SOEPpapers 1199 / 2023
We analyse in what way co-determination affects non-compliance with the German minimum wage, which was introduced in 2015. The Works Constitution Act (WCA), the law regulating co-determination at the plant level, provides works councils with indirect means to ensure compliance with the statutory minimum wage. Based on this legal situation, our theoretical model predicts that non-compliance is less ...
2023| Laszlo Goerke, Markus Pannenberg
SOEPpapers 1198 / 2023
Exploiting the age-at-enrollment policies in 16 German states as exogenous source of variation, I examine whether the schooling of the oldest child in a migrant household affects parents’ integration. My analysis links administrative records on primary school enrollment cutoff dates with micro data from the German Socioeconomic Panel (GSOEP). Using a regression discontinuity design around the school ...
2023| Ann-Marie Sommerfeld
SOEPpapers 1197 / 2023
While wind power is considered key in the transition towards net zero, there are concerns about adverse health impacts on nearby residents. Based on precise geographical coordinates, we link a representative longitudinal household panel to all wind turbines in Germany and exploit their staggered rollout over two decades for identification. We do not find evidence of negative effects on general, mental, ...
2023| Christian Krekel, Johannes Rode, Alexander Roth
SOEPpapers 1196 / 2023
We propose an extension of the standard occupational choice model to analyze the life satisfaction of senior entrepreneurs as compared to paid employees and particularly retirees in Germany. The analysis identifies income and health status as main factors that shape the relationship between occupational status and life satisfaction. Senior entrepreneurs enjoy higher levels of life satisfaction than ...
2023| Michael Fritsch, Alina Sorgner, Michael Wyrwich
SOEPpapers 1195 / 2023
We describe the joint permanent health distribution of parents and children in Germany using 25 years of data from the Socio-Economic Panel. We derive three main results: First, a ten percentile increase in parental permanent health is associated with a 2.3 percentile increase in their child’s health. Second, employing our anchoring method, we find that a percentile point increase in permanent health ...
2023| Daniel Graeber
SOEPpapers 1194 / 2023
This study explores the relationship between artificial intelligence (AI) and workers’ well-being and mental health using longitudinal survey data from Germany (2000-2020). We construct a measure of individual exposure to AI technology based on the occupation in which workers in our sample were first employed and explore an event study design and a difference-in-differences approach to compare AI-exposed ...
2023| Osea Giuntella, Johannes König, Luca Stella
SOEPpapers 1193 / 2023
While inequality of opportunity (IOp) in earnings is well studied, the literature on IOp in individual net wealth is scarce to non-existent. This is problematic because both theoretical and empirical evidence show that the position in the wealth and income distribution can significantly diverge. We measure ex-ante IOp in net wealth for Germany using data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Ex-ante ...
2023| Daniel Graeber, Viola Hilbert, Johannes König
SOEPpapers 1192 / 2023
This paper investigates the causal eﬀect of education on life satisfaction, exploring eﬀect heterogeneity along employment status. We use exogenous variation in compulsory schooling requirements and the build-up of new, academically more demanding schools, shifting educational attainment along the entire distribution of schooling. Leveraging plant closures and longitudinal information, we also address ...
2023| Alexander Bertermann, Daniel A. Kamhöfer, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch
SOEPpapers 1191 / 2023
How does personality change when people get older? Numerous studies have investigated this question, overall supporting the idea of so-called personality maturation. However, heterogeneous findings have left open questions, such as whether maturation continues in old age and how large the effects are. We suggest that the heterogeneity is partly rooted in methodological issues. First, studies may have ...
2023| Ingo S. Seifert, Julia M. Rohrer, Stefan C. Schmukle
SOEPpapers 1190 / 2023
Job levels summarize the complexity, autonomy, and responsibility of task execution. Conceptually, job levels are related to the organization of production, are distinct from occupations, and can be constructed from data on task execution. We highlight their empirical role in matched employer-employee data for life-cycle wage dynamics, refine a task-based view of wage determination, and demonstrate ...
2023| Christian Bayer, Moritz Kuhn
SOEPpapers 1189 / 2023
In this paper we analyse the association between maternal well-being and child development at diﬀerent ages. We use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) which captures maternal life satisfaction and numerous cognitive and non-cognitive child development outcomes. We identify a strong positive association between mothers’ life satisfaction and their children’s development when these are ...
2023| Nabanita Datta Gupta, Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess
SOEPpapers 1188 / 2023
This paper studies whether individuals that experienced parental unemployment during their childhood/early adolescence have poorer health once they reach the adulthood. We used data from the German Socio-Economic Panel from 2002 until 2018. Our identiﬁcation strategy of the causal effect of parental unemployment relied on plant closures as exogenous variation of the individual labor market condition. ...
2023| Michele Ubaldi, Matteo Picchio
SOEPpapers 1187 / 2023
To determine how wives’ and husbands’ retirement options affect their spouses’ (and their own) labour supply decisions, we exploit (early) retirement cutoffs by way of a regression discontinuity design. Several German pension reforms since the early 1990s have gradually raised women’s retirement age from 60 to 65, but also increased ages for several early retirement pathways affecting both sexes. We ...
2023| Hamed Markazi Moghadam, Patrick A. Puhani, Joanna Tyrowicz
SOEPpapers 1186 / 2023
What is the impact of housing upgrades on occupant health? Although economists and policymakers are certain about the health implications of housing upgrades, empirical evidence is largely missing or else only based on small-scale experiments in developing countries. This study provides the first population-representative quasi-experimental estimates based on a large-scale refurbishment program that ...
2023| Steffen Künn, Juan Palacios
SOEPpapers 1185 / 2023
Our paper analyzes the role of public employment agencies in job matching, in particular the eﬀects of the restructuring of the Federal Employment Agency in Germany (Hartz III labor market reform) for aggregate matching and unemployment. Based on two microeconomic datasets, we show that the market share of the Federal Employment Agency as job intermediary declined after the Hartz reforms. We propose ...
2023| Christian Merkl, Timo Sauerbier
SOEPpapers 1184 / 2023
Sociological research is increasingly using panel data to examine changes in diverse outcomes over life course events. Most of these studies have one striking similarity: they analyse changes between yearly time intervals. In this paper, we present a simple but effective method to model such trajectories more precisely using available data. The approach exploits month-specific information regarding ...
2023| Ansgar Hudde, Marita Jacob
SOEPpapers 1183 / 2023
A commonly expressed concern about immigration is that it undermines social cohesion in the receiving country. In this paper, we study the impact of a large and sudden inﬂow of asylum seekers on several indicators of social cohesion. In 2015/16, over one million asylum seekers from Syria, Afghanistan, and elsewhere arrived in Germany. Anecdotal evidence suggests that this inﬂow changed the public opinion ...
2023| Emanuele Albarosa, Benjamin Elsner
SOEPpapers 1182 / 2023
Redistribution and the welfare state have been linked by academic discourse to narratives that portray specific societal groups as ‘deserving’ or ‘undeserving’. The present analysis contributes to this scholarship in a twofold manner. First, it provides a holistic view on the beneficiaries and benefactors of welfare and asks how the public perception of the rich and the poor drives redistributive preferences. ...
2023| Matthias Diermeier, Madeleine L. Fischer, Judith Niehues
SOEPpapers 1181 / 2023
Return migration intentions are complex and are not necessarily followed by future return migration. Our study compares successful return or repeated migration with self-declared return intentions. We take advantage of the latest German Socio-Economic Panel survey dropout studies and fieldwork to observe a wider return migration window than reported in the literature to answer the question of whether ...
2023| Hend Sallam
SOEPpapers 1180 / 2023
Using representative data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper finds a statistically significant union wage premium in Germany of almost three percent which is not simply a collective bargaining premium. Given that the union membership fee is typically about one percent of workers’ gross wages, this finding suggests that it pays off to be a union member. Our results show that the ...
2023| Marina Bonaccolto-Töpfer, Claus Schnabel