Diskussionspapiere

1840 Ergebnisse, ab 41
Diskussionspapiere 1799 / 2019

Gender Identity and Wives' Labor Market Outcomes in West and East Germany between 1984 and 2016

We exploit the natural experiment of German reunification in 1990 to investigate if the institutional regimes of the formerly socialist (rather gender-equal) East Germany and the capitalist (rather gender-traditional) West Germany shaped different ..

2019| Maximilian Sprengholz, Anna Wieber, Elke Holst
Diskussionspapiere 1797 / 2019

25 Years of European Merger Control

We study the evolution of the EC’s merger decision procedure over the first 25 years of European competition policy. Using a novel dataset constructed at the level of the relevant markets and containing all merger cases over the 1990-2014 period, we

2019| Pauline Affeldt, Tomaso Duso, Florian Szücs
Diskussionspapiere 1796 / 2019

Bayesian Structural VAR Models: A New Approach for Prior Beliefs on Impulse Responses

Structural VAR models are frequently identified using sign restrictions on contemporaneous impulse responses. We develop a methodology that can handle a set of prior distributions that is much larger than the one currently allowed for by traditional

2019| Martin Bruns, Michele Piffer
Diskussionspapiere 1769 / 2018

Flexible Electricity Use for Heating in Markets with Renewable Energy

Using electricity for heating can contribute to decarbonization and provide flexibility to integrate variable renewable energy. We analyze the case of electric storage heaters in German 2030 scenarios with an open-source electricity sector model. ...

2018| Wolf-Peter Schill, Alexander Zerrahn
Diskussionspapiere 1793 / 2019

Non-Take-Up of Means-Tested Social Benefits in Germany

This paper presents non-take-up rates of benefits from the German Income Support for Job Seekers scheme, called Unemployment Benefit II (Arbeitslosengeld II ). Eligibility to these benefits is simulated by applying a microsimulation model based on ..

2019| Michelle Harnisch
Diskussionspapiere 1794 / 2019

Occupational Characteristics and the Gender Pay Gap

Germany has a large persistent Gender Pay Gap of 21 %; although this gap is not constant across occupations. The question arises why some occupations have large Gender Pay Gaps while others have only small gaps. Using data from the Structural ...

2019| Aline Zucco
Diskussionspapiere 1795 / 2019

Fighting Climate Change with Disclosure? The Real Effects of Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Emission Disclosure

We examine whether mandatory disclosure of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions influences companies’ GHG emission levels. We identify the disclosure effect by exploiting a mandate requiring UK-incorporated listed companies to disclose information on GHG .

2019| Benedikt Downar, Jürgen Ernstberger, Hannes Rettenbacher, Sebastian Schwenen, Aleksandar Zaklan
Diskussionspapiere 1791 / 2019

The Part-Time Wage Gap across the Wage Distribution

Part-time work has vastly expanded in most OECD labor markets during the last decades. At the same time, full- and part-time wages have grown increasingly apart, leading to a substantial raw part-time wage penalty. Using quantile regression methods,

2019| Patricia Gallego Granados
Diskussionspapiere 1792 / 2019

Exchange Rates, Foreign Currency Exposure and Sovereign Risk

We quantify the causal link between exchange rate movements and sovereign risk of 16 major emerging market economies (EMEs) by means of structural vector autoregressive models (SVARs) using data from 10/2004 through 12/2016. We apply a novel data ...

2019| Kerstin Bernoth, Helmut Herwartz
Diskussionspapiere 1790 / 2019

The Death Spiral of Coal in the USA: Will New U.S. Energy Policy Change the Tide?

The Trump administration has promised to stop the spiraling down of the U.S. coal industry that has been going on for several years. We discuss the origins of the decline of the U.S. coal industry and new policy interventions by the Trump ...

2019| Roman Mendelevitch, Christian Hauenstein, Franziska Holz
Diskussionspapiere 1789 / 2019

The Long-Term Effect of Age at School Entry on Competencies in Adulthood

The previous literature has shown that children who enter school at a more advanced age outperform their younger classmates on competency tests taken between kindergarten and Grade 10. This study analyzes whether these effects of school starting age

2019| Katja Görlitz, Merlin Penny, Marcus Tamm
Diskussionspapiere 1788 / 2019

Agglomeration Economies and the Firm TFP: Different Effects across Industries

This paper analyzes the effect of agglomeration economies on firms’ total factor productivity. We propose the use of a control function approach to overcome the econometric issue inherent to the two-stage approach commonly used in the literature. ...

2019| Martin Gornig, Alexander Schiersch
Diskussionspapiere 1787 / 2019

The Effect of a Ban on Gender-Based Pricing on Risk Selection in the German Health Insurance Market

Starting from December 2012, insurers in the European Union were prohibited from charging gender-discriminatory prices. We examine the effect of this unisex mandate on risk segmentation in the German health insurance market. While gender used to be a

2019| Shan Huang, Martin Salm
Diskussionspapiere 1785 / 2019

Mortality in Midlife for Subgroups in Germany

Case and Deaton (2015) document that, since 1998, midlife mortality rates are increasing for white non-Hispanics in the US. This trend is driven by deaths from drug overdoses, suicides, and alcohol-related diseases, termed as deaths of despair, and .

2019| Peter Haan, Anna Hammerschmid, Julia Schmieder
Diskussionspapiere 1780 / 2019

Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880-1917)

This article studies the evolution of housing rents in St. Petersburg between 1880 and 1917, covering an eventful period of Russian and world history. We collect and digitize over 5,000 rental advertisements from a local newspaper, which we use ...

2019| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Leonid Limonov, Sofie R. Waltl
Diskussionspapiere 1784 / 2019

What Determines the Elasticity of Substitution between Capital and Labor? A Literature Review

This paper provides the first comprehensive review of the empirical and theoretical literature on the determinants of the elasticity of substitution between capital and labor. Our focus is on the two-input constant elasticity of substitution (CES) ..

2019| Michael Knoblach, Fabian Stöckl
Diskussionspapiere 1783 / 2019

Where Does the Fairtrade Money Go? How Much Consumers Pay Extra for Fairtrade Coffee and How This Value Is Split along the Value Chain

Fairtrade certification aims at transferring wealth from the consumer to the farmer; however, coffee passes through many hands before reaching final consumers. Bringing together retail, wholesale, and stock market data, this study estimates how much

2019| Helene Naegele
Diskussionspapiere 1782 / 2019

Global Futures of Energy, Climate, and Policy: Qualitative and Quantitative Foresight towards 2055

Existing long-term energy and climate scenarios are typically a rather simple extrapolation of past trends. Both qualitative and quantitative outlooks co-exist, but they often focus narrowly on individual perspectives, which is opposed to the ...

2019| Dawud Ansari, Franziska Holz, Hasan Basri Tosun
Diskussionspapiere 1781 / 2019

The Short-Run Effect of Monetary Policy Shocks on Credit Risk: An Analysis of the Euro Area

We examine the credit channel of monetary policy from 2000 to 2015 in the Euro Area using daily monetary policy shock and credit risk measures in an autoregressive distributed lag model. We find that an expansionary monetary policy shock leads to a .

2019| Chi Hyun Kim, Lars Other
Diskussionspapiere 1778 / 2019

Social Policy or Crowding-Out? Tenant Protection in Comparative Long-Run Perspective

In the shadow of homeownership and public housing, social policy through the regulation of private rental markets is a neglected and underestimated field of social policy. This paper, therefore, presents unique new data on the development of private

2019| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl, Yulia Prozorova, Julien Licheron
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