Veranstaltungen

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17. - 18. Januar 2013

Graduate Center Masterclasses Structural Models of Labor Supply

14:00-18:00 (17.01.) Room 22008, 09:00-12:30 (18.01) Room 52010

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Referent/-in
  • Victoria Prowse, Cornell University
  • Zeit
    14:00-18:00 / 09:00-12:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    16. Januar 2013

    Seminar Gender Pay Gap, Tasks and Occupational Changes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Since 1990s it is observed that gender segregation in occupations in Germany declines. At the same time, gender pay gap in Germany diminishes. According to the task-based approach, such a dynamic of gender pay gap can be explained by increasing proficiency of women in non-routine cognitive tasks, as well as falling fraction of routine tasks performed by women. As non-routine cognitive tasks are found to be better remunerated, their disproportional increase in female task profile could contribute to the decrease in gender pay gap.

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    Referent/-in
  • Alexandra Fedorets (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    9. Januar 2013

    Seminar School Starting Age and Crime
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of school starting age on crime while relying on variation in school starting age induced by administrative rules; we exploit that Danish children typically start first grade in the year they turn seven, which gives rise to a discontinuity in children's school starting age. Analyses are carried out using register-based Danish data. We find that higher age at school start lowers the propensity to commit crime. Importantly, we find that the individuals who benefit the most from being old-for-grade are those with high latent abilities whereas those with low latent abilities seem to be unaffected or even worse off by being old-for-grade in school. Moreover, for girls much of the crime reduction stems from an incapacitating effect of schooling as the effect fades in the long run. For boys, on the contrary, we find the reduction in the crime rate to be permanent. Finally, we show how these results are caused by absolute school starting age and not one's age relative to the age of one's peers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Rasmus Landersø (Rockwool Foundation Research Unit & Aarhus University) (joint with Helena Skyt Nielsen and Marianne Simonsen)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21A Spandauer Straße 1
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    19. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Die Nachfrage nach Energie, Mobilität und Freizeit und Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage

    Ein Nachfragesystem, dass Mobilität, Energiegüter und Freizeit (respektive Arbeitsangebot) einschließt, wird mit den Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichproben (EVS) der Jahre 1998, 2003 und 2008 geschätzt. Getrennt für Single- und Paarhaushalte weren Eigen- und Kreuzpreiselastizitäten berechnet, mit denen die Auswirkungen der EEG Umlage simuliert werden. Die EEG Umlage wirkt wie eine Stromsteuer und führte zwischen 2008 und 2013 zu einer Steigerung des Strompreises für die Haushalte von im Schnitt 25,9%.
    Belastungswirkungen, Nachfrageeffekte, Arbeitsangebot, Aufkommenswirkungen und Wohlfahrtseffekte werden mit dem Nachfragesystem simuliert.

    Der Vortrag findet auf deutsch statt.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    7. Dez 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The effect of unemployment insurance on exit from employment

    Abstract: We investigate whether changes in the generosity of unemployment insurance (UI) affect exit from employment via UI. We exploit a recent reform of German UI that drastically reduced maximum benefit periods for workers aged 45 or older. Economic theory suggests that less generous UI makes employed workers more eager to keep their job, implying a reduction in unemployment entry after the reform. However, such reforms may also have some potentially undesired effects: Workers who exit from employment have an incentive to enter UI before rather than after the reform becomes effective in order to benefit from longer maximum benefit periods. This would imply an increase in unemployment entry after announcement but before actual implementation of the reform. The reform we study was announced 1.5 years before becoming effective, which provides the opportunity to test for both anticipation and ex-post effects of the reform. We use a large administrative dataset that allows separate analyses by gender and potential exit age. For a sample of workers with strong labor market attachment we find a very strong increase in exit rates directly before the reform becomes effective, especially among workers close to the average pre-reform retirement age. Moreover, exit rates to UI decrease for workers aged 57 or older compared to pre-reform-announcement levels once the changes in UI have been implemented. We show that our empirical findings can be explained by a simple retirement model that allows for exit from the labor market via UI.

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    Referent/-in
  • Conny Wunsch, University St. Gallen
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    5. Dez 2012

    Seminar The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    This paper exploits the effects of job information centers in West Germany on pupils' educational and occupational choices, as well as on their labor market outcomes in later life. This paper contributes to the very sparse literature on the impacts of the public provision of labor market related information. We exploit the fact that West Germany job information centers were introduced at different times in different places, and use a differences-in-differences approach to identify parameters with causal interpretation. Combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP) with administrative data on the location and introduction of job information centers allows us to detect whether an individual could have benefited from the information service during their youth. The results suggests that individuals in counties with a job information center while they were in grades 8 and 9, choose more education, have more prestigious jobs and have higher wage incomes than pupils who did not have access to facilities.

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    Referent/-in
  • joint with Thomas Siedler, DIW Berlin
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    28. Nov 2012

    Seminar Reagan's Innovation Dividened? Technological Impacts of the 1980s US Defense Build-Up
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:
    US government spending since World War II has been characterized by large investments in defense related goods, services and R&D. In turn, this means that the Department of Defense (DoD) has had a large role in funding corporate innovation in the US. This paper looks at the impact of military procurement spending on corporate innovation among publicly traded firms for the period 1966-2003. The study utilizes a major database of detailed, historical procurement contracts for all Department of Defense (DoD) prime contracts since 1966. Product-level spending shifts - chiefly centered around the Reagan defense build-up of the 1980s - are used as a source of exogenous variation in firm-level procurement receipts. Estimates indicate that defense procurement has a positive absolute impact on patenting and R&D investment, with an elasticity of approximately 0.07 across both measures of innovation. In terms of magnitudes, the contribution of defense procurement to innovation peaked during the early Reagan build-up, accounting for 11.4% of the total change in patenting intensity and 6.5% for R&D. This compares to a defense sector share in output of around 4%. The later defense cutbacks under Bush Senior and Clinton then curbed the growth in technological intensity by around 2%.

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    Referent/-in
  • Mirko Draca (London School of Economics)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    21. Nov 2012

    Seminar Sector choice, wages, firm structure, and tournament incentives: Evidence from comparing the Swedish private and public sectors
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper studies the decision of Swedish employees to work in the private or public sector. While the existing sector choice literature focusses on (spot) wage differentials, this paper studies additionally how the expected payoffs from internal promotion tournaments affect sector choice. Jobs promising higher wage ‘prizes' and with higher a priori likelihoods of winning those prizes (i.e. being promoted) should be preferred over more competitive tournaments with lower prizes. Using economy-wide Swedish employer-employee-matched data, the paper estimates how firm-internal wage profiles and the competitiveness of the pyramidal structure matter for sector choice.

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    Referent/-in
  • Klaus Brösamle (Hertie School of Governance)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    14. Nov 2012

    Seminar Examining the Structure of Spatial Health Effects using Hierarchical Bayes Models
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper makes use of Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects. We focus on Germany and combine rich individual-level household panel data with administrative county-level information to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable, we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. Our findings reveal strong and highly significant spatial dependencies and clusters.

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    Referent/-in
  • Peter Eibich (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21b Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    9. Nov 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar An Equilibrium Search Model of Wage Dispersion with Sorting

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    Referent/-in
  • Jesper Bagger, Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    7. Nov 2012

    Seminar High Wage Workers and High Wage Peers
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of coworker characteristics on wages, measured by the average person effect of coworkers in a wage regression. The effect of interest is identified from within-firm changes in workforce composition, controlling for person effects, firm effects, and sector-specific time trends. My estimates are based on a linked employer employee dataset for the population of workers and firms of the Italian region of Veneto for years 1982-2001. I find that a 10-percent increase in the average labour market value of coworkers' skills is associated with a 3.6 percent wage premium. I also find that around one fourth of the wage variation previously explained by unobserved firm heterogeneity is actually due to variation in coworker skills, and that between 10 and 15 percent of the immigrant wage gap can be explained by differences in coworker characteristics.

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    Referent/-in
  • Michele Battisti (Ifo Institute Munich)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    7. Nov 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Liquidity Constraints and the Permanent Income Hypothesis: Pseudo Panel Estimation with German Consumption Survey Data

    Abstract: This paper empirically investigates the relevance of liquidity constraints and excess sensitivity in intertemporal household consumption. Using a pseudo panel that has been constructed on rich German consumption survey data, we estimate the consumption responses to permanent and transitory income shocks, as well as the presence of excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes. A switching regression approach with unknown sample separation is applied to identify the two regimes whether to be liquidity constrained or not. The results are used to test whether liquidity constraints affect the validity of the permanent income hypothesis. For households in the constrained regime, reactions to changes in transitory income are found to be significantly greater than for households in the unconstrained regime. Furthermore, we provide evidence for excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes for households in the constrained regime if total consumption, durable as well as non-durable, is considered.

    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    31. Oktober 2012

    Seminar Emigration and Political Change
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We argue that labor emigration creates political spillovers and that these spillovers vary with the political regime of migrants' destination countries. Using community and individual-level data from a former Soviet republic, we analyze the relationship between emigration and electoral preferences of those who stay behind. For identification, we exploit the fact the emigration is directed to both more democratic Western Europe and less democratic Russia. Our key finding is that emigration to the West reduces electoral support for the Communist Party at home. Quantitatively, the effects are large enough to explain the fall of the long-ruling Communist government. We attribute our finding to the diffusion of information and norms from abroad.

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    Referent/-in
  • Toman Omar Mahmoud (IfW Kiel)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin Raum B002/3 Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , WZB
    24. Oktober 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes

    Referent/-in
  • in Zusammenarbeit mit Thomas Siedler (Universität Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    24. Oktober 2012

    Seminar New Software, more Employment? Estimating the Causal Effects of a new Placement Software in German Employment Agencies
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We evaluate a major software change in the placement software of the German Federal Employment Agency in 2006. This change was remarkable as it aimed at improving key factors of the placement process increasing the accuracy and number of job placements. As a result of this effort, we would expect more transitions into employment leading to shorter unemployment durations and thus increased lifetime earnings by improved matching rates between unemployed and jobs. By taking advantage of the staggered implementation of the new software by region, we estimate its effect on employment rates. By employing a dynamic difference-in-differences approach that takes into account the time under treatment, we show that the software implementation led to an increase in both, overall employment and employment stability.

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    Referent/-in
  • Christoph Ehlert (RWI)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21b Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    17. Oktober 2012

    17.10.2012 - 17.09.2012 SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Job Referrals and Immigrants’ Occupational Status. The Role of Bridging Social Capital

    Using longitudinal data from the German Socioeconomic Panel (1986-2005), this paper analyzes how job referrals affect the occupational status of immigrants in Germany. This allows me to examine whether access to bridging social capital can be activated and converted into a better position on the labor market. Random effects and fixed effects models show that job referrals from friends only result in a higher occupational status if immigrants have contacts with natives. Referrals affect occupational status negatively if people do not have contacts with natives. Furthermore, for immigrants with a German spouse, almost all job changes are more beneficial than for people who have a co-ethnic spouse, regardless of the search method used. It is concluded that for immigrants, job referrals are only valuable if they go together with possessing bridging social capital. This implies that contacts with natives not only provide access to valuable resources, but these can be activated too.

    Referent/-in
  • Bram Lancee (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung - WZB)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    17. Oktober 2012

    Seminar The Short-Term Effects of the Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship on Student Outcomes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: In order to study whether college scholarships can be an effective tool in raising students' performance in secondary school, we use one aspect of the Kalamazoo Promise that resembles a quasi-experiment. The surprise announcement of the scholarship created a large change in expected college tuition costs that varied across different groups of students based on past enrollment decisions. This variation is arguably exogenous to unobserved student characteristics. We estimate the effects of this change by a set of "difference-in-differences" regressions where we compare the change in student outcomes in secondary school across time for different student "length of enrollment" groups. We find positive effects of the Kalamazoo Promise on Promise-eligible students large enough to be deemed important-about a 9 percent increase in the probability of earning any credits and one less suspension day per year. We also find large increases in GPA among African American students.

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    Referent/-in
  • Marta Lachowska (W.E. Upjohn Institute, Stockholm University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    9. Oktober 2012

    Veranstaltung Institutionelle Rahmenbedingungen und Geschlechterverhältnisse: Auswirkungen auf die Lebensrealität von Frauen und Männern
    1. Gender Studies Tagung des DIW Berlin

    Die Veranstaltung findet in Kooperation mit der Friedrich Ebert Stiftung statt.

    Achtung:
    Aufgrund der hohen Teilnehmerzahl wurde die Veranstaltung in die Räume der Friedrich Ebert Stiftung verlegt.

    Eine Anmeldung ist erforderlich und ab sofort bis zum 2. Oktober 2012 möglich. Bitte schicken Sie das unten angehängte Formular ausgefüllt an

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    Keynote Speakers
  • Prof. Julie Nelson, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts
    Prof. Nina Smith, Aarhus University

  • Ort
    Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Hiroshimastraße 17 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 281
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    Teilnehmen
    27. Sept 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Special Brown Bag Seminar
    Dead Man Walking: The Impact of Over-Education on Life Satisfaction

    The negative effects of unemployment on wellbeing have been clearly documented in the economics literature. However some current employees may move directly into a new job, never experiencing an unemployment spell, yet find themselves in a new job underutilising their skills or education ("downchanges"). We assess empirically, whether downchanges are similar to unemployment spells, in that they both decrease measures of wellbeing, controlling for observables and time-invariant unobservables. Theoretically persons should only make job moves that are pareto optimal. However, we find significant negative impacts of downchanges on wellbeing amounting to about a quarter of the magnitude of being unemployed, and consider this to be a form of as "hidden unemployment". This suggests that labour market participants prefer a poorer match at their new job than remaining at their old job entering into unemployment, suggesting some kind of forcing out of the old job.

    Referent/-in
  • John P. Haisken-DeNew (MIAESR, University of Melbourne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    18. Juli 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Wage Mobility in East and West Germany

    This article studies long run patterns and explanations of wage mobility as a characteristic of regional labor markets. Using German administrative data we describe wage mobility since 1975 in West and since 1992 in East Germany. Wage mobility declined substantially in East Germany in the 1990s and moderately in East and West Germany since the late 1990s. Therefore, wage mobility does not balance recent increases in cross-sectional wage inequality. We apply RIF regression based decompositions to measure the role of factors associated with these mobility changes. Increasing job stability plays an important role in the East German mobility decline.
    Link: http://ftp.iza.org/dp6246.pdf

     

    Autoren
  • Prof. Dr. Regina T. Riphahn, LMU München
  • Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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