1885 Ergebnisse, ab 41
Diskussionspapiere 1842 / 2020

The MARS Algorithm in the Spatial Framework: Non-Linearities and Spatial Effects in Hedonic Models

Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) is a simple and powerful non-parametric technique that automatizes the selection of non-linear terms in regression models. Non-linearities and spatial effects are natural characteristics in numerous spatial hedonic pricing models. In this paper, we propose using the MARS data-driven methodology combined with the Instrumental Variables method in order to ...

2020| Fernando A. López, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
Diskussionspapiere 1841 / 2020

Is Monetary Policy Gender Neutral? Evidence from the Stock Market

We use US household survey data from 2001-2017 to investigate whether monetary policy has heterogeneous effects on women's and men's financial portfolio decisions by analyzing their equity investment. On the one hand, monetary policy significantly affects the entry decisions of women, but not of men: after a contractionary shock, the probability of women entering the stock market decreases. On the ...

2020| Caterina Forti Grazzini, Chi Hyun Kim
Diskussionspapiere 1840 / 2020

The Role of Aggregators in Facilitating Industrial Demand Response: Evidence from Germany

Industrial demand response can play an important part in balancing the intermittent production from a growing share of renewable energies in electricity markets. This paper analyses the role of aggregators – intermediaries between participants and the electricity market – in facilitating industrial demand response. Based on the results from semi-structured interviews with German demand response aggregators, ...

2020| Jan Stede, Karin Arnold, Christa Dufter, Georg Holtz, Serafin von Roon, Jörn C. Richstein
Diskussionspapiere 1839 / 2020

Does Social Policy through Rent Controls Inhibit New Construction? Some Answers from Long-Run Historical Evidence

The (re-)introduction of rent regulation in the form of rent controls, tenant protection or supply rationing is back on the agenda of policymakers in light of rent inflation in many global cities. While rent control as social policy promises short-term relief, economists point to their negative long-run effects on new construction. This paper present long-run data on both rent regulation and housing ...

2020| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl
Diskussionspapiere 1838 / 2019

Selection into Employment and the Gender Wage Gap across the Distribution and over Time

Using quantile regression methods, this paper analyses the gender wage gap across the wage distribution and over time (1990-2014), while controlling for changing sample selection into full-time employment. Our findings show that the selection-corrected gender wage gap is much larger than the one observed in the data, which is mainly due to large positive selection of women into fulltime employment. ...

2019| Patricia Gallego Granados, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1837 / 2019

Energy Outlooks Compared: Global and Regional Insights

We compare prominent global energy scenarios of organisations and companies. We supplement the analysis with four own scenarios, which were derived from structured analytic techniques in combination with a numerical global energy and resource market model (Multimod). Our study provides three central contributions: (i) a compact survey of selected outlooks with meta characteristics (conceptual nature, ...

2019| Dawud Ansari, Franziska Holz, Hashem al-Kuhlani
Diskussionspapiere 1836 / 2019

Merger Policy in Digital Markets: An Ex-Post Assessment

This paper presents a broad retrospective evaluation of mergers and merger decisions in the digital sector. We first discuss the most crucial features of digital markets such as network effects, multi-sidedness, big data, and rapid innovation that create important challenges for competition policy. We show that these features have been key determinants of the theories of harm in major merger cases ...

2019| Elena Argentesi, Paolo Buccirossi, Emilio Calvano, Tomaso Duso, Alessia Marrazzo, Salvatore Nava
Diskussionspapiere 1835 / 2019

The Effect of a Leniency Rule on Cartel Formation and Stability: Experiments with Open Communication

Cartels can severely harm social welfare. Competition authorities introduced leniency rules to destabilize existing cartels and hinder the formation of new ones. Empirically, it is difficult to judge the success of these measures because functioning cartels are unobservable. Existing experimental studies confirm that a leniency rule indeed reduces cartelization. We extend these studies by having a ...

2019| Maximilian Andres, Lisa Bruttel, Jana Friedrichsen
Diskussionspapiere 1834 / 2019

Can Governments Ban Materials with Large Carbon Footprint? Legal and Administrative Assessment of Product Carbon Requirements

This paper explores whether governments can ban carbon-intensive materials through product carbon requirements. By setting near-zero emission limits for the production of materials to be sold within a jurisdiction, governments would accelerate the phase out of carbon-intensive production processes. Their announcement could alert basic materials producers, financing institutions, and other relevant ...

2019| Timo Gerres, Manuel Haussner, Karsten Neuhoff, Alice Pirlot
Diskussionspapiere 1833 / 2019

Economics of Nuclear Power Plant Investment: Monte Carlo Simulations of Generation III/III+ Investment Projects

This paper analyzes nuclear power plant investments using Monte Carlo simulations of economic indicators such as net present value (NPV) and levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). In times of liberalized electricity markets, largescale decarbonization and climate change considerations, this topic is gaining momentum and requires fundamental analysis of cost drivers. We adopt the private investors’ perspective ...

2019| Ben Wealer, Simon Bauer, Leonard Göke, Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1832 / 2019

Rent Control, Market Segmentation, and Misallocation: Causal Evidence from a Large-Scale Policy Intervention

This paper studies market segmentation that arises from the introduction of a price ceiling in the market for rental housing. When part of the market faces rent control, theory predicts an increase of free-market rents, a consequence of misallocation of households to housing units. We study a large-scale policy intervention in the German housing market in 2015 to document this mechanism empirically. ...

2019| Andreas Mense, Claus Michelsen, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
Diskussionspapiere 1831 / 2019

Proxy VAR Models in a Data-Rich Environment

Structural VAR models require two ingredients: (i) Informational sufficiency, and (ii) a valid identification strategy. These conditions are unlikely to be met by small-scale recursively identified VAR models. I propose a Bayesian Proxy Factor-Augmented VAR (BP-FAVAR) to combine a large information set with an identification scheme based on an external instrument. In an application to monetary policy ...

2019| Martin Bruns
Diskussionspapiere 1830 / 2019

Is There Still Son Preference in the United States?

In this paper, we use 2008-2013 American Community Survey data to update and further probe evidence on son preference in the United States. In light of the substantial increase in immigration, we examine this question separately for natives and immigrants. Dahl and Moretti (2008) found earlier evidence consistent with son preference in that having a female first child raised fertility and increased ...

2019| Francine D. Blau, Lawrence M. Kahn, Peter Brummund, Jason Cook, Miriam Larson-Koester
Diskussionspapiere 1829 / 2019

What Makes an Employer?

As the policy debate on entrepreneurship increasingly centers on firm growth in terms of job creation, it is important to better understand which variables influence the first hiring decision and which ones influence the subsequent survival as an employer. Using the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP), we analyze what role individual characteristics of entrepreneurs play in sustainable job creation. ...

2019| Marco Caliendo, Frank M. Fossen, Alexander S. Kritikos
Diskussionspapiere 1828 / 2019

The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services on the Social Integration of Refugee Families

Devising appropriate policy measures for the integration of refugees is high on the agenda of many governments. This paper focuses on the social integration of families seeking asylum in Germany between 2013 and 2016. Exploiting differences in services availability across counties as an exogenous source of variation, we evaluate the effect of early education attendance by refugee children on their ...

2019| Ludovica Gambaro, Guido Neidhöfer, C. Katharina Spieß
Diskussionspapiere 1827 / 2019

The Role of Labor Demand in the Labor Market Effects of a Pension Reform

This paper shows that labor demand plays an important role in the labor market reactions of older women affected by pension deductions for early retirement. Based on a large representative sample of the German workforce (SIAB), we calculate the consequences of individual financial incentive changes caused by a pension reform in Germany on employment, unemployment, and partial retirement. The reform ...

2019| Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Svenja Lorenz, Mona Pfister, Thomas Zwick
Diskussionspapiere 1826 / 2019

Cheating and Corruption: Evidence from a Household Survey

This study tests the prediction that a corrupt government reduces ethical behavior among its citizens. We integrate a standard "cheating" experiment into a broad household survey and find clear support for this prediction: respondents who perceive corruption in state affairs are more likely to cheat. Interestingly, there is a small group of non-conformers. The main relation is robust to consideration ...

2019| Olaf Hübler, Melanie Koch, Lukas Menkhoff, Ulrich Schmidt
Diskussionspapiere 1825 / 2019

Do Expert Panelists Herd? Evidence from FDA Committees

We develop a structural model to address the question whether, and to what extent, expert panelists engage in herd behavior when voting on important policy questions. Our data comes from FDA advisory committees voting on questions concerning the approval of new drug applications. We utilize a change in the voting procedure from sequential to simultaneous voting to identify herding. Estimates suggest ...

2019| Melissa Newham, Rune Midjord
Diskussionspapiere 1824 / 2019

Social Status Concerns and the Political Economy of Publicly Provided Private Goods

We analyze the political economy of the public provision of private goods when individuals care about their social status. Status concerns motivate richer individuals to vote for the public provision of goods they themselves buy in markets: a higher provision level attracts more individuals to the public sector, enhancing the social exclusivity of market purchases. Majority voting may lead to a public ...

2019| Jana Friedrichsen, Tobias König, Tobias Lausen
Diskussionspapiere 1823 / 2019

The Effect of Personalized Feedback on Small Enterprises’ Finances in Uganda

This RCT examines the effect of a new style finance training during which participants are given personalized feedback on their financial business outcomes in addition to a “rules-of-thumb” training approach. We compare this to the effects of a “rules-of-thumb” training by itself and to a control group. Targeting about 500 small and micro entrepreneurs in Kampala, Uganda, we find that the personalized ...

2019| Antonia Grohmann, Lukas Menkhoff, Helke Seitz
1885 Ergebnisse, ab 41