel. In contrast with earlier research on migration, this study considers people who move before having found a job and asks how employment outcomes vary by the nature of migration (i.e. its reasons and characteristics). In particular, I highlight the role of financial constraints in the moving decision of unemployed individuals.

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  • Jonathan Stöterau (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    6. Februar 2013

    Seminar Taxation and Precautionary Savings over the Life Cycle
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the effect of progressive taxation on precautionary savings. While there is an extensive literature on precautionary savings in the presence of labor income uncertainty, this paper adds to the small number of studies that explores the link between progressive taxation and precautionary savings.

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  • Davud Rostam-Afschar (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    30. Januar 2013

    Seminar Partnership, Gender Roles and the Well-Being Cost of Unemployment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We use the differences between life satisfaction and emotional well-being of employed and unemployed persons to analyze how a person's employment status affects cognitive well-being. Our results show that unemployment has a negative impact on cognitive, but not on affective well-being, which we interpret as a loss in identity utility. Living in a partnership strengthens the loss in identity utility of men, but weakens that of women.

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    Referent/-in
  • Ronnie Schöb (FU Berlin) (joint with Andreas Knabe and Joachim Weimann)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    23. Januar 2013

    Seminar Medium-term Effects of the German Parental Benefit Reform
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the medium-term effects of Germany's recent parental benefit reform on the mothers' labour participation and modes of employment as well as marriage behaviour using a natural experiment. The new scheme led to a four percentage point higher labour participation rate three to four years after childbirth. Moreover, there is an increase in the share of part-time jobs, but not in precarious employment relations. Highly educated mothers with a large earned income before childbirth seem to disproportionally contribute to the improved labour market outcomes. Unmarried couples are under the new regulation less inclined to marry, which can be explained by interactions of the policy with joint income taxation.

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  • Sebastian Schmitz (HU Berlin), joint work with Jochen Kluve
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
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