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Bildung und Familie

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1 Dec 2017

DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Hidden Side of Dynamic Pricing: Evidence from the Airline Market

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Speaker
  • Claudio Piga, Keele University, Staffordshire

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    27 October 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Follow the Money: Piracy and Online Advertising

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    Speaker
  • Christian Peukert, University of Zurich

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    22 Sept 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Choosing to Compete Against Self or Others - Gender Differences

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    Speaker
  • Elif Ece Demiral, George Mason University, Virginia, USA

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    20 Sept 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Labor Market Responses to Tax Reforms

    In a high-tax labor market like France, tax reductions are a popular tool to support employment of low-wage workers. The welfare implications of these exemptions go beyond the directly affected. We ask three questions. First, because employment and wages are determined by both supply and demand of labor, what are the equilibrium effects of tax reductions on different workers? Second, since policy-makers' horizons may be short, are short-run effects very different from long-run outcomes? Finally, thirdly, who should benefit from tax reductions? To answer these questions we estimate an equilibrium search-and-matching model with worker and firm heterogeneity based on French administrative data. While a narrowly focused low-wage tax reduction has distributional advantages, it negatively affects productivity by encouraging job creation from low-productivity firms, making it harder for high-productivity workers to find suitable matches. We simulate short-run effects on employment and welfare and find that they may be contrary to the long-run equilibrium effects.
    (joint work with Thomas Breda and Luke Haywood)

    Speaker
  • Haomin Wang

  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    8 Sept 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Effects of Mandatory Disclosure of Supermarket Prices

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    Speaker
  • Itai Ater, Tel Aviv University

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    19 July 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The effect of parental education on the offspring's mental health

    We are the first to estimate the causal effect of parental education on a wide range of the adult offspring's mental health outcomes. Theoretical considerations predict positive direct and indirect effects of parental education on the offspring's mental health. But the relation between parental education and mental health outcomes is plagued by endogeneity. To circumvent this problem, we exploit exogenous variation in schooling which is completely unrelated to the offspring's mental health. In contrast to our theoretical considerations, we find no positive effects of parental education on the offspring's mental health. Moreover, preliminary results point at a negative effect of parental education and the offspring's mental health.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    23 June 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Business Owners, Employees and Firm Performance

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    Speaker
  • Mika Maliranta, ETLA & University of Jyväskylä

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    23 June 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Retirement and social connection in old age

    Facing an aging population, many societies discuss policies to prolong work lives. At the individual level, such policies could affect social connectedness in several ways. On the one hand, prolonged work lives could promote a healthier social life at advanced ages by maintaining job-related networks for longer. On the other hand, retirement might boost quantity and quality of social networks by an increase in leisure time. This paper sheds light on the net effects of retirement on social wellbeing and the elderly’s social networks with a particular focus on heterogeneity patterns. Using data from SHARE, we analyze whether country, gender, or education are important dimensions of heterogeneity. Potential endogeneity of the individual retirement status is accounted for using an instrumental variables approach. We thereby exploit variation in the individual retirement decision that is induced by pensionable age thresholds. The results suggest that retirement is not an important determinant for social connectedness. Moreover, effect heterogeneity is not particularly pronounced in the dimensions under study.

    Speaker
    Time
    11:30 - 12:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    8 June 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Consumer Valuation of Fuel Costs and Tax Policy: Evidence from the European Car Market

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    Extra Seminar on Thursday
    Speaker
  • Laura Grigolon, Mc Master University, Ontario

  • Inviter
    Time
    13.15 - 14.30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    7 June 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Increasing Longevity Gap and the Pension System

    We use social security records to document the heterogeneity in life expectancy by lifetime earnings for West Germany and we analyze how this longevity gap has evolved over cohorts. In line with previous studies, we provide evidence that the earnings-related longevity gap is increasing over cohorts. We then propose a decomposition to disentangle the role of the increasing earnings inequality over cohorts and the effect of changes in the earnings gradient on life expectancy. Finally, we study the distributional implications of the increasing longevity gap for the pension system. First, we show how the heterogeneity in life expectancy affects the distribution and the inequality of social security wealth and we document how this has evolved between the cohorts. Second, we calculate contribution/benefit ratios and compare the rates by lifetime earnings and between cohorts. Third, we extend the analysis by also accounting for survivor pensions and heterogeneous life expectancies of surviving spouses.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    24 May 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Low-income children, pre-school peer groups, and early child development: evidence from England

    Early education has increasingly been prioritised within OECD countries’ policy agenda, with a growing focus on early education’s potential to narrow the social class gaps in child development. The positive impact of early provision depends upon a number of factors, however – including the influence of the peers with whom a child interacts. Emerging evidence suggests that peers can directly influence children’s pre-academic skills, as well as affect the quality of the interactions between adults and children at group level.
    This paper examines socio-economic segregation in early education in England. Drawing on administrative data, we analyse a cohort of three-and-four-year-olds who attended early education in 2011 (approximately 560,000 children). We investigate the distributions of children across settings according to income-level and find little evidence of segregation. We also examine the relationships between peer groups in early education and children’s development in the initial year of formal schooling. We find that children who are themselves low income and attend settings with fewer peers who are also low-income have better developmental assessments.  However, this variation is largely eliminated once additional child-level characteristics, the characteristics of settings and of local areas are accounted for.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    12 May 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar On the Countervailing Power of Large Retailers when Shopping Costs Matter

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    Change of time: 12:00 - 13:15
    Speaker
  • Stéphane Caprice, Toulouse School of Economics

  • Inviter
    Time
    12:00 - 13:15
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    10 May 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Effect of Pension Reforms on Savings Behavior

    Many OECD countries are currently undergoing reforms of their statutory pension schemes. In theory, a decrease of pension generosity can have a positive or negative effect on private savings - depending on the corresponding level of employment effects. Thus, it is an empirical question to determine the sign of the effect. A particular reform of the German Statutory Pension Scheme lifted the early retirement age (ERA) of women. The reform was implemented along birth cohorts, allowing for an intuitive identification strategy and causal interpretation of effects.
    While previous studies found positive effects of other generosity decreasing pension reforms on private savings, this is the first study isolating the effect of an increase of the ERA on savings. An upward-shift of the ERA by 3 to 5 years has a statistically and economically significant negative effect on private monthly savings of single women. The effects in the subsample of couples are insignificant.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Ferdinand-Friedensburg-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 2.2.008 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    28 April 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Redistribution in a Joint Income-Wealth Perspective: a Cross-Country Comparison

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    Speaker
  • Gerlinde Verbist, University of Antwerp

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    26 April 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Value of Partial Retirement for Labor Supply, Public Balances and Income Inequality - Evidence from a Structural Analysis

    This paper develops a structural dynamic retirement model to investigate effects and corresponding underlying mechanisms of a partial retirement program in Germany on labor supply, fiscal balances and the pension income distribution. The structural approach  allows to disentangle the two counteracting mechanisms that drive the employment effects of partial retirement: 1) the crowd-out from full-time employment, and 2) the movement from early retirement or unemployment to partial retirement. It also allows to investigate the isolated role of financial compensations in a partial retirement program. The analysis is based on a unique administrative dataset that collects biographical information on full employment histories and combines information on partial retirement take-up with information on individual pension levels. For this purpose I subsequently perform three counterfactual policy simulations: 1) full access to partial retirement 2) an increase of the normal retirement age from 65 to 67, and 3) Adding wage and pension compensations to partial retirement. The results show negative employment effects but potentially positive fiscal consequences as well as a reduction in pension income inequality when partial retirement is introduced. Wage and pension compensations in partial retirement do not substantially affect employment behavior but pension compensations proof necessary to avoid an increased risk of old-age poverty when access to partial retirement is unrestricted.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    7 April 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Does Making Sick Leave Costly Reduce Absenteeism?

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    Speaker
  • Olivier Marie, Erasmus School of Economics

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    24 March 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Long-Term Impacts of Low-Achieving Childhood Peers: Evidence from Project STAR

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    Speaker
  • Jan Bietenbeck, Lund University

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    23 to 24 March 2017

    Workshop International conference on the quality of early childhood education and care

    In recent years, early childhood education and care (ECEC) services have received increasing attention from researches and policy makers in many OECD countries. A growing body of interdisciplinary literature shows that attendance of ECEC services of higher quality is consistently positively associated with children’s cognitive and socio-emotional development. This is an important finding. However, the results differ by the way quality is approached and measured. In addition, ECEC services also address parents and families as a whole. To-date, less evidence exists how ECEC quality may matter to outcomes other than child development, including maternal employment and parents’ subjective wellbeing. This workshop aims to present scholarship from different disciplines which investigates predictors and consequences of various aspects of ECEC quality using a variety of data sets.

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    Location
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 265
    17 March 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar University Selectivity and the Graduate Wage Premium: Evidence from the UK

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    Speaker
  • Ian Walker, Lancaster University

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    3 March 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Policy Uncertainty and Social Security Reform

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    Speaker
  • Ben Etheridge, University of Essex

  • Inviter
    Time
    13:15-14:30
    Location
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
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