The Benefit of Coordinating Congestion Management in Germany

Aufsätze in Sammelwerken 2013

Friedrich Kunz, Alexander Zerrahn

In: 10th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM)
Stockholm : EEM
9 S.

Abstract

The management of congestion within the German transmission network has become more important during the last years. This emerging relevance is caused by the increase of renewable generation and the partial phase-out of nuclear power plants. Both developments yield a in the transmission flow pattern and henceforth the need for congestion management. Currently, four German transmission system operators (TSOs) are in charge of managing congestion using curative methods, particularly redispatch of power plants. However, the existence of four TSOs within Germany induces the question whether coordination between them in managing national congestion would be beneficial. To address this issue, we apply a generalized Nash equilibrium model to analyse different degrees of coordination, covering the German electricity market with a detailed representation of the generation and network structure. The results indicate that the costs of congestion management decrease in a rising degree of coordination as TSOs take into account congestion in other operators' zones. Total costs are highest in case each TSO is solely responsible for its own zone, and lowest if one integrated entity is in charge of mitigating congestion. We conclude that, in a setup with multiple TSOs, inducing coordination, for instance through a common market, has the potential of lowering the overall costs of congestion management.

Alexander Zerrahn

Research Associate in the Energy, Transportation, Environment Department