Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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10. Dez 2014

Seminar Do financial incentives affect fertility - Evidence from a reform in maternity leave benefits
Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

Abstract: I assess the effects of changes in financial incentives on fertility arising from a reform in parental leave benefits in Germany. Up until 2007 German  parental benefits were means-tested transfers and targeted at lower income families. From 2007 onwards parental leave benefits were increasing in mother’s pre-birth earnings with a minimum benefit being granted to all mothers.

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Referent/-in
  • Anna Raute (University of Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    5. Dez 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Poverty, labour markets and trade liberalization in Indonesia

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    Referent/-in
  • Krisztina Kis-Katos, University of Freiburg
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    3. Dez 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Personality traits in occupational choice - a dynamic occupational choice model with trait-dependent learning

    Abstract: A substantial number of studies establish a significant empirical connection between occupational choice and (non-cognitive) personality traits. Yet, there are no formal behavioral models integrating  non-cognitive traits into the decision process of entrepreneurs that are capable to explain entry and survival simultaneously. This paper attempts to close this gap. With the combined aid of an organization structure  model and a simple learning algorithm, our dynamic occupational choice model clearly states at which points in the decision process personality interferes, discriminates between different types of traits, and generates results consistent with empirical findings.

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    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    3. Dez 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Dynamic dependencies between employment of mothers and the use of household-related services of child care

    Employment rates of mothers with young children have increased in the past years. Similar developments can be found for the use of childcare facilities and household-related services. This paper discusses the relationship between these variables with special focus on their dynamic dependencies over time. Using data of the German Socio-Economic Panel, the effects of the use household services and childcare on employment are quantified in static regressions. Based on these regressions, a dynamic mulitvariate probit model estimates the variations in the relationship between employment, childcare and the use of household-related services, showing the patterns of interaction in these variables interact.

    Referent/-in
  • Carsten Haenisch, Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik (FIT)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    26. Nov 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Long-term care reform and labour supply of carers

    In Germany, individuals in need of long-term care receive support through benefits of the long-term care insurance. A central goal of the insurance is to support informal care provided by family members. Care recipients can choose between benefits in kind (formal home care services) and benefits in cash. From a budgetary perspective family care is a cost-saving alternative to formal home care and to stationary nursing care. However, the opportunity costs resulting from reduced labor supply of the carer are often overlooked. We focus on the labor supply decision of family carers and the incentives set by the long-term care insurance. We estimate a structural model of labor supply and the choice of benefits of family carers. We find that benefits in kind have small positive effects on labor supply. Labor supply elasticities of cash benefits are larger and negative. If both types of benefits increase, negative labor supply effects are offset to a large extent.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    26. Nov 2014

    Seminar Occupational specific search costs and matching efficiency
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This study refers to job matching processes in occupational labour markets. Each of these markets comprises jobs that share extensive commonalities in their required qualifications and tasks. According to previous studies these markets reveal different matching efficiencies, but not much is known about the determinants of these differences. We discuss why certain occupational specific properties could determine information asymmetries and, therefore, the costs of job or worker search, respectively.

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    Referent/-in
  • Michael Stops (IAB)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    21. Nov 2014

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Information Flow in Networks of Former Coworkers

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    Referent/-in
  • Albrecht Glitz, Humboldt University Berlin
  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    19. Nov 2014

    Seminar Female Labor Supply, Human Capital and Tax Reform
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: We consider the impact of Tax credits and income support programs on female education choice, employment, hours and human capital accumulation over the life-cycle. We thus analyze both the short run incentive effects and the longer run implications of such programs. By allowing for risk aversion and savings we are also able to quantify the insurance value of alternative programs.

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    Referent/-in
  • Richard Blundell (UCL & IFS)
  • Zeit
    4 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    19. Nov 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar "After Job Shopping? Employment Effects of a Deregulation of Shop Opening Hours in the German Retail Sector"

    This study investigates the employment impact which emerges from a deregulation of shop opening in the German retail sector. Exploiting the gradual change in the opening times across states difference-in-differences estimates point to an average increase in the employment probability, driven by a rise in the likelihood of working marginal part-time hours. For individuals facing high family-related supply-side constraints the change of the opening times has opposing effects on employment, positive on the lower and negative on the upper part of the hours distribution. Overall the deregulation is estimated to have raised the likelihood of underemployed work.

    Referent/-in
  • Annemarie Paul
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    17. Nov 2014

    Veranstaltung Politics and Work Family Policies in the United States: Stalemate, Gender, Race and Class?

    Gender Studies at DIW Berlin and the project group Demography and Inequalityat the WZB Berlin Social Science Center and Humboldt-University Berlin cordially invite you to the lecture: Politics and Work Family Policies in the United States: Stalemate, Gender, Race and Class?

    Lecture:
    Ariane Hegewisch
    | Study Director at the Institut for Women´s Policy Research (IWPR), Washington D.C.

    Introduction:
    Prof. Anette Fasang | WZB Berlin Social Science Center and Humboldt-University Berlin

    Chair:
    PD Dr. Elke Holst | Research Director Gender Studies, DIW Berlin

    To participate, we kindly ask you to register at events@diw.de by Novemver 12, 2014.

    Zeit
    3.00 to 5.00 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    12. Nov 2014

    Seminar Coworkers, Networks, and Job Search Outcomes
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Social networks are an important channel of information transmission in the labor market. This paper studies the mechanisms by which social networks have an impact on labor market outcomes of displaced workers. We base our analysis on administrative records for the universe of private sector employment in Austria where we define work-related networks formed by past coworkers.

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    Referent/-in
  • Perihan Ozge Saygin (University Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    5. Nov 2014

    Seminar Uncertainty and Fertility Decisions: Evidence from German Micro Data
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: How does household fertility relate to labor income uncertainty? A large literature shows how household saving reacts to income uncertainty but only few studies recognize how fertility decisions are affected. We aim to shed some light on this relationship using data from the socio-economic panel from Germany. Our preliminary results indicate that our quantitative measure of income uncertainty is positively related to the number of children on average.

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    Referent/-in
  • Davud Rostam-Afschar (FU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    29. Oktober 2014

    Seminar Networks, Preferences and Structural Change: Evidence from Forced Migrations
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: Why do workers remain in unproductive sectors? We examine this question in the context of transitions from agriculture to the modern sector in the mid-20th century Finland. Our empirical strategy builds on the evacuation and resettlement of 11% of the Finnish population after WWII. Displaced farmers were given new farms that were remarkably similar to their old ones.

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    Referent/-in
  • Matti Sarvimäki (Aalto University)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , HU Berlin
    29. Oktober 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Occupational Segregation and the Misallocation of Talent

    This paper studies how occupational segregation - the sorting of workers across occupations based on their demographic characteristics - affects the allocation of talent in a competitive labour market.  A model of occupational choice is proposed in which workers must rely on their social contacts to acquire job vacancy information.  Workers are assumed to differ in terms of their cost of specialising in different occupations and their productivity on the job.  In this environment, network effects in job search can lead to occupational segregation in equilibrium.  While occupational segregation implies benefits in terms of job-finding probability, it may also engender significant allocative inefficiencies. Efficient and equilibrium outcomes differ due to a network externality that leads workers to segregate too little, and a pecuniary externality that leads workers to segregate too much.  Which effect dominates is shown to depend on the elasticity of wages to changes in the degree of occupational segregation.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    22. Oktober 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Labour Supply Effects of Commuting Costs in Germany

    Abstract: During the mid to late 2000's, commuter tax break policy in Germany witnessed a period of turbulence with reforms restricting eligibility based on distance to the work place put in place in 2007, only to be reversed two years later thanks to a ruling by the German federal constitutional court.  In this study I exploit the exogenous variation in commuting costs brought about by these policy changes to estimate the effect of commuting costs on measures of daily and weekly labour supply using regression discontinuity and difference in difference methods.

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    Referent/-in
  • Christofer Schröder (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    20. - 21. Oktober 2014

    Symposium Wage Inequality and Trade
    Hermann Otto Hirschfeld Lecture

    The Lecture Series is named after the remarkable German-American statistician Hermann Otto Hartley (known as HOH). Born H.O. Hirschfeld, he completed his PhD in mathematics at the University of Berlin in 1934. Shortly thereafter, he who was of Jewish descent, emigrated to England where he also changed his name a few years later. He worked at Cambridge, Schofield, and University College London. He emigrated to the United States in 1953 to take a position at Iowa State College.
    In 1963 he founded Texas A&M University's Institute of Statistics. He was the driving force behind its expansion during the next two decades. After his retirement from Texas A&M in 1977 he continued to work until his death in 1980 at which point he was a full professor at Duke University. Throughout his career, he helped to establish statistics as an important and autonomous scientific discipline.
    His most influental research was in the area of survey sampling, but he also contributed to mathematical programming and optimization, the estimation of variance components and biometrics. He served as the 74th president of the American Statistical Association.
    In this spirit, the Hermann Otto Hirschfeld Lectures at Humboldt-Universität are given since 2003 in memory of an excellent scientist and an advocate of quantitative methods.

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    Referent/-in
  • Stephen J. Redding, Princeton University
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    15. Oktober 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Intensive Margin Effects of Job Search Requirements

    Job search requirements constrain the effort choice of UI benefit recipients to a minimum number of monthly applications. We analyze how the distribution of search effort and job finding rates react to this constraint. Motivated by job search theory, our intensive margin analysis focuses on the incremental effort that job seekers have to submit relative to their unconstrained effort choice. We use a new type of register data on Swiss job seekers which includes sufficient information to identify both requirement thresholds and unconstrained effort choices on the individual level. We then propose a novel identification strategy to isolate the exogenous component of the match between the requirement threshold and the job seeker's unconstrained effort choice. Our results point towards large, non-linear intensive margin effects of job search requirements, as job finding rates increase substantially in response to a required supplement in search effort. These effects are highly heterogeneous and come at the cost of increased non-compliance and sanction imposition rates. In addition, we show that search requirements can decrease effort when intrinsic motivation for active search is high. This suggests that requirements can operate as reference points and generate crowding out effects that are not predicted by standard job search theory.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    30. Juli 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family-Friendly Workplaces: Selection and Satisfaction

    We exploiting two unique data sources, a linked employer-employee dataset and a dataset on families in Germany, to analyze the effect of a change in firm family friendliness on workforce composition and worker satisfaction. We focus on two types of family friendly policies: The offer of childcare services and flexible working hours. Combining fixed effect and matching methods to account for selection effects we find some evidence for a stronger increase in the fraction of women in firms which introduced a family friendly policy. The effect is in particular strong for childcare services in East Germany. Satisfaction with work and care are also affected. Flexible working hours, if at all, only set incentives for higher educated women to choose a specific employer.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    16. Juli 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Return to Labor Market Mobility: An Evaluation of Relocation Assistance for the Unemployed

    Abstract: Supporting regional mobility among the unemployed might be an effective instrument to reduce unemployment in depressed regions and eliminate the shortage of labor in prosperity areas. Using German administrative data, we investigate the impact of a mobility program for unemployed individuals on labor market prospects of participants.

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    Referent/-in
  • Steffen Künn (IZA Bonn)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    30. Juni 2014

    30.06.2014 - 01.07.2014 Konferenz 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference
    SOEP2014

    The 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2014) will be held in Berlin, June 30 to July 1, 2014, at DIW Berlin and Hertie School of Governance. The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g. economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent Files (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We encourage in particular submissions of papers using the longitudinal features of the SOEP as well as cross national comparative analysis.

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    Keynote Speakers
  • Patricia McManus, Indiana University, Bloomington/USA Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan/Israel
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
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