Events - Archive

The Events of the Research Infrastructure 'Socio- Economic Panel Study (SOEP)'

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20 June 2018

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Neighborhood level immigrant share, home ownership and charitable giving to refugees?

Enormous amount of literature in political science, sociology and economics argues that ethnic diversity and economic disparities hinder pro social attitudes and behaviors. Inspired by social identity and out-group threat theories this study tests if being surrounded by ethnic out-group will reduce charitable giving to that out-group among native Germans. This question is tackled by combining individual level data from Socio-Economic Panel with social indicators measured at the neighborhood level. Evidence that charitable giving to refugees among natives decreases in increasing immigrant share is reported. Importantly, this negative statistical association is driven by home-owners residing in the low home-ownership areas. Possible mechanisms underlying these results are discussed.

Speaker
Time
12:30 - 13:30
Location
Anna-J.-Schwartz-Raum DIW Berlin Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
Contact(s)
at DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
18 to 20 June 2018

Workshop SOEPcampus@Universität Mannheim 2018
Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)

This year's SOEPcampus@University of Mannheim Workshop "Längsschnittdatenanalyse mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)" will take place from June 18-20 (the workshop is held in German).

Registration:
Please use the online registration form and/or contact Deborah Gottinger-Würtz

More Information
Contact(s)
at DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 321
Tel.: +49 30 89789 465
Contact(s)
external
Deborah Gottinger-Würtz
soeporga@mail.uni-mannheim.de
15 June 2018

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Later pension, poorer health? Evidence from the new State Pension age in the UK

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Speaker
  • Ludovico Carrino, King’s College London and University of Venice Ca’ Foscari

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    1 June 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Bismarck's Health Insurance and the Mortality Decline

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    Speaker
  • Stefan Bauernschuster, University of Passau

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    30 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

    Based on findings of an extensive empirical literature that mainly stem from high- income countries, economists often hypothesize that having more children, especially young ones, unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Re- search on middle- and low-income countries is scarce, despite of several interesting aspects that are common to these countries and that potentially matter for the relationship between fertility and maternal labor supply: the low wealth of a large number of house- holds, the provision of informal child care within extended families, and the high prevalence of informal employment. I use Mexican census data from 2010 in order to provide new evidence on the relationship between fertility and female labor market outcomes in a middle-income country. In order to disentangle causal effects of childbearing, parental preferences for mixed-sex siblings are exploited. My findings show that an exogenous rise in family size is associated with a significant increase in labor supply by mothers that are induced to change their family size by the instrument. This response tends to be driven by an increase in formal employment at the intensive margin for a very small fraction of women, while having mainly an impact at the extensive margin for informal labor. I further show that the presence of grandparents and low household wealth potentially contribute to this positive effect. The external validity of my results is shown to be limited, but econometric approaches that allow to extrapolate from this effect indicate that the response in informal employment is non-negative for the whole sample.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    18 May 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Upward Income Mobility and Legislator Support for Education Policies

    More Information
    CANCELLED!
    Speaker
  • Luna Bellani, University of Konstanz

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The effect of exposure to STEM in secondary school on field of study choice

    The choice for a field of study has large consequences on later labor market outcomes. However, in absence of liberal arts and sciences bachelors, field of study choice is often made quite early: either in secondary school or at the start of university. A growing literature shows that information about (direct or indirect through exposure) affects students’ field of study choices. We investigate the effect of a nationwide policy in which some secondary school students receive additional exposure to STEM fields due to an extra STEM instruction time. We use schools which shift into the program over time using school fixed effects. We find that students affected by the policy have lower graduation rates. Further, we find that students affected by the policy are more likely to pursue a softer STEM degree (Health care or Agriculture) and less likely an interdisciplinary degree.

    Speaker
  • Roxanne Korthals

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    9 May 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Seeking asylum in Germany: Does human and social capital determine the outcome of asylum procedures?

    The outcome of asylum procedure is vital for staying perspectives of refuges and their well-being, as well as their following economic and social integration in the host society. In principal, persecution and other forms of violation of human rights should solely determine the outcome of asylum procedures according to the Geneva convention and the asylum legislation in Europe. However, some previous (rather qualitative) evidence suggests that the asylum procedure outcome may be subject to socio-economic selectivity. If this is true, unequal chances for recognition of asylum application may contribute to the cumulative (dis-)advantages over the life course.
    Using a recent longitudinal household data, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP-Survey of Refugees in Germany, we investigate whether and how human capital characteristics of refugees and their command about social resources such as networks affect the probability of recognition of the asylum application. Our findings evidence that higher socio-economic status of refugees and support by social networks affect the outcomes asylum procedures positively. Throughout the analysis we control for variables which capture the violation of human rights and other forms of violence, changes in asylum policies and country-of-origin-specific fixed effects. Our findings turn out to be robust to different specifications. Altogether, we conclude that the overarching aim of the asylum process, granting asylum to those who are in need of protection for reasons of violence and persecution seems to be diluted by social and economic factors, which are relevant for the outcomes and the length of asylum processes as well. As Germany has emerged as the dominant destination of asylum-seekers in the OECD, the study is in our view of general interest for an understanding of the forces which drive asylum procedures in developed countries.
    Keywords: asylum, refugees, human capital, social networks, IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees.

    Speaker
  • Yuliya Kosyakova (IAB Nürnberg)

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    2 May 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Teacher incentives and grade retention

    This paper provides a simple framework to test whether teachers strategically retain students in the first grade of primary school in order to minimize the number of students in their class for grades 2-4. I build a model in which classes are subject to a class size cap and teachers can choose to retain students if their performance falls below an academic threshold. The key prediction, borne out in administrative data for the German state Sachsen, is that grade retention rates increase monotonically with class size but drop sharply in the vicinity of the class-size cap because teachers expect that classes might be split if class size exceeds the class size cap in the next grade.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    27 April 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Understanding the Response to Financial and Non-Financial Incentives in Education: Field Experimental Evidence Using High-Stakes Assessments

    More Information
    Speaker
  • Simon Burgess, University of Bristol

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16 February 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Intergenerational Causal Effect of Tax Evasion: Evidence from the Commuter Tax Allowance in Austria

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    Speaker
  • Martin Halla, Johannes Kepler University Linz

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    14 February 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Impact of Initial Placement Restrictions on Labor Market Outcomes of Refugees

    This paper analyzes employment effects of a policy reform that was introduced as a measure for targeted integration of foreigners into local labor markets in Germany. The Residence Rule puts additional constraints on initial residence decisions for refugees after having received a permanent residence permit. Given that this reform applies to a subset of refugees only, it creates exogenous variation that I exploit in a Differences-in-Differences analysis. Using a novel data set, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany, the results suggest a negative effect of the reform on the probability to take up employment. This effect is robust to the inclusion/exclusion of covariates. Yet, since sample size in the post-treatment period is relatively small, some specifications yield statistically insignificant effects.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    7 February 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Disappointed Hopes of Upward Mobility? A Study on Income Development in Germany 1995-2015

    Similar to many other OECD countries, income inequality in Germany has increased over the past decades. However, it is not yet clear to what extent there has actually been a decline at the household level. Our study therefore examines what is behind the increased income inequality: increases or decreases of household incomes or a change in the composition of the population. Using SOEP data from 1995-2015 and hybrid panel regressions, we show that income inequality increases between different educational groups and EGP-classes, as well as between migrants and Germans.
    Furthermore, we show that the increasing income inequality at the household level cannot be attributed solely to a change in the composition of the population, but that disadvantaged households have experienced lower increases in disposable household income over time than other households.
    These findings suggest that hopes of upward income mobility are increasingly disappointed among the more disadvantaged population groups in recent years.

    Related Articles:

    Blossfeld, Hans-Peter, Buchholz, Sandra, Bukodi, Erzsébet und Karin Kurz (Hg.) (2008): Young Workers,
    Globalizaton and the Labor Market. London: Edward Elgar.

    Hartmann, Jörg (2016): Do second-generaton Turkish migrants in Germany assimilate into the middle
    class? In Ethnicites 16 (3), S. 368–392.

    Speaker
  • Karin Kurz and Jörg Hartmann (both University of Göttingen)

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    31 January 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Income Redistribution and Self-Selection of Immigrants: Evidence from Administrative Data

    We test the predictions of the Roy-Model about the self-selection of immigrants using an administrative dataset including about 90 % of Italians living abroad. The data comprises 13 countries with substantial differences in inequality and levels of redistribution: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, France, Great-Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, New-Zealand, Switzerland, the US, and Venezuela. Our results confirm the predictions of the model: We find a negative, substantial and significant relationship between the level of redistribution – our indicator for the returns to human capital, measured by the (relative) difference of market and after-tax inequality in the host country in the year of arrival – and immigrants’ individual degree of selection, as well as the likelihood to be positively self-selected. These results hold after including covariates at the individual and country level, as well as controlling for migration costs. Our analysis also shed light on the factors associated with the self-selection of immigrants.

    (joint work with Giacomo Corneo)

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    24 January 2018

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The relationship between trust, cognitive abilities, and democracy. Evidence from 30 countries around the world

    Beside risk preferences, willingness to trust in others is one of the key requirements in economic transactions. A growing literature in economics deals with the question what factors determine an individual’s willingness to trust. Existing results highlight a strong and robust positive correlation between measures of cognitive abilities and trust measures. However, most of the existing literature only focuses on single country studies, or is only able to include proxies for cognitive ability. The present study applies data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) including survey measures of trust for 30 countries around the world. In addition, PIAAC contains comprehensive measures of cognitive abilities in three domains, numerical skills, literacy skills, and problem solving skills. The results show, that the average level of trust varies substantially among the analyzed countries with the Scandinavian countries ranked at the top of the scale. The evidence supports a positive correlation between trust and cognitive abilities over all countries. This result is robust to including country fixed effects or controlling for country characteristics. However, the strength of this relationship varies substantially between countries.
    Including measures of democracy in the respective countries shows that the strength of the relationship between trust and cognitive skills increases with the level of democracy in a society. In the second part of the paper, based on PIAAC-L – a longitudinal extension of the German PIAAC data – German reunification is used as a natural experiment to analyze the effect of democracy in a setting that allows for a more causal interpretation. The results support the finding of a positive effect of democracy on the relationship between trust and cognitive ability.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    17 January 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Hurricanes, nightlights and the elusive comparative advantage of offshore finance

    A number of small offshore jurisdictions exhibit disproportionally large international capital positions. According to governments of these jurisdictions, such positions are (a) the result of a comparative advantage in providing financial services internationally and (b) improve welfare in these jurisdictions. I use the natural experiment of re-occuring hurricanes to test if (a) the capital positions in these jurisdictions react in line with real economic activity on the island as measured by satellite data on nightlights and (b) if such jurisdictions have an advantage in providing a public good (hurricane resilience) when compared to similar jurisdictions not engaged in offshore finance. Preliminary results suggest that hurricanes have a significant impact on local economic activity but not on capital positions. This suggests that the activities leading to such positions take place elsewhere and are not due to a local 'comparative advantage'. Preliminary evidence on public good provision is mixed suggesting some dissemination of funds acquired through offshore finance activities.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    16 January 2018

    Event Release of the World Inequality Report 2018

    The DIW Berlin is happy to invite you to join the presentation of the first release of the World Inequality Report conducted by the internationally leading inequality experts centered around Thomas Piketty and Gabriel Zucman.


    Economic inequality is widespread and has been growing since the 1980s questioning economic growth policies over the world. The report will be introduced by its general director Lucas Chancel. Thereafter, Charlotte Bartels will present her findings on the evolution of economic inequality in Germany from 1871 to 2013, summarized in the German chapter in the World Inequality Report. Albeit the big political and economic changes affecting Germany over the past 150 years, inequality remained surprisingly stable. In a podium discussion, Lucas Chancel, Charlotte Bartels, and Hartmut Kaelble will discuss long-term implications of rising inequality for the world and Germany.

    Please find here the executive summary of the World Inequality Report 2018

    Speaker
  • Charlotte Bartels is a postdoctoral researcher at DIW Berlin/SOEP. Her research is in the fields of empirical public and labor economics, in particular, the distribution of income and wealth in a long-run perspective.

    Lucas Chancel is codirector of the World Inequality Lab and of the World Wealth and Income Database (WID.world) at the Paris School of Economics. He is also a Lecturer at Sciences Po and general coordinator of the World Inequality Report 2018.

    Hartmut Kaelble is a senior professor of social history at the Department of Economic and Social History at Humboldt University, Berlin. His most recent book is “Mehr Reichtum, mehr Armut” (More Wealth, more poverty) (campus 2017). He has published widely on inequality, social mobility and comparative history of Europe.

    Welcome address by: Prof. Dr. Stefan Liebig | DIW Berlin

  • Time
    3.00 pm - 4.30 pm
    Location
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 181
    20 Dec 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Positive Effects of Class Size Reductions on Student Achievement in Germany

    Using a unique dataset on the full student population of 3rd graders in the German state Saarland, we exploit plausibly random variation in class size between cohorts within the same school to estimate the effect of class size on student achievement. Conventional estimates of class size effects are shown to be severely biased by systematic sorting of students between and within schools. Correcting for this, we find that smaller classes are beneficial for language and math test scores and also reduce grade repetition.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    13 Dec 2017

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar The Short-Term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform

    This study quantifies the short-term distributional effects of the new statutory minimum wage in Germany. Using detailed survey data (German Socio-Economic Panel), we assess changes in the distributions of hourly wages, contractual and actual working hours, and monthly earnings. Our descriptive results indicate growth at the bottom of the hourly wage distribution in the post-reform year, but also considerable noncompliance among eligible employees. In a second step, we employ a difference-in-differences analysis and exploit regional variation in the ``bite'' of the intervention, measured by the share of employees in a geographical region with wages below the minimum wage prior to the reform. We document the reform's positive effect at the bottom of the wage distribution. However, we find a negative effect of the reform on contractual hours worked, which explains why there is no effect on monthly earnings. At the same time, actual hours worked remain unchanged, suggesting an increase in unpaid overtime.

    (together with Marco Caliendo, Malte Preuss, Carsten Schröder, Linda Wittbrodt)

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    8 Dec 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar How do Fuel Taxes Impact New Car Purchases? An Evaluation Using French Consumer-level Data

    More Information
    Speaker
  • Pauline Givord, INSEE, Paris

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15 - 14:30
    Location
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Room 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
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