Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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18. Juni 2014

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Sample Selection and Quantile Regression: An Application to Wages in Germany

The presentation will consist of an overview of three available econometric procedures for controlling for sample selection in the context of quantile regression. The purpose of the underlying paper is to apply them to the study of the development of wages in Germany over the last three decades.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
11. Juni 2014

BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Macro and Micro Patterns in Subjective Wellbeing

Abstract: Subjective wellbeing research is an emerging field in economics with broad relevance for the general public and for public policy. In this talk I will both give an overview of the development of this field and present my own current research on this topic. First, I will describe the macroeconomic relationship of subjective wellbeing and economic growth and what we have learnt about this relationship from four decades of research. Next, I will discuss different subjective wellbeing measures and present preliminary results from a survey that I am currently conducting with Marc Fleurbaey. In the third part I will present a paper on life satisfaction forecasts.

Mehr Informationen
Referent/-in
  • Hannes Schwandt (Princeton)
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    28. Mai 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Divering experiences of early career in Western Germany: The effect of social background and regional labour market context

    Family background has long-lasting effects on labour market outcomes. A crucial period is the transition from the educational system to the labour market. It is here that inequality can get reinforced through an unsuccessful transition involving low work attachment and low pay. A bad first experience has been shown to have long-lasting effects, making this an important point for any policy intervention. While previous studies found an effect of family background on different adverse outcomes, the estimates differ strongly over time and between countries. The main empirical approaches focused on individual characteristics to explain the transmission of disadvantage. This paper studies the early career in the context of regional labour markets to explain variation. Family disadvantage is associated with lower human and social capital which may make the disadvantaged less desirable on the labour market. In tighter labour markets employers are expected to prefer more advantaged young adults. This results in a larger gap between the disadvantaged young adults and the rest in times of high unemployment. Using the German Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) study from 1984 to 2011 this paper shows that disadvantaged young adults (16-35) are more affected by the labour market context than the others. Random coefficient models are used to account for unobserved characteristics. It is shown that both the risk of being workless and the wage are more volatile to changing labour market conditions for young adults from a less advantaged background.

    Referent/-in
  • Wouter Zwysen (ISER, University of Essex/UK)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    28. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Family Pension Benefits and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Germany

    Abstract: Child-raising pension benefits in Germany are designed as a compensation for maternal employment interruptions due to child-birth. In comparison to most other family benefits, child-raising pension benefits are accumulated upon child birth but become effective only on the verge of retirement. Hence, the extent to which child-raising pension benefits are determinants of the maternal employment decision essentially depends on a mother's individual discount factor and her planning horizon.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    RWI Berlin in the facilities of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (R. 1.15) Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    21. Mai 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Early retirement disincentives: Effectiveness and implications for distribution and welfare

    This paper evaluates the effectiveness of early retirement disincentives that have been introduced in Germany and investigates the distributional and welfare implications. Therefore, we set up a detailed model of the German social security and tax system with special focus on the PAYG-pension system. Building on the fact that the institutional changes were phased in - impacting birth cohorts to a different degree - we are able to estimate the parameters of a structural dynamic retirement model. This enables us to analyze whether and to what extent disincentives are able to steer retirement behavior. The estimates are based on high quality administrative data. We also compute changes in Gini coefficients of expected remaining lifetime consumption as well as equivalent and compensating variations to assess welfare effects. Furthermore, we discuss if recently introduced subsidies for private old age provisions are adequate to compensate the associated welfare losses.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    21. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Skills, Occupational Choice, and Educational Attainment

    Abstract: Miriam Gensowski proposes a model of educational choice in which the formation of wage expectations accounts for anticipated occupational choices as well as education levels. Occupations are characterized as bundles of tasks that are explicitly linked to multi-dimensional abilities and personality traits. These traits are measured in Project Talent data that I augment with information from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. The importance of skills is contrasted with the influence of parental background in this mutually dependent decision.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Miriam Gensowski(University of Copenhagen)
  • Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    20. Mai 2014

    Symposium Symposium in Tokio: Frauen in Führungspositionen

    Das Japanisch-Deutsche Zentrum Berlin (JDZB), das Deutsche Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Berlin (DIW) und das Keizai Koho Center (KKC; Japan Institute for Social and Economic Affairs) veranstalten gemeinsam eine Tagung, in der Spezialistinnen beider Länder die Herausforderungen für einen größeren Anteil von Frauen in Führungspositionen diskutieren, insbesondere aus Sicht der Unternehmen.  

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Tokyo
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 281
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Wolfgang Brenn
    Teilnehmen
    16. Mai 2014

    Veranstaltung Wall Street Women: Saviors of the Global Economy?


    Melissa Fisher,
    New York University, Department of Social and Cultural Analysis

    Chair: PD Dr. Elke Holst, Research Director Gender Studies, DIW Berlin
    Introduction: Dr. Anja Kirsch, Department of Management, Freie Universität Berlin

    In her book Wall Street Women Melissa Fisher ethnographically examined how the first cohort of women in finance enacted "market feminisms", incorporating tenets of liberal feminism such as equal rights into Wall Street institutions. Drawing on nearly two decades of field work with women in financial professions, this talk explores the recent evolution in the gendering of Wall Street as well as the potential effects of that evolution. Melissa Fisher will focus on effects of the 2008 financial crisis which was far more than any of its predecessors, depicted in strikingly gendered terms - with many commentators articulating a divide between masculine, greedy, risk-taking behavior and feminine, conservative, risk-averse approaches for healing the crisis.

    To participate, we kindly ask you to register at by May 13, 2014.  

    Zeit
    1.00 pm to 3.30 pm
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 281
    14. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Selecting the selected? A sibling-analysis on tertiary education transition in Germany

    Abstract: Past studies show, that early educational tracking strengthens the persistence of economic outcomes from parents to children. In the case of Germany, this could be one of the reasons for the experienced low educational mobility. This being said, an interesting question which has been analysed in fewer studies so far, deals with the transition to tertiary education. Do all pupils who reach the highest secondary school track face the same opportunities to go to the university? And how strong is the parental background effect, which already decides majorly about the selection into secondary school, also in the mechanism of selection into tertiary education? We address this question through a multilevel analysis focusing on sibling correlations in cognitive and non-cognitive abilities. The data we use derives from German Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) and has the great advantage that we can follow pupils who participated in the survey at the age of 17 later in life. Thus, we have informations about their notes and subjective perceptions about future success when they were still in school, and informations about the tertiary education path (University, vocational school or others) they pursued thereafter. Our results are twofold, showing on the one hand, that only the family average in notes and not the individual deviation from it have a significant effect on the probability to go to university. This points at a strong influence of parental background also at transition to tertiary education. On the other hand, subjective perceptions show to have an individual effect which holds also controlling for family effects. This final result gives a hopeful scenario for policy makers and opens interesting opportunities for further research.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Tamás Keller (TARKI Budapest)
  • Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    WZB - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlin
    7. Mai 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Unhealthy retirement? Evidence of occupation heterogeneity

    Abstract: We investigate the causal effect of retirement on health and cognitive abilities by exploiting the variation between and within European countries in old age retirement rules. We show negative and significant effect of retirement on both health and cognitive abilities. We also show evidence of significant heterogeneity across occupational groups. In particular, the negative effect of retirement disappears and turn to be even positive for those working in very physically demanding jobs.

    Mehr Informationen
    Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Fabrizio Mazonna (Università della Svizzera italiana Lugano)
    7. Mai 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Subsidized Early Child Care on Maternal Labor Supply: Quasi-experimental Evidence from Germany

    (joint with Katharina Wrohlich)
    This paper uses spatial and temporal variation in county child care availability for children under three year induced by the expansion of public child care in West Germany to analyze the impact of subsidized early childcare provision on maternal labor supply. We imply a general difference-in-differences approach to identify this causal link, controlling for time and county fixed effects, as well as potential determinants of the regional child care availability, since the degree of expansion might not be exogenous. So far, our preliminary results based on two different data sets (SOEP and Microcensus) do not show a significant effect of the differences in child care availability on the county level on the individual probability of mothers to work.

    Referent/-in
  • Denise Sengül
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    23. April 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Returns to Foreign Language Skills in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Antonio Di Paolo (Universitat Barcelona)
  • Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    9. April 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Is it really all that bad? The impact of shortening high school tenure on grade repetitions and graduation rates

    (joint with Jan Marcus, DIW Berlin)
    In designing education systems, policy-makers face a trade-off between the provision of higher levels of schooling and earlier labour market entries. The G8-reform, a fundamental education reform in Germany, tackles this trade-off by increasing education efficiency: The time in high school is reduced by one year while the total number of instruction hours is left unchanged. As a first indicator of the overall effectiveness of this recent policy, we study its effect on grade repetitions and high school graduation rates. Employing administrative data on all pupils in Germany, we exploit both temporal and regional variations in the implementation of the reform. We show that the shortening of the high school track length has no impact on grade repetitions in lower grades, whereas they double for pupils in the final years before graduation. The large majority of students, however, completes high school earlier. We cannot find any reduction in graduation rates. The results are robust to various changes in model specifications. The results indicate that the reform's potential benefits for labour markets, pension schemes and fertility will be slightly attenuated due to increased repetition rates.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    9. April 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung The Effect of Crime Exposure on Crime Sentences

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Arnaud Philippe (CREST)
  • Zeit
    18:15 - 19:30
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Berlin Room 125 Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    2. April 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Der flächendeckende Mindestlohn

    Die Einführung des flächendeckenden gesetzlichen Mindestlohns von 8,50 Euro ist ein großes, mit vielen sozialpolitischen Risiken verbundenes Experiment. Dieser Übersichtsartikel zeigt, dass weder die unterschiedlichen theoretischen Erklärungsmodelle noch die große Anzahl empirischer Arbeiten aus anderen Ländern die Hoffnung rechtfertigen, der Mindestlohn würde in Deutschland nicht zu substantiellen Beschäftigungsverlusten führen. Unsere Simulationsrechnung zeigt, dass bei einem Mindestlohn von 8,50 Euro - unabhängig vom unterstellten Arbeitsmarktszenario - substantielle Beschäftigungsverluste drohen. Besonders stark betroffen sind die heutigen Aufstocker, die von der Mindestlohnerhöhung kaum etwas mit nach Hause nehmen können, aber in Zukunft einem ungleich höheren Arbeitsplatzrisiko ausgesetzt sind. Diese Befunde lassen zweifeln, dass die Politik mit dem Mindestlohn ihre erklärten Ziele einer erhöhten Verteilungsgerechtigkeit und der Entlastung der öffentlichen Haushalte erreichen kann.

    JEL Klassifikation: H2, I3, J3
    Stichworte: Flächendeckender Mindestlohn, Beschäftigungsverluste, Verteilungsgerechtigkeit

    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Ronnie Schöb (Freie Universität Berlin, CESifo, ifo Dresden)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    13. März 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Wie geht es weiter nach der Schule? – Ergebnisse der Schweizer PISA-Folgestudie TREE

    Der Übergang von der Schule ins Erwerbs- und Erwachsenenleben ist eine entscheidende und kritische Lebensphase, die in modernen Gesellschaften zunehmend länger, vielfältiger, anforderungs- und risikoreicher geworden ist (Bergman et al., 2012). Wie gestaltet sich dieser Übergang bei jungen Erwachsenen in der Schweiz? Auf welche Schwierigkeiten und Hindernisse stoßen sie dabei? Was sind Ge- und Misslingensbedingungen dieser Transition?
    TREE („Transitionen von der Erstausbildung ins Erwerbsleben") ist in der Schweiz die erste nationale Längsschnittuntersuchung zum Übergang Jugendlicher von der Schule ins Erwachsenenleben. Im Fokus der Panelstudie stehen die Ausbildungs- und Erwerbsverläufe nach dem Ende der Pflichtschulzeit sowie der Eintritt in den Arbeitsmarkt. Die Ausgangsstichprobe von TREE umfasst rund 6.000 Jugendliche am Ende ihrer Pflichtschulzeit, die an PISA 2000 teilnahmen und seitdem über nunmehr neun Erhebungswellen (2001-2007 jährlich, 2010, aktuell laufend in 2014) längsschnittlich begleitet werden. Die Stichprobe ist national und sprachregional repräsentativ. Die TREE-Daten erlauben aus Sicht der Ökonomie, Soziologie, Erziehungswissenschaft und Psychologie vielfältige Analysen zu den Konsequenzen, Entstehungs- und Kontextbedingungen verschiedener Transitionen im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter. Die TREE-Daten sind für alle interessierten Forschenden als public use file verfügbar.

    Referent/-in
  • Katja Scharenberg (Universität Basel)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    5. März 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Die kurzfristigen beruflichen Folgen von Arbeitslosigkeit

    Zahlreiche Forschungsarbeiten haben gezeigt, dass Arbeitslose sehr viel häufiger von beruflicher Abwartsmobilität betroffen sind als statistisch vergleichbare Personen ohne Arbeitslosigkeitserfahrung. So liegen bspw. die Lohne bei Wiederbeschäftigung deutlich unter dem Niveau vor der Arbeitslosigkeit bzw. unter einem kontrafaktischen Lohnniveau ohne Arbeitslosigkeit (c.f. Dieckhoff 2011, Gangl 2006, Gangl 2004, Mooi-Reci 2011 and Strauf & Hillmert 2011). Von sehr wenigen Ausnahmen abgesehen, ist das kritische Ereignis in diesen Studien (zumindest implizit) als Arbeitsplatzverlust mit anschließender Arbeitslosigkeit definiert. Das bedeutet, dass die auf diese Weise konstruierten Schätzungen des kausalen Effektes von Arbeitslosigkeit sowohl den direkten Effekt des Arbeitsplatzverlustes als auch den uber die Arbeitslosigkeit vermittelten indirekten Effekt des Arbeitsplatzverlustes auf die abhängige Variable abbilden. Die vorliegende Untersuchung versucht den `reinen' Effekt der Arbeitslosigkeit auf den Bruttostundenlohn anhand der Daten des Sozio-okonomischen Panels und mit Hilfe verschiedener Difference-in-Differences Matching-Verfahren zu schätzen. Zu diesem Zweck werden Individuen, die aus demselben Grund ihren Arbeitsplatz verloren bzw. aufgegeben haben und sich nur durch einen darauf folgenden Arbeitslosigkeitsspell unterscheiden gematcht. Die bisherigen Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass die ausnahmslos negativen durchschnittlichen Effekte von Arbeitslosigkeit mit dem Kündigungsgrund variieren.

    Referent/-in
  • Sebastian Beil (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    12. Februar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply under working hours constraints - Assessing the potential of a family working time benefit in Germany

    (joint with Kai-Uwe Müller and Katharina Wrohlich) 
    The majority of empirical labor supply models used for policy evaluation assumes observed hours of work as revealed preferences of individuals or households. Economic actors maximize their utility by choosing among different bundles of income and leisure. By assumption their choice is not constrained by regulations, institutions, or insufficient labor demand. In this paper we evaluate the employment effects of a policy proposal for which restrictions on the choice of working hours are crucial by using a structural labor supply model with working hours constraints. The family working time benefit (FWTB) is targeted at couple households with young children and designed to improve the financial incentives for a more equal distribution of gainful employment and care or family duties among spouses. Conditional on both partners working around 30 hours per week (equal to 80% of a conventional full-time job) the (hypothetical) income difference to their full-time income is partially compensated. Although its employment effects would be rather small, we find that FWTB reaches its goal by reducing working hours for fathers and increasing them for mothers. The pure incentive effect on labor supply is roughly halved when accounting for working hours constraints.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    12. Februar 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung ICT and Education: Evidence from Internet Access at Pupil Home Addresses

    Abstract: How do falling costs of accessing information and communication affect human capital formation? This paper combines administrative test score records for the population of English primary and secondary school students with information about available internet speed at student home addresses to contribute to our understanding of this question. In the first step, we use data from UK internet providers to estimate the technological relationship between residential distances to connected telephone exchange stations and internet connection speeds.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Rosa Sanchis-Guarner-Herrero
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    5. Februar 2014

    BeNA - Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung Door Opener or Waste of Time? The Effects of Internships on Labor Market Outcomes

    Abstract: This paper studies the effect of internships while enrolled at university on labor market choices and wages later in life. We use variation in the introduction and abolishment of mandatory internships at German universities in the wake of the Bologna reform as an instrument for doing an internship.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Nils Saniter (DIW Berlin)
  • Zeit
    18:30 - 20:00
    Ort
    RWI Berlin in the facilities of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft (R. 1.15) Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    , Universität Potsdam
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