Replication Studies in Economics — How Many and Which Papers Are Chosen for Replication, and Why?

Aufsätze referiert extern - Web of Science

Frank Mueller-Langer, Benedikt Fecher, Dietmar Harhoff, Gert G. Wagner

In: Research Policy 48 (2019), 1, S. 62-83


We investigate how often replication studies are published in empirical economics and what types of journal articles are replicated. We find that between 1974 and 2014 0.1% of publications in the top 50 economics journals were replication studies. We consider the results of published formal replication studies (whether they are negating or reinforcing) and their extent: Narrow replication studies are typically devoted to mere replication of prior work, while scientific replication studies provide a broader analysis. We find evidence that higher-impact articles and articles by authors from leading institutions are more likely to be replicated, whereas the replication probability is lower for articles that appeared in top 5 economics journals. Our analysis also suggests that mandatory data disclosure policies may have a positive effect on the incidence of replication

Gert G. Wagner

Senior Research Fellow in der Infrastruktureinrichtung Sozio-oekonomisches Panel

JEL-Classification: A1;B4;C12;C13
Keywords: Replication, economics of science, science policy, economic methodology