School Entry, Afternoon Care, and Mothers’ Labour Supply

Aufsätze referiert extern - Web of Science

Ludovica Gambaro, Jan Marcus, Frauke H. Peter

In: Empirical Economics 57 (2019), 3, S. 769-803


The availability of childcare is a crucial factor for mothers’ labour force participation. While most of the literature examines childcare for preschool children, we specifically focus on primary school-aged children, estimating the effect of formal afternoon care on maternal labour supply. To do so, we use a novel matching technique, entropy balancing, and draw on the rich and longitudinal data of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). We show that children’s afternoon care increases mothers’ employment rates and their working hours. To confirm the robustness of our results, we conduct a series of sensitivity analyses and apply a newly proposed method to assess possible bias from omitted variables. Our findings highlight how childcare availability shapes maternal employment patterns well after school entry.

Ludovica Gambaro

Research Associate in the Education and Family Department

Jan Marcus

Juniorprofessor in the Education and Family Department

JEL-Classification: J13;J63;J65
Keywords: Afternoon care, Maternal labour supply, All-day schools, Entropy balancing
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