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Die SOEPpapers sind eine zentrale Plattform, auf der wir Forschungsergebnisse veröffentlichen, die auf SOEP-Daten basieren. Das SOEP ist eine multidisziplinäre Einrichtung – deshalb erscheinen in der Reihe SOEPpapers Arbeiten aus allen sozialwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen.

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SOEPpapers 1174 / 2022

Exposure to Past Immigration Waves and Attitudes toward Newcomers

How does previous exposure to massive immigrant inflows affect concerns about current immigration and the integration of refugees? To answer this question, we investigate attitudes toward newcomers among natives and previous immigrants. In areas that in the 1990s received higher inflows of immigrants of German origin—so-called ethnic Germans—native Germans are more likely to believe that refugees are ...

2022| Rania Gihleb, Osea Giuntella, Luca Stella
SOEPpapers 1173 / 2022

Wealth and Its Distribution in Germany, 1895-2018

German history over the past 125 years has been turbulent. Marked by two world wars, revolutions and major regime changes, as well as a hyperinflation and three currency reforms, expropriations and territorial divisions, it provides unique insights into the role of country-specific shocks in shaping long-run wealth dynamics. This paper presents the first comprehensive study of wealth and its distribution ...

2022| Thilo N. H. Albers, Charlotte Bartels, Moritz Schularick
SOEPpapers 1172 / 2022

Personality Growth after Relationship Losses: Changes of Perceived Control in the Years around Separation, Divorce, and the Death of a Partner

Background: Previous research suggests that romantic relationships play a crucial role for perceived control. However, we know surprisingly little about changes in perceived control before and after the end of romantic relationships. Methods: Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), a nationally representative household panel study from Germany, we examined changes of perceived control ...

2022| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1171 / 2022

Dramatic Effects but Fast Adaptation: Changes in Life Satisfaction and Different Facets of Affective Well-being around the Death of a Partner and Death of a Child

Although everyone would agree that bereavement is extremely stressful, surprisingly little is known about changes in different facets of affective well-being in the years surrounding the death of a loved one. On the basis of the Socio-Economic Panel Study, we examined changes in cognitive well-being (life satisfaction) and different facets of affective well-being (happiness, sadness, anxiety, and anger) ...

2022| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1170 / 2022

Does Money Change Who You Are? Quasi-Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Wage Increases on Personality

Using the 2015 introduction of a statutory minimum wage in Germany as a quasi-experiment, I investigate the effects of wage increases on personality. The degree to which each worker’s wage is intended to be affected by the reform is used as an instrument for the relative increase in the worker’s hourly wage in a two-stage least squares estimation based on nationally representative panel data (N = 1,955 ...

2022| Adam Ayaita
SOEPpapers 1169 / 2022

Wohnkosten und materielles Wohlergehen von Familien – Analyse der Wohnkostensituation und damit zusammenhängender Wohlfahrtsvorteile

Wohnkosten machen einen großen Teil der Ausgaben der Haushalte und Familien aus, und variieren zwischen Haushalten unterschiedlicher Größe und Struktur stark. Trotzdem werden sie in der Familienberichterstattung bisher wenig thematisiert. Die vorliegende Arbeit will diese Lücke schließen, indem sie die Wohnkostensituation und Wohlfahrtsvorteile, die sich durch kostenreduziertes Wohnen ergeben, in Kategorien ...

2022| Susanne Elsas, Annika Rinklake
SOEPpapers 1168 / 2022

Do Individuals Adapt to All Types of Housing Transitions?

This paper provides one of the first tests of adaptation to the complete set of residential transitions. We use long-run SOEP panel data and consider the impact of all housing transitions, whether or not they involve a change in housing tenure or geographical movement, on both life satisfaction and housing satisfaction. Controlling for individual characteristics, some residential transitions affect ...

2022| Andrew E. Clark, Luis Diaz-Serrano
SOEPpapers 1167 / 2022

Longitudinal Bidirectional Associations between Personality and Becoming a Leader

Objective: Leaders differ in their personalities from non- leaders. However, when do these differences emerge? Are leaders “born to be leaders” or does their personality change in preparation for a leadership role and due to increasing leadership experience? Method: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, we examined personality differences between leaders (N = 2683 leaders, women: n ...

2022| Eva Asselmann, Elke Holst, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1166 / 2022

The Impact of Natives’ Attitudes Towards Immigrants on Their Integration in the Host Country

Exploiting the random allocation of asylum seekers to different locations in Germany, we study the impact of right-wing voting on refugees’ integration. We find that in municipalities with more voting for the right-wing AfD, refugees have worse economic and social integration. These impacts are largest for groups targeted by AfD campaigns and refugees are also more likely to suffer from harassment and ...

2022| Pia Schilling, Steven Stillman
SOEPpapers 1165 / 2022

The Long-Run Effects of Immigration: Evidence Across a Barrier to Refugee Settlement

After the end of World War II in 1945, millions of refugees arrived in what in 1949 became the Federal Republic of Germany. We examine their effect on today’s productivity, wages, income, rents, education, and population density at the municipality level. Our identification strategy is based on a spatial discontinuity in refugee settlement at the border between the French and US occupation zones in ...

2022| Antonio Ciccone, Jan Nimczik
SOEPpapers 1164 / 2022

In Debt but Still Happy? – Examining the Relationship Between Homeownership and Life Satisfaction

We investigate the relationship between homeownership and life as well as housing satisfaction. Using panel data from Germany, we find that compared to renting, owning a home positively impacts housing satisfaction. Contrarily, we find no significant effects on life satisfaction in the long-term. Analysing short-term effects in an event-study design, we show that both life and housing satisfaction ...

2022| Sebastian Will, Timon Renz
SOEPpapers 1163 / 2022

Are Retirees More Satisfied? Anticipation and Adaptation Effects: A Causal Panel Analysis of German Statutory Insured and Civil Service Pensioners

This study contributes to the subjective well-being and retirement literature by quantifying life satisfaction before (4) and after retirement (9+) periods asking: Are retirees more satisfied? Fixed-effects and causal instrumental variables (IV) estimates with individual longitudinal data of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP, 33 waves) analyze anticipation and adaptation retirement effects of statutory ...

2022| Joachim Merz
SOEPpapers 1162 / 2022

House Price Expectations

This study examines short-, medium-, and long-run price expectations in hous ing markets. We derive and test six hypothesis about the incidence, formation, and relevance of price expectations. To do so, we use data from a tailored household sur vey, past sale offerings, satellites, and from an information RCT. As novel findings, we show that price expectations exhibit mean reversion in the long-run. ...

2022| Niklas Gohl, Peter Haan, Claus Michelsen, Felix Weinhardt
SOEPpapers 1161 / 2022

Parental Separation and the Formation of Economic Preferences

We estimate the effect of parental separation on the risk and trust attitudes of German adolescents using a large household survey dataset, which allows us to match respondents to their siblings and parents. Our results indicate that adolescents from separated families are less trusting but have the same risk tolerance as adolescents from non-separated families, even after conditioning on the attitudes ...

2022| Sarah C. Dahmann, Nathan Kettlewell, Jack Lam
SOEPpapers 1160 / 2022

Belonging or Estrangement – The European Refugee Crisis and its Effects on Immigrant Identity

This study deals with the impact of the 2015 European Refugee Crisis on the ethnic identity of resident migrants in Germany. To derive plausibly causal estimates, I exploit the quasi experimental setting in Germany, by which refugees are allocated to different counties by state authorities without being able to choose their locations themselves. This study finds that higher shares of refugees in a ...

2022| Christopher Prömel
SOEPpapers 1159 / 2022

Physical and Mental Health Changes in the Five Years before and Five Years after Childbirth: A Population-Based Panel Study in First-Time Mothers and Fathers from Germany

Background: The transition to parenthood is characterized by far-reaching changes in life. However, little prospective-longitudinal evidence from general population samples exists on changes of general physical and mental health in the years around the birth of a child among mothers and fathers. Methods: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), this study examined continuous and ...

2022| Eva Asselmann, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Susanne Knappe, Julia Martini
SOEPpapers 1158 / 2022

Was halten Geringverdienende vom Mindestlohn?

Im Zentrum dieses Beitrags steht die Frage, wie Geringverdienende die Einführung des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns in Deutschland wahrnehmen. Auf Grundlage einer qualitativen Erhebung mit 31 Befragten im Rahmen von sechs Fokusgruppengesprächen, die im Sommer 2015 durchgeführt wurden, konnten vertiefte Einsichten gewonnen werden. Zunächst zeigte sich, dass Geringverdienende oftmals mit Beschäftigungshemmnissen ...

2022| Marleen von der Heiden, Ralf Himmelreicher
SOEPpapers 1157 / 2022

Income-Dependent Equivalence Scales and Choice Theory: Implications for Poverty Measurement

Income-Dependent Equivalence Scales and Choice Theory: Implications for Poverty MeasurementEquivalence Scales are a tool for removing the heterogeneity of household sizes in the measurement of inequality, and affect poverty assessments and poverty lines. We address the disadvantage that poor households may suffer due to their reduced ability to share goods within the household. This disadvantage is ...

2022| Christos Koulovatianos, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1156 / 2021

The Development of the Rank-Order Stability of the Big Five across the Life Span

Several studies have suggested that the rank-order stability of personality increases until midlife and declines later in old age. However, this inverted U-shaped pattern has not consistently emerged in previous research; in particular, a recent investigation implementing several methodological advances failed to support it. To resolve the matter, we analyzed data from two representative panel studies ...

2021| Ingo S. Seifert, Julia M. Rohrer, Boris Egloff, Stefan C. Schmukle
SOEPpapers 1155 / 2021

Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities

We examine the relationship between parenting activities and center-based care using time diary and survey data for mothers in Germany. While mothers using center-based care spend significantly less time in the presence of their child, we find that differences in the time spent on specific activities such as reading, talking, and playing with the child are relatively small or zero. The pattern of results ...

2021| Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess, Sevrin Waights
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