SOEPpapers

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Die SOEPpapers sind eine zentrale Plattform, auf der wir Forschungsergebnisse veröffentlichen, die auf SOEP-Daten basieren. Das SOEP ist eine multidisziplinäre Einrichtung – deshalb erscheinen in der Reihe SOEPpapers Arbeiten aus allen sozialwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen.

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SOEPpapers 1040 / 2019

Individual Labor Market Effects of Local Public Expenditures on Sports

By merging administrative data on public finances of all municipalities in Germany with individual data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we explore whether local public expenditures on sports facilities influences individual labor market ...

2019| Tim Pawlowski, Carina Steckenleiter, Tim Wallrafen, Michael Lechner
SOEPpapers 1039 / 2019

Discrimination in Hiring Based on Potential and Realized Fertility: Evidence from a Large-Scale Field Experiment

Due to conventional gender norms, women are more likely to be in charge of childcare than men. From an employer’s perspective, in their fertile age they are also at “risk” of pregnancy. Both factors potentially affect hiring practices of firms.

2019| Sascha O. Becker, Ana Fernandes, Doris Weichselbaumer
SOEPpapers 1038 / 2019

Depression, Risk Preferences and Risk-Taking Behavior

Depression affects the way that people process information and make decisions, including those involving risk and uncertainty. Our objective is to analyze the way that depressive episodes shape risk preferences and risk-taking behaviors. We are the .

2019| Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Sarah Dahmann, Nathan Kettlewell
SOEPpapers 1037 / 2019

The Effect of Unemployment on the Smoking Behavior of Couples

Although unemployment likely entails various externalities, research examining its spillover effects on spouses is scarce. This is the first paper to estimate effects of unemployment on the smoking behavior of both spouses. Using German Socio-Econom

2019| Jakob Everding, Jan Marcus
SOEPpapers 1036 / 2019

Capturing Affective Well‑Being in Daily Life with the Day Reconstruction Method: A Refined View on Positive and Negative Affect

In the last years, there has been a shift from traditional measurements of affective well-being to approaches such as the day reconstruction method (DRM). While the traditional approaches often assess trait level differences in well-being, the DRM ..

2019| Dave Möwisch, Florian Schmiedek, David Richter, Annette Brose
SOEPpapers 1035 / 2019

The Effect of Initial Placement Restrictions on Refugees' Language Acquisition in Germany

This paper analyzes the effect of a recently introduced policy reform on participation in integration courses and on certified language proficiency levels among refugees in Germany. The residence rule restricts initial residence for refugees with a

2019| Felicitas Schikora
SOEPpapers 1034 / 2019

No Evidence that Economic Inequality Moderates the Effect of Income on Generosity

A landmark study published in PNAS (Côté S, House J, Willer R, 2015, 112:15838–15843, doi:10.1073/pnas.1511536112) showed that higher income individuals are less generous than poorer individuals only if they reside in a U.S. state with comparativ

2019| Stefan C. Schmukle, Martin Korndörfer, Boris Egloff
SOEPpapers 1033 / 2019

Immigration, Social Networks, and Occupational Mismatch

In this study we investigate the link between the job search channels that workers use to find employment and the probability of occupational mismatch in the new job. Our specific focus is on differences between native and immigrant workers. We use

2019| Sevak Alaverdyan, Anna Zaharieva
SOEPpapers 1032 / 2019

Potenziale unfreiwilliger Teilzeit in Deutschland

Working-time political debates often focus on options for flexible and variable working hours. Meanwhile, employees' desire for more time sovereignty is gaining relevance. Although working time preferences and their impact on the German labor market

2019| Verena Tobsch, Elke Holst
SOEPpapers 1031 / 2019

Undoing Gender with Institutions. Lessons from the German Division and Reunification

Using the 41-year division of Germany as a natural experiment, we show that the GDR’s gender-equal institutions created a culture that has undone the male breadwinner norm and its consequences. Since reunification, East Germany still differs from

2019| Quentin Lippmann, Alexandre Georgieff, Claudia Senik
SOEPpapers 1030 / 2019

Gender Identity and Wives’ Labor Market Outcomes in West and East Germany between 1984 and 2016

We exploit the natural experiment of German reunification in 1990 to investigate if the institutional regimes of the formerly socialist (rather gender-equal) East Germany and the capitalist (rather gender-traditional) West Germany shaped different ..

2019| Maximilian Sprengholz, Anna Wieber, Elke Holst
SOEPpapers 1029 / 2019

Living Conditions and the Mental Health and Well-being of Refugees: Evidence from a Representative German Panel Study

The mental health and well-being of refugees are both prerequisites for and indicators of social integration. Using data from the first wave of a representative prospective panel of refugees living in Germany, we investigated how different living ...

2019| Lena Walther, Lukas M. Fuchs, Jürgen Schupp, Christian von Scheve
SOEPpapers 1028 / 2019

The Effect of Maternal Education on Offspring's Mental Health

We estimate the causal effect of maternal education on the mental health of mother’s children in late adolescence and adulthood. Theoretical considerations are ambiguous about a causal effect of maternal education on children’s mental health. To

2019| Daniel Graeber, Daniel D. Schnitzlein
SOEPpapers 1027 / 2019

Optimism, Pessimism and Life Satisfaction: An Empirical Investigation

This empirical investigation into life satisfaction, using nationally representative German panel data, finds a substantial association with an individual’s thoughts about the future, whether they are optimistic or pessimistic about it. Furthermore

2019| Alan Piper
SOEPpapers 1026 / 2019

Willingness to Take Risk: The Role of Risk Conception and Optimism

We show that the disposition to focus on favorable or unfavorable outcomes of risky situations affects willingness to take risk as measured by the general risk question. We demonstrate that this disposition, which we call risk conception, is strongly

2019| Thomas Dohmen, Simone Quercia, Jana Willrodt
SOEPpapers 1025 / 2019

Do Parental Leaves Make the Motherhood Wage Penalty Worse? Assessing Two Decades of German Reforms

Women-friendly policies may have perverse effects on the wages of employed women and mothers in particular. Yet few have addressed the causal impact of such policies and the mechanisms they might trigger at the individual level to produce such wage .

2019| Gabriele Mari, Giorgio Cutuli
SOEPpapers 1024 / 2019

The Role of Body Weight for Health, Earnings, and Life Satisfaction

Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel, the influence of the body mass index on health, earnings and satisfaction is analysed by gender. Basic results are: health worsens, income declines and satisfaction is poorer with higher body mass index. If

2019| Olaf Hübler
SOEPpapers 1023 / 2019

Life Expectancy and Parental Education in Germany

This study analyses the relationship between life expectancy and parental education. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study and survival analysis models, we show that maternal education is related to children’s life expectancy –

2019| Mathias Huebener
SOEPpapers 1022 / 2019

Fiskalische und individuelle Nettoerträge und Renditen von Bildungsinvestitionen im jungen Erwachsenenalter

In dieser Studie werden auf der Basis einer Weiterentwicklung des ZEW Mikrosimulationsmodells des Abgaben- Steuer- und Transfersystems fiskalische und individuelle Nettoerträge und Renditen von Bildungsinvestitionen für junge Erwachsene bezogen auf

2019| Friedhelm Pfeiffer, Holger Stichnoth
SOEPpapers 1021 / 2019

Parental Child Care Time, Income and Subjective Well-Being: A Multidimensional Polarization Approach for Germany

Neither market income nor consumption expenditure provides an adequate picture of individual standard of living. It is time which enables and restricts individual activities and is a further brick to a more comprehensive picture of individual well ..

2019| Joachim Merz, Normen Peters
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