Veranstaltungen

Demographie und Bevölkerung
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2. Oktober 2015

Workshop KOMIED Workshop

Ein Workshop im Rahmen des von der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft geförderten Forschungsprojektes

Kommunale Infrastrukturunternehmen zwischen Energiewende und demografischem Wandel (KOMIED) - Industrieökonomische Analysen mit Mikrodaten der Energie-, Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft

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Ort
Geschäftsstelle der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft Room 1.15 Chausseestr. 111 10115 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 679
1. - 2. Oktober 2015

Veranstaltung Lebensqualitätsforschung zwischen Wissenschaft und Politikberatung
Jahrestagung der DGS-Sektion Soziale Indikatoren in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Forschungsverbund Berichterstattung zur sozioökonomischen Entwicklung in Deutschland

Die DGS-Sektion Soziale Indikatoren wird ihre diesjährige Jahrestagung in Zusammenarbeit mit dem soeb-Verbund unter dem Titel "Lebensqualitätsforschung zwischen Wissenschaft und Politikberatung" ausrichten.

Die Bundesregierung plant, im Zuge der Regierungsstrategie „Gut leben – Lebensqualität in Deutschland“ ein Indikatorensystem
zu entwickeln und im Laufe der 18. Legislaturperiode vorzustellen. Damit erhöht sich der Stellenwert des Themas Lebensqualität
auf der politischen und öffentlichen Agenda. Diese, für die Wohlfahrtsforschung erfreuliche Entwicklung wird zum Anlass
genommen, über Ansätze und Befunde der Lebensqualitätsforschung zu diskutieren: Welche Konzepte bieten sich an? Wie stellt
sich Lebensqualität in Deutschland (und Europa) empirisch dar? Was wissen wir über die gesellschaftspolitische Gestaltbarkeit
des guten Lebens?

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Eingeladen von
Ort
DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 690
Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
Ansprechpartner/-in
extern
Jan Delhey, Sektionssprecher Soziale Indikatoren, Otto-von-Guericke Universität Magdeburg
Anmeldung: Frau Fuhrmann-Herzberg, Sekretariat Allgemeine Soziolo-gie/Makrosoziologie, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg: manuela.fuhrmann-herzberg@ovgu.de
30. Juni 2015

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Towards a Multidimensional Poverty Index for Germany

This paper compiles a multidimensional poverty index for Germany. Drawing on the capability approach as conceptual framework, I apply the Alkire-Foster method using German panel data. I suggest a novel operationalization for deprivation in social participation and a new justification for including material deprivation as an additional dimension. Moreover, I also address the role of an additional income dimension in multidimensional poverty indices. The results are consistent with earlier findings, but also reveal several new insights. Specifically, numerous decompositions of the poverty index prove helpful in better tracking and understanding complex developments. Comparing multidimensional and income-based methods, I find only a modest overlap of people considered as poor by both approaches. I argue that this finding supports multidimensional poverty measures.

Referent/-in
  • Nicolai Suppa (TU Dortmund)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    3. Juni 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Trends of unemployment scarring over time in Germany

    To date, we find abundant evidence that unemployment leads to reduced wages upon re-employment (e.g. Arulampalam, 2001; Burda and Mertens, 2001; Gangl, 2006) and also negatively affects other job quality outcomes (Brand, 2006). We still lack a systematic account of scarring trends over time, however. One central goal of our contribution is to fill this gap and investigate how scar effects in Germany have evolved over time and to unveil the institutional and macro-economic mechanisms behind observed trends. Moreover, existing work has rarely considered effect heterogeneity in unemployment scarring and changing compositions of the unemployed over time. By not considering these, substantial parts of the observed temporal trends with respect to average scar effects could be due to changes in the composition of the unemployed. By contrast, in our study we deliberately investigate the role of composition in explaining change over time. We believe that our focus on time trends on the one hand and on compositional change on the other, will provide us with the new opportunity to test existing theoretical explanations for unemployment scarring and thus has the potential to offer important insights into the mechanisms that drive cumulative disadvantage following unemployment.

    Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel 1985-2013 we estimate the effects of a recent unemployment experience on subsequent employment outcomes. In particular, we focus on the scar effects of unemployment on reemployment probabilities and (conditional on being reemployed) on subsequent wages and occupational status. The longitudinal nature of the data affords us with the possibility to examine the employment outcomes for workers who experience a spell of unemployment and compare them to those of (otherwise similar) workers who did not experience unemployment. Based on this empirical approach, one can extract the average re-employment probabilities as well as the wage and occupational status penalties that are associated with unemployment and investigate the changing nature of unemployment scarring over time. Furthermore, we are able to test for change in compositional effects over time. By so doing, some more light is shed on the important issue of heterogeneous effects of unemployment, which clearly goes beyond looking at average treatment effects. We achieve these goals of the empirical analyses by combining a new matching method called ‘Coarsened Exact Matching’ (CEM) proposed by Iacus, King & Porro (2008) with the difference-in-differences approach (Heckman et al., 2007). This analytical strategy allows us to control for selection based on observable and unobservable characteristics. We are estimating the ‘treatment effects’ of unemployment covering an observational period of more than 25 years.

    Our preliminary results confirm the findings of prior work that unemployment leaves substantial scars. Scars are not only observed shortly after the unemployment spell, but also in the mid-term (4 years after the unemployment incidence) suggesting that the labour market disadvantage caused by unemployment is rather persistent. With respect to the evolution of these scar effects we show that there is no secular trend over the time period under study. However, there exists considerable temporal variation in the size of scarring effects. The specific pattern of this temporal variation can be partly brought in line with the business cycle, but parts of the observed temporal effects are also to be explained by fundamental reforms of the German unemployment benefit system. Finally, we investigate the role of compositional effects. Drawing on the idea of decomposition techniques and using a reweighting approach, we can examine whether we would observe the same scarring trends if our population had stayed the same. Our findings suggest that in some periods the estimation of average treatment effects is affected by compositional change. In particular, while in the mid-90s the specific composition of the unemployed at that time leads to an estimation of larger average treatment effects regarding wages, from the mid-2000s the opposite is the case. A detailed inspection of these specific time periods suggest that this is mainly due to an over-proportional share of high-skilled workers and men, in the mid-90s, as well as their underrepresentation from the mid-2000s. This result underlines the necessity to consider effect heterogeneity as well as changing compositions when investigating the scarring effects of unemployment.
    (Paper joint with Johannes Giesecke)

    Referent/-in
  • Martina Dieckhoff (WZB Berlin)
  • Zeit
    13:00 - 14:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    20. Mai 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Impact of Job Loss on Risk-taking

    Using German panel data and plant closure as an exogenous unemployment shock, we show that job loss affects individual risk-taking in very heterogeneous ways: Those who experience involuntary job loss and quick reemployment report a significant rise in risk aversion. We also find some evidence that individuals who stay unemployed report a drop in risk aversion. In addition, we observe strong anticipation of the risk-taking effects of job loss as well as reversion of the effects over time.

    Referent/-in
  • Clemens Hetschko (Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    13. April 2015

    Workshop Stadtwerke-Economics 2015

    Der Workshop findet im Rahmen des von der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft geförderten KOMIED-Projektes statt.

    Kommunale Infrastrukturunternehmen stehen vor gewaltigen Herausforderungen. Zu erhöhtem Kostensenkungsdruck und verschärften Wettbewerbs- und Regulierungsvorschriften kommen weitreichende energie- und klimapolitische Zielsetzungen sowie Anforderungen durch den demografischen Wandel. Kostensenkende Erwartungen durch Privatisierungen haben sich vielfach nicht erfüllt. Neue Lösungsansätze sind gefragt. Doch es mangelt bislang an theoretisch fundierten, empirisch belastbaren Analysen, welche die Effekte unterschiedlicher Unternehmensorganisationen auf Effizienz, Kosteneinsparungen und Verbraucherpreise bewerten. Vor dem Hintergrund werden im Rahmen des Workshops aktuelle Forschungsfragen und Forschungsergebnisse diskutiert.

    Zeit
    11:00 - 18:00 Uhr
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 679
    18. März 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The German child-care pension benefit and household savings

    In this paper, I estimate the impact of the German child-care pension benefit (Kindererziehungszeiten) on household savings, exploiting the pension reform 1992 as a natural experiment based on the Income and Expenditure Survey (EVS). The child-care pension benefits are designed as a compensation for employment interruptions due to child-birth and they increase a mother’s pension wealth. In principle, this implies negative incentives for private savings. However, the preliminary results indicate that household savings are not affected by the higher generosity of child-care pension benefits.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    4. März 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Voting on Direct Democracy

    We study a constitutional change in the German State of Bavaria where citizens, not politicians, granted themselves more say in politics at the local level through a state initiative election. This institutional setting allows us to observe revealed preferences for direct democracy and to identify factors which explain these preferences. Empirical evidence suggests that support for direct democracy is related to dissatisfaction with representative democracy in general rather than with an elected governing party.

    Referent/-in
  • David Stadelmann, Universität Bayreuth
  • Zeit
    13:00 - 14:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    5. Februar 2015

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Household efficiency in monogamous and polygamous marriages in Nigeria
    Results from a behavioural experiment

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Marleen Dekker (Leiden University)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    14. Januar 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Factors Influencing Female Labor Force Participation in Germany and Egypt – A Comparative Study

    The literature on female labor force participation (FLFP) shows which personal and household characteristics determine FLFP in Egypt and in the Global North. The question remains, however to what extent these determinants differ between the Northern hemisphere and Egypt. This paper attempts to shed light on understanding if and how specific demographic factors affect the Egyptian FLFP in comparison with the German FLFP. Limited dependent variable technique; Probit model is utilized to determine which factors influence FLFP in both countries. The cross sectional analysis is conducted through the use of the 2012 Egyptian Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) and the 2012 German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Findings indicate that number of factors affect FLFP in both countries, some of which has a positive influence as years of schooling and age while others with a negative impact as being a married women, living in urban areas and number of children. On the other hand some other variables impact each country differently as wealth. Additionally, it was evident that years of schooling has a higher marginal impact on Egyptian FLFP yet, age, being married and number of children have a higher marginal effect on German FLFP.

    Referent/-in
  • Sara Hassan Hosney, German University in Cairo
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    7. Januar 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Inequality and Defined Benefit Pensions when Life Expectancy is Heterogeneous

    This study analyzes the distributional effects of a defined pension benefit system under heterogeneous life expectancies. For this purpose, we propose a methodology that quantifies life expectancy-based regressive redistribution using a life expectancy-adjusted benchmark scenario. This methodology is combined with a structural life-cycle model of labor supply, retirement and consumption decisions that allows for behavioral responses to changes in the pension system. We show that the German pension system induces a large regressive redistribution of life-time income, and has a relevant regressive effect on average annual consumption. Behavioral responses to regressive redistribution matter for the results. Introducing progressivity into either pension contributions or pension benefits only partially offsets the effects of life expectancy-based regressive redistribution via the pension system.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    16. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics RCT Research: When it works (as planned) and when it doesn't?
    Taking the case of microfinance evaluation studies.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Britta Augsburg (Institute for Fiscal Studies)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    4. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Impact of Nutritional Interventions on cognitive skills
    Evidence from India's Midday Meal Program

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Rajshri Jayaraman (ESMT)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    29. Oktober 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Occupational Segregation and the Misallocation of Talent

    This paper studies how occupational segregation - the sorting of workers across occupations based on their demographic characteristics - affects the allocation of talent in a competitive labour market.  A model of occupational choice is proposed in which workers must rely on their social contacts to acquire job vacancy information.  Workers are assumed to differ in terms of their cost of specialising in different occupations and their productivity on the job.  In this environment, network effects in job search can lead to occupational segregation in equilibrium.  While occupational segregation implies benefits in terms of job-finding probability, it may also engender significant allocative inefficiencies. Efficient and equilibrium outcomes differ due to a network externality that leads workers to segregate too little, and a pecuniary externality that leads workers to segregate too much.  Which effect dominates is shown to depend on the elasticity of wages to changes in the degree of occupational segregation.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    30. Juni 2014

    30.06.2014 - 01.07.2014 Konferenz 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference
    SOEP2014

    The 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2014) will be held in Berlin, June 30 to July 1, 2014, at DIW Berlin and Hertie School of Governance. The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g. economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent Files (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We encourage in particular submissions of papers using the longitudinal features of the SOEP as well as cross national comparative analysis.

    Mehr Informationen
    Keynote Speakers
  • Patricia McManus, Indiana University, Bloomington/USA Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan/Israel
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    5. - 6. Juni 2014

    Workshop Neighbourhood Effects - Empirical analyses and datasets on a small regional scale
    How does the neighbourhood influence the decision making of individuals and how do individuals sort themselves into neighbourhoods?

    Abschlussveranstaltung des Projektes "Nachbarschaftseffekte: Die Analyse individuell-rationalen Verhaltens im sozialen Kontext", das von einem Konsortium von RWI Essen, DIW Berlin, dem IAB in Nürnberg und der Universität Melbourne (Australien) durchgeführt worden.

    Ziel des Projekts ist, existierende Individualdatensätze, z.B. das SOEP oder den LIAB, zu geo-referenzieren und mit Informationen auf kleinräumiger Aggregationsebene, z.B. auf Ebene des Kreises oder des PLZ-Bezirks, anzureichern. Dies erlaubt die Analyse des kausalen Einflusses des sozialen Umfelds auf das individuelle Verhalten, z.B. auf die Inanspruchnahme staatlicher Transferleistungen, den Austritt aus der Arbeitslosigkeit oder die Integration von Migranten in die Gesellschaft.

    Mehr Informationen
    Keynote Speakers
  • Paul Elhorst (University of Groningen) Maarten van Ham (Delft University of Technology)
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    FDZ Ruhr am RWI Essen
    Dr. Sandra Schaffner
    fdz@rwi-essen.de
    4. Juni 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Freedom of Others: On Behavioral Responses to Mass-Releases from Prisons in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany)

    Using a wide range of administrative criminal, prison, and police records from the GDR, the paper estimates the incapacitation effect on crime. The paper analyzes a unique quasi-natural experiment: A collective pardon of essentially all GDR prison population in 1987. An instrumental variable strategy is applied to relate crime and recidivism rates to pardon-induced releases from prison. Preliminary results indicate a significantly higher probability of crime and recidivism after the pardon. Interpreting changing levels in incapacitation in a non-democratic state as varying rates of repression the paper contributes to both, the literature on crime and democratization. (research idea)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    26. Februar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen How far do criminals understand the criminal law? Evidence from French mandatory sentencing

    This paper studies the deterrent effect of a medium increase in the severity of sentences and documents how the understanding of the newly enacted law evolves in the criminal population. The empirical strategy exploits mandatory sentencing act against repeat offenders passed by the French parliament in August 2007. The law specifically targets offenders who did the same act twice. Nevertheless, it was mainly presented as a law against recidivists without further explanation. I use a unique dataset including individual level data reporting the outcome of all trials ended with a conviction in France. The identification strategy is based on timing of events framework and competing risk analysis. It exploits the fact that offenders sentenced before the law was passed differ by the type of their new offense and the time between the first conviction and the date of application of the law. The analysis shows a significant short term deterrent effect of the law which disappear after some months. It also shows that the short term effect also concerns crimes that were presented as targeted but were not effectively affected. After four months, new offenses of different type are not deterred while new offenses of similar type still are.

    Referent/-in
  • Arnaud Philippe
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    19. Februar 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Age Differences in Risk Taking

    Do risk preferences change as a function of age? I will present results of meta-analyses, small behavioral experiments, as well as preliminary analysis of SOEP that suggest that age may lead to decreased self-reported risk taking but that age-related changes may vary significantly as a function of the life domain and measure adopted. These results suggests that more work is needed to understand the properties of risk taking measures which has implications for studying age-related as well as individual differences in this domain. 

    Referent/-in
  • Mata Rui (Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, and Uni Basel)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    10. Juli 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar What is the effort for? Employment histories and incomes in later life in Europe

    The income situation of the elderly population in modern welfare states is the result of an interplay of individual developments over the life course and the national institutional and policy framework. While achievements on the labor market generally are the basis for the economic status in retirement, their actual effect, however, may vary according to the specific national conditions related to pension system, labor market policy and gender regime. I use data of the SHARELIFE study (3rd wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe), which contains life-history information of older individuals in 13 European countries, to analyze individual and institutional determinants of the income situation in later life and their interplay. The results show, first, considerable cross-national variation in the effect of employment history characteristics, especially regarding female part-time employment and family care. Second, institutional factors shape the relationship of employment history and old age income situation of women, while those factors are rather irrelevant for the income situation of older men.
    The talk will also include a comparison of SHARE and SOEP regarding the survey procedures for retrospective employment history information.

    Referent/-in
  • Katja Möhring (GK SOCLIFE, University of Cologne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
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