Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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8. Juli 2015

BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Minimum Wages, Age-Tagging, and Youth Employment in the Netherlads

Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of age-tagged minimum wages on youth employment in the Netherlands. Dutch minimum wage for workers aged 15-23 is defined as a step-wise increasing function of worker's calendar age. At the age of 23, workers become eligible for "adult"' minimum wage which does not vary further with age. This creates an incentive for firms to discriminate their employees on basis of their age, substituting more expensive older workers by younger hires.

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Referent/-in
  • Jan Kabatek (Tilburg University)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    4. Juli 2015

    Veranstaltung BEgender@DIW 2015
    Symposium on Behavioral Economics with an Emphasis on Gender

    Gender Studies at DIW Berlin is hosting a symposium on behavioral economics with an emphasis on gender issues. The keynote speaker is Julie A. Nelson (Professor of Economics at University of Massachusetts Boston, USA, leading writer of feminist economic thoughts, (co-)author of famous books like “Beyond Economic Man” and “Feminism, Objectivity, and Economics”.), who will present her research on the “difference” view with regard to the “robust” findings of women’s greater risk aversion compared to men.

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  • de Miranda, Katharina L.
    (University of Kiel)

    Friedl, Andreas
    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)

    Katuscak, Peter
    (University of Arkansas and
    University of Economics in Prague)

    Khachatryan, Elina
    (University of Kassel)

    Andrea Kiss
    (CEU, Duke University)

    Nelson, Julie A.
    (University of Massachusetts Boston)

    Rau, Holger A.
    (University of Göttingen)

    Schmitt, Norma
    (DIW Berlin)

    Schröder, Melanie
    (University Hamburg)

    van Veldhuizen, Roel
    (WZB, Berlin)

    Weichselbaumer, Doris
    (JK University Linz)

    Weissenrieder, Caprice
    (Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences)

  • Zeit
    09:00-18:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 381
    24. Juni 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Employment Interruptions and Job Satisfaction of Mothers at the Return to Work: Evidence from a Parental Leave Reform in Germany

    Previous research has investigated how career breaks of mothers after giving birth are associated with labour market outcomes, and found generally a negative association (i.e. motherhood penalty). However, there is no empirical evidence regarding job satisfaction. This is regrettable because job satisfaction measures a dimension of workplace well-being that cannot be captured by objective measures. In this paper I exploit the 2007 parental leave reform (Elterngeld) in Germany. Under the new regime the maximum length of paid leave is set at 14 months for all women, replacing a means tested system that allowed paid leaves of 12 or 24 months for low income mothers only. I apply a sharp regression discontinuity design to a sample of mothers from the German Socio Economic Panel. Preliminary results indicate that overall the reform had a positive effect on job satisfaction of mothers. Subgroup analysis shows that the overall positive effect might be driven by high-income mothers who under the previous means tested regime were not eligible for any paid leave.

    Referent/-in
  • Elena Mariani (London School of Economics)
  • Zeit
    12:30 -13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 354
    3. Juni 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Trends of unemployment scarring over time in Germany

    To date, we find abundant evidence that unemployment leads to reduced wages upon re-employment (e.g. Arulampalam, 2001; Burda and Mertens, 2001; Gangl, 2006) and also negatively affects other job quality outcomes (Brand, 2006). We still lack a systematic account of scarring trends over time, however. One central goal of our contribution is to fill this gap and investigate how scar effects in Germany have evolved over time and to unveil the institutional and macro-economic mechanisms behind observed trends. Moreover, existing work has rarely considered effect heterogeneity in unemployment scarring and changing compositions of the unemployed over time. By not considering these, substantial parts of the observed temporal trends with respect to average scar effects could be due to changes in the composition of the unemployed. By contrast, in our study we deliberately investigate the role of composition in explaining change over time. We believe that our focus on time trends on the one hand and on compositional change on the other, will provide us with the new opportunity to test existing theoretical explanations for unemployment scarring and thus has the potential to offer important insights into the mechanisms that drive cumulative disadvantage following unemployment.

    Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel 1985-2013 we estimate the effects of a recent unemployment experience on subsequent employment outcomes. In particular, we focus on the scar effects of unemployment on reemployment probabilities and (conditional on being reemployed) on subsequent wages and occupational status. The longitudinal nature of the data affords us with the possibility to examine the employment outcomes for workers who experience a spell of unemployment and compare them to those of (otherwise similar) workers who did not experience unemployment. Based on this empirical approach, one can extract the average re-employment probabilities as well as the wage and occupational status penalties that are associated with unemployment and investigate the changing nature of unemployment scarring over time. Furthermore, we are able to test for change in compositional effects over time. By so doing, some more light is shed on the important issue of heterogeneous effects of unemployment, which clearly goes beyond looking at average treatment effects. We achieve these goals of the empirical analyses by combining a new matching method called ‘Coarsened Exact Matching’ (CEM) proposed by Iacus, King & Porro (2008) with the difference-in-differences approach (Heckman et al., 2007). This analytical strategy allows us to control for selection based on observable and unobservable characteristics. We are estimating the ‘treatment effects’ of unemployment covering an observational period of more than 25 years.

    Our preliminary results confirm the findings of prior work that unemployment leaves substantial scars. Scars are not only observed shortly after the unemployment spell, but also in the mid-term (4 years after the unemployment incidence) suggesting that the labour market disadvantage caused by unemployment is rather persistent. With respect to the evolution of these scar effects we show that there is no secular trend over the time period under study. However, there exists considerable temporal variation in the size of scarring effects. The specific pattern of this temporal variation can be partly brought in line with the business cycle, but parts of the observed temporal effects are also to be explained by fundamental reforms of the German unemployment benefit system. Finally, we investigate the role of compositional effects. Drawing on the idea of decomposition techniques and using a reweighting approach, we can examine whether we would observe the same scarring trends if our population had stayed the same. Our findings suggest that in some periods the estimation of average treatment effects is affected by compositional change. In particular, while in the mid-90s the specific composition of the unemployed at that time leads to an estimation of larger average treatment effects regarding wages, from the mid-2000s the opposite is the case. A detailed inspection of these specific time periods suggest that this is mainly due to an over-proportional share of high-skilled workers and men, in the mid-90s, as well as their underrepresentation from the mid-2000s. This result underlines the necessity to consider effect heterogeneity as well as changing compositions when investigating the scarring effects of unemployment.
    (Paper joint with Johannes Giesecke)

    Referent/-in
  • Martina Dieckhoff (WZB Berlin)
  • Zeit
    13:00 - 14:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    1. Juni 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Occupational Choice and Changes in the Wage Structure

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Nicolas Roys, (University of Wisconsin - Madison)
  • Zeit
    5 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    27. Mai 2015

    Seminar Spouses' Retirement and the Take-Up of Disability Pension
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper studies the effect of one spouse’s retirement on the retirement of the other using a Norwegian early reform, which reduced the retirement age for workers in selected firms. The findings indicate that after the reform, the spouses of those who could retire earlier were less likely to remain in the workforce compared to the spouses of those who were not included in the early retirement scheme.

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    Referent/-in
  • Julian Vedeler Johnsen (University of Bergen)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    20. Mai 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Impact of Job Loss on Risk-taking

    Using German panel data and plant closure as an exogenous unemployment shock, we show that job loss affects individual risk-taking in very heterogeneous ways: Those who experience involuntary job loss and quick reemployment report a significant rise in risk aversion. We also find some evidence that individuals who stay unemployed report a drop in risk aversion. In addition, we observe strong anticipation of the risk-taking effects of job loss as well as reversion of the effects over time.

    Referent/-in
  • Clemens Hetschko (Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    15. Mai 2015

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Reconsidering the impact of family size on labour supply: The twin-problems of the twin-birth instrument

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    Referent/-in
  • Nils Braakmann, Newcastle University
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 246
    4. Mai 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar The Optimal Timing of Unemployment Benefits: Theory and Evidence from Sweden

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Camille Landais (LSE)
  • Zeit
    17 Uhr
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    29. April 2015

    Seminar The Long-Lasting Shadow of the Allied Occupation of Austria on its Spatial Equilibrium
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: As a consequence of WWII, Austria was divided for ten years into four different occupation zones. Before tight travel restrictions came into place, about 11 percent of the population residing in the Soviet-zone moved across the demarcation line. We exploit this large internal migration shock, as a natural experiment to further our understanding of why economic activity is so highly unevenly distributed across space.

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    Referent/-in
  • Christoph Eder (Innsbruck Univeristy)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    15. April 2015

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Welfare Economics of Heritage Conservation Areas: Quality of Life vs. Housing Productivity

    Abstract: Using a unique panel dataset for English cities I investigate the welfare impact of heritage conservation areas that protect historic districts by regulating development. I estimate a housing cost function and find that conservation area designation over 1997-2007 significantly increased house prices by reducing productivity. In a second step, I construct a quality of life index and regress it on the predicted productivity effects of designation. The quality of life effect is significant and outweighs the housing productivity effect, implying that designation is welfare improving. These results are robust to instrumentation using a Bartik-type instrument based on housing build date.

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    Referent/-in
  • Sevrin Waights (LSE)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    15. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Peer Effects in Labor Supply Decisions of Mothers with Young Children

    Social and economic policies are likely to affect individuals not only by the change in financial incentives, but also by a change in the behavior of their social or work environment. It is our goal to determine social interaction effects in the context of employment behavior in Germany. In particular, we analyze whether the labor supply decisions of mothers with young children depend on the decisions made by their coworkers. The identification of social interaction effects bears various challenges that need to be overcome by the design of the empirical strategy. To this end we follow a reduced-form approach exploiting quasi-random variation in the costs of parental leave induced by the introduction of the new Elterngeld in 2007. Administrative linked employer-employee panel data enables us to assign a peer group to each individual and provides us with individual employment histories of all individuals in these social groups. This data set, combined with microeconometric and quasi-experimental methods, allows us to overcome the challenges associated with the identification and determine existence and magnitude of social interaction effects in employment decisions.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    8. April 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Refuting the Cliché of the Distrustful Manager

    Although trust is fundamental to social and organizational functioning, media reports and business guidebooks often portray managers as generally distrusting. This study puts the cliché of the distrustful manager to the test. Both self-report and behavioral data from the German Socio-Economic Panel refute this cliché. Individuals in managerial positions neither show a lower level of trust before, nor a systematic reduction in trust after attaining such positions. Moreover, analyses demonstrate that managers are generally more trusting than non-managers. This selection effect implies that individuals who trust others are more successful in the pursuit of management careers than their less trusting counterparts. On a more general level, these findings contribute to a more positive view of individuals who seek and accept managerial responsibilities.

    Referent/-in
  • Sabine Hommelhoff (Universtät of Erlangen-Nürnberg)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    1. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Job Search Expectations

    We introduce subjective expectations about the labour market into a job search model. We show how biases in expectations over the wage distribution affect optimal search intensity and the duration of unemployment. Optimistic individuals search more but reject more offers, with an ambiguous effect on unemployment duration. Based on extensive survey data from Germany, we confirm previous evidence that the unemployed are overly optimistic. We show how the simple search model with subjective wage expectations can be empirically estimated using panel data including information on expectations. Estimation is work in progress.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    9. März 2015

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Reservationwages and the wage flexibility puzzle

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Barbara Petrongolo, (Queen Mary / LSE)
  • Zeit
    17:00 Uhr
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    11. Februar 2015

    Seminar Do Gender Differences in Career Aspirations Contribute to Sticky Floors?
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This study tests hypotheses regarding the importance of employee preferences in explaining Sticky Floors, the pattern that women are, compared to men, less likely to start to climb the job ladder. To this end we conduct a vignette study in which participants had to score the likeliness with which they would accept job offers with different promotion characteristics. In addition, they were surveyed on a number of preferences and attitudes.

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    Referent/-in
  • Stijn Baert (Ghent University)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    4. Februar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Dynamics of Earnings in Germany: Evidence from Social Security Records

    Labor markets are subject to structural changes in last decades—globalization, skill biased technological change as well as demographic changes have deep effects on individual earnings biographies and their volatility. We examine these patterns for male employees in West Germany from 1960 - 2009. Therefore, we decompose earnings into permanent and transitory components and estimate parameters of the underlying variance-covariance structure of an error components model. We find both increases in the permanent and transitory component, which is in line with the literature about increasing cross-sectional and lifetime earnings inequality. However, the pattern has changed for younger cohorts, suggesting a long-lasting trend.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    22. Januar 2015

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Call Me Maybe: Experimental Evidence on Using Mobile Phones to Survey African Microenterprises

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    Referent/-in
  • Simon Quinn (University of Oxford)

  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    7. Januar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Inequality and Defined Benefit Pensions when Life Expectancy is Heterogeneous

    This study analyzes the distributional effects of a defined pension benefit system under heterogeneous life expectancies. For this purpose, we propose a methodology that quantifies life expectancy-based regressive redistribution using a life expectancy-adjusted benchmark scenario. This methodology is combined with a structural life-cycle model of labor supply, retirement and consumption decisions that allows for behavioral responses to changes in the pension system. We show that the German pension system induces a large regressive redistribution of life-time income, and has a relevant regressive effect on average annual consumption. Behavioral responses to regressive redistribution matter for the results. Introducing progressivity into either pension contributions or pension benefits only partially offsets the effects of life expectancy-based regressive redistribution via the pension system.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    10. Dez 2014

    Seminar Do financial incentives affect fertility - Evidence from a reform in maternity leave benefits
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: I assess the effects of changes in financial incentives on fertility arising from a reform in parental leave benefits in Germany. Up until 2007 German  parental benefits were means-tested transfers and targeted at lower income families. From 2007 onwards parental leave benefits were increasing in mother’s pre-birth earnings with a minimum benefit being granted to all mothers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Anna Raute (University of Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
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