Veranstaltungen - Archiv

Veranstaltungen der Abteilung Staat

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15. Juni 2018

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Later pension, poorer health? Evidence from the new State Pension age in the UK

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Referent/-in
  • Ludovico Carrino, King’s College London and University of Venice Ca’ Foscari

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    1. Juni 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Bismarck's Health Insurance and the Mortality Decline

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    Speaker
  • Stefan Bauernschuster, University of Passau

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    30. Mai 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

    Based on findings of an extensive empirical literature that mainly stem from high- income countries, economists often hypothesize that having more children, especially young ones, unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Re- search on middle- and low-income countries is scarce, despite of several interesting aspects that are common to these countries and that potentially matter for the relationship between fertility and maternal labor supply: the low wealth of a large number of house- holds, the provision of informal child care within extended families, and the high prevalence of informal employment. I use Mexican census data from 2010 in order to provide new evidence on the relationship between fertility and female labor market outcomes in a middle-income country. In order to disentangle causal effects of childbearing, parental preferences for mixed-sex siblings are exploited. My findings show that an exogenous rise in family size is associated with a significant increase in labor supply by mothers that are induced to change their family size by the instrument. This response tends to be driven by an increase in formal employment at the intensive margin for a very small fraction of women, while having mainly an impact at the extensive margin for informal labor. I further show that the presence of grandparents and low household wealth potentially contribute to this positive effect. The external validity of my results is shown to be limited, but econometric approaches that allow to extrapolate from this effect indicate that the response in informal employment is non-negative for the whole sample.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    18. Mai 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Upward Income Mobility and Legislator Support for Education Policies

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    Referent/-in
  • Luna Bellani, University of Konstanz

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16. Mai 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The effect of exposure to STEM in secondary school on field of study choice

    The choice for a field of study has large consequences on later labor market outcomes. However, in absence of liberal arts and sciences bachelors, field of study choice is often made quite early: either in secondary school or at the start of university. A growing literature shows that information about (direct or indirect through exposure) affects students’ field of study choices. We investigate the effect of a nationwide policy in which some secondary school students receive additional exposure to STEM fields due to an extra STEM instruction time. We use schools which shift into the program over time using school fixed effects. We find that students affected by the policy have lower graduation rates. Further, we find that students affected by the policy are more likely to pursue a softer STEM degree (Health care or Agriculture) and less likely an interdisciplinary degree.

    Referent/-in
  • Roxanne Korthals

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    14. Mai 2018

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Intergenerational effects of school entry policies

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Krzysztof Karbownik, Northwestern University

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Karl-Popper-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.020 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    7. Mai 2018

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar On the family origins of human capital: Evidence from donor-conceived children

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Petter Lundborg, Lund University

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Elinor Ostrom Hall Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    2. Mai 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Teacher incentives and grade retention

    This paper provides a simple framework to test whether teachers strategically retain students in the first grade of primary school in order to minimize the number of students in their class for grades 2-4. I build a model in which classes are subject to a class size cap and teachers can choose to retain students if their performance falls below an academic threshold. The key prediction, borne out in administrative data for the German state Sachsen, is that grade retention rates increase monotonically with class size but drop sharply in the vicinity of the class-size cap because teachers expect that classes might be split if class size exceeds the class size cap in the next grade.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 516
    27. April 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Understanding the Response to Financial and Non-Financial Incentives in Education: Field Experimental Evidence Using High-Stakes Assessments

    Mehr Informationen
    Speaker
  • Simon Burgess, University of Bristol

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13.15 - 14.30
    Ort
    Anna J. Schwartz Room Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    16. April 2018

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Tightening Disability Screening Or Reducing Disability Benefits? Evidence and Welfare Implications

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Josef Zweimüller (University of Zurich)

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Elinor Ostrom Hall Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    19. März 2018

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Consumers' Costly Responses to Product-Harm Crises

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Helena Perrone (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Elinor Ostrom Hall Raum 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    5. März 2018

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Moral Hazard: Experimental Evidence from Tenancy Contracts

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Konrad Burchardi, Stockholm University

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    19. Februar 2018

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Disability Benefits, Consumption Insurance, and Household Labor Supply

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Andreas R. Kostøl (Norges Bank Research)

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    16. Februar 2018

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Intergenerational Causal Effect of Tax Evasion: Evidence from the Commuter Tax Allowance in Austria

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    Speaker
  • Martin Halla, Johannes Kepler University Linz

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    14. Februar 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Impact of Initial Placement Restrictions on Labor Market Outcomes of Refugees

    This paper analyzes employment effects of a policy reform that was introduced as a measure for targeted integration of foreigners into local labor markets in Germany. The Residence Rule puts additional constraints on initial residence decisions for refugees after having received a permanent residence permit. Given that this reform applies to a subset of refugees only, it creates exogenous variation that I exploit in a Differences-in-Differences analysis. Using a novel data set, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany, the results suggest a negative effect of the reform on the probability to take up employment. This effect is robust to the inclusion/exclusion of covariates. Yet, since sample size in the post-treatment period is relatively small, some specifications yield statistically insignificant effects.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    31. Januar 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Income Redistribution and Self-Selection of Immigrants: Evidence from Administrative Data

    We test the predictions of the Roy-Model about the self-selection of immigrants using an administrative dataset including about 90 % of Italians living abroad. The data comprises 13 countries with substantial differences in inequality and levels of redistribution: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, France, Great-Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, New-Zealand, Switzerland, the US, and Venezuela. Our results confirm the predictions of the model: We find a negative, substantial and significant relationship between the level of redistribution – our indicator for the returns to human capital, measured by the (relative) difference of market and after-tax inequality in the host country in the year of arrival – and immigrants’ individual degree of selection, as well as the likelihood to be positively self-selected. These results hold after including covariates at the individual and country level, as well as controlling for migration costs. Our analysis also shed light on the factors associated with the self-selection of immigrants.

    (joint work with Giacomo Corneo)

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Gustav-Schmoller-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002A Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    17. Januar 2018

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Hurricanes, nightlights and the elusive comparative advantage of offshore finance

    A number of small offshore jurisdictions exhibit disproportionally large international capital positions. According to governments of these jurisdictions, such positions are (a) the result of a comparative advantage in providing financial services internationally and (b) improve welfare in these jurisdictions. I use the natural experiment of re-occuring hurricanes to test if (a) the capital positions in these jurisdictions react in line with real economic activity on the island as measured by satellite data on nightlights and (b) if such jurisdictions have an advantage in providing a public good (hurricane resilience) when compared to similar jurisdictions not engaged in offshore finance. Preliminary results suggest that hurricanes have a significant impact on local economic activity but not on capital positions. This suggests that the activities leading to such positions take place elsewhere and are not due to a local 'comparative advantage'. Preliminary evidence on public good provision is mixed suggesting some dissemination of funds acquired through offshore finance activities.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    20. Dez 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Positive Effects of Class Size Reductions on Student Achievement in Germany

    Using a unique dataset on the full student population of 3rd graders in the German state Saarland, we exploit plausibly random variation in class size between cohorts within the same school to estimate the effect of class size on student achievement. Conventional estimates of class size effects are shown to be severely biased by systematic sorting of students between and within schools. Correcting for this, we find that smaller classes are beneficial for language and math test scores and also reduce grade repetition.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    18. Dez 2017

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Credit misallocation during the European financial crisis

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Fabiano Schivardi, Bocconi University

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Schumpeter Hall Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    8. Dez 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar How do Fuel Taxes Impact New Car Purchases? An Evaluation Using French Consumer-level Data

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    Referent/-in
  • Pauline Givord, INSEE, Paris

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15 - 14:30
    Ort
    Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum DIW Berlin Raum 2.3.001 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
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