Veranstaltungen

Private Haushalte und Familien
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16. Dez 2015

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Beyond Filial Piety: The Structural and Cultural Determinants of Intergenerational Contact in China

This is the first representative study to assess the main determinants of intergenerational contact in China. It used a representative sample of 15,399 child-parent dyads to predict the frequency of (a) face-to-face contacts (b) contacts by (mobile) phone, text messaging and other electronic means and (c) all contacts; focusing in particular on the role of migration as well as children's gender, marital status and education level. The findings showed that distance was a major barrier to face-to-face contact in China, although most migrant children called regularly. They also indicated higher overall levels of contact with sons than with daughters, which can be attributed to the traditional norm of filial piety. At the same time, it was found that unmarried daughters and highly educated daughters had more contact with parents than their male counterparts, which suggests a weakening of gendered family practices in the wake of China's demographic and economic transformation.

Referent/-in
  • Rob Gruijters (BGSS)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 223
    25. Nov 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family structure and educational attainment in East and West Germany during the 20th century – a sibling analysis

    This study investigates whether the link between family dissolution and children’s educational attainment is contingent on the broader social and institutional context. The comparison of former capitalist West Germany and socialist East Germany presents an excellent case study as these countries differed considerably with regard to ideology and policies regarding families, schooling and labour markets. We base our analyses on the data of the German Life History Study that covers cohorts born throughout the twentieth century. Results of sibling fixed effect analyses show that growing up in a dissolved family in the former West was detrimental for educational attainment. In contrast, in the East with its comprehensive schooling system and extensive support for families and working mothers, family dissolution was not related to educational outcomes. The effects of family dissolution may thus be reinforced in stratified systems and possibly softened by social policies equalizing the social and economic situation attributed to dissolved families.

    Referent/-in
  • Wiebke Schulz, Universität Bielefeld

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    28. Oktober 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen All-Day Schools and Maternal Labour Supply: The Case of Primary Education in Germany

    (together with Ludovica Gambaro and Frauke Peter)
    This study investigates whether the link between family dissolution and children’s educational attainment is contingent on the broader social and institutional context. The comparison of former capitalist West Germany and socialist East Germany presents an excellent case study as these countries differed considerably with regard to ideology and policies regarding families, schooling and labour markets. We base our analyses on the data of the German Life History Study that covers cohorts born throughout the twentieth century. Results of sibling fixed effect analyses show that growing up in a dissolved family in the former West was detrimental for educational attainment. In contrast, in the East with its comprehensive schooling system and extensive support for families and working mothers, family dissolution was not related to educational outcomes. The effects of family dissolution may thus be reinforced in stratified systems and possibly softened by social policies equalizing the social and economic situation attributed to dissolved families.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    30. Sept 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Lifetime inequality: The impact of taxation, transfers and pensions

    (together with Daniel Kemptner and Victoria Prowse)
    In this paper, we analyze how income taxes, transfer programs and the pension system affect inequality in lifetime income. Importantly, we consider pre-retirement and post-retirement income and thereby we extend the previous literature on lifetime inequality, which has only considered income received before retirement. We use a dynamic structural life-cycle model to derive trajectories of earnings and net income over the whole life-cycle. Based on these life-cycle profiles, we investigate the drivers of inequality in lifetime gross earnings and we study the impact of taxes, transfer and pensions on inequality in lifetime net income. We also explore how major sources of life-cycle risk, namely employment an health risks, affect life-time income and how the different fiscal programmes provide insurance for these life-cycle risks.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 264
    29. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Role of Time Preferences in Educational Decision Making

    We evaluate the role of time preferences in educational decision making, when deviating from the standard-neoclassical assumption of exponential discounting. Based on a dynamic structural life-cycle model we analyse the importance of the discount factor for policy simulations. This is done by considering two relevant policies: (1.) a change in the state grant for students (BaföG) as a way to affect short-run benefits while at school and (2.) a change in progressive taxation as a way to affect long-run benefits of schooling since labour income generally increases with additional years of schooling.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    15. April 2015

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Peer Effects in Labor Supply Decisions of Mothers with Young Children

    Social and economic policies are likely to affect individuals not only by the change in financial incentives, but also by a change in the behavior of their social or work environment. It is our goal to determine social interaction effects in the context of employment behavior in Germany. In particular, we analyze whether the labor supply decisions of mothers with young children depend on the decisions made by their coworkers. The identification of social interaction effects bears various challenges that need to be overcome by the design of the empirical strategy. To this end we follow a reduced-form approach exploiting quasi-random variation in the costs of parental leave induced by the introduction of the new Elterngeld in 2007. Administrative linked employer-employee panel data enables us to assign a peer group to each individual and provides us with individual employment histories of all individuals in these social groups. This data set, combined with microeconometric and quasi-experimental methods, allows us to overcome the challenges associated with the identification and determine existence and magnitude of social interaction effects in employment decisions.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    25. Februar 2015

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Protection or selection? New insights into the effect of children on union dissolution in Germany

    Research on divorce or union dissolution demonstrates that the presence of children, the number of children and/or the age of the youngest child is negatively correlated with the risk of breaking up. One line of argument is that children stabilize unions. Different mechanisms might be at work such as stronger feelings of obligation, stronger economic dependencies of mothers due to family specific investments leading to low or no labour market investments or due to reduced working hours as a consequence of insufficient external child care and so on. Another line of argument is that partners being less satisfied with or obligated to their relationship are less prone to have any children at all or to have further ones. We can also put it the other way round: A more promising relationship increases the chance of having (more) offspring as well as the chance of having a stable union.

    To get new insight into this controversial topic of protection vs. selection we test the consequences of births resulting from unplanned pregnancies on the stability of (marital and cohabitating) unions. We frame women with an unplanned pregnancy as the treatment group. As unplanned pregnancies are highly selective we use the technique of propensity score matching (PSM) to identify one control group of women with planned pregnancies and one control group of women without a pregnancy (birth). Then we compare the union stability of these three groups using survivor functions. We use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), as since 2003 this yearly panel survey asks mothers of new-borns if the pregnancy had been planned or not.

    Referent/-in
  • Thorsten Schneider (Universität Leipzig)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    21. Januar 2015

    Seminar Equalization of Opportunity: Definitions, Implementable Conditions and Application to Early-Childhood Policy Evaluation
    Leibniz Seminar für Arbeitsmarktforschung (BeNA)

    Abstract: This paper develops a criterion to assess equalization of opportunity that is consistent with theoretical views of equality of opportunity. We characterize inequality of opportunity as a situation where some groups in society enjoy an illegitimate advantage. In this context, equalization of opportunity requires that the extent of the illegitimate advantage enjoyed by the privileged groups falls.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Francesco Andreoli (CEPS/INSTEAS and University of Verona
  • Zeit
    6.15-7.30 pm
    Ort
    Humboldt Universität Raum 23
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 158
    16. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics RCT Research: When it works (as planned) and when it doesn't?
    Taking the case of microfinance evaluation studies.

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    Referent/-in
  • Britta Augsburg (Institute for Fiscal Studies)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    10. Dez 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The top tail of the German wealth distribution

    We investigate the top tail of the German wealth distribution using the first wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Assuming that wealth follows a Pareto distribution above a minimum level, we correct for the "missing rich" by imputing wealth above three million Euro. Then, we investigate the German wealth distribution considering the impact of the imputation. To test the robustness of the results, the imputation is replicated using the SOEP 2012. The findings suggest that the concentration of wealth in the top tail is substantially higher in the corrected wealth distribution.

    Referent/-in
  • Aline Zucco
  • Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 353
    5. Dez 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Zukunftsangst! Fear of (and hope for) the future and its impact on life satisfaction

    The thoughts that an individual has about the future contribute substantially to their life satisfaction in a positive or negative direction. This is a result found via five different methods, some of which control for personality and disposition and the potential endogeneity of thoughts and life satisfaction. The reduction in life satisfaction experienced by individuals who report being pessimistic is greater than that for well-known objective statuses like unemployment. Including individuals’ thoughts about the future substantially increases the explanatory power of standard life satisfaction models. Life satisfaction is made up of objective and subjective factors and methods exist to account for their potential endogeneity to enhance our understanding of well-being. This investigation is an example of such an analysis combining a subjective factor, thoughts about the future (treated as endogenous), with more standard objective factors to aid understanding regarding well-being.

    Referent/-in
  • Alan Piper, University of Flensburg
  • Zeit
    11:30 - 12:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    4. Dez 2014

    Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics Impact of Nutritional Interventions on cognitive skills
    Evidence from India's Midday Meal Program

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Rajshri Jayaraman (ESMT)
  • Zeit
    17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    5. Nov 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Sowing the Wind and Reaping the Whirlwind? The Effect of Wind Turbines on Residential Well-Being

    (together with Christian Krekel)
    This paper investigates the effects of wind turbines on residential well-being, using panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and a novel data set on wind turbines in Germany for the time period between 2000 and 2012. Using a Geographical Information System (GIS), it calculates the distance to wind turbines, measured as the Euclidean distance between households and the nearest wind turbine, as the most important determinant of their visual pollution. The depth of the novel data set, which has been collected at the regional level and which includes, besides the characteristics of the wind turbines, their construction date, allows to estimate the causal effects of wind turbines on residential well-being, using difference-in-difference propensity-score matching. Preliminary results suggest that the construction of wind turbines in a pre-defined buffer area of 4,000 metres around households has negative effects on the life satisfaction of household members. The results are robust to different buffer areas.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    8. Oktober 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Parental Leave Benefits and Breastfeeding in Germany: Effects of the 2007 Reform

    (together with Anita Kottwitz and C. Katharina Spieß)
    While the health benefits of breastfeeding for both mothers and children are well known, breastfeeding may make it difficult for mothers to return early to the labor market. Maternity and parental leave regulations have been designed to reduce this conflict. In 2007, Germany put into effect a new parental leave benefit (Elterngeld). The related reform increased the number of parents eligible for benefits and changed the amount and duration of the benefits. The reform sought to decrease the pressure to return to the labor market soon after childbirth, especially for those parents who did not benefit under the old system. The current paper investigates whether this reform of parental leave impacted breastfeeding initiation and duration in Germany. We draw on representative survey data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) from 2002 through 2012. Three breastfeeding measures are exploited 1) breastfeeding at birth or no breastfeeding initiation; 2) breastfeeding for at least four months; and 3) breastfeeding for at least six months. We find no effect of the Elterngeld reform on breastfeeding initiation or breastfeeding for at least six months, but do find an effect on breastfeeding for at least four months. Applying a difference-in-difference approach, it is shown that mothers who were not affected by the reform did not change their breastfeeding behavior. Breastfeeding duration increased among mothers who benefited from the reform. The results were robust over various sensitivity tests including placebo regressions and controlling for regional indicators, among others. Thus, our empirical results provide evidence that the reform's goal of allowing parents to spend more time with their children during the first year of life also impacted breastfeeding behavior.

    Referent/-in
  • Anja Oppermann (iFQ Institut für Forschungsinformation und Qualitätssicherung)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    24. Sept 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Zur Erfassung des Medienklimas als Kontextinformation in der Umfrageforschung: Das Beispiel des Media Claims Coding im Rahmen des European Social Survey

    (zusammen mit Stefan Liebig)
    Das aktuelle Tagesgeschehen in Politik und Öffentlichkeit kann die Meinungen und Einstellungen der Menschen in einem Land verändern. Insofern Surveys versuchen, solche Meinungen und Einstellungen zu messen, können Nachrichten und Ereignisse einen Einfluss auf die Ergebnisse einer Erhebung nehmen. Um diesen Einflussfaktor untersuchen zu können, wird im Rahmen des European Social Survey versucht, das Medienklima zum Zeitpunkt der Erhebung zu erfassen. Dafür werden über einen Zeitraum von 10 Wochen die zentralen Inhalte zweier überregionaler Tageszeitungen analysiert und dokumentiert. Es werden sogenannte "Media Claims" identifiziert und vercodet, die eine Intervention eines Akteurs im öffentlichen Raum darstellen. Der Vortrag schildert das Verfahren, diskutiert theoretische und praktische Herausforderungen und präsentiert erste vorläufige Ergebnisse des Einflusses von Media Claims auf ausgewählte Meinungen und Einstellungen.

    Referent/-in
  • Michael Weinhardt (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    13:00-14:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    19. Sept 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Psychic Cost of Children

    (together with Hielke Buddelmeyer and Daniel Hamermesh)
    We use longitudinal data on couples in Australia covering the period 2001 to 2012, and in Germany for 2002 to 2012, to examine how demographic events affect perceived time and financial stress. Consistent with the view of measures of stress as proxies for the Lagrangean multipliers in models of household production, we show that births increase time stress, especially among mothers, and generally also raise financial stress, with somewhat larger effects of first births. The monetary equivalent of the costs of the extra time stress is very large. While the departure of a child from the home does reduce parents’ time and financial stress, its negative impacts on the tightness of the time and goods constraints are smaller than the positive impacts of a birth.

    Referent/-in
  • Mark Wooden (University of Melbourne)
  • Zeit
    11:00 - 12:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 461
    15. - 18. Sept 2014

    Konferenz Sustaining Quality of Life across the Globe - ISQOLS 2014
    The Quality of Life Conference

    The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) and the Free University Berlin (FU Berlin) invite researchers from all disciplines, policy makers and practitioners from across the globe to participate in the 2014 Quality of Life Conference "Sustaining Quality of Life across the Globe".

    Conference topics

    • Theoretical Foundations and Conceptual Applications
    • Empirical Applications - Domains, Events, and Life Cycle
    • Indices, Measures, and Methods for QoL-Research
    • Regional Perspectives and Cross-Country Comparisons
    • Everyday Life Experiences, Policy Perspectives, and Global Trends

     

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Freie Universität Berlin Raum 202 (Kaminzimmer) Boltzmannstr. 20 14195 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 690
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    berlin2014@isqols.org
    30. Juli 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family-Friendly Workplaces: Selection and Satisfaction

    We exploiting two unique data sources, a linked employer-employee dataset and a dataset on families in Germany, to analyze the effect of a change in firm family friendliness on workforce composition and worker satisfaction. We focus on two types of family friendly policies: The offer of childcare services and flexible working hours. Combining fixed effect and matching methods to account for selection effects we find some evidence for a stronger increase in the fraction of women in firms which introduced a family friendly policy. The effect is in particular strong for childcare services in East Germany. Satisfaction with work and care are also affected. Flexible working hours, if at all, only set incentives for higher educated women to choose a specific employer.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    16. Juli 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Role of Time Preferences in Educational Decision Making

    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the role time preferences play in educational decision making. In the presentation, I introduce a dynamic structural life-cycle model in which a forward-looking decision maker makes periodical decisions between continuing schooling and exiting to the labour force. The strategy of the underlying paper is to solve and estimate two versions of this model, one with an exponential, one with a hyperbolic discount factor, and compare subsequent model fit and outcomes from policy simulations. In the presentation, I show the solution to the exponential version and some cautious results of first estimation under some very basic specifications.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    30. Juni 2014

    30.06.2014 - 01.07.2014 Konferenz 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference
    SOEP2014

    The 11th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2014) will be held in Berlin, June 30 to July 1, 2014, at DIW Berlin and Hertie School of Governance. The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with other researchers familiar with SOEP data. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g. economics, demography, geography, political science, public health, psychology and sociology) who use the SOEP or the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent Files (CNEF) are invited to submit an abstract. We encourage in particular submissions of papers using the longitudinal features of the SOEP as well as cross national comparative analysis.

    Mehr Informationen
    Keynote Speakers
  • Patricia McManus, Indiana University, Bloomington/USA Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan/Israel
  • Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
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