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DIW BERLIN
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22.01.2018 - Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur, Wirtschaftspolitik
gb8-8b.jpg Niedriges Zinsniveau verstärkt negative Effekte der Austeritätspolitik
Massive Konsolidierungen der öffentlichen Haushalte sowie die Umsetzung von Strukturreformen sollten den südeuropäischen Ländern aus der Krise helfen. Doch neuesten Untersuchungen zufolge könnte die auferlegte strikte Austeritätspolitik im Zusammenspiel mit den ...
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17.01.2018 - Europa und Weltwirtschaft, Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
ezb.jpg Deutsch-französisches Reformkonzept für die Europäische Währungsunion: Marktdisziplin und Risikoteilung unter einem Hut
Gemeinsame Pressemitteilung des Deutschen Instituts für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW Berlin) und des ifo Instituts - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V. Eine Gruppe von 14 Ökonominnen und Ökonomen aus Deutschland und Frankreich, der ...
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23.01.2018 - Diskussionspapiere/ Discussion Papers - Demographie und Haushalte
reihencover_dp.jpg Looking for the Missing Rich : Tracing the Top Tail of the Wealth Distribution
We analyze the top tail of the wealth distribution in Germany, France, and Spain based on the first and second wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Since top wealth is likely to be underrepresented in household surveys, we integrate big fortunes from rich lists, estimate a Pareto distribution, and impute the missing rich. In addition to the Forbes list, we rely on national rich lists since they represent a broader base for the big fortunes in those countries. As a result, ...
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22.01.2018 - DIW focus - Wirtschaftspolitik, Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
reihencover_diw_focus.jpg Low Interest Rate Environment Amplifies Negative Effects of Austerity Policy
Large-scale fiscal consolidations and the implementation of structural reforms should help southern European countries resolve the crisis. But recent studies indicate that in conjunction with the low interest rate in the euro area, the austerity measures that has been imposed could have the opposite effect, leading to an increase in sovereign debt and economic slowdown. For this reason, a more balanced policy mix consisting of less restrictive spending measures and more investment incentives is ...
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22.01.2018 - DIW aktuell - Wirtschaftspolitik, Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
reihencover_diw_aktuell.jpg Niedriges Zinsniveau verstärkt negative Effekte der Austeritätspolitik
Massive Konsolidierungen der öffentlichen Haushalte sowie die Umsetzung von Strukturreformen sollten den südeuropäischen Ländern aus der Krise helfen. Doch neuesten Untersuchungen zufolge könnte die auferlegte strikte Austeritätspolitik im Zusammenspiel mit den niedrigen Zinsen im Euroraum den gegenteiligen Effekt ge-habt und zu einer Erhöhung der Staatsschulden sowie einer Verlangsamung der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung geführt haben. Ein ausgewogenerer Politik-Mix aus ge-lockerten Sparmaßnahmen ...
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19.01.2018 - SOEPpapers - Demographie und Haushalte, Arbeit und Beschäftigung, Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
reihencover_sp.jpg The Short-Run Employment Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform
We assess the short-term employment effects of the introduction of a national statutory minimum wage in Germany in 2015. For this purpose, we exploit variation in the regional treatment intensity, assuming that the stronger a minimum wage 'bites' into the regional wage distribution, the stronger the regional labour market will be affected. In contrast to previous studies, we draw upon detailed individual wage data from the Structure of Earnings Survey (SES) 2014 and combine it with ...
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19.01.2018 - SOEPpapers - Demographie und Haushalte, Arbeit und Beschäftigung
reihencover_sp.jpg Economic Aspects of Subjective Attitudes towards the Minimum Wage Reform
Despite some skepticism among experts about the effects of a minimum wage, there is remarkably widespread public support for such policies. Using representative survey data from 2015 and 2016, we investigate the subjective attitudes driving public support for Germany’s recent minimum wage reform. We find that socio-economic characteristics and political orientations explain a minor part of the variation in attitudes, whereas beliefs that the reform will bring positive redistributional effects ...
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19.01.2018 - SOEPpapers - Demographie und Haushalte, Arbeit und Beschäftigung, Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
reihencover_sp.jpg The Short-Term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform
This study quantifies the short-term distributional effects of the new statutory minimum wage in Germany. Using detailed survey data (German Socio-Economic Panel), we assess changes in the distributions of hourly wages, contractual and actual working hours, and monthly earnings. Our descriptive results indicate growth at the bottom of the hourly wage distribution in the post-reform year, but also considerable noncompliance among eligible employees. In a second step, we employ a difference-in ...
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19.01.2018 - SOEPpapers - Soziales und Gesundheit, Demographie und Haushalte
reihencover_sp.jpg How far Reaches the Power of Personality? Personality Predictors of Terminal Decline in Well-Being
Personality is a powerful predictor of central life outcomes, including subjective well-being. Yet, we still know little about how personality manifests in the very last years of life when well-being typically falls rapidly. Here, we investigate whether the Big Five personality traits buffer (or magnify) terminal decline in well-being beyond and in interaction with functioning in key physical and social domains. We applied growth models to up to 10-year longitudinal data from 629 now deceased ...
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18.01.2018 - DIW Weekly Report - Arbeit und Beschäftigung, Demographie und Haushalte, Branchen und Unternehmen
reihencover_diw_weekly_report.jpg Financial Sector: Proportion of Women in Top Decision-Making Bodies Is Increasing More Slowly Than at the Beginning of the Decade—Equal Gender Representation Is Still a Long Way Off
Over the past year, the proportion of women serving on the executive and supervisory boards of the top 100 largest banks in Germany rose slightly to almost nine and 23 percent, respectively. However, growth has come to a halt in the 60 largest insurance companies: on both executive and supervisory boards, the proportion of women has sunk to almost nine and 22 percent, respectively. For over ten years, DIW Berlin has been investigating to what extent women are represented in the top decision ...
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18.01.2018 - DIW Weekly Report - Arbeit und Beschäftigung, Demographie und Haushalte
reihencover_diw_weekly_report.jpg Top-Decision Making Bodies of Large Businesses : Gender Quota for Supervisory Boards Is Effective—Development Is Almost at a Standstill for Executive Boards
The gender quota for supervisory boards in Germany is effective: by the end of 2017, the proportion of women on the supervisory boards of a good 100 companies that are subject to the quota had risen to 30 percent—three percentage points more than in the previous year. Almost two-thirds of the companies now have supervisory boards with at least 30 percent female members. A European comparison also shows that quota laws work—particularly under the threat of sanctions. So far, there has not been a ...
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Veranstaltungen
24.01.2018 - Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
newsletter_veranstaltung.jpg New Methods for Macro-Financial Model Comparison and Policy Analysis & Recent Applications
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24.01.2018 - Innovation und Wissensgesellschaft, Demographie und Haushalte
newsletter_veranstaltung.jpg The relationship between trust, cognitive abilities, and democracy. Evidence from 30 countries around the world
Beside risk preferences, willingness to trust in others is one of the key requirements in economic transactions. A growing literature in economics deals with the question what factors determine an individual’s willingness to trust. Existing results highlight a strong and robust positive ...
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29.01.2018 - Demographie und Haushalte
newsletter_veranstaltung.jpg Integration of Migrants in the EU: Why Such Differences Between Member States?
Since the early 1990s, immigration has been a more important source of population increase in the EU than the natural change due to births and deaths, while in recent years Europe is facing a large inflow of refugees. At the same time, Eurobarometer opinion surveys reveal that immigration tops the ...
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31.01.2018 - Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
newsletter_veranstaltung.jpg Mixed frequency models with MA components
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07.02.2018 - Gesamtwirtschaft und Konjunktur
newsletter_veranstaltung.jpg Conservatism and Liquidity Traps
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