Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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17. April 2013

Seminar Social Insurance and the Marriage Market
Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

Abstract:
When social insurance eligibility depends on marital status, this is a government intervention into the marriage market. I formally show that such intervention influences three behavioral margins in the marriage market, and test the theory exploiting a Swedish reform of survivors insurance - an annuity paid to widows, but not divorcees, upon the husband's death. First, I analyze bunching in the distribution of marriages and show that, by affecting the wedge between marriage and cohabitation, survivors insurance alters the composition of married couples up to 45 years before the annuity's expected payout. This distortion is larger in couples with higher ex post male mortality, holding constant the policy's value at realization and all demographics that I observe, suggesting "adverse selection" into government-provided insurance. Second, I use a regression discontinuity design to show that removal of survivors insurance from existing marriage contracts caused divorces and, in surviving unions, a renegotiation of marital surplus. Third, because survivors insurance subsidized couples with highly unequal earnings (capacities), its elimination raised the long-run assortativeness of matching. I argue that such marriage market responses to social insurance design have important implications for when it is optimal to separate social insurance from marriage in modern societies.

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Referent/-in
  • Petra Persson (Columbia University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    13. Februar 2013

    Seminar Moving to Opportunity or No Opportunity to Move? - Financial Constraints, Internal Migration and Unemployment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In this paper, I investigate the effect of residential relocation on individual unemployment duration using geo-referenced data from the German Socio-Economic Panel. In contrast with earlier research on migration, this study considers people who move before having found a job and asks how employment outcomes vary by the nature of migration (i.e. its reasons and characteristics). In particular, I highlight the role of financial constraints in the moving decision of unemployed individuals.

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    Referent/-in
  • Jonathan Stöterau (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    6. Februar 2013

    Seminar Taxation and Precautionary Savings over the Life Cycle
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the effect of progressive taxation on precautionary savings. While there is an extensive literature on precautionary savings in the presence of labor income uncertainty, this paper adds to the small number of studies that explores the link between progressive taxation and precautionary savings.

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    Referent/-in
  • Davud Rostam-Afschar (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    30. Januar 2013

    Seminar Partnership, Gender Roles and the Well-Being Cost of Unemployment
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We use the differences between life satisfaction and emotional well-being of employed and unemployed persons to analyze how a person's employment status affects cognitive well-being. Our results show that unemployment has a negative impact on cognitive, but not on affective well-being, which we interpret as a loss in identity utility. Living in a partnership strengthens the loss in identity utility of men, but weakens that of women.

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    Referent/-in
  • Ronnie Schöb (FU Berlin) (joint with Andreas Knabe and Joachim Weimann)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    23. Januar 2013

    Seminar Medium-term Effects of the German Parental Benefit Reform
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the medium-term effects of Germany's recent parental benefit reform on the mothers' labour participation and modes of employment as well as marriage behaviour using a natural experiment. The new scheme led to a four percentage point higher labour participation rate three to four years after childbirth. Moreover, there is an increase in the share of part-time jobs, but not in precarious employment relations. Highly educated mothers with a large earned income before childbirth seem to disproportionally contribute to the improved labour market outcomes. Unmarried couples are under the new regulation less inclined to marry, which can be explained by interactions of the policy with joint income taxation.

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    Referent/-in
  • Sebastian Schmitz (HU Berlin), joint work with Jochen Kluve
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    17. - 18. Januar 2013

    Graduate Center Masterclasses Structural Models of Labor Supply

    14:00-18:00 (17.01.) Room 22008, 09:00-12:30 (18.01) Room 52010

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    Referent/-in
  • Victoria Prowse, Cornell University
  • Zeit
    14:00-18:00 / 09:00-12:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    16. Januar 2013

    Seminar Gender Pay Gap, Tasks and Occupational Changes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Since 1990s it is observed that gender segregation in occupations in Germany declines. At the same time, gender pay gap in Germany diminishes. According to the task-based approach, such a dynamic of gender pay gap can be explained by increasing proficiency of women in non-routine cognitive tasks, as well as falling fraction of routine tasks performed by women. As non-routine cognitive tasks are found to be better remunerated, their disproportional increase in female task profile could contribute to the decrease in gender pay gap.

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    Referent/-in
  • Alexandra Fedorets (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    9. Januar 2013

    Seminar School Starting Age and Crime
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of school starting age on crime while relying on variation in school starting age induced by administrative rules; we exploit that Danish children typically start first grade in the year they turn seven, which gives rise to a discontinuity in children's school starting age. Analyses are carried out using register-based Danish data. We find that higher age at school start lowers the propensity to commit crime. Importantly, we find that the individuals who benefit the most from being old-for-grade are those with high latent abilities whereas those with low latent abilities seem to be unaffected or even worse off by being old-for-grade in school. Moreover, for girls much of the crime reduction stems from an incapacitating effect of schooling as the effect fades in the long run. For boys, on the contrary, we find the reduction in the crime rate to be permanent. Finally, we show how these results are caused by absolute school starting age and not one's age relative to the age of one's peers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Rasmus Landersø (Rockwool Foundation Research Unit & Aarhus University) (joint with Helena Skyt Nielsen and Marianne Simonsen)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    19. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Die Nachfrage nach Energie, Mobilität und Freizeit und Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage

    Ein Nachfragesystem, dass Mobilität, Energiegüter und Freizeit (respektive Arbeitsangebot) einschließt, wird mit den Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichproben (EVS) der Jahre 1998, 2003 und 2008 geschätzt. Getrennt für Single- und Paarhaushalte weren Eigen- und Kreuzpreiselastizitäten berechnet, mit denen die Auswirkungen der EEG Umlage simuliert werden. Die EEG Umlage wirkt wie eine Stromsteuer und führte zwischen 2008 und 2013 zu einer Steigerung des Strompreises für die Haushalte von im Schnitt 25,9%.
    Belastungswirkungen, Nachfrageeffekte, Arbeitsangebot, Aufkommenswirkungen und Wohlfahrtseffekte werden mit dem Nachfragesystem simuliert.

    Der Vortrag findet auf deutsch statt.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    7. Dez 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The effect of unemployment insurance on exit from employment

    Abstract: We investigate whether changes in the generosity of unemployment insurance (UI) affect exit from employment via UI. We exploit a recent reform of German UI that drastically reduced maximum benefit periods for workers aged 45 or older. Economic theory suggests that less generous UI makes employed workers more eager to keep their job, implying a reduction in unemployment entry after the reform. However, such reforms may also have some potentially undesired effects: Workers who exit from employment have an incentive to enter UI before rather than after the reform becomes effective in order to benefit from longer maximum benefit periods. This would imply an increase in unemployment entry after announcement but before actual implementation of the reform. The reform we study was announced 1.5 years before becoming effective, which provides the opportunity to test for both anticipation and ex-post effects of the reform. We use a large administrative dataset that allows separate analyses by gender and potential exit age. For a sample of workers with strong labor market attachment we find a very strong increase in exit rates directly before the reform becomes effective, especially among workers close to the average pre-reform retirement age. Moreover, exit rates to UI decrease for workers aged 57 or older compared to pre-reform-announcement levels once the changes in UI have been implemented. We show that our empirical findings can be explained by a simple retirement model that allows for exit from the labor market via UI.

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    Referent/-in
  • Conny Wunsch, University St. Gallen
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    5. Dez 2012

    Seminar The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    This paper exploits the effects of job information centers in West Germany on pupils' educational and occupational choices, as well as on their labor market outcomes in later life. This paper contributes to the very sparse literature on the impacts of the public provision of labor market related information. We exploit the fact that West Germany job information centers were introduced at different times in different places, and use a differences-in-differences approach to identify parameters with causal interpretation. Combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP) with administrative data on the location and introduction of job information centers allows us to detect whether an individual could have benefited from the information service during their youth. The results suggests that individuals in counties with a job information center while they were in grades 8 and 9, choose more education, have more prestigious jobs and have higher wage incomes than pupils who did not have access to facilities.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • joint with Thomas Siedler, DIW Berlin
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    28. Nov 2012

    Seminar Reagan's Innovation Dividened? Technological Impacts of the 1980s US Defense Build-Up
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    US government spending since World War II has been characterized by large investments in defense related goods, services and R&D. In turn, this means that the Department of Defense (DoD) has had a large role in funding corporate innovation in the US. This paper looks at the impact of military procurement spending on corporate innovation among publicly traded firms for the period 1966-2003. The study utilizes a major database of detailed, historical procurement contracts for all Department of Defense (DoD) prime contracts since 1966. Product-level spending shifts - chiefly centered around the Reagan defense build-up of the 1980s - are used as a source of exogenous variation in firm-level procurement receipts. Estimates indicate that defense procurement has a positive absolute impact on patenting and R&D investment, with an elasticity of approximately 0.07 across both measures of innovation. In terms of magnitudes, the contribution of defense procurement to innovation peaked during the early Reagan build-up, accounting for 11.4% of the total change in patenting intensity and 6.5% for R&D. This compares to a defense sector share in output of around 4%. The later defense cutbacks under Bush Senior and Clinton then curbed the growth in technological intensity by around 2%.

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    Referent/-in
  • Mirko Draca (London School of Economics)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    21. Nov 2012

    Seminar Sector choice, wages, firm structure, and tournament incentives: Evidence from comparing the Swedish private and public sectors
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper studies the decision of Swedish employees to work in the private or public sector. While the existing sector choice literature focusses on (spot) wage differentials, this paper studies additionally how the expected payoffs from internal promotion tournaments affect sector choice. Jobs promising higher wage ‘prizes' and with higher a priori likelihoods of winning those prizes (i.e. being promoted) should be preferred over more competitive tournaments with lower prizes. Using economy-wide Swedish employer-employee-matched data, the paper estimates how firm-internal wage profiles and the competitiveness of the pyramidal structure matter for sector choice.

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    Referent/-in
  • Klaus Brösamle (Hertie School of Governance)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    14. Nov 2012

    Seminar Examining the Structure of Spatial Health Effects using Hierarchical Bayes Models
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper makes use of Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects. We focus on Germany and combine rich individual-level household panel data with administrative county-level information to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable, we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. Our findings reveal strong and highly significant spatial dependencies and clusters.

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    Referent/-in
  • Peter Eibich (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21b Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    9. Nov 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar An Equilibrium Search Model of Wage Dispersion with Sorting

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Jesper Bagger, Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    7. Nov 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Liquidity Constraints and the Permanent Income Hypothesis: Pseudo Panel Estimation with German Consumption Survey Data

    Abstract: This paper empirically investigates the relevance of liquidity constraints and excess sensitivity in intertemporal household consumption. Using a pseudo panel that has been constructed on rich German consumption survey data, we estimate the consumption responses to permanent and transitory income shocks, as well as the presence of excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes. A switching regression approach with unknown sample separation is applied to identify the two regimes whether to be liquidity constrained or not. The results are used to test whether liquidity constraints affect the validity of the permanent income hypothesis. For households in the constrained regime, reactions to changes in transitory income are found to be significantly greater than for households in the unconstrained regime. Furthermore, we provide evidence for excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes for households in the constrained regime if total consumption, durable as well as non-durable, is considered.

    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    7. Nov 2012

    Seminar High Wage Workers and High Wage Peers
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of coworker characteristics on wages, measured by the average person effect of coworkers in a wage regression. The effect of interest is identified from within-firm changes in workforce composition, controlling for person effects, firm effects, and sector-specific time trends. My estimates are based on a linked employer employee dataset for the population of workers and firms of the Italian region of Veneto for years 1982-2001. I find that a 10-percent increase in the average labour market value of coworkers' skills is associated with a 3.6 percent wage premium. I also find that around one fourth of the wage variation previously explained by unobserved firm heterogeneity is actually due to variation in coworker skills, and that between 10 and 15 percent of the immigrant wage gap can be explained by differences in coworker characteristics.

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    Referent/-in
  • Michele Battisti (Ifo Institute Munich)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    31. Oktober 2012

    Seminar Emigration and Political Change
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We argue that labor emigration creates political spillovers and that these spillovers vary with the political regime of migrants' destination countries. Using community and individual-level data from a former Soviet republic, we analyze the relationship between emigration and electoral preferences of those who stay behind. For identification, we exploit the fact the emigration is directed to both more democratic Western Europe and less democratic Russia. Our key finding is that emigration to the West reduces electoral support for the Communist Party at home. Quantitatively, the effects are large enough to explain the fall of the long-ruling Communist government. We attribute our finding to the diffusion of information and norms from abroad.

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    Referent/-in
  • Toman Omar Mahmoud (IfW Kiel)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin Raum B002/3 Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , WZB
    24. Oktober 2012

    Seminar New Software, more Employment? Estimating the Causal Effects of a new Placement Software in German Employment Agencies
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We evaluate a major software change in the placement software of the German Federal Employment Agency in 2006. This change was remarkable as it aimed at improving key factors of the placement process increasing the accuracy and number of job placements. As a result of this effort, we would expect more transitions into employment leading to shorter unemployment durations and thus increased lifetime earnings by improved matching rates between unemployed and jobs. By taking advantage of the staggered implementation of the new software by region, we estimate its effect on employment rates. By employing a dynamic difference-in-differences approach that takes into account the time under treatment, we show that the software implementation led to an increase in both, overall employment and employment stability.

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    Referent/-in
  • Christoph Ehlert (RWI)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21b Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    24. Oktober 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes

    Referent/-in
  • in Zusammenarbeit mit Thomas Siedler (Universität Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
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