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Die SOEPpapers sind eine zentrale Plattform, auf der wir Forschungsergebnisse veröffentlichen, die auf SOEP-Daten basieren. Das SOEP ist eine multidisziplinäre Einrichtung – deshalb erscheinen in der Reihe SOEPpapers Arbeiten aus allen sozialwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen.

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  • SOEPpapers 1207 / 2024

    Technological Progress, Occupational Structure, and Gender Gaps in the German Labour Market

    We analyze if technological progress and the change in the occupational structure have improved women’s position in the labour market. We show that women increasingly work in non-routine manual and in interactive occupations. However, the observed narrowing of the gender wage gap is entirely driven by declining gender wag gaps within, rather than between, occupations. A decomposition exercise reveals ...

    2024| Ronald Bachmann, Myrielle Gonschor
  • SOEPpapers 1206 / 2024

    Schooling and Self-Control

    While there is an established positive relationship between self-control and education, the direction of causality remains a matter of debate. We make a contribution to resolving this issue by exploiting a series of Australian and German educational reforms that increased minimum education requirements as a source of exogenous variation in education levels. Instrumental variables estimates suggest ...

    2024| Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Sarah C. Dahmann, Daniel A. Kamhöfer, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch
  • SOEPpapers 1205 / 2024

    The Cost of Fair Pay: How Child Care Work Wages Affect Formal Child Care Hours, Informal Child Care Hours, and Employment Hours

    The debate on the effects of child care policies on household and individual behavior is substantial but lacks a discussion of the unintended consequences of rising wages in the child care work sector. To address this gap in the debate, the relation between rising pay and formal child care hours, informal child care hours, and employment hours is analyzed empirically with a case study on child care ...

    2024| Verena Löffler
  • SOEPpapers 1204 / 2024

    Life Events and Life Satisfaction: Estimating Effects of Multiple Life Events in Combined Models

    How do life events affect life satisfaction? Previous studies focused on a single event or separate analyses of several events. However, life events are often grouped non-randomly over the lifespan, occur in close succession, and are causally linked, raising the question of how to best analyze them jointly. Here, we used representative German data (SOEP; N = 40,121 individuals; n = 41,402 event occurrences) ...

    2024| Michael D. Krämer, Julia M. Rohrer, Richard E. Lucas, David Richter
  • SOEPpapers 1203 / 2023

    Gendered Implications of Restricted Residence Obligation Policies on Refugees’ Employment in Germany

    This paper investigates the gender-specific impact of settlement policies on the labor market integration of refugees in Germany, utilizing a gender-specific approach. Analyzing data from the IAB- BAMF-SOEP Refugees Survey (2016-2020) through a pooled logit model with an intention-to-treat design, we explore how restrictive residency obligation policies, in conjunction with local conditions in the ...

    2023| Adriana R. Cardozo Silva, Yuliya Kosyakova, Aslıhan Yurdakul
  • SOEPpapers 1202 / 2023

    Echoes of the Past: The Enduring Impact of Communism on Contemporary Freedom of Speech Values

    This paper studies the long-term consequences of communism on present-day freedom of expression values in two settings – East Germany and the states linked to the sphere of influence of the former USSR. Exploiting the natural experiment of German separation and later reunification, we show that living under communism has had lasting effects on free speech opinions. While free speech salience has increased ...

    2023| Milena Nikolova, Olga Popova
  • SOEPpapers 1201 / 2023

    Intergenerational Transmission of Welfare Benefit Receipt: Evidence from Germany

    We study the intergenerational transmission of welfare benefit receipt in Germany. We first describe the correlation between welfare receipt experienced in the parental household and subsequent own welfare receipt of young adults. In a second step, we investigate whether the observed correlations reflect causal effects of past welfare experience. We use family fixed effects estimations and Gottschalk's ...

    2023| Jennifer Feichtmayer, Regina T. Riphahn
  • SOEPpapers 1200 / 2023

    Is There a Desired Added Worker Effect? Evidence from Involuntary Job Losses

    Existing research has found little to no evidence for an added workereffect. However, studies to date have only analysed individuals’ actual labor supply responses to their partners’ job loss, neglecting to consider a potential mismatch between desired and actual labor supply adjustments. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we study individuals’ changes in actual and desired working ...

    2023| Mattis Beckmannshagen, Rick Glaubitz
  • SOEPpapers 1199 / 2023

    Minimum Wage Non-compliance: The Role of Co-determination

    We analyse in what way co-determination affects non-compliance with the German minimum wage, which was introduced in 2015. The Works Constitution Act (WCA), the law regulating co-determination at the plant level, provides works councils with indirect means to ensure compliance with the statutory minimum wage. Based on this legal situation, our theoretical model predicts that non-compliance is less ...

    2023| Laszlo Goerke, Markus Pannenberg
  • SOEPpapers 1198 / 2023

    The Effect of Schooling on Parental Integration: Evidence from Germany

    Exploiting the age-at-enrollment policies in 16 German states as exogenous source of variation, I examine whether the schooling of the oldest child in a migrant household affects parents’ integration. My analysis links administrative records on primary school enrollment cutoff dates with micro data from the German Socioeconomic Panel (GSOEP). Using a regression discontinuity design around the school ...

    2023| Ann-Marie Sommerfeld
  • SOEPpapers 1197 / 2023

    Do Wind Turbines Have Adverse Health Impacts?

    While wind power is considered key in the transition towards net zero, there are concerns about adverse health impacts on nearby residents. Based on precise geographical coordinates, we link a representative longitudinal household panel to all wind turbines in Germany and exploit their staggered rollout over two decades for identification. We do not find evidence of negative effects on general, mental, ...

    2023| Christian Krekel, Johannes Rode, Alexander Roth
  • SOEPpapers 1196 / 2023

    Are Senior Entrepreneurs Happier than Who? The Role of Income and Health

    We propose an extension of the standard occupational choice model to analyze the life satisfaction of senior entrepreneurs as compared to paid employees and particularly retirees in Germany. The analysis identifies income and health status as main factors that shape the relationship between occupational status and life satisfaction. Senior entrepreneurs enjoy higher levels of life satisfaction than ...

    2023| Michael Fritsch, Alina Sorgner, Michael Wyrwich
  • SOEPpapers 1195 / 2023

    Intergenerational Health Mobility in Germany

    We describe the joint permanent health distribution of parents and children in Germany using 25 years of data from the Socio-Economic Panel. We derive three main results: First, a ten percentile increase in parental permanent health is associated with a 2.3 percentile increase in their child’s health. Second, employing our anchoring method, we find that a percentile point increase in permanent health ...

    2023| Daniel Graeber
  • SOEPpapers 1194 / 2023

    Artificial Intelligence and Workers’ Well-being

    This study explores the relationship between artificial intelligence (AI) and workers’ well-being and mental health using longitudinal survey data from Germany (2000-2020). We construct a measure of individual exposure to AI technology based on the occupation in which workers in our sample were first employed and explore an event study design and a difference-in-differences approach to compare AI-exposed ...

    2023| Osea Giuntella, Johannes König, Luca Stella
  • SOEPpapers 1193 / 2023

    Inequality of Opportunity in Wealth: Levels, Trends, and Drivers

    While inequality of opportunity (IOp) in earnings is well studied, the literature on IOp in individual net wealth is scarce to non-existent. This is problematic because both theoretical and empirical evidence show that the position in the wealth and income distribution can significantly diverge. We measure ex-ante IOp in net wealth for Germany using data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Ex-ante ...

    2023| Daniel Graeber, Viola Hilbert, Johannes König
  • SOEPpapers 1192 / 2023

    More Education Does Make You Happier – Unless You Are Unemployed

    This paper investigates the causal effect of education on life satisfaction, exploring effect heterogeneity along employment status. We use exogenous variation in compulsory schooling requirements and the build-up of new, academically more demanding schools, shifting educational attainment along the entire distribution of schooling. Leveraging plant closures and longitudinal information, ...

    2023| Alexander Bertermann, Daniel A. Kamhöfer, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch
  • SOEPpapers 1191 / 2023

    Using Within-Person Change in Three Large Panel Studies to Estimate Personality Age Trajectories

    How does personality change when people get older? Numerous studies have investigated this question, overall supporting the idea of so-called personality maturation. However, heterogeneous findings have left open questions, such as whether maturation continues in old age and how large the effects are. We suggest that the heterogeneity is partly rooted in methodological issues. First, studies may have ...

    2023| Ingo S. Seifert, Julia M. Rohrer, Stefan C. Schmukle
  • SOEPpapers 1190 / 2023

    Job Levels and Wages

    Job levels summarize the complexity, autonomy, and responsibility of task execution. Conceptually, job levels are related to the organization of production, are distinct from occupations, and can be constructed from data on task execution. We highlight their empirical role in matched employer-employee data for life-cycle wage dynamics, refine a task-based view of wage determination, and demonstrate ...

    2023| Christian Bayer, Moritz Kuhn
  • SOEPpapers 1189 / 2023

    Maternal Life Satisfaction and Child Development from Toddlerhood to Adolescence

    In this paper we analyse the association between maternal well-being and child development at different ages. We use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) which captures maternal life satisfaction and numerous cognitive and non-cognitive child development outcomes. We identify a strong positive association between mothers’ life satisfaction and their children’s development when these ...

    2023| Nabanita Datta Gupta, Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess
  • SOEPpapers 1188 / 2023

    Intergenerational Scars: The Impact of Parental Unemployment on Individual Health Later in Life

    This paper studies whether individuals that experienced parental unemployment during their childhood/early adolescence have poorer health once they reach the adulthood. We used data from the German Socio-Economic Panel from 2002 until 2018. Our identification strategy of the causal effect of parental unemployment relied on plant closures as exogenous variation of the individual labor market condition. ...

    2023| Michele Ubaldi, Matteo Picchio
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