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Do Demographics Prevent Consumption Aggregates from Reflecting Micro-Level Preferences?

Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

Christos Koulovatianos, Carsten Schröder, Ulrich Schmidt

In: European Economic Review 111 (2019), S. 166-190


Most simulated micro-founded macro models use solely consumer-demand aggregates in order to estimate preference parameters of a representative consumer, for use in policy evaluation. Focusing on dynamic models with time-separable preferences, we show that aggregation holds if, and only if, momentary utility functions fall in the Identical-Shape Harmonic Absolute-Risk Aversion (ISHARA) utility class, identifying which parameters of ISHARA utility functions are allowed to vary over time. Given this theoretical result, it should be easy to empirically reject the aggregation properties that the macroeconomic representative-consumer identification approach requires: it suffices to show that permanent incomes guaranteeing the same living standard across households of different size violate an affine relationship. In order to test the validity of this affine equation, we develop a vignette survey that produces appropriate data without demand-estimation restrictions imposed by models. Surprisingly, in six countries, this equation is not rejected, lending support to using consumer-demand aggregates.

Carsten Schröder

Board of Directors SOEP and Division Head Applied Panel Analysis in the German Socio-Economic Panel study Department

JEL-Classification: C83;E21;D12;E01;D11;D91;D31;I32
Keywords: Linear aggregation, Dynamic representative consumer, Generalized absolute equivalence scale, Exactness (GAESE) Equivalent incomes, Vignette survey