Diskussionspapiere

1833 Ergebnisse, ab 41
Diskussionspapiere 1791 / 2019

The Part-Time Wage Gap across the Wage Distribution

Part-time work has vastly expanded in most OECD labor markets during the last decades. At the same time, full- and part-time wages have grown increasingly apart, leading to a substantial raw part-time wage penalty. Using quantile regression methods,

2019| Patricia Gallego Granados
Diskussionspapiere 1792 / 2019

Exchange Rates, Foreign Currency Exposure and Sovereign Risk

We quantify the causal link between exchange rate movements and sovereign risk of 16 major emerging market economies (EMEs) by means of structural vector autoregressive models (SVARs) using data from 10/2004 through 12/2016. We apply a novel data ...

2019| Kerstin Bernoth, Helmut Herwartz
Diskussionspapiere 1790 / 2019

The Death Spiral of Coal in the USA: Will New U.S. Energy Policy Change the Tide?

The Trump administration has promised to stop the spiraling down of the U.S. coal industry that has been going on for several years. We discuss the origins of the decline of the U.S. coal industry and new policy interventions by the Trump ...

2019| Roman Mendelevitch, Christian Hauenstein, Franziska Holz
Diskussionspapiere 1789 / 2019

The Long-Term Effect of Age at School Entry on Competencies in Adulthood

The previous literature has shown that children who enter school at a more advanced age outperform their younger classmates on competency tests taken between kindergarten and Grade 10. This study analyzes whether these effects of school starting age

2019| Katja Görlitz, Merlin Penny, Marcus Tamm
Diskussionspapiere 1788 / 2019

Agglomeration Economies and the Firm TFP: Different Effects across Industries

This paper analyzes the effect of agglomeration economies on firms’ total factor productivity. We propose the use of a control function approach to overcome the econometric issue inherent to the two-stage approach commonly used in the literature. .

2019| Martin Gornig, Alexander Schiersch
Diskussionspapiere 1787 / 2019

The Effect of a Ban on Gender-Based Pricing on Risk Selection in the German Health Insurance Market

Starting from December 2012, insurers in the European Union were prohibited from charging gender-discriminatory prices. We examine the effect of this unisex mandate on risk segmentation in the German health insurance market. While gender used to be a

2019| Shan Huang, Martin Salm
Diskussionspapiere 1785 / 2019

Mortality in Midlife for Subgroups in Germany

Case and Deaton (2015) document that, since 1998, midlife mortality rates are increasing for white non-Hispanics in the US. This trend is driven by deaths from drug overdoses, suicides, and alcohol-related diseases, termed as deaths of despair, and .

2019| Peter Haan, Anna Hammerschmid, Julia Schmieder
Diskussionspapiere 1780 / 2019

Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880-1917)

This article studies the evolution of housing rents in St. Petersburg between 1880 and 1917, covering an eventful period of Russian and world history. We collect and digitize over 5,000 rental advertisements from a local newspaper, which we use ...

2019| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Leonid Limonov, Sofie R. Waltl
Diskussionspapiere 1784 / 2019

What Determines the Elasticity of Substitution between Capital and Labor? A Literature Review

This paper provides the first comprehensive review of the empirical and theoretical literature on the determinants of the elasticity of substitution between capital and labor. Our focus is on the two-input constant elasticity of substitution (CES) ..

2019| Michael Knoblach, Fabian Stöckl
Diskussionspapiere 1783 / 2019

Where Does the Fairtrade Money Go? How Much Consumers Pay Extra for Fairtrade Coffee and How This Value Is Split along the Value Chain

Fairtrade certification aims at transferring wealth from the consumer to the farmer; however, coffee passes through many hands before reaching final consumers. Bringing together retail, wholesale, and stock market data, this study estimates how much

2019| Helene Naegele
Diskussionspapiere 1782 / 2019

Global Futures of Energy, Climate, and Policy: Qualitative and Quantitative Foresight towards 2055

Existing long-term energy and climate scenarios are typically a rather simple extrapolation of past trends. Both qualitative and quantitative outlooks co-exist, but they often focus narrowly on individual perspectives, which is opposed to the ...

2019| Dawud Ansari, Franziska Holz, Hasan Basri Tosun
Diskussionspapiere 1781 / 2019

The Short-Run Effect of Monetary Policy Shocks on Credit Risk: An Analysis of the Euro Area

We examine the credit channel of monetary policy from 2000 to 2015 in the Euro Area using daily monetary policy shock and credit risk measures in an autoregressive distributed lag model. We find that an expansionary monetary policy shock leads to a .

2019| Chi Hyun Kim, Lars Other
Diskussionspapiere 1778 / 2019

Social Policy or Crowding-Out? Tenant Protection in Comparative Long-Run Perspective

In the shadow of homeownership and public housing, social policy through the regulation of private rental markets is a neglected and underestimated field of social policy. This paper, therefore, presents unique new data on the development of private

2019| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl, Yulia Prozorova, Julien Licheron
Diskussionspapiere 1779 / 2019

Nuclear Decommissioning after the German Nuclear Phase-Out: An Integrated View on New Regulations and Nuclear Logistics

With Germany’s nuclear phase-out, 23 reactors need to be dismantled in the near future. Initiated by the dire financial situation of the affected utilities in 2014, a major discourse on ensuring financial liability led to a redistribution of ...

2019| Tim Scherwath, Ben Wealer, Roman Mendelevitch
Diskussionspapiere 1777 / 2018

The Role of Budget Contraints in Sequential Elimination Tournaments

Motivated by the EU concept of Pre-Commercial Procurement and the massivepresence of SMEs in the European economy, we study how budget constraints affect R&D effort in sequential elimination tournaments. We show that introducingbudget constraints ...

2018| Malin Arve, Olga Chiappinelli
Diskussionspapiere 1776 / 2018

Distributional Impacts of Climate Mitigation Policies - a Meta-Analysis

Understanding the distributional impacts of market-based climate policies is crucial to design economically efficient climate change mitigation policies that are socially acceptable and avoid adverse impacts on the poor. Empirical studies that ...

2018| Nils Ohlendorf, Michael Jakob, Jan Christoph Minx, Carsten Schröder, Jan Christoph Steckel
Diskussionspapiere 1775 / 2018

Better Together? Heterogeneous Effects of Tracking on Student Achievement

This study estimates mean and distributional effects of early between-school ability tracking on student achievement. For identification, I exploit heterogeneity in tracking regimes between German federal states. After comprehensive primary school, .

2018| Sönke Hendrik Matthewes
Diskussionspapiere 1774 / 2018

Firm Size and Innovation in the Service Sector

A rich literature links knowledge inputs with innovative outputs. However, most of what is known is restricted to manufacturing. This paper analyzes whether the three aspects involving innovative activity - R&D; innovative output; and productivity -

2018| David B. Audretsch, Marian Hafenstein, Alexander S. Kritikos, Alexander Schiersch
Diskussionspapiere 1773 / 2018

Are Emission Performance Standards Effective in Pollution Control? Evidence from the EU's Large Combustion Plant Directive

This paper explores the extent to which emissions limits on stack concentrations under the Large Combustion Plant (LCP) Directive succeeded in mitigating local air pollutants from thermal power stations in the European Union. We take advantage of the

2018| Puja Singhal
Diskussionspapiere 1772 / 2018

Do Laws Shape Attitudes? Evidence from Same-Sex Relationship Recognition Policies in Europe

Understanding whether laws shape or simply reflect citizens’ attitudes is important but empirically difficult. We provide new evidence on this question by studying the relationship between legal same-sex relationship recognition policies (SSRRPs) a

2018| Cevat G. Aksoy, Christopher S. Carpenter, Ralph de Haas, Kevin Tran
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