Veranstaltungen

Private Haushalte und Familien
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
12. März 2014

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Family pension benefits and household savings

Child-raising pension benefits (Kindererziehungszeiten) in Germany are designed as a compensation for employment interruptions due to child-birth. These benefits increase the parent's (usually the mother's) pension wealth. In principle, this implies negative incentives for private savings.
Based on the Income and Expenditure Survey (EVS), the impact of child-raising pension benefits on household savings shall be identified by exploiting the pension reform 1992 as a natural experiment. In this cluster seminar the research idea will be presented.

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30-13:30
Ort
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
22. Januar 2014

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Impact of Tuition Fees on Educational Inequality

This paper studies whether university tuition fees affect the intention to acquire a university degree among high school students and, if so, whether individuals from low-income households are affected in particular. We analyze the introduction and abolishment of tuition fees in Germany using data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). We find a negative effect of tuition fees on the intention of 17-years-olds to acquire a university degree. The effect is mainly driven by individuals from low-income households. By analyzing register data from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, we also show that tuition fees affect the actual number of university graduates more in communities with relatively high unemployment rates.

Referent/-in
  • Michael Bahrs (Universität Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    15. Januar 2014

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Educational Choice against All the Odds - Personality Traits as a Tool Kit?

    Students from a non-academic background have a significant lower probability of receiving tertiary education than their peers from an academic background. This is true even in an educational system where higher education is free of charge and financial constraints play a rather small role. Many theoretical and empirical articles describe reasons for this inequality. While primary effects, as less educational input at home, and secondary effects, fewer financial resources, explain the lower attendance, few studies show the factors that lead to a successful transition into tertiary education. In this paper we examine students who enter college against all the odds. Holding parental background and cognitive ability constant, by applying a propensity score matching method, we show that personality traits explain college enrollment intentions. The results show that educational policies should not neglect students' non-cognitive skills, as these skills help explain how to close the educational gap. Our first preliminary results show that "openness to experience" increases students' intention to pursue a college degree. (joint with Frauke Peter)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    8. Januar 2014

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Taking Social Policy Personally: Personality Traits and Welfare Attitudes Across Contexts of Social Need and Regime Socialization

    Previous political research on personality has largely focused on voting and partisan attitudes. This article explores the direct and the conditional relationship between the Big Five personality traits and welfare state attitudes in the context of five different areas or needs contexts for welfare provision. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel 2002, we obtain robust evidence that neuroticism is associated with stronger support for the state's financial responsibility when unemployed, when sick, and for the family. The substantive effect of personality traits in predicting welfare attitudes is often as large as that of education, employment status, or partisan ideology. Moreover, unlike traits such as conscientiousness, openness and extraversion, the relationship between neuroticism and welfare attitudes is not conditioned by communist regime socialization. We conclude that personality in general and neuroticism in particular are unjustly neglected factors shaping individuals' preferences towards welfare provision, which deserve closer attention in future research.

    Keywords: Big Five, self-interest, socialization, communist legacy,
    German Socio-Economic Panel

    SSRN Download: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2282622

    Referent/-in
  • Prof. Markus S. Tepe (Universität Oldenburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    18. Dez 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Transition to Parenthood and the Dynamic of Women´s Economic Dependency. A Comparison of Germany and Switzerland

    Referent/-in
  • Lena Liechti
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    4. Dez 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen What happens if women disappear from the labor market? Occupational status of women at marriage in a modernizing society

    joint with Ineke Maas & Marco H.D. van Leeuwen

    The nineteenth and twentieth centuries are an especially interesting period to investigate women's status attainment in Western societies because interesting and partly contrary developments took place. First, women increasingly withdrew from the labor market after marriage, possibly as a consequence of increasing prosperity that allowed families to survive on only one (the male) income. Secondly girls increasingly participated in secondary education which should have given them more job opportunities. Thirdly, in part due to the early suffragette movement, notions on equal treatment of men and women gained ground. In view of these developments we will answer the following questions: How did the occupational status of women at marriage change over time, and how did it vary between regions? To what extent can regional and temporal variation in the occupational status of women at marriage be explained by (a) the decrease in women's labour force participation rates (b) the increase in schooling of girls and (c) the increase of gender equality notions?

    The data we use, the GENLIAS dataset is an excellent source to study status attainment at marriage over a long period of time. It includes all 19th and early 20th century marriage certificates of the Netherlands. The 911,602 marriage certificates that we analyze do not only contain information on the married persons, but also on their parents, ages and often their occupational titles. In addition the place of marriage is noted. These rich information allow us to employ a multi-level research design, where the theoretical processes are measured at the level of municipalities, and may vary yearly.

    Referentin
  • Wiebke Schulz (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    13. Nov 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Unions, Policy, and Family Values: How unions influence state-level leave policy in the United States

    Referent/-in
  • Cassandra Engeman (University of California)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    6. Nov 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Music or Sports - An empirical analysis of their differential effects on child development

    (joint with Charlotte Cabane and Michael Lechner)

    Previous studies on the effects of leisure activities on skill development do not discuss whether such activities are complements or substitutes. Comparing to which extent various extracurricular activities influence skill development brings us closer to understanding the formation of educational inequalities as well as the mechanisms behind skill production. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, our study compares the role of music and sports for the development of cognitive and non-cognitive skills during adolescence. We use parental taste as an instrumental variable to account for the non-random choice between these activities. Our preliminary findings suggest that music is better than sports for increasing adolescents’ ambition and optimism about future success.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 610
    30. Oktober 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Moving to diversity: residential mobility, changes in ethnic diversity and concerns about immigration

    Studies on ethnic diversity and social cohesion are predominantly crosssectional and assume linearity, i.e. a steady, constant decline of social capital as ethnic diversity increases. Relying on longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and applying a differences-in-differences design, the paper investigates how the event of moving to a more or less diverse neighbourhood affects people's opinions about immigration up until the fourth year after the move.
    The results show that moving to diversity indeed results in more concerns about immigration and that the conclusion would actually have been the opposite if one had relied on a cross-sectional analysis of the data exclusively. Moreover, the effect of ethnic diversity lasts over time: even four years after moving people who moved to a more diverse neighbourhood remain more xenophobic. But people who move to ‘highly-diverse' neighbourhoods, i.e. one of Germany's 15% most diverse neighbourhoods, do not become more concerned. In contrast to assumptions on linear, constant effects of diversity, this shows that prejudice-fostering effects of diversity wear off at high levels of diversity, suggesting that frequent opportunities for personal intergroup contact begin to cancel out feelings of threat.

    Referent/-in
  • Bram Lancee & Merlin Schaeffer (WZB)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    16. Oktober 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Stress inducing or relieving? Retirement's causal effect on health

    This paper estimates the causal effect of retirement on health using Regression Discontinuity Design and instrumental variables. Age serves as an assignment variable for the RDD estimation and eligibility for a state pension is used as an instrument for retirement. Self-reported health status and the physical and mental sum-mary score of the SF12 measure are used as dependent variables. The results show an increase in subjective health and mental health. There is evidence for effect heterogeneity with respect to gender, education and job satisfaction.

    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    2. Oktober 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Maternity Leave in the Context of Couples

    The proposed research focuses on maternity leave duration and re-entry into full- and part-time employment for mothers in Germany. Numerous authors have investigated this subject in order to find out how women's characteristics, combined with family policies and the children's characteristics, influence the re-entries. However, these studies have been limited by their one-sided concentration on the female partner. In answer to this shortcoming, this analysis purposes to study both partners, individually and as a couple. The first part looks at widely accepted covariates and complements these with information on the male partner and relations between both partners, while the second concentrates on occupational uncertainties within both partners' careers.The empirical analysis focuses on the first twenty-two years of post-reunification Germany, using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). Proportional hazards models are used to estimate the re-entries of 2881 mothers in maternity leave. Results show that couples generally assess the re-entry decision on the basis of economic considerations. While the re-entry into part-time employment is primarily affected by the mother's own resources and former career, the return to full-time is more linked to the partner's resources. This utility maximizing act is especially prevalent in families where the mother has a high earning potential, a group having the highest re-entry chances for mothers, especially into full-time employment.

    Referent/-in
  • Stefanie Hoherz (ISER, University of Essex)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 587
    20. Sept 2013

    Veranstaltung 30 Years of German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP)
    Anniversary Colloquium on Happiness Research

    The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) is currently collecting its 30th wave of data. We would like to celebrate this milestone with a colloquium on "Happiness Research", which has become one of the central fields of research with the SOEP data over the last ten years.

    An increasing number of SOEP users are focusing on themes of satisfaction and happiness in their analyses, and we therefore are delighted to announce that internationally renown researchers have agreed to present their findings in keynote speeches at the colloquium. 

    In a special session, awards for the best papers based on SOEP data published in 2011 and 2012 will then be presented by the Chairman of the Board of the Society of Friends of DIW Berlin (VdF), which is also the main sponsor of the colloquium.

    How to get there

    Mehr Informationen
    Keynote Speakers
  • Conchita D'Ambrosio (University of Luxembourg/Luxembourg), Paul Frijters (University of Queensland/Australia), Bruce Headey (University of Melbourne/Australia), Rich Lucas (Michigan State University/USA), Andrew Oswald (University of Warwick/UK), Nilam Ram (Pennstate University/USA), and Rainer Winkelmann (University of Zurich/Switzerland).
  • Ort
    Hertie School of Governance Raum: Forum A Friedrichstr. 180 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 283
    28. Juni 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Does Everyone Use Probabilities?
    Intuitive and Rational Decisions about Stockholding

    Is using probabilities in decision making under uncertainty a universal pattern? Or is it confined to individuals with high cognitive skills? We address this question based on a novel theoretical approach and on data on subjective probabilities from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Our analysis focusses on stockholding decisions. Our theoretical model relies on the dual-systems framework from psychology. Individuals with low cognitive skills make decisions in an intuitive nonprobabilistic way based on cues and feelings. Individuals with high cognitive skills make decisions akin to the expected utility model. In our empirical analysis, we find substantial evidence that the association between subjective probabilities and behavior is much stronger for individuals with high cognitive skills than for those with low cognitive skills. Our findings suggest that decision making akin to the expected utility model may indeed be confined to individuals with higher cognitive skills.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Asso. Prof. Martin Salm, Tilburg University
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 517
    19. Juni 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Natural Disaster, Policy Disaster, Policy Action, and Mental Well-Being: The Case of Fukushima

    We study the impact of the Fukushima disaster on people's mental distress in another industrialized country, 5500 miles away. The meltdown significantly increased environmental concerns by 25% among the German population. Subsequent drastic policy action permanently shut down the oldest nuclear reactors, implemented the phase-out of the remaining ones, and proclaimed the transition to renewables. This energy policy turnaround was largely supported by the population and equalized the increase in mental distress. We fail to detect any significant long-term impact of Fukushima. However, we estimate that during the 3 months after the meltdown, Fukushima triggered external monetized health costs worth €250 per distressed citizen-particularly among risk averse women above 40.

    Autoren
  • Asst. Prof. Dr. Nicolas R. Ziebarth, Cornell University
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    25. April 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Special: Poverty and Well-Being: A Longitudinal Perspective

    We analyze the multi-faceted effects of poverty on the subjective well-being of individuals. Using panel data on more than 42,500 individuals living in Germany from 1993 to 2010 we show that self-reported satisfaction with life decreases as a result of both contemporaneous and past episodes of poverty. The intensity of contemporaneous poverty also plays an additional negative role. In addition, for poor individuals persistent poverty is more harmful than the same number of years of low income experienced with movements in and out of poverty. The negative effects of being in poverty are permanent and do not vanish over time: individuals do not adapt to poverty, and, even when subsequently out of poverty, they report lower satisfaction with life. These effects differ by population subgroups.

    Referent/-in
  • Conchita D'Ambrosio (University of Milan - Bicocca, Italy) Andrew Clark (Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS) Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques (PSE))
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    24. April 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays

    Excessive alcohol consumption among the youth is a major public health concern both in Germany and Europe. In March 2010 the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg banned the sale of alcoholic beverages between 10pm and 5am in off-premise outlets (e.g. petrol stations, supermarkets). We use monthly administrative data from a 70% random sample of all hospital admissions for the years 2007-2010 in order to evaluate the impact of this policy on alcohol-related hospitalizations. Applying a difference-in-difference approach, we find that the policy change reduces alcohol-related hospitalizations among teenagers and young adults by about 7-10%. (joint with Thomas Siedler)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    22. April 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Special: Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination

    The immense literature on discrimination treats outcomes as relativistic: One group suffers relative to another. But does a difference arise because agents discriminate against others-are exophobic-or because they favor their own kind-are endophiles? We conduct a field experiment in which graders at one university are randomly assigned students' exams that did or did not contain the students' names. Examining the effects of matches by nationality or gender on exam scores, on average we find favoritism but no discrimination by nationality, and neither favoritism nor discrimination by gender. Favoritism by nationality is due chiefly to behavior by the most experienced graders and those who had been rated as poor teachers in previous courses. We observe heterogeneity in both discrimination and favoritism by nationality and by gender in the distributions of graders' preferences. Although we could not perceive our own in-groups excepting as they contrast to out-groups, still the in-groups are psychologically primary. Hostility toward out-groups helps strengthen our sense of belonging, but it is not required. [Allport, 1954]

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Dan Hamermesh, University of Texas at Austin and Royal Holloway University London (joint with Jan Feld and Nicolás Salamanca, ROA University of Maastricht)
  • Zeit
    10:00 - 11:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    17. April 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Do mothers adjust their labor supply in response to child-raising benefits in the pension system?

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    10. April 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Association between Educational Fields and Parenthood: The Question of 'How'

    Research on education and fertility has been enriched by studies that take the educational field into account next to the educational level. But what causes the association between educational fields and fertility? This paper contributes to the existing literature by examining how characteristics of educational fields are related to the transition to parenthood and the timing of the first birth.

    The data come from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). The analysis focusses on women in Western Germany, who hold a vocational or university degree and did not become mothers prior to graduation. Discrete Event History Models are applied to examine the impact of the share of women, the probability for employment in the public sector, the probability of part-time employment, the occupational specificity and the income potential of the educational field a woman is educated in on the transition to parenthood. To examine the impact of these characteristics on the timing of the first birth, two time axes are compared: the years since graduation and age.

    The relationship between the share of women in a field and the transition rates to parenthood appears to be u-shaped, with high transition rates for women educated in fields with a low or an outstandingly high share of women. A negative relationship is found between the probability of public sector employment in a field and transition to parenthood, while the probability to work part-time positively impacts on the transition to parenthood. The occupational specificity of a field only impacts on the timing: women educated in fields with a high occupational specificity tend to postpone the birth of a first child but catch-up later. No impact of income potential of a field is found.

    Referent/-in
  • Anja Oppermann (Universität Köln)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    27. Februar 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The role of family risk attitudes in education and intergenerational mobility: An empirical analysis

    This paper analyses the role of family risk attitudes in intergenerational mobility in incomes and education. Based on 1984-2009 data of sons and fathers from the German Socio-Economic Panel Survey, there is evidence suggesting that sons with risk taking fathers have a significantly higher educational mobility and persistently higher income mobility than peers with risk averse fathers. They obtain significantly higher levels of education, which would be justified by modest evidence on higher returns to education. The relationship seems more complex for sons' own risk attitudes. Risk taking sons experience higher educational mobility, but there is no difference in income mobility to risk averse sons. There are no considerable differences in the levels of education, but modest evidence suggesting lower returns to education for risk taking sons. The findings improve the understanding of the intergenerational transmission mechanism of economic status and show that family risk attitudes impact economic mobility. The study suggests an important intergenerational link between fathers' risk attitudes and sons' levels of education, which has not received much attention in the literature.

    Referent/-in
  • Mathias Hübener (University College London)
  • Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
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