Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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27. Sept 2012

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Special Brown Bag Seminar
Dead Man Walking: The Impact of Over-Education on Life Satisfaction

The negative effects of unemployment on wellbeing have been clearly documented in the economics literature. However some current employees may move directly into a new job, never experiencing an unemployment spell, yet find themselves in a new job underutilising their skills or education ("downchanges"). We assess empirically, whether downchanges are similar to unemployment spells, in that they both decrease measures of wellbeing, controlling for observables and time-invariant unobservables. Theoretically persons should only make job moves that are pareto optimal. However, we find significant negative impacts of downchanges on wellbeing amounting to about a quarter of the magnitude of being unemployed, and consider this to be a form of as "hidden unemployment". This suggests that labour market participants prefer a poorer match at their new job than remaining at their old job entering into unemployment, suggesting some kind of forcing out of the old job.

Referent/-in
  • John P. Haisken-DeNew (MIAESR, University of Melbourne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    18. Juli 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Wage Mobility in East and West Germany

    This article studies long run patterns and explanations of wage mobility as a characteristic of regional labor markets. Using German administrative data we describe wage mobility since 1975 in West and since 1992 in East Germany. Wage mobility declined substantially in East Germany in the 1990s and moderately in East and West Germany since the late 1990s. Therefore, wage mobility does not balance recent increases in cross-sectional wage inequality. We apply RIF regression based decompositions to measure the role of factors associated with these mobility changes. Increasing job stability plays an important role in the East German mobility decline.
    Link: http://ftp.iza.org/dp6246.pdf

     

    Autoren
  • Prof. Dr. Regina T. Riphahn, LMU München
  • Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    11. Juli 2012

    Seminar Shaping Right-Wing Extremist Preferences: An Intergenerational Approach
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Are parents' attitudes towards extreme parties and immigration decisive for their children's attitudes later in life? This paper studies the magnitude of an intergenerational transmission in right-wing extremist attitudes and concerns about immigration to Germany. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, the estimates suggest that the strongest and most important predictor for young people's right-wing extremism is parents' right-wing extremist attitudes.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    4. Juli 2012

    Seminar Wage Discrimination Over the Business Cycle
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Using CPS data from 1979-2009 we examine how cyclical downturns and industry-specific demand shocks affect wage differentials between white non-Hispanic men and women, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites, and African-Americans and non-Hispanic whites. Women's relative earnings are harmed by negative shocks; the wage disadvantage of African-Americans drops with negative shocks, which have slight negative effects on Hispanics' relative wages. Negative shocks also increase the earnings disadvantage of bad-looking workers. A theory of job search suggests two opposite-signed mechanisms that affect these wage differentials. It suggests greater absolute effects among job-movers, which is verified using the longitudinal component of the CPS.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Daniel Hamermesh (University of Texas)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    28. - 29. Juni 2012

    Konferenz 10th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference
    SOEP2012

    The 10th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2012) will be held in Berlin, June 28-29, 2012 at DIW Berlin & Hertie-School of Governance and at the Headquarter of the Leibniz Association (WGL). The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers for all disciplines (e.g. economics, demography, geography, political sciences, public health, psychology, and sociology) who use the SOEP or the German part of the Cross-National Equivalent Files (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We encourage in particular submission of papers using the longitudinal features of SOEP as well as papers on survey methodology and cross-national comparative analysis.

    Mehr Informationen
    Keynote Speakers
  • Shelly Lundberg, Leonard Broom Endowed Chair in Demography at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and Adjunct Professor at the University of Bergen, Norway Janet Gornick, Director of the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS), and Professor of Political Science and Sociology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY)
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    22. Juni 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Wages or Fringes? Some Evidence on Trade-offs and Sorting

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Tor Eriksson, Aarhus University
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    20. Juni 2012

    Seminar The effect of public sector employment on wage distribution compression: An analysis of the German private-public wage gap 1984 to 2010
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: The tasks of the public sector as an employer in a welfare state are twofold. First, the public sector has to provide services, which are regarded as indispensable for society. Here, the public sector competes for qualified staff with the private sector. In order to attract qualified personnel the public sector competes with a package, often comprised off lower remuneration accompanied by higher job security. Second, public sector employment may be used as a tool to support disadvantaged groups on the labor market. Especially woman and unqualified workers tend to get higher remuneration compared to an employment in the private sector. Consequently, for high skilled a negative and for low skilled or disadvantaged a positive public-private wage gap exists. Nevertheless the question remains whether the existing wage gap and a shrinking public sector causes a rise or decline the overall inequality of the wage distribution in Germany.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Miriam Reuschel (Universität Potsdam)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.30 pm
    Ort
    Freie Universität Berlin Raum 315 Garystr. 20 14195 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    13. Juni 2012

    Seminar Sorting of Skill over Time: Evidence from Sweden 1986-2008?
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: A theoretical literature argues that technological change and globalization increase the sorting of workers by skill to firms. However, empirical studies on sorting have been constrained by a lack of measures of skill that are comparable over time. In this paper, we match information on cognitive and non-cognitive skills from the military enlistment for 25 cohorts of Swedish men with employer-employee data. Since the military enlistment takes place at age 18, our skill measures are unaffected by changes in the demand or supply of higher education and labor market conditions in general.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Erik Lindqvist (SSE) (with Christina Håkanson and Jonas Vlachos)
  • Zeit
    6.00 - 7.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    30. Mai 2012

    Seminar Every Man for Himself! Gender, Norms and Survival in Maritime Disasters
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Since the sinking of the Titanic, there has been a widespread belief that the social norm of ‘women and children first' gives women a survival advantage over men in maritime disasters, and that captains and crew give priority to passengers. We analyze a database of 18 maritime disasters spanning three centuries, covering the fate of over 15,000 individuals of more than 30 nationalities. Our results provide a new picture of maritime disasters. Women have a distinct survival disadvantage compared to men. Captains and crew survive at a significantly higher rate than passengers. We also find that the captain has the power to enforce normative behavior, that the gender gap in survival rates has declined, that women have a larger disadvantage in British shipwrecks, and that there seems to be no association between duration of a disaster and the impact of social norms. Taken together, our findings show that behavior in life-and-death situation is best captured by the expression ‘Every man for himself'. (joint work with Oscar Erixson)

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Mikael Elinder, Uppsala University
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    23. Mai 2012

    Seminar In absolute or relative terms? How framing prices affects the consumer price sensitivity of health plan choice
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract:This paper provides field evidence on (a) how price framing affects consumers' decision to switch health insurance plans and (b) how the price elasticity of demand for health insurance can be influenced by policymakers through simple regulatory efforts. In 2009, in order to foster competition among health insurance companies, German federal regulation required health insurance companies to express price differences between health plans in absolute Euro values rather than percentage point payroll tax differences. Using individuallevel panel data, as well as aggregated health plan-level panel data, we find that the reform led to a sixfold increase in an individual's switching probability and a threefold demand elasticity increase.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Nicolas R. Ziebarth (Cornell University)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    16. Mai 2012

    Seminar Stealing to Survive: Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Using department level administrative data from 1826 to 1936 we document the evolution of crime rates in 19th century France and we estimate the impact of a negative income shock on crime. Our identification strategy exploits the phylloxera crisis. Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed about 40% of French vineyards. Using the departmental variation in the timing of this shock we instrument wine production and we identify the effects of the shock on property and violent crime rates. Our estimates suggest that the phylloxera crisis did not significantly impact on violent crimes but caused a strong increase in property crimes. A back-of-the-envelope calculation suggests that the phylloxera crisis caused an increase in property crime rates of about ten percent.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Roberto Galbiati (CNRS Paris)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Freie Universität Berlin Raum 202 (Kaminzimmer) Boltzmannstr. 20 14195 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    9. Mai 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Generalized Roy Model and The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Social Programs

    The standard analysis of treatment eff ects only considers the gross benefi t of treatment and does not consider the cost as perceived by the agents or the surplus arising from participation in programs (the private subjective evaluation of the program). This paper extends the analysis of Heckman and Vytlacil (1999, 2005) to identify parameters measuring the costs and net gains of arising from participation in a program within the context of a generalized Roy model. The analysis does not require that the analyst observe the subjective cost of treatment. Instead, we use information derived from agent choices about participating in a program to infer the cost of treatment as perceived by the agent. We apply our methodology to the analysis of college choice and nd that variability in net gains from attending college is mainly due to variability in the cost associated with schooling.

    Referent/-in
  • Philipp Eisenhauer (ZEW Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    16:30-17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    26. April 2012

    Workshop Methods to Estimate the Gross Employment Effects of Environmental Protection

    Zeit
    10:00 - 17:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 280
    23. - 24. April 2012

    Seminar Dealing with Selection on Unobservables
    Berliner Netzwerk Arbeitsmarkt (BeNA) Lecture Series 2012

    We are happy to announce that on April 23rd and 24th, Joseph Altonji will hold three lectures and one research talk as part of the 2012 Lecture Series of the Berlin Network of Labour Market Research (BeNA).

    Dates and Time
     10-12am2-4pm
    Monday, April 23first lecturesecond lecture
    Tuesday, April 24third lectureResearch talk

    The lectures and the research talk will be given in English, are free of charge, and are open to the interested public (please register by e-mail to ).

    The Berlin Network of Labour Market Researchers (BeNA) was founded in 2004 as a forum for the discussion and development of research projects by young labour market researchers working at universities and research institutions in Berlin. At the heart of the network lies the weekly Seminar on Labor Research and the Lecture Series. Previous BeNA lectures were held by Manuel Arellano, Steve Pischke, Steve Machin, Michael Lechner, Andrea Ichino, Robert Hart and Gerald van den Berg.

    Mehr Informationen
    Speaker
  • Prof. Joseph Altonji (Yale University)
  • Ort
    Hertie School of Governance Raum: Forum A Friedrichstr. 180 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    18. April 2012

    Seminar Flexibilisation without Hesitation? Temporary Contracts and Workers' Satisfaction
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Labour market flexibilisation has long been considered a key policy tool for increasing employment. However, sceptics argue that workers suffer from labour market flexibilisation. While empirically investigating the psychological costs of temporary contracts, we question this argument for one flexibilisation instrument. We test whether temporary contracts are associated with different well-being outcomes and identify those workers who suffer the most. Furthermore, we include the "flexicurity" idea into our analysis. As a policy advice, this concept assumes that labour market flexibilisation is acceptable for workers when it is accompanied by employment security.

    Most of the research on well-being consequences of fixed-term contracts does not lead to clear results. A comprehensive review of this literature reveals a need for theoretical and methodological clarification. We argue that in contrast to these studies, important aspects such as the honeymoon-hangover effect, the role of job characteristics and personality traits have to be considered. By taking these factors into account and using several opportunities of the German Socio-Economic Panel, our empirical strategy enables us to shed valuable new light on job satisfaction in fixed-term contracts.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Clemens Hetschko (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Berliner Büro des RWI Hessische Straße 10 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
    11. April 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply of mothers with young children: Validating a structural model using a natural experiment

    In this paper we estimate an intertemporal structural model of labor supply for mothers with young children. In order to validate the structural model, we make use of a recently introduced parental leave reform in Germany. We compare the behavioral predictions of the structural model under the reform (out-of-sample fit) to results based on an evaluation of the parental leave reform as a natural experiment. We show that the structural model predicts actual behavior reasonably well. Based on both methods we find that due to the new parental leave scheme, that pays higher benefits for a shorter period of time, labor supply of mothers in the first year after giving birth declines, however increases in the second year. The results differ by socio-economic characteristics. We find the strongest effects for low-income mothers, who have a significantly higher probability to return to work two years after giving birth than under the old parental leave scheme.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:00-13:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    11. April 2012

    Seminar The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States
    Berliner Netzwerk Arbeitsmarkt (BeNA) Lecture Series 2012

    Abstract: We analyze the effect of rising Chinese import competition between 1990 and 2007 on local U.S. labor markets, exploiting cross-market variation in import exposure stemming from initial differences in industry specialization while instrumenting for imports using changes in Chinese imports by industry to other high-income countries. Rising exposure increases unemployment, lowers labor force participation, and reduces wages in local labor markets. Conservatively, it explains one-quarter of the contemporaneous aggregate decline in U.S. manufacturing employment. Transfer benefits payments for unemployment, disability, retirement, and healthcare also rise sharply in exposed labor markets. The deadweight loss of financing these transfers is one to two-thirds as large as U.S. gains from trade with China.

    The Berlin Network of Labour Market Researchers (BeNA) was founded in 2004 as a forum for the discussion and development of research projects by young labour market researchers working at universities and research institutions in Berlin. At the heart of the network lies the weekly Seminar on Labor Research and the Lecture Series. Previous BeNA lectures were held by Manuel Arellano, Steve Pischke, Steve Machin, Michael Lechner, Andrea Ichino, Robert Hart and Gerald van den Berg.

    Speaker
  • David Dorn (CEMFI Madrid)
  • Zeit
    6:30 - 8:00 p.m.
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    7. März 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    How Important is the Family? Evidence from Sibling Correlations in the US, Germany and Denmark

    This paper is the first to analyze intergenerational economic mobility based on sibling correlations in permanent economic outcomes in Germany and to provide a cross-country comparison of Germany, Denmark, and the US. The main findings are as follows: the importance of family and community background in Germany is higher than in Denmark and comparable to that in the US. This holds true for brothers and sisters. In Denmark 20 percent of the inequality in permanent earnings can be attributed to family and community factors shared by brothers while the corresponding estimates are 43 percent in Germany and 45 percent in the US. For sisters the estimates are 19 percent for Denmark, 39 percent for Germany and 29 percent for the US. This ranking is shown to be robust against alternative approaches.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    22. Februar 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Die Auswirkungen politischen Wandels auf Armutsrisiken von Erwerbstätigen in Deutschland

    Die sozial- und arbeitsmarktpolitischen Rahmenbedingungen des Arbeitsmarktes in Deutschland haben sich in den letzten Jahrzehnten fundamental verändert. Die präsentierte Studie untersuchen Auswirkungen dieses Prozesses auf die ökonomischen Lebensbedingungen von Erwerbstätigen. Beleuchtet wird dabei insbesondere das Zusammenwirken von institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen und individuellen Eigenschaften auf Niedriglohn- und Armutsrisiken. Allen Teilstudien liegt dabei ein theoretisches Modell zugrunde, welches erklärt, weshalb in Deutschland insbesondere Einsteiger und Wiedereinsteiger in den Arbeitsmarkt von reformbedingten Wettbewerbsverschärfungen betroffen sind. Dieses Modell stellt einerseits auf Erkenntnisse zu Insider/ Outsider-Disparitäten ab und beruht andererseits auf Theorien zur sozialen Schließung. Die Vorhersagen dieses Erklärungsmodells werden empirischen Überprüfungen unterzogen, die in den einzelnen Teilstudien jeweils auf unterschiedliche Untersuchungsdesigns (Zeitvergleich, Zweiländervergleich, Mehrebenenmodell) aufsetzen.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    15. Februar 2012

    Seminar Misery as a stepping stone: How and why armed conflicts and natural disasters accelerate diplomats' careers
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper formally derives and tests hypotheses on how exogenous events impact the career advancement of British diplomats. On the basis of a novel panel dataset spanning 40 years (1966-2005) of 342 British diplomats' career progression, it tests the prediction that the occurrence of major natural disasters and incidents of unanticipated armed conflict outbreak in diplomats' host countries should causally enhance their subsequent promotion chances. The results are generally affirmative, in particular for promotions to higher rank levels. The paper goes on to differentiate between two mechanisms that could drive the positive link: 1) crises may 'reveal' the so far unknown ability of affected diplomats and, if diplomats are on average sufficiently able, the positive empirical relationship between crises and promotion obtains (the talent revelation mechanism); 2) crises may provide 'training' so that when dealing with disasters or conflicts diplomats gain experience that makes them promotable in the future (the experience mechanism). When testing competing predictions derived from formalising these two mechanisms, the evidence from natural disasters clearly suggests that the experience effect drives the positive link. The results from analyzing armed conflict outbreak point in the same direction but they are not as unambiguous.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Klaus Brösamle (Hertie School)
  • Zeit
    6.30 - 8.00 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Raum 21b Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , FU Berlin
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