Veranstaltungen

Demographie und Bevölkerung
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10. Februar 2016

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Full or partial retirement? Effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age in the Netherlands and the United States

The share of the older workers in the labor force has increased due to population aging and pension reforms in many countries. However, rules of the public and private pension schemes and restrictions from the employers still require large populations of older workers with possibly heterogeneous work preferences to retire fully at a given age. We study the preferences of older people for a rich set of retirement trajectories characterized by early or delayed full retirement as well as partial retirement at various ages in the Netherlands and the United States. Two in five prefer partial retirement over early or delayed abrupt full retirement. This suggests that partial retirement can substantially increase the utility derived from work in old age. Furthermore, we study the effects of the pension incentives and increasing retirement age on the preferences to delay retirement fully or partially as means of reducing public expenditure. Individuals want to use partial retirement to extend their work lives if deferring pension rights are made actuarially attractive or if pension accruals are made less generous. On the other hand, as the retirement age increases, individuals want to retire early or work part-time instead of full-time. The comparison of the results between the Netherlands and the United States shows that while people in the Netherlands are responsive to a substitution effect of higher pensions, people in the United States are responsive to an income effect of higher pensions.

Referent/-in
  • Tunga Kantarci (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    27. Januar 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Career Breaks of Mothers and the Role of Time Discounting

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    20. Januar 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Determinants of Natives’ Intergroup Relationships with Migrants - An Analysis using SOEP-data

     Private intergroup relationships between natives and migrants, such as friendships and companionships, are traditionally treated as important indicator of migrant integration. In addition, they are discussed as a facilitating factor in migrants’ search for high-quality work, as a way to diminish mutual prejudice and to break stereotypes and finally as opportunity for natives to acquire skills to deal with challenges beyond the borders of their home-country. In my analysis, I try to identify personal characteristics and environmental factors that influence German natives’ personal relationships with persons of non-German origin. Ego-centered network research on intergroup relationships has so far neglected the native part of such relationships in favor of the non-native side. Information on over 18,000 German natives’ visiting contacts at home were collected by the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) between 2007 and 2015 in five waves and thereby enable longitudinal analyses that focus on intra-personal changes. Exploiting SOEP-survey-data enriched with small-scale neighborhood information, a wide range of possible determinants, including occupational status, neighborhood composition and attitudes towards migration are researched.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    13. Januar 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor Market Frictions and Retirement Timing in Germany – A Structural Model and Subsequent Ex-Ante Policy Evaluation

    Losing a job after age 60 in Germany is virtually equivalent to the end of one’s working life. Roughly 25% of job exits after age 60 are involuntary with considerable variation along region, age, tenure and education. Considering this, I estimate a structural model of retirement timing in the presence of labor market frictions. A subsequent ex-ante policy analysis is meant to illustrate the likely consequences of shifting the regular retirement age to 67 (“Rente mit 67”) in terms of average retirement age. Scenarios without frictions provide an upper bound for the reaction potential of the work force and likely to overestimate the true effect.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    9. Dez 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply and the pension system - Evidence from a Regression Kink Design

    This paper uses a Regression Kink Design to estimate the labor supply effects of changes in the financial incentives for early retirement. In particular we examine the effect of the gradual introduction of pension deductions for early retirement according to the 1992 German pension reform on the actual retirement age of women eligible for women old-age pensions. This reform allows to exploit exogenous variation in  benefits using kinks in the schedule of pension benefits depending on the birth cohort. For the empirical analysis we use high-quality administrative data from the German Federal Pension Insurance (VSKT) and find positive and significant effects of the reform on the actual retirement age.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    25. Nov 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family structure and educational attainment in East and West Germany during the 20th century – a sibling analysis

    This study investigates whether the link between family dissolution and children’s educational attainment is contingent on the broader social and institutional context. The comparison of former capitalist West Germany and socialist East Germany presents an excellent case study as these countries differed considerably with regard to ideology and policies regarding families, schooling and labour markets. We base our analyses on the data of the German Life History Study that covers cohorts born throughout the twentieth century. Results of sibling fixed effect analyses show that growing up in a dissolved family in the former West was detrimental for educational attainment. In contrast, in the East with its comprehensive schooling system and extensive support for families and working mothers, family dissolution was not related to educational outcomes. The effects of family dissolution may thus be reinforced in stratified systems and possibly softened by social policies equalizing the social and economic situation attributed to dissolved families.

    Referent/-in
  • Wiebke Schulz, Universität Bielefeld

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    4. Nov 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Rejectionism & Engagement: How Hostility Affects Immigrant Minorities’ Political Behavior

    How does xenophobic behavior and radical right-wing activity affect ethnic and immigrant minorities' political behavior? The extant literature on radical right-wing and xenophobic politics focuses exclusively on what drives these anti-immigrant political attitudes and behaviors, but does not account for how the targets of this animosity and threat react. Alternatively, the literature on immigrant and ethnic minority political behavior extensively examines the role of institutions and policy, thereby focusing on the macro-level effects on micro-level behavior, but overlooks the meso-level in which the social and political environment can  play a huge role. Using federal data on radical right-wing events and the German Socio-Economic Panel Survey, this project examines how individuals with a migration-background react politically to xenophobic threats.

    Referent/-in
  • Carolyn Morgan (Ohio State University)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    2. Oktober 2015

    Workshop KOMIED Workshop

    Ein Workshop im Rahmen des von der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft geförderten Forschungsprojektes

    Kommunale Infrastrukturunternehmen zwischen Energiewende und demografischem Wandel (KOMIED) - Industrieökonomische Analysen mit Mikrodaten der Energie-, Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Geschäftsstelle der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft Room 1.15 Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 679
    1. - 2. Oktober 2015

    Veranstaltung Lebensqualitätsforschung zwischen Wissenschaft und Politikberatung
    Jahrestagung der DGS-Sektion Soziale Indikatoren in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Forschungsverbund Berichterstattung zur sozioökonomischen Entwicklung in Deutschland

    Die DGS-Sektion Soziale Indikatoren wird ihre diesjährige Jahrestagung in Zusammenarbeit mit dem soeb-Verbund unter dem Titel "Lebensqualitätsforschung zwischen Wissenschaft und Politikberatung" ausrichten.

    Die Bundesregierung plant, im Zuge der Regierungsstrategie „Gut leben – Lebensqualität in Deutschland“ ein Indikatorensystem
    zu entwickeln und im Laufe der 18. Legislaturperiode vorzustellen. Damit erhöht sich der Stellenwert des Themas Lebensqualität
    auf der politischen und öffentlichen Agenda. Diese, für die Wohlfahrtsforschung erfreuliche Entwicklung wird zum Anlass
    genommen, über Ansätze und Befunde der Lebensqualitätsforschung zu diskutieren: Welche Konzepte bieten sich an? Wie stellt
    sich Lebensqualität in Deutschland (und Europa) empirisch dar? Was wissen wir über die gesellschaftspolitische Gestaltbarkeit
    des guten Lebens?

    Mehr Informationen
    Eingeladen von
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 690
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Jan Delhey, Sektionssprecher Soziale Indikatoren, Otto-von-Guericke Universität Magdeburg
    Anmeldung: Frau Fuhrmann-Herzberg, Sekretariat Allgemeine Soziolo-gie/Makrosoziologie, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg: manuela.fuhrmann-herzberg@ovgu.de
    30. Juni 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Towards a Multidimensional Poverty Index for Germany

    This paper compiles a multidimensional poverty index for Germany. Drawing on the capability approach as conceptual framework, I apply the Alkire-Foster method using German panel data. I suggest a novel operationalization for deprivation in social participation and a new justification for including material deprivation as an additional dimension. Moreover, I also address the role of an additional income dimension in multidimensional poverty indices. The results are consistent with earlier findings, but also reveal several new insights. Specifically, numerous decompositions of the poverty index prove helpful in better tracking and understanding complex developments. Comparing multidimensional and income-based methods, I find only a modest overlap of people considered as poor by both approaches. I argue that this finding supports multidimensional poverty measures.

    Referent/-in
  • Nicolai Suppa (TU Dortmund)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    3. Juni 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Trends of unemployment scarring over time in Germany

    To date, we find abundant evidence that unemployment leads to reduced wages upon re-employment (e.g. Arulampalam, 2001; Burda and Mertens, 2001; Gangl, 2006) and also negatively affects other job quality outcomes (Brand, 2006). We still lack a systematic account of scarring trends over time, however. One central goal of our contribution is to fill this gap and investigate how scar effects in Germany have evolved over time and to unveil the institutional and macro-economic mechanisms behind observed trends. Moreover, existing work has rarely considered effect heterogeneity in unemployment scarring and changing compositions of the unemployed over time. By not considering these, substantial parts of the observed temporal trends with respect to average scar effects could be due to changes in the composition of the unemployed. By contrast, in our study we deliberately investigate the role of composition in explaining change over time. We believe that our focus on time trends on the one hand and on compositional change on the other, will provide us with the new opportunity to test existing theoretical explanations for unemployment scarring and thus has the potential to offer important insights into the mechanisms that drive cumulative disadvantage following unemployment.

    Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel 1985-2013 we estimate the effects of a recent unemployment experience on subsequent employment outcomes. In particular, we focus on the scar effects of unemployment on reemployment probabilities and (conditional on being reemployed) on subsequent wages and occupational status. The longitudinal nature of the data affords us with the possibility to examine the employment outcomes for workers who experience a spell of unemployment and compare them to those of (otherwise similar) workers who did not experience unemployment. Based on this empirical approach, one can extract the average re-employment probabilities as well as the wage and occupational status penalties that are associated with unemployment and investigate the changing nature of unemployment scarring over time. Furthermore, we are able to test for change in compositional effects over time. By so doing, some more light is shed on the important issue of heterogeneous effects of unemployment, which clearly goes beyond looking at average treatment effects. We achieve these goals of the empirical analyses by combining a new matching method called ‘Coarsened Exact Matching’ (CEM) proposed by Iacus, King & Porro (2008) with the difference-in-differences approach (Heckman et al., 2007). This analytical strategy allows us to control for selection based on observable and unobservable characteristics. We are estimating the ‘treatment effects’ of unemployment covering an observational period of more than 25 years.

    Our preliminary results confirm the findings of prior work that unemployment leaves substantial scars. Scars are not only observed shortly after the unemployment spell, but also in the mid-term (4 years after the unemployment incidence) suggesting that the labour market disadvantage caused by unemployment is rather persistent. With respect to the evolution of these scar effects we show that there is no secular trend over the time period under study. However, there exists considerable temporal variation in the size of scarring effects. The specific pattern of this temporal variation can be partly brought in line with the business cycle, but parts of the observed temporal effects are also to be explained by fundamental reforms of the German unemployment benefit system. Finally, we investigate the role of compositional effects. Drawing on the idea of decomposition techniques and using a reweighting approach, we can examine whether we would observe the same scarring trends if our population had stayed the same. Our findings suggest that in some periods the estimation of average treatment effects is affected by compositional change. In particular, while in the mid-90s the specific composition of the unemployed at that time leads to an estimation of larger average treatment effects regarding wages, from the mid-2000s the opposite is the case. A detailed inspection of these specific time periods suggest that this is mainly due to an over-proportional share of high-skilled workers and men, in the mid-90s, as well as their underrepresentation from the mid-2000s. This result underlines the necessity to consider effect heterogeneity as well as changing compositions when investigating the scarring effects of unemployment.
    (Paper joint with Johannes Giesecke)

    Referent/-in
  • Martina Dieckhoff (WZB Berlin)
  • Zeit
    13:00 - 14:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    20. Mai 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Impact of Job Loss on Risk-taking

    Using German panel data and plant closure as an exogenous unemployment shock, we show that job loss affects individual risk-taking in very heterogeneous ways: Those who experience involuntary job loss and quick reemployment report a significant rise in risk aversion. We also find some evidence that individuals who stay unemployed report a drop in risk aversion. In addition, we observe strong anticipation of the risk-taking effects of job loss as well as reversion of the effects over time.

    Referent/-in
  • Clemens Hetschko (Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    13. April 2015

    Workshop Stadtwerke-Economics 2015

    Der Workshop findet im Rahmen des von der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft geförderten KOMIED-Projektes statt.

    Kommunale Infrastrukturunternehmen stehen vor gewaltigen Herausforderungen. Zu erhöhtem Kostensenkungsdruck und verschärften Wettbewerbs- und Regulierungsvorschriften kommen weitreichende energie- und klimapolitische Zielsetzungen sowie Anforderungen durch den demografischen Wandel. Kostensenkende Erwartungen durch Privatisierungen haben sich vielfach nicht erfüllt. Neue Lösungsansätze sind gefragt. Doch es mangelt bislang an theoretisch fundierten, empirisch belastbaren Analysen, welche die Effekte unterschiedlicher Unternehmensorganisationen auf Effizienz, Kosteneinsparungen und Verbraucherpreise bewerten. Vor dem Hintergrund werden im Rahmen des Workshops aktuelle Forschungsfragen und Forschungsergebnisse diskutiert.

    Zeit
    11:00 - 18:00 Uhr
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 679
    18. März 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The German child-care pension benefit and household savings

    In this paper, I estimate the impact of the German child-care pension benefit (Kindererziehungszeiten) on household savings, exploiting the pension reform 1992 as a natural experiment based on the Income and Expenditure Survey (EVS). The child-care pension benefits are designed as a compensation for employment interruptions due to child-birth and they increase a mother’s pension wealth. In principle, this implies negative incentives for private savings. However, the preliminary results indicate that household savings are not affected by the higher generosity of child-care pension benefits.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    4. März 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Voting on Direct Democracy

    We study a constitutional change in the German State of Bavaria where citizens, not politicians, granted themselves more say in politics at the local level through a state initiative election. This institutional setting allows us to observe revealed preferences for direct democracy and to identify factors which explain these preferences. Empirical evidence suggests that support for direct democracy is related to dissatisfaction with representative democracy in general rather than with an elected governing party.

    Referent/-in
  • David Stadelmann, Universität Bayreuth
  • Zeit
    13:00 - 14:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    5. Februar 2015

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Household efficiency in monogamous and polygamous marriages in Nigeria
    Results from a behavioural experiment

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Marleen Dekker (Leiden University)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    14. Januar 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Factors Influencing Female Labor Force Participation in Germany and Egypt – A Comparative Study

    The literature on female labor force participation (FLFP) shows which personal and household characteristics determine FLFP in Egypt and in the Global North. The question remains, however to what extent these determinants differ between the Northern hemisphere and Egypt. This paper attempts to shed light on understanding if and how specific demographic factors affect the Egyptian FLFP in comparison with the German FLFP. Limited dependent variable technique; Probit model is utilized to determine which factors influence FLFP in both countries. The cross sectional analysis is conducted through the use of the 2012 Egyptian Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) and the 2012 German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Findings indicate that number of factors affect FLFP in both countries, some of which has a positive influence as years of schooling and age while others with a negative impact as being a married women, living in urban areas and number of children. On the other hand some other variables impact each country differently as wealth. Additionally, it was evident that years of schooling has a higher marginal impact on Egyptian FLFP yet, age, being married and number of children have a higher marginal effect on German FLFP.

    Referent/-in
  • Sara Hassan Hosney, German University in Cairo
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    7. Januar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Inequality and Defined Benefit Pensions when Life Expectancy is Heterogeneous

    This study analyzes the distributional effects of a defined pension benefit system under heterogeneous life expectancies. For this purpose, we propose a methodology that quantifies life expectancy-based regressive redistribution using a life expectancy-adjusted benchmark scenario. This methodology is combined with a structural life-cycle model of labor supply, retirement and consumption decisions that allows for behavioral responses to changes in the pension system. We show that the German pension system induces a large regressive redistribution of life-time income, and has a relevant regressive effect on average annual consumption. Behavioral responses to regressive redistribution matter for the results. Introducing progressivity into either pension contributions or pension benefits only partially offsets the effects of life expectancy-based regressive redistribution via the pension system.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    16. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics RCT Research: When it works (as planned) and when it doesn't?
    Taking the case of microfinance evaluation studies.

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    Referent/-in
  • Britta Augsburg (Institute for Fiscal Studies)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    4. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Impact of Nutritional Interventions on cognitive skills
    Evidence from India's Midday Meal Program

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    Referent/-in
  • Rajshri Jayaraman (ESMT)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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