DIW Roundup

149 Ergebnisse, ab 21
DIW Roundup 117 / 2017

International Investments and Current Account Imbalances: The Importance of Valuation Changes

Global capital flows have strongly increased from the 1980s until the outbreak of the financial crisis. As a result of this development, Germany's foreign investment has risen to around 250 percent of gross domestic product while foreign investments

2017| Guido Baldi, Björn Bremer, Thore Schlaak
DIW Roundup 117 / 2017

Internationale Investitionen und Leistungsbilanzungleichgewichte: Die Bedeutung von Wertschwankungen

Finanzkrise stark gestiegen. Im Zuge dessen sind etwa die Auslandsinvestitionen Deutschlands auf rund 250 Prozent in Relation zum Bruttoinlandsprodukt, die Investitionen des Auslands in Deutschland auf etwa 200 Prozent gestiegen. Diese positive ...

2017| Guido Baldi, Björn Bremer, Thore Schlaak
DIW Roundup 116 / 2017

Capital Market Integration and Macroeconomic Stability

After the establishment of the Banking Union, the European Commission is working on measures to foster capital market deepening in Europe. Key goals for a European Capital Markets Union are to provide firms with alternative funding sources to bank ..

2017| Franziska Bremus, Ruth Stelten
DIW Roundup 115 / 2017

The Use of Financial Market Variables in Forecasting

Financial market indicators can provide valuable information for forecasting macroeconomic developments. In response to the global financial crisis of 2007/2008, the role of financial variables for forecasting has been revisited, and new empirical ..

2017| Stefan Gebauer
DIW Roundup 114 / 2017

Microenterprises in Developing Countries: Is there Growth Potential?

Microenterprises account for a large fraction of employment in developing countries and they are likely to increase in importance in the future. In Sub-Saharan Africa, for example, around 8 million additional jobs need to be created annually in order

2017| Helke Seitz
DIW Roundup 113 / 2017

Does More Education Protect against Mental Health Problems?

Mental health conditions are a leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and health costs worldwide: They account for 199 million DALYs or 37 percent of healthy life years lost from non-communicable diseases. The sum of direct and ...

2017| Daniel Graeber
DIW Roundup 112 / 2017

Effizienzanalysen frühkindlicher Bildungs- und Betreuungsangebote: Mehr differenzierte Analysen für Deutschland erforderlich

Vor dem Hintergrund knapper öffentlicher Ressourcen bilden Effizienzanalysen ein zentrales Instrument im Prozess der politischen Entscheidungsfindung. Durch die Gegenüberstellung von Kosten und Nutzen können sie die Frage beantworten, ob und in ..

2017| Sophia Schmitz, Antonia Kröger
DIW Roundup 111 / 2017

Wind Power: Mitigated and Imposed External Costs and Other Indirect Economic Effects

Since the 1990s, (onshore) wind power has become an important technology for electricity generation throughout the world. The economic rationale is the mitigation of negative externalities of conventional technologies, in particular emissions from ..

2017| Alexander Zerrahn
DIW Roundup 110 / 2017

The Natural Rate of Interest and Secular Stagnation

In many advanced economies, there has been a declining trend in interest rates over the past thirty years. Since the financial crisis, interest rates have remained particularly low. Though a decrease in inflation explains part of the fall in nominal

2017| Guido Baldi, Patrick Harms
DIW Roundup 109 / 2017

The Natural Rate of Interest II: Empirical Overview

The concept of the natural rate of interest (NRI) dates back to Wicksell (1898) and has since then been highly debated in the economic literature. In practice, estimates of the NRI can be employed as a versatile tool for macroeconomic analysis and ..

2017| Dmitry Chervyakov, Philipp König
DIW Roundup 108 / 2017

The Natural Rate of Interest I: Theory

The term natural (or neutral) real interest rate refers to the equilibrium value of the real interest rate. As this equilibrium is usually conceived as a situation where inflationary or deflationary pressures have abated, the natural real interest ..

2017| Philipp König, Dmitry Chervyakov
DIW Roundup 107 / 2017

The Inflation Targeting Debate

Inflation targeting has become one of the most prominent monetary regimes around the globe. Proponents argue that it reduces the dynamic inconsistency problem of monetary policy and thereby stabilises prices, which in turn promotes growth. Opponents,

2017| Malte Rieth
DIW Roundup 106 / 2017

Arbeitszeitwünsche von Beschäftigten: eine Black Box? Zu Unschärfen der Ermittlung von Unter- und Überbeschäftigung

Wie viel Zeit Menschen in ihre Erwerbsarbeit investieren wollen, können und müssen ist nicht nur für den Einzelnen, sondern auch für eine Ökonomie als Ganzes von zentraler Bedeutung. Doch je nach Studie und zugrundeliegendem Datensatz ergibt sic

2017| Elke Holst, Julia Bringmann
DIW Roundup 105 / 2016

Wie beeinflusst der Besuch einer Kindertageseinrichtung nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten?

Kindertageseinrichtungen sollen als Ort der frühkindlichen Bildung die Entwicklung und Fähigkeiten von Kindern fördern. Die frühe Bildung ist besonders wichtig, da sich viele Fähigkeiten früh im Lebensverlauf herausbilden. Außerdem erleichtern

2016| Georg F. Camehl
DIW Roundup 104 / 2016

Tax Evasion and the Impact of International Regulation: A Summary of Empirical Results

While combating tax evasion ranks highly on the international policy agenda and journalists are covering leak after leak, the economics profession at large has somewhat neglected the subject until recently. In the last years, however, a combination .

2016| Jakob Miethe, Helge Niesytka
DIW Roundup 103 / 2016

Eine Softdrinksteuer zur fiskalischen Konsumsteuerung

Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) einen Bericht vorgestellt, in dem sie eine 20%-ige Steuer auf zuckergesüßte Getränke empfiehlt (WHO 2016). Zuletzt hat Großbritannien die Einführung einer solchen Abgabe im Haushalt 2016 beschlossen und erwartet

2016| Renke Schmacker
DIW Roundup 102 / 2016

Parental Leave Policies and Child Development: A Review of Empirical Findings

Parental leave policies are a major policy tool used across OECD countries to support families before and after child birth. There are large differences across countries in the amount and the duration of benefit payments as well as leave entitlement

2016| Mathias Huebener
DIW Roundup 101 / 2016

Zur Debatte um die Angleichung des Rentenrechts in Ost und West

Auch über ein Vierteljahrhundert nach dem Fall der Mauer ist die vollständige Angleichung des Rentenrechts in Ost- und Westdeutschland noch nicht vollzogen. Die gesetzlichen Renten werden weiterhin unterschiedlich berechnet und angepasst, ferner ..

2016| Johannes Geyer
DIW Roundup 100 / 2016

CGE-Based Methods to Measure the Impact of Trade Liberalization on Poverty

It is heavily discussed whether trade liberalization is good or bad for the poor in a given (developing) country. The answer depends on a wide variety of factors, such as the type of trade barrier removed, the economic and institutional environment .

2016| Isabel Teichmann
DIW Roundup 99 / 2016

What Causes the Delay in Reforms in Europe?

The academic literature provides no clear answer to this question. In principle, the recent slowdown in reform activity and fiscal consolidation in the euro area may derive from several developments. Potential reasons involve the end of the economic

2016| Malte Rieth, Lisa Gehrt
149 Ergebnisse, ab 21