While the European Parliament calls for a binding 40% energy efficiency target for 2030, the Council only agreed to non-binding 27 % and an option to raise to 30% before 2020. Germany seems to still lag behind achievement of its Energiewende target of 20% less energy consumption in 2020 and the EU's requirements. Currently, three major EU energy Directives - the EED, the EPBD, and the Labelling Directive - are under revision. Germany still struggles to implement the many measures in the NAPE of December 2014.
What 2030 energy efficiency target is possible to achieve, and what would be the implications? Will there be strong or weak EU Directives on energy efficiencyin the future? And will Germany be able to achieve its energy savings targets with the EU and national policies?