Veranstaltungen

Private Haushalte und Familien
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22. April 2013

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Special: Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination

The immense literature on discrimination treats outcomes as relativistic: One group suffers relative to another. But does a difference arise because agents discriminate against others-are exophobic-or because they favor their own kind-are endophiles? We conduct a field experiment in which graders at one university are randomly assigned students' exams that did or did not contain the students' names. Examining the effects of matches by nationality or gender on exam scores, on average we find favoritism but no discrimination by nationality, and neither favoritism nor discrimination by gender. Favoritism by nationality is due chiefly to behavior by the most experienced graders and those who had been rated as poor teachers in previous courses. We observe heterogeneity in both discrimination and favoritism by nationality and by gender in the distributions of graders' preferences. Although we could not perceive our own in-groups excepting as they contrast to out-groups, still the in-groups are psychologically primary. Hostility toward out-groups helps strengthen our sense of belonging, but it is not required. [Allport, 1954]

Mehr Informationen
Referent/-in
  • Dan Hamermesh, University of Texas at Austin and Royal Holloway University London (joint with Jan Feld and Nicolás Salamanca, ROA University of Maastricht)
  • Zeit
    10:00 - 11:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    17. April 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Do mothers adjust their labor supply in response to child-raising benefits in the pension system?

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    10. April 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Association between Educational Fields and Parenthood: The Question of 'How'

    Research on education and fertility has been enriched by studies that take the educational field into account next to the educational level. But what causes the association between educational fields and fertility? This paper contributes to the existing literature by examining how characteristics of educational fields are related to the transition to parenthood and the timing of the first birth.

    The data come from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). The analysis focusses on women in Western Germany, who hold a vocational or university degree and did not become mothers prior to graduation. Discrete Event History Models are applied to examine the impact of the share of women, the probability for employment in the public sector, the probability of part-time employment, the occupational specificity and the income potential of the educational field a woman is educated in on the transition to parenthood. To examine the impact of these characteristics on the timing of the first birth, two time axes are compared: the years since graduation and age.

    The relationship between the share of women in a field and the transition rates to parenthood appears to be u-shaped, with high transition rates for women educated in fields with a low or an outstandingly high share of women. A negative relationship is found between the probability of public sector employment in a field and transition to parenthood, while the probability to work part-time positively impacts on the transition to parenthood. The occupational specificity of a field only impacts on the timing: women educated in fields with a high occupational specificity tend to postpone the birth of a first child but catch-up later. No impact of income potential of a field is found.

    Referent/-in
  • Anja Oppermann (Universität Köln)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    27. Februar 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The role of family risk attitudes in education and intergenerational mobility: An empirical analysis

    This paper analyses the role of family risk attitudes in intergenerational mobility in incomes and education. Based on 1984-2009 data of sons and fathers from the German Socio-Economic Panel Survey, there is evidence suggesting that sons with risk taking fathers have a significantly higher educational mobility and persistently higher income mobility than peers with risk averse fathers. They obtain significantly higher levels of education, which would be justified by modest evidence on higher returns to education. The relationship seems more complex for sons' own risk attitudes. Risk taking sons experience higher educational mobility, but there is no difference in income mobility to risk averse sons. There are no considerable differences in the levels of education, but modest evidence suggesting lower returns to education for risk taking sons. The findings improve the understanding of the intergenerational transmission mechanism of economic status and show that family risk attitudes impact economic mobility. The study suggests an important intergenerational link between fathers' risk attitudes and sons' levels of education, which has not received much attention in the literature.

    Referent/-in
  • Mathias Hübener (University College London)
  • Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    30. Januar 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Body and Mind in the SOEP: Longitudinal interplay between physical health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control

    The relationship between body and mind has fascinated thinkers for centuries. During the last decade empirical research has started to unravel the processes mediating between indicators of physical health and psychological variables. However, longitudinal studies on representative samples on these processes are still scarce. The aim of the present study is to assess the longitudinal interplay between functional health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control. Data from participants of the SOEP with information on functional health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control are analyzed. Functional health is measured by grip strength in 2006 and 2010, subjective sleep quality was rated in 2008 and 2010, and perceived control was assessed in 2005 and 2010. Autoregressive crossed-lagged panel analysis is applied in three age groups (< 40 years, 40 – 59 years, and >59 years) controlling gender and age within the age group.

    Referent/-in
  • Sakari Lemola (Uni Basel)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    16. Januar 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Growing up in a children’s home alters the set-point of general life satisfaction throughout the adult life-span

    Little is known on childhood adversities such as growing up in children's home and enduring differences in life satisfaction in adulthood. In the present study we tested whether individuals reared in children's homes differ in their general life satisfaction from people raised in their families. The data comprised of 19,210 German adults (51.5% female) aged from 17 to 101 years (M = 44.79 years, SD = 18.74 years) and were provided by the SOEP, an ongoing, nationally representative longitudinal study of private households in Germany. Compared to people raised in families, individuals reared in children's homes reported significantly lower general life satisfaction in the manner of a dose response relationship. Therefore, growing up in a children's home can be regarded as a game changer - a factor that may alter children's life prospects indelibly.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    9. Januar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen How learning a musical instrument affects educational achievement

    Learning a musical instrument during childhood may increase educational opportunities by improving cognitive skills, teaching non-cognitive skills or by sending positive signals to teachers. Our study tests these hypotheses with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, which contains information on musical practice during childhood as well as detailed parental background characteristics. In order to reduce the bias resulting from non-random selection into musical practice, we use propensity score matching. Moreover, we test the robustness of our results with siblings fixed effects. We find that learning a musical instrument improves cognitive skills by 0.3 and school marks by 0.15 standard deviations. Educational ambitions improve whereas non-cognitive skills do not seem to be affected. Positive effects are stronger for children from lower socio-economic status.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    19. Dez 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Die Nachfrage nach Energie, Mobilität und Freizeit und Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage

    Ein Nachfragesystem, dass Mobilität, Energiegüter und Freizeit (respektive Arbeitsangebot) einschließt, wird mit den Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichproben (EVS) der Jahre 1998, 2003 und 2008 geschätzt. Getrennt für Single- und Paarhaushalte weren Eigen- und Kreuzpreiselastizitäten berechnet, mit denen die Auswirkungen der EEG Umlage simuliert werden. Die EEG Umlage wirkt wie eine Stromsteuer und führte zwischen 2008 und 2013 zu einer Steigerung des Strompreises für die Haushalte von im Schnitt 25,9%.
    Belastungswirkungen, Nachfrageeffekte, Arbeitsangebot, Aufkommenswirkungen und Wohlfahrtseffekte werden mit dem Nachfragesystem simuliert.

    Der Vortrag findet auf deutsch statt.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    12. Dez 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Are we architects of our own happiness? The importance of family background for well-being

    Modern societies and economies are built on the promise that individuals are basically free to choose actions to achieve their greatest happiness. This implies that individuals are the architects of their own happiness (or well-being). Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper analyzes to which extent individuals' well-being is determined not by their own actions but by the influence of their family background. We present sibling correlations as well as intergenerational correlations in well-being.
    We find high sibling correlations for all areas of subjective well-being and therefore substantial influence of family background. This influence weakens with the siblings' distance from their parental home. The comparison of sibling correlations with intergenerational correlations shows that the influence of family background is much stronger than suggested by traditional one dimensional measures of intergenerational mobility.

    Referent/-in
  • Christoph Wunder (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    28. Nov 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Regional Differences in Retirement Timing

    Referent/-in
  • Susanne Strauss (Uni Tübingen, currently guest researcher at DIW)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    31. Oktober 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar 9/11- Attitudes toward Immigration and the Moderating Role of Education

    Abstract:
    The major event of the 9/11 terror attacks has likely induced an increase in anti-immigrant and anti-foreigner sentiment, not only among US residents but also beyond US borders. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), and exploiting the fact that survey interviews have been randomly conducted throughout the year 2001 - before and after September 11 - I am able to identify the immediate negative impact of the terrorist attack in the US on attitudes toward immigration as well as on concerns over xenophobic hostility in Germany. Further, this quasi-experiment provides evidence on the role of education in moderating the negative terrorism shock.

    Referent/-in
  • Simone Schüller - Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    24. - 26. Sept 2012

    Workshop SOEPcampus at datalab2012@Universität Bielefeld
    "Analysepotentiale sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungsdaten - Längsschnittliche und kontextbezogene Daten"

    Die Veranstaltung findet vom 24. bis 26. September 2012 an der Universität Bielefeld statt. Vom 15. Juli 2012 an können Sie sich anmelden! Die Veranstaltung richtet sich insbesondere an DoktorandInnen und NachwuchswissenschaftlerInnen, aber auch an Studierende aus den Fächern Soziologie, Ökonomie, Politikwissenschaft und Psychologie.

    Im Rahmen des SOEP-Moduls werden neben einer Einführung in den Datensatz viele praktische Übungen zur Aufbereitung von SOEP-Daten angeboten, außerdem wird die Veranstaltung begleitet von ExpertInnenvorträgen zum Thema Paneldaten. In den computerbezogenen Lehreinheiten wird ausschließlich die Statistik-Software STATA verwendet. TeilnehmerInnen ohne STATA-Kenntnisse wird deshalb eine Einführungsveranstaltung am 24. September 2012 angeboten.

    Zudem setzt der Workshop Kenntnisse in multivariaten Analyseverfahren voraus.

    Ausführliche Informationen zum Workshop sowie die Online-Anmeldung finden Sie hier.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Universität Bielefeld
    8. August 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Number of siblings, birth order and maternal investments in preschool children: Resource dilution or resource augmentation?

    This study aims to explore the relationship between sibling number, birth order and maternal time investments in preschool children. Using the GSOEP and "Familien in Deutschland", we investigate maternal time investments in children aged 2-3 and 5-6. The dependent variables consist of two dimensions extracted from the mother's self-reported frequencies in various activities with children activities at home and outside activities. By fitting a random-effects and a fixed-effects model for two measurement points, we give answer to two questions: (a) To what extent do maternal time investments vary between children in families with different sibling compositions? (b) How do these investments change for the same child across time with the birth of a new sibling? The results show that there are quantitative and qualitative differences in time spent by mothers inside and outside the home. (a) There is an advantage for the firstborn with increasing sibship size, even when compared to an only child. Investments in middle and lastborn children get rather diluted with each additional sibling. The child's sex matters only for activities outside the home. (b) Children are more affected by the birth of a new sibling when they already have a younger sibling. The effect of time investments is positive for activities at home, but quite ambiguous for activities outside the home and varies with the child's sex and birth position. Regarding covariates, child care support leads to an increase in maternal time investments, whereas mother's working hours and household income have no impact.

    Referent/-in
  • Magdalena Osmanowski und Andrés Cardona (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    18. - 20. Juni 2012

    Workshop SOEPcampus@Universität Mannheim 2012
    Workshop "Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)"

    An der Universität Mannheim findet vom 18. bis zum 20. Juni 2012 ein Workshop zur Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem SOEP statt. Der Workshop wird von Prof. Dr. Thomas Gautschi von der Universität Mannheim und der Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences (GESS) in Zusammenarbeit mit dem SOEP am DIW Berlin durchgeführt. Die Veranstaltung richtet sich an fortgeschrittene Studierende, DoktorandInnen und NachwuchswissenschaftlerInnen aus den Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Der Workshop bietet die Möglichkeit,
    einen fundierten Einblick in das Arbeiten mit dem SOEP zu erhalten. Es wird ein Überblick über die Analysemöglichkeiten mit dem SOEP und eine Einführung in die Datenaufbereitung gegeben. Weiterhin werden zwei Verfahren zur Analyse von Paneldaten vorgestellt (Panelregression, Propensity Score Matching) -  einschließlich von Übungen auf Basis des SOEP. Zusammen bieten beide Teile
    eine Grundlage für eigene Forschungsarbeiten mit dem SOEP und ähnlichen Längsschnittdatensätzen.


    Vorkenntnisse
    Voraussetzung für die Teilnahme sind solide Kenntnisse in multivariaten Analyseverfahren und erste praktische Erfahrungen mit der Datenanalyse. Kenntnisse im Arbeiten mit dem SOEP werden nicht vorausgesetzt. In den Beispielen und Übungen im Rahmen des Workshops wird ausschließlich das Statistikprogrammpaket STATA verwendet.

    Organisation & Anmeldung
    Ansprechpartner seitens des Center for Doctoral Studies in Social and Behavioral Sciences in Mannheim (CDSS) ist Marcus Brocard (). Auf der Homepage der GESS finden Sie ein Anmeldeformular sowie weitere Informationen zum Workshop und Details zum Programm. Die TeilnehmerInnenzahl ist begrenzt. Die Teilnahmegebühr beträgt 30,– € (reduziert für Studierende 10,– €).

    Ort
    Universität Mannheim
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Marcus Brocard (cdss@uni-mannheim.de)
    13. Juni 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Socioeconomic status, Parenting practices, and Conscientiousness in Early Childhood

    The role of personality traits in the production of social inequality has increasingly been the subject of sociological inquiry. Conscientiousness, in particular, has proven to be an important predictor of educational achievement and occupational attainment. The importance of conscientiousness in predicting unequal outcomes in the life course leads to the question of whether differences in this trait have their origins in social stratification. Parenting practices have been shown to vary across socioeconomic strata and to influence children's outcomes in different ways. Yet there has been little research to date on the extent to which dimensions of parenting mediate or moderate the effects of SES on child outcomes. The main objective of this paper is to identify whether primary caregivers in Germany differ in their parenting practices by socioeconomic characteristics, and whether these affect the development of conscientiousness in early childhood.

    The study analyzes data from the SOEP, in which children are observed at three measurement points: 0-23 months, 2-3 years, and 5-6 years (N=519).

    The results suggest that in Germany,  parenting practices, which, as expected, differ across  SES, partially mediate the relaton between SES and childs conscientiousness.  Results remain unchanged even after the effect of infant/toddler temperament on parenting practices is taken into account.

    Referent/-in
  • Till Kaiser (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    23. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Changes in the Patterns of Poverty Duration in Germany Over 1992-2010*

    Despite the introduction of major social policy reforms, since the mid-1980s Germany has been experiencing a steady increase in poverty rates among general population. It gave a boost to a great number of studies trying to explain why it happened. By applying decomposition techniques they have been exploring what kind of changes in household structures and labor market conditions of households could have potentially contributed to the dramatic increase in poverty rates over the recent two decades. At the same time, the literature available in the field does not shed light on how poverty duration has been evolving over time as well as what kind of forces might be responsible for it.

    Hence, this paper aims at exploring and explaining changes in the patterns of poverty duration in Germany over 1992-2010. To be more precise, the following set of questions will be addressed: (1) How the distribution of time spent by individuals in poverty evolved over 1992-2010? (2) Have the probabilities to exit (re-entry) poverty for spells with different durations changed over the period of interest and, if yes, how? (3) Which socio-economic and demographic characteristic of individuals and their households became more important determinants of poverty exits (re-entries) and which ones lost their significance with time? (4) What kind of social and economic policies introduced in 1992-2010 can be potentially responsible for the observed changes in the patterns of poverty duration?
    The primary method applied for the empirical part of the paper is discrete-time survival analysis based on the joint modeling of poverty entries and exits, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity and initial condition problem. In order to capture changes in poverty durations over time and explore potential contributions of different forces to these changes a five-year moving window is created and used for the analysis. It permits to investigate when exactly a change occurred and what forces might be potentially responsible for it.

    The data for the analysis is derived from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The waves covering 1990-2010 are used for the sample construction with the purpose to incorporate information on both Western and Eastern parts of Germany into analysis.

    Referent/-in
  • Iryna Kyzyma (CEPS/INSTEAD, BIGSSS)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    16. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Day care (quality) and differences in child outcomes

    Studies in recent years show that universal child care has a beneficial impact on children‘s outcomes (e.g., Havnes/Mogstad 2009, 2011, Datta‐Gupta/Simonsen 2010, 2011). However evidence remains mixed on whether all types of day care attendance have a positive effect on children's development.  Some papers show that day care attendance can also negatively influence child outcomes: e.g. Seyda (2009) or Landvogit et al. (2007) examine if day care attendance increases children's likelihood to attend higher secondary education by accounting for full-time and part-time day care attendance. Both studies conclude that a longer duration decreases children's likelihood of higher secondary schooling. Yet, these studies investigate attendance vs. non‐attendance, or formal care vs. informal care, but day care "quantity" and day care quality are rarely differentiated.

    By combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) and administrative data on day care quality, this paper examines potential effects of duration of day care attendance as well as the underlying structural quality of day care institutions at the "Jugendamtsbezirk" (youth welfare office) level on changes in children's health or personality traits. If parents regard day care as an investment in the human capital of children, they were to prefer day care centers with "better" quality. Day care facilities vary in terms of structural quality, e.g. staff-child-ratio, group size, or education of day care teachers. Hence while it might be beneficial to attend a day care center, a longer stay at a facility with mediocre quality might have negative consequences.  This paper investigates in what way a child's duration of day care attendance and the quality of day care facilities influences differences in children's health or personality traits between age three and six. Preliminary results indicate that day care quality explains some of the variation in children's health and personality traits between age three and six.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    11. April 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor supply of mothers with young children: Validating a structural model using a natural experiment

    In this paper we estimate an intertemporal structural model of labor supply for mothers with young children. In order to validate the structural model, we make use of a recently introduced parental leave reform in Germany. We compare the behavioral predictions of the structural model under the reform (out-of-sample fit) to results based on an evaluation of the parental leave reform as a natural experiment. We show that the structural model predicts actual behavior reasonably well. Based on both methods we find that due to the new parental leave scheme, that pays higher benefits for a shorter period of time, labor supply of mothers in the first year after giving birth declines, however increases in the second year. The results differ by socio-economic characteristics. We find the strongest effects for low-income mothers, who have a significantly higher probability to return to work two years after giving birth than under the old parental leave scheme.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:00-13:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    22. März 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Social Change and Family Formation: The German Reunification

    This project uses the German reunification to study how social change impacts two aspects of women's family formation: standardization - the degree to which women's family formation is similar, and pluralization - the development of new family formation patterns. In view of the Second Demographic Transition (SDT), institutional, economic, and ideational explanations for family behavior are discussed. The study proposes a new sequence analytical approach to calculate within and between group differences in family formation trajectories. Findings from the German Life History Study (GLHS) show a rapid de-standardization of family formation among East German women after the reunification. With the breakdown of the communist regime, East German women shifted away from a traditional early marriage pattern to alternative family forms. In contrast, West German women's family formation is more standardized after the reunification than before. They polarize into either a traditional or a delayed family formation pattern. As a result, East and West German women's family formation is just as different in the decades following the reunification as it was in divided Germany. The findings support that de-standardization and pluralization of family formation are transitional features of the SDT with a re-standardization of new family forms, once societies have passed through the SDT.

    Referent/-in
  • Anette Fasang (HU Berlin)
  • Zeit
    13:30 - 14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    7. März 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    How Important is the Family? Evidence from Sibling Correlations in the US, Germany and Denmark

    This paper is the first to analyze intergenerational economic mobility based on sibling correlations in permanent economic outcomes in Germany and to provide a cross-country comparison of Germany, Denmark, and the US. The main findings are as follows: the importance of family and community background in Germany is higher than in Denmark and comparable to that in the US. This holds true for brothers and sisters. In Denmark 20 percent of the inequality in permanent earnings can be attributed to family and community factors shared by brothers while the corresponding estimates are 43 percent in Germany and 45 percent in the US. For sisters the estimates are 19 percent for Denmark, 39 percent for Germany and 29 percent for the US. This ranking is shown to be robust against alternative approaches.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Gustav-Schmoller-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
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