26. Juni 2019

Seminar

Growing Like Germany: Local Public Debt, Local Banks, Low Private Investment

Termin

26. Juni 2019
12:00-13:15

Ort

Joan Robinson Room
DIW Berlin
Room 3.3.002a
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin

SprecherInnen

Mathias Hoffmann, University of Zurich

Germany’s persistent current account surplus reflects to a large extent low domestic private investment. We argue that two factors—the local fragmentation of Germany’s banking system and the role of local banks in local public finance—can help explain why investment is so low. Local public banks dominate lending to small and medium firms in many regions of Germany. At the same time, they are also important as lenders to local municipalities. Local banks in more indebted municipalities lend more to local government. This effect is particularly strong for local public banks, which are under the direct political control of municipalities. Local government debt yields very low returns, but because lending markets are geographically segmented, local banks can charge higher rates on their small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) customers to break even. Using a unique data set of more than 1m German firms over 2009-2016, we show that firms which depend on local banks pay higher interest rates on their loans if the local bank lends a lot to the local government. This considerably lowers firm investment. Hence, the reliance of municipalities on local banks for credit leads to the crowding out of private investment in geographically segmented banking markets.

Kontakt

Geraldine Dany-Knedlik

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin in der Abteilung Makroökonomie

Jan Philipp Fritsche

Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter in der Abteilung Makroökonomie