Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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3. August 2016

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Time use, Experienced Well-Being and Labor Market Status

We investigate the role of labor market status for day-by-day experienced well-being for employed and unemployed workers. The German representative SOEP-IS dataset (waves 2012-2015) allows us to assess individual time use and accompanying experienced well-being. Using information from the integrated day reconstruction method (DRM) module, our analysis overcome shortcomings of previous studies that had to rely on selective samples and cross-section design. We calculate the share of total time in pleasurable activities (p-index) and use it as an outcome variable. Thus, working and work related activities like commuting as well as housework rank least due to their lower level of affective experience. We further show that the average experienced well-being level of unemployed is significantly higher than the level of the employed. This difference vanishes when calculating the p-index for the employed without working or work-related activities. We interpret this as a hint that working itself reduces the experienced well-being of the workers. Regression analysis with a standard set of controls and day of the week fixed effects confirm this finding. Taking time-invariant individual traits into account does not alter this result. These findings are in strong contrast to the established literature regarding the effects of labor market status on evaluative well-being. Experienced well-being captures further relevant aspects of SWB and its role for labor market status.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
13. Juli 2016

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labour market dynamics with multiple industries

Changes in economic environment often influence industry competitiveness: For example, weaker exchange rates make exporting industries more competitive, higher energy prices benefit energy producers and harm large energy consumers.
Thus, industries are important for workers: Employment opportunities vary widely across industries, as do wages. This can best be understood in a model that recognizes the costs (but also the possibility) for workers to move across industries. We present an equilibrium job search model with industries and costly transition across industries. Individuals consider the long-run opportunities and risks of moving across industries. The model allows us to understand persistent differences in wages and unemployment across industries as well as considerable flows. We discuss identification of the model and propose future empirical applications using German data.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
22. - 23. Juni 2016

SOEP 12th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP 2016)

The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g., economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology, and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We especially encourage submissions on inter-generational mobility in income, wealth, educational attainment, fertility, and related areas.

Scientific committee

  • Reiner Pollack, WZB and Freie Universität Berlin
  • Anette Fasang, Humboldt University Berlin, WZB
  • Jan Goebel, DIW Berlin
  • Jürgen Schupp, DIW Berlin and Freie Universität Berlin
  • Carsten Schröder, DIW Berlin and Freie Universität Berlin

Mehr Informationen
Keynote Speakers
  • Vida Malarani, Yale University/USA
    Richard Breen, University of Oxford/UK

  • Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    15. - 18. Juni 2016

    Konferenz 30th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE)

    The 30th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE) will take place on June 15-18, 2016, organized by the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) at the Harnack House, in Berlin.

    The aim of the Conference is to facilitate the exchange of research ideas and results across a range of fields, including the economics of the household, labour economics, public economics, demography, and health economics.

    Marco Francesconi (University of Essex) will serve as the program chair and Daniel D. Schnitzlein (DIW Berlin, Leibniz University Hannover) as coordinator of the local organizing team. The keynote speakers will be Marianne P. Bitler (University of California-Irvine) and David Figlio (Northwestern University).
    The presidential address will be given by Arthur van Soest (Tilburg University). As part of the 30th anniversary of the Society, there will be a series of special sessions delivered by past presidents of ESPE.

    The paper submission site will open by November 1, 2015. The submission deadline is February 1, 2016. Acceptance decisions will be announced by April 1, 2016.

    Mehr Informationen
    Keynote Speakers
  • Marianne P. Bitler (University of California-Irvine)
    David Figlio (Northwestern University)

  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    1. Juni 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The effect of compressing secondary schooling on higher education decisions

    The sustainability of social security systems in many European countries is at risk due to population aging. Many suggestions to increase the share of working-age individuals deal with raising the age for full pension eligibility. A fundamental education reform in Germany extends the working life from the other side: A major education reform in Germany reduced the length of the academic high school track from 9 to 8 years, while leaving the number of overall instruction hours unchanged. Accordingly, the fixed number of instruction hours was distributed over fewer years of schooling, such that learning intensity and weekly workload increased. We investigate the consequences of this so-called G8 reform on students’ higher education decisions. Based on a difference-in-differences approach using high-quality, administrative data on all students in Germany, we find that the G8 reform not only resulted in delayed university enrollment, but also decreased general enrollment rates. Moreover, students' study progress in higher education is negatively affected.
    Our results imply that the G8 reform leads to a reduction in human capital and that the main goal of reducing age at labor market entry may not be fully achieved. 

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    27. Mai 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Private Pensions and Public Pension Design

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Cormac O'Dea (IFS)

  • Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    11. Mai 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Regional childcare availability and the career attainment of women

    Recently women’s educational attainment and occupational status at the entry into the labour market increased toward closing the gap with men’s. Upon childbirth however, women’s career progression stagnates. Research has shown that while the differences in labour market success between men and women without children are minor, family formation seems to be a key process that brings about differences in the career success of men and women. Public child care arrangements are thought to partially soften mothers’ burdens of combing work and family obligations and therewith should reduce the motherhood career gap in occupational status. Moreover, the availability of child care may influence employers’ evaluation of the anticipated performance of mothers.

    Drawing on the recent expansion of child care facilities in Germany we study the link between regional child care availability and women’s’ occupational status. Data on the development of occupational status over the career stem from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). We link the SOEP data with regional information on the rates of child care attendance. The attendance rates for children aged under three years more than doubled between 2006 and 2012, albeit with variations across districts. Preliminary results of multilevel growth and fixed effects models suggest that levels of child care availability have a very limited effect on mothers’ status. Our findings cast doubt on the potential of child care availability to lower the motherhood career gap in occupational status.

    joint with Jana Jaworski (Potsdam University)

    Referent/-in
  • Wiebke Schulz (Bielefeld University)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    20. April 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Capturing actual work hours and preferred work hours in Germany

    The estimation of over- and underemployment in Germany is normally based on data of Mikrozensus (Ehing 2014: 4) or of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). However, the results differ and may lead to different political conclusions. A recent publication of the Statistisches Bundesamt (Rengers 2015), which is based on the Mikrozensus 2014, points out that for 9.3 percent of the overall labour force actual work hours and preferred work hours differ. A majority of them would prefer to increase their actual work hours. Contrary to that, estimations based on SOEP 2012 (Holst/Wieber 2014) show that 71 percent of all employees face a mismatch between actual and preferred work hours with a majority preferring a reduction of their work hours.

    Referent/-in
  • Julia Bringmann, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    9. März 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Full or partial retirement? A dynamic discrete choice analysis

    We consider forward looking older workers deciding between immediate retirement and working full-time or part-time until a given retirement age. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of modelling the part-time work decision in the option value and the dynamic programming models.

    Referent/-in
  • Tunga Kantarci (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    12. Februar 2016

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Consumer Search Costs and Preferences on the Internet

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Gregory Jolivet, University of Bristol

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    10. Februar 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Full or partial retirement? Effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age in the Netherlands and the United States

    The share of the older workers in the labor force has increased due to population aging and pension reforms in many countries. However, rules of the public and private pension schemes and restrictions from the employers still require large populations of older workers with possibly heterogeneous work preferences to retire fully at a given age. We study the preferences of older people for a rich set of retirement trajectories characterized by early or delayed full retirement as well as partial retirement at various ages in the Netherlands and the United States. Two in five prefer partial retirement over early or delayed abrupt full retirement. This suggests that partial retirement can substantially increase the utility derived from work in old age. Furthermore, we study the effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age on the preferences to delay retirement fully or partially as means of reducing public expenditure. Individuals want to use partial retirement to extend their work lives if deferring pension rights are made actuarially attractive or if pension accruals are made less generous. On the other hand, as the retirement age increases, individuals want to retire early or work part-time instead of full-time. The comparison of the results between the Netherlands and the United States shows that while people in the Netherlands are responsive to a substitution effect of higher pensions, people in the United States are responsive to an income effect of higher pensions.

    Referent/-in
  • Tunga Kantarci (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    27. Januar 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Career Breaks of Mothers and the Role of Time Discounting

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    13. Januar 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor Market Frictions and Retirement Timing in Germany – A Structural Model and Subsequent Ex-Ante Policy Evaluation

    Losing a job after age 60 in Germany is virtually equivalent to the end of one’s working life. Roughly 25% of job exits after age 60 are involuntary with considerable variation along region, age, tenure and education. Considering this, I estimate a structural model of retirement timing in the presence of labor market frictions. A subsequent ex-ante policy analysis is meant to illustrate the likely consequences of shifting the regular retirement age to 67 (“Rente mit 67”) in terms of average retirement age. Scenarios without frictions provide an upper bound for the reaction potential of the work force and likely to overestimate the true effect.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    11. Dez 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Risk-sharing and family labor supply

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Andreas Steinhauer, University of Edinburgh

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    9. Dez 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply and the pension system - Evidence from a Regression Kink Design

    This paper uses a Regression Kink Design to estimate the labor supply effects of changes in the financial incentives for early retirement. In particular we examine the effect of the gradual introduction of pension deductions for early retirement according to the 1992 German pension reform on the actual retirement age of women eligible for women old-age pensions. This reform allows to exploit exogenous variation in  benefits using kinks in the schedule of pension benefits depending on the birth cohort. For the empirical analysis we use high-quality administrative data from the German Federal Pension Insurance (VSKT) and find positive and significant effects of the reform on the actual retirement age.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    4. Nov 2015

    Konferenz 2. Symposium Wissenschaft und Unternehmen im Dialog
    Frauen auf dem Weg nach oben - Schneller mit der Quote?

    Die Veranstaltung wird wieder gemeinsam vom Deutschen Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW Berlin), dem Deutscher Juristinnenbund e.V. (djb) und dem Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB) ausgerichtet.

    Auf dem Podium diskutieren Jutta Allmendinger, Präsidentin des WZB Berlin und Elke Holst, Forschungsdirektorin Gender Studies am DIW Berlin, mit Personalverantwortlichen aus Unternehmen.

    Moderation: Ramona Pisal, Präsidentin des Deutschen Juristinnenbundes e.V.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    28. Oktober 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen All-Day Schools and Maternal Labour Supply: The Case of Primary Education in Germany

    (together with Ludovica Gambaro and Frauke Peter)
    This study investigates whether the link between family dissolution and children’s educational attainment is contingent on the broader social and institutional context. The comparison of former capitalist West Germany and socialist East Germany presents an excellent case study as these countries differed considerably with regard to ideology and policies regarding families, schooling and labour markets. We base our analyses on the data of the German Life History Study that covers cohorts born throughout the twentieth century. Results of sibling fixed effect analyses show that growing up in a dissolved family in the former West was detrimental for educational attainment. In contrast, in the East with its comprehensive schooling system and extensive support for families and working mothers, family dissolution was not related to educational outcomes. The effects of family dissolution may thus be reinforced in stratified systems and possibly softened by social policies equalizing the social and economic situation attributed to dissolved families.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    5. Oktober 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Mismatch of Talent? Evidence on Match Quality, Job Mobility and Entry Wages

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Dr. Lena Hensvik, Uppsala University
  • Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    30. Sept 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Lifetime inequality: The impact of taxation, transfers and pensions

    (together with Daniel Kemptner and Victoria Prowse)
    In this paper, we analyze how income taxes, transfer programs and the pension system affect inequality in lifetime income. Importantly, we consider pre-retirement and post-retirement income and thereby we extend the previous literature on lifetime inequality, which has only considered income received before retirement. We use a dynamic structural life-cycle model to derive trajectories of earnings and net income over the whole life-cycle. Based on these life-cycle profiles, we investigate the drivers of inequality in lifetime gross earnings and we study the impact of taxes, transfer and pensions on inequality in lifetime net income. We also explore how major sources of life-cycle risk, namely employment an health risks, affect life-time income and how the different fiscal programmes provide insurance for these life-cycle risks.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    21. - 24. Sept 2015

    Workshop EVA-MIN Summer School “Effects and Evaluation of Minimum Wages”
    4th Potsdam PhD Workshop in Empirical Economics

    Der diesjährige Potsdam PhD Workshop in Empirical Economics wird als Summer School mit einem besonderen Fokus auf das Thema "Effekte und Evaluation des Mindestlohns" stattfinden. Er ist Teil des Leibniz-Forschungsprojekts EVA-MIN. Im Rahmen der Summer School sollen theoretische Effekte, Herangehensweisen an eine Evaluierung der Auswirkungen und bereits bestehende empirische Evidenzen des Mindestlohns diskutiert werden. Talentierten und interessierten jungen Wissenschaftler_innen wird die Möglichkeit geboten, ihre eigenen Forschungsprojekte in Poster Sessions zu präsentieren und kritisch zu besprechen.

    Mehr Informationen gibt es im Call for Papers und auf der Projektseite des EVA-MIN-Projektes.

    Mehr Informationen
    Lecturers
  • Gerard van den Berg, Universität Mannheim Stephen Machin, University College London
  • Ort
    Universität Potsdam
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 284
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Marco Caliendo, Universität Potsdam
    workshop@empwifo.uni-potsdam.de)
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