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1638 No Gender Difference in Willingness to Compete When Competing against Self Coren L. Apicella, Elif E. Demiral, Johanna Mollerstrom 2017 35 S.
Published in: American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings 107 (2017), 5

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Abstract:

We report on two experiments investigating whether there is a gender difference in thewillingness to compete against oneself (self-competition), similar to what is found whencompeting against others (other-competition). In one laboratory and one online marketexperiment, involving a total of 1,200 participants, we replicate the gender-gap inwillingness to other-compete but find no evidence of a gender difference in the willingnessto self-compete. We explore the roles of risk and confidence and suggest that these factors can account for the different findings. Finally, we document that self-competition does noworse than other-competition in terms of performance boosting.

JEL-Classification:

C90;C91;J16;J71

Keywords:

gender, competition, discrimination, experiment