Veranstaltungen - Archiv

Die Veranstaltungen der forschungsbasierten Infrastruktureinrichtung 'Sozio-oekonomisches Panel (SOEP)'

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22. Sept 2017

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Choosing to Compete Against Self or Others - Gender Differences

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Referent/-in
  • Elif Ece Demiral, George Mason University, Virginia, USA

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    20. Sept 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor Market Responses to Tax Reforms

    In a high-tax labor market like France, tax reductions are a popular tool to support employment of low-wage workers. The welfare implications of these exemptions go beyond the directly affected. We ask three questions. First, because employment and wages are determined by both supply and demand of labor, what are the equilibrium effects of tax reductions on different workers? Second, since policy-makers' horizons may be short, are short-run effects very different from long-run outcomes? Finally, thirdly, who should benefit from tax reductions? To answer these questions we estimate an equilibrium search-and-matching model with worker and firm heterogeneity based on French administrative data. While a narrowly focused low-wage tax reduction has distributional advantages, it negatively affects productivity by encouraging job creation from low-productivity firms, making it harder for high-productivity workers to find suitable matches. We simulate short-run effects on employment and welfare and find that they may be contrary to the long-run equilibrium effects.
    (joint work with Thomas Breda and Luke Haywood)

    Referent/-in
  • Haomin Wang

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    18. - 19. Sept 2017

    Workshop SOEPcampus@Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
    Einführung in das Sozio-oekonomische Panel (SOEP)

    Der eineinhalbtägige Workshop bietet eine fundierte und praxisorientierte Einführung in das Arbeiten mit dem umfangreichen Datenangebot des SOEP. Aufbau, Datenstruktur, Ziehungsdesign und Gewichtungsstrategie des SOEP sowie sich daraus ergebende Analysepotentiale werden vorgestellt.

    In diversen „Hands-on Sessions“ können die TeilnehmerInnen den Datensatz sowie die vom SOEP zur Verfügung gestellte Datenmanagementinfrastruktur in praktischen Übungen kennenlernen. In den Übungen wird der Prozess vom Auffinden interessierender Variablen bis zur Erstellung eines Forschungsdatensatzes und der Durchführung erster Analysen nachempfunden. Für den praktischen Teil sind Grundkenntnisse im Umgang mit der Statistiksoftware STATA sowie grundlegender statistischer Analysemethoden erforderlich. Welche STATA Kenntnisse erforderlich sind, ist in diesem Dokument einsehbar).

    Während des gesamten Workshops stehen SOEP-MitarbeiterInnen selbstverständlich auch für individuelle Fragen zur Verfügung.

    Sie können sich ab sofort bis 17. August anmelden. Hier gelangen Sie zur Anmeldung.

    Bei mehr Anmeldungen als Plätzen werden die Plätze zuerst an TeilnehmerInnen mit fortgeschrittenen STATA Kenntnissen und höherem akademischen Rang vergeben.

    Vorläufiges Programm:

    Montag 18.09.2017

    14:00-15:30    Einführung in das SOEP I (Datenstruktur)
    16:00-17:30    Hands-On Session I
    18:00               Raum für individuelle Fragen bei einem
                            gemeinsamen Abendessen (fakultativ)

    Dienstag 19.09.2017

      9:30-10:30     Einführung in das SOEP II (Datenstruktur)
    10:30-12:00     Hands-On Session II
    12:00-13:30     Mittagspause
    13:30-14:30     Einführung in das SOEP III
    15:00-16:30     Hands-On Session III
    16:30-17:00     Datenzugang, Q&A, Abschlussmoderation

    Mehr Informationen
    Eingeladen von
    Ort
    Goethe-Universität Frankfurt Campus Westend, PEG-Gebäude Raum 4.G168 Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 6 60629 Frankfurt a. M.
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 428
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 341
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Sarah Schmidt: sarah.schmidt@em.uni-frankfurt.de
    10. - 15. Sept 2017

    Workshop 11th International Research Workshop “Methods for Ph.D.”

    .Empirical research is seeking through methodological processes to discover, hopefully, nontrivial facts and insights. Beside choosing a topic and grounding an idea in theory, empirical research consists of gathering and analysing data as well as presenting results in scientific contexts.
    Our workshop tackles these steps of your research project:

    • Gathering data via (un)structured interviews and analysing standardized survey data,
    • using the computer for qualitative and quantitative data analysis.


    The regular workshop fee is 469 Euro (with accomodation and meals). The workshop fee is 299 Euro without accommodation (lunch and dinner are included).

    We are offering up to three funded scholarships to support refugee postgraduate students from Germany. Full details including eligibility criteria and how to apply for a scholarship can be found on the workshop website.

    It is possible to get a certificate on 5 credit points (according to the European Credit Transfer System).

    The following courses will be offered:
    Parallel courses offered Monday to Wednesday morning (September 11/12/13th):

    • Data Analysis with Stata
    • Quantile Regression
    • Grounded Theory
    • Questionnaire Design
    • Developing Theoretical Contributions


    Parallel courses offered Monday to Wednesday afternoon (September 11/12/13th):

    • Data Analysis with R
    • Analysing Panel and Spatial Data
    • Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)
    • Case Study Research
    • Qualitative Interviewing
    • Academic English Writing


    Parallel Courses at the SDU (Thursday, September 14th):

    • Measuring Prefenrences using Conjoint Analytic Methods and Advanced Compositional Approaches
    • Researching, Writing, and Publishing a Literature Review Visual Data Analysis
    • Qualitative Network Analysis
    • Handling of Missing Data


    For further information, especially lecturers, program, organizers and registration visit the website and the registration form.

    The International Research Workshop is organised by:

    • Wenzel Matiaske (Helmut-Schmidt-University Hamburg/Institute for Employment Relations and Labour)
    • Simon Fietze (University of Southern Denmark/Department of Marketing and Management)
    • Heiko Stüber (Institute for Employment Research (IAB))


    Contact:

    The workshop is supported by:

    • University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics
    • Europa-Universität Flensburg
    • University of Hamburg, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences
    • University of Hamburg, School of Business
    • Leuphana University Lüneburg, Faculty of Economics
    • Werkstatt für Personal- und Organisationsforschung e.V.
    • German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) at the DIW Berlin
    • Hans-Boeckler-Foundation

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Akademie Sankelmark (near Flensburg) Akademieweg 6 24988 Oeversee
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 281
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Workshop committee:
    Simon Fietze, Wenzel Matiaske, and Heiko Stüber
    E-Mail: irwsnetwork@gmail.com
    8. Sept 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Effects of Mandatory Disclosure of Supermarket Prices

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Itai Ater, Tel Aviv University

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    26. Juli 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Does Broadband Internet Affect Fertility?

    The spread of high-speed Internet epitomizes the digital revolution, affecting several aspects of our life. Using high quality German panel data, we test whether the availability of broadband Internet influences fertility choices in a low fertility setting, which is well-known for the difficulty to combine work and family life. Broadband can influence fertility through various pathways, including the provision of information, partnership formation, and, importantly, the opportunity to combine work and family. The latter mechanism, in particular, generates a “digital divide”, with potential benefits for high-skilled workers only. We analyze data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), and exploit a strategy devised by Falck et al. (2014) to obtain causal estimates of the impact of broadband on fertility. We find positive effects of high-speed Internet availability on the fertility of high-skilled women over 25s. Effects are not significant among men and low-skilled women. We also find evidence of negative effects on the fertility of under-25 individuals. We show that Internet access significantly increases the share of women reporting teleworking or working parttime. Furthermore, we find positive effects on time spent with children and on overall life satisfaction. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that high-speed Internet allows high-educated women to conciliate work and motherhood and may promote fertility with a "digital divide". At the same time, higher access to information on the risks and costs of early pregnancy and childbearing may explain the negative effects on younger adults.

    (joint with Francesco Billari and Osea Giuntella)

    Referent/-in
  • Luca Stella (Bocconi University and IZA)

  • Zeit
    13:30 - 14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    19. Juli 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The effect of parental education on the offspring's mental health

    We are the first to estimate the causal effect of parental education on a wide range of the adult offspring's mental health outcomes. Theoretical considerations predict positive direct and indirect effects of parental education on the offspring's mental health. But the relation between parental education and mental health outcomes is plagued by endogeneity. To circumvent this problem, we exploit exogenous variation in schooling which is completely unrelated to the offspring's mental health. In contrast to our theoretical considerations, we find no positive effects of parental education on the offspring's mental health. Moreover, preliminary results point at a negative effect of parental education and the offspring's mental health.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    12. Juli 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Dynamic binary panel data models in presence of autocorrelation in the error term. A Monte-Carlo study

    Dynamic panel data models are often applied to estimate the degree of state dependence. For instance, it has often been shown that there is state dependence in unemployment, i. e. unemployment in present causally increases the probability of unemployment in future. This paper uses Monte-
    Carlo simulations to compare several dynamic linear and nonlinear panel data models for binary dependent variables. In particular, we focus on data generating processes where dynamics may stem from true state dependence or from autocorrelation in the error term (which may lead to the measurement of spurious state dependence). We employ estimators which explicitly model both sources of persistence and compare their performance with standard dynamic models. Furthermore, we test how these estimators perform in presence time-varying unobserved variables which follow time trends or which may be described by a moving-average model.

    (joint with Thorsten Schank and Constantin Weiser)

    Referent/-in
  • Dr. Alexander Mosthaf (University of Mainz)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    4. Juli 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Special Brown Bag Seminar: Are Top Shares a Good Measure of Inequality?

    Newly precise evidence of the trajectory of top incomes in the United States and around the world relies on top shares and top-to-bottom ratios, prompting new inquiry into their properties as inequality measures. Current evidence suggests a mathematical link between top shares and the Gini coefficient and empirical links extending as well to the Atkinson measure. The work reported in this paper strengthens that evidence, making several contributions: First, it formalizes the shares and ratios, showing that as monotonic transformations of each other, they are different manifestations of a single underlying inequality measure. Second, it presents a standard form of the underlying inequality measure that satisfies the principle of normalization – ranging from zero to one, with zero representing perfect equality and inequality increasing as the measure goes toward one -- but also finds that, compared to shares and ratios, the standard form is somewhat blunt in depicting changes in inequality. Third, it investigates the measure in mathematically specified probability distributions, showing that it is monotonically related to classical measures, such as the Gini, Atkinson, and Theil measures and the coefficient of variation. Thus, the evidence to date suggests that the family of top shares and top-to-bottom ratios is a genuine inequality measure and a useful all-purpose proxy for other inequality measures. Moreover, this new measure is further distinguished by its ease of calculation and ease of interpretation, making it a widely appealing measure of inequality. This work also provides new insights, for example, that, given nonlinearities in the (monotonic) relations among inequality measures, Spearman correlations are more appropriate than Pearson correlations, and that weakening of correlations – such as between the Gini and Atkinson measures or between the Gini and top shares -- signals differences and shifts in distributional form, themselves signals of income dynamics.

    Referent/-in
  • Professor Guillermina Jasso, member of the DIW Scientific Advisory Board and former Chair of Sociology at New York University (currently NYU Silver Professor)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.2.008 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    28. Juni 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Interpersonal Perceptions and Interviewer Effects in Face-to-Face Surveys

    It is well known that the presence of an interviewer can affect responses and thereby introduce variance and bias into survey estimates. For instance, some respondents tend to adjust their true answers towards social norms or specific characteristics of the interviewer in order to appear in a good light. When investigating these interviewer effects, survey research mainly focused on interviewer socio-demographics and only a few studies have examined effects of not directly observable characteristics such as interviewer personality, attitudes and beliefs. Moreover, survey research lacks of insights on how interviewers’ and respondents’ interpersonal perceptions of each other affect respondent answers to related questions. For this project, self-reports of 1,184 respondents and 114 interviewers as well as their mutual perceptions of each other were collected in the context of the Socio-Economic Panel Study Innovation Sample (SOEP-IS) in 2015/2016. Data collection covered attitudes and opinions towards a variety of political and social issues. This presentation includes results on the impact of interviewer opinions on respondent answers, the nature and accuracy of interpersonal inferences, as well as their impact on respondent self-reports.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    26. - 28. Juni 2017

    Workshop SOEPcampus@Universität Mannheim 2017
    Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)

    Der Workshop wird von Prof. Dr. Thomas Gautschi in Zusammenarbeit mit der Längsschnittstudie „Sozio-oekonomisches Panel“/DIW Berlin veranstaltet und findet vom 26. bis zum 28. Juni 2017 an der Universität Mannheim statt. Die Veranstaltung richtet sich an fortgeschrittene Studierende, DoktorandInnen und NachwuchswissenschaftlerInnen aus den Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Voraussetzung für die Teilnahme sind solide Kenntnisse in multivariaten Analyseverfahren und erste praktische Erfahrungen mit der Datenanalyse. Kenntnisse im Arbeiten mit dem SOEP werden nicht vorausgesetzt. In den Beispielen und Übungen im Rahmen des Workshops wird ausschließlich das Statistikprogrammpaket Stata verwendet.

    Teilnahme und Anmeldung
    Die Teilnahmegebühr beträgt 50 Euro. Ansprechpartnerin ist Deborah Gottinger-Würtz (). Die TeilnehmerInnenzahl ist auf 36 begrenzt. Anmeldungen sind noch bis zum 20. Juni 2017 über ein Online-Formular möglich.

    Inhalte:

    • Anwendungsorientierte Einführung in den Aufbau, die Inhalte und das Arbeiten mit dem SOEP
    • Vorstellung grundlegender Regressionsmodelle für Paneldaten (Paneldatenanalyse)
    • Vorstellung des Analyseverfahrens Propensity Score Matching

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    Universität Mannheim
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 321
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    extern
    Deborah Gottinger-Würtz
    soeporga@mail.uni-mannheim.de
    23. Juni 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Business Owners, Employees and Firm Performance

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Mika Maliranta, ETLA & University of Jyväskylä

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    23. Juni 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Retirement and social connection in old age

    Facing an aging population, many societies discuss policies to prolong work lives. At the individual level, such policies could affect social connectedness in several ways. On the one hand, prolonged work lives could promote a healthier social life at advanced ages by maintaining job-related networks for longer. On the other hand, retirement might boost quantity and quality of social networks by an increase in leisure time. This paper sheds light on the net effects of retirement on social wellbeing and the elderly’s social networks with a particular focus on heterogeneity patterns. Using data from SHARE, we analyze whether country, gender, or education are important dimensions of heterogeneity. Potential endogeneity of the individual retirement status is accounted for using an instrumental variables approach. We thereby exploit variation in the individual retirement decision that is induced by pensionable age thresholds. The results suggest that retirement is not an important determinant for social connectedness. Moreover, effect heterogeneity is not particularly pronounced in the dimensions under study.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    11:30 - 12:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    14. Juni 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Turning Points in Life Courses: Conceptualization, Measurement and Typology

    Life course research allows studying issues such as social inequality, social status attainment, education, migration, family formation, or gender as processes that involve continuity and change. Turning points are a key concept in this research field because they can help understand processes of overhaul and stability in life courses. In general terms, turnings points describe phases in which a person’s life changes directions fundamentally. Despite their prominent role in life course research, concrete conceptualizations of turning points in the literature vary and are often fuzzy. We suggest developing an analytic definition of turning points that captures core characteristics and helps analyzing turning points with either quantitative or qualitative analysis. To do so, we use a mixed methods data set comprised of SOEP data and qualitative in-depth interviews with SOEP participants. We employ qualitative case analysis to construct a thick concept of turning points in status attainment trajectories and use cluster analysis of SOEP data to explore whether our concept of turning points reflects meaningful groupings in the SOEP data. In Wednesday's Brown Bag Seminar, we will give an overview of our work in progress and (hopefully) present first results from the cluster analysis.

    Joint work with with Prof. Dr. Olaf Groh-Samberg (University of Bremen, SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy) and (Junior) Prof. Dr. Ingrid Tucci (Laboratoire d’Economie et de Sociologie du Travail, CNRS - Aix-Marseille Université).

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    8. Juni 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Consumer Valuation of Fuel Costs and Tax Policy: Evidence from the European Car Market

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Laura Grigolon, Mc Master University, Ontario

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    7. Juni 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Increasing Longevity Gap and the Pension System

    We use social security records to document the heterogeneity in life expectancy by lifetime earnings for West Germany and we analyze how this longevity gap has evolved over cohorts. In line with previous studies, we provide evidence that the earnings-related longevity gap is increasing over cohorts. We then propose a decomposition to disentangle the role of the increasing earnings inequality over cohorts and the effect of changes in the earnings gradient on life expectancy. Finally, we study the distributional implications of the increasing longevity gap for the pension system. First, we show how the heterogeneity in life expectancy affects the distribution and the inequality of social security wealth and we document how this has evolved between the cohorts. Second, we calculate contribution/benefit ratios and compare the rates by lifetime earnings and between cohorts. Third, we extend the analysis by also accounting for survivor pensions and heterogeneous life expectancies of surviving spouses.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Saal) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    31. Mai 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Vorstellung eines Metafiles über alle SOEP-Datensätze und ihrer Variablen

    Die Idee, einen Metafile zu generieren, der einen Überblick über alle Variablen in allen SOEP-Datensätzen bietet, entstand im Zusammenhang mit der Aufgabe, nach datenschutz-relevanten Variablen in der aktuellen Datenlieferung zu suchen. Im Laufe der im letzten Herbst begonnenen Entwicklung wurden die Indikatoren, die in den Metafile aufgenommen wurden, laufend erweitert, und dieser Prozess ist noch nicht abgeschlossen. Gegenüber dem SOEPinfo hat der Metafile Vor- und Nachteile und ist deshalb nicht als Alternative, sondern als Ergänzung zu sehen. Die Auslotung von möglichen Synergien wäre für beide Dokumentationsformen von Vorteil.
    In diesem Brown Bag-Seminar stelle ich den aktuellen Entwicklungsstand vor. Anhand einiger ausgewählter Beispiele wird der Nutzen eines solchen Metafiles für die Datenaufbereitung, -generierung und Qualitätskontrolle, aber auch für Endnutzer verdeutlicht. Abschließend werden einige noch bestehende Probleme, die einer reibungslosen Generierung des Metadatenfiles und seiner Nutzung im Weg stehen, angesprochen und ein Ausblick auf mögliche Weiterentwicklungen gegeben.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    24. Mai 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Low-income children, pre-school peer groups, and early child development: evidence from England

    Early education has increasingly been prioritised within OECD countries’ policy agenda, with a growing focus on early education’s potential to narrow the social class gaps in child development. The positive impact of early provision depends upon a number of factors, however – including the influence of the peers with whom a child interacts. Emerging evidence suggests that peers can directly influence children’s pre-academic skills, as well as affect the quality of the interactions between adults and children at group level.
    This paper examines socio-economic segregation in early education in England. Drawing on administrative data, we analyse a cohort of three-and-four-year-olds who attended early education in 2011 (approximately 560,000 children). We investigate the distributions of children across settings according to income-level and find little evidence of segregation. We also examine the relationships between peer groups in early education and children’s development in the initial year of formal schooling. We find that children who are themselves low income and attend settings with fewer peers who are also low-income have better developmental assessments.  However, this variation is largely eliminated once additional child-level characteristics, the characteristics of settings and of local areas are accounted for.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    12. Mai 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar On the Countervailing Power of Large Retailers when Shopping Costs Matter

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Stéphane Caprice, Toulouse School of Economics

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    12:00 - 13:15
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    10. Mai 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Pension Reforms on Savings Behavior

    Many OECD countries are currently undergoing reforms of their statutory pension schemes. In theory, a decrease of pension generosity can have a positive or negative effect on private savings - depending on the corresponding level of employment effects. Thus, it is an empirical question to determine the sign of the effect. A particular reform of the German Statutory Pension Scheme lifted the early retirement age (ERA) of women. The reform was implemented along birth cohorts, allowing for an intuitive identification strategy and causal interpretation of effects.
    While previous studies found positive effects of other generosity decreasing pension reforms on private savings, this is the first study isolating the effect of an increase of the ERA on savings. An upward-shift of the ERA by 3 to 5 years has a statistically and economically significant negative effect on private monthly savings of single women. The effects in the subsample of couples are insignificant.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 2.2.008 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
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