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1205 Ergebnisse, ab 1141
  • SOEPpapers 65 / 2007

    Optimal Taxation: The Design of Child Related Cash- and In-Kind-Benefits

    This paper contributes to the debate about the optimal design of tax-transfer systems. Based on the theory of optimal taxation, combined with microsimulation and microeconometric techniques we derive the welfare function which makes the current German tax and transfer system for single women optimal. Furthermore, we compare the welfare function conditional on the presence and age of children and asses ...

    2007| Peter Haan, Katharina Wrohlich
  • SOEPpapers 64 / 2007

    Assimilation and Cohort Effects for German Immigrants

    Demographic change and the rising demand for highly qualified labor in Germany attracts notice to the analysis of immigration. In addition, the pattern of immigration changed markedly during the past decades. Therefore we use the latest data of the German Socioeconomic Panel up to the year 2006 in order to investigate the economic performance of immigrants. We perform regressions of three pooled cross ...

    2007| Sebastian Gundel, Heiko Peters
  • SOEPpapers 63 / 2007

    Social Deprivation and Exclusion of Immigrants in Germany

    This paper aims at providing empirical evidence on social exclusion of immigrants in Germany. We demonstrate that when using a conventional definition of the social inclusion index typically applied in the literature, immigrants appear to experience a significant degree of social deprivation and exclusion, confirming much of the economic literature examining the economic assimilation of immigrants ...

    2007| John P. Haisken-DeNew, Mathias Sinning
  • SOEPpapers 62 / 2007

    The Determinants of Smoking Initiation: Empirical Evidence for Germany

    This paper aims at analyzing the determinants of the decision to start smoking using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). The data used is a combination of retrospective information on the age individuals started smoking and, by tracing back these individuals within the panel structure up to the point they started smoking, information on characteristics at the age of smoking initiation. ...

    2007| Silja Göhlmann
  • SOEPpapers 61 / 2007

    Why Do German Men Marry Women from Less Developed Countries? An Analysis of Transnational Partner Search Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel

    This paper examines why German men marry women from countries which are less economically developed. Two hypotheses deduced from exchange theory and the economic theory of the family are tested: 1. Low physical and social attractiveness as well as reduced opportunities to meet German partners lead to marriage with a woman from a poorer country. 2. Because of the economic gap between their countries ...

    2007| David Glowsky
  • SOEPpapers 60 / 2007

    Return Migration and the "Healthy Immigrant Effect"

    According to the "healthy immigrant effect" (HIE), immigrants upon arrival are healthier than locally born residents. However, this health advantage is supposed to diminish or even disappear over a relatively short period and the immigrants' health status is converging to that of the natives. The causes for this gradient of immigrants' health are subject to an ongoing discussion and the underlying ...

    2007| Monika Sander
  • SOEPpapers 59 / 2007

    Wealth and Asset Holdings of Immigrants in Germany

    This paper examines the relative wealth position and the portfolio choices of immigrants in Germany. The empirical findings reveal significant differences in overall wealth and various wealth components between German natives and immigrants. Differences in real estate constitute the major part of different levels of net worth, indicating that disparities in home-ownership rates are responsible for ...

    2007| Mathias Sinning
  • SOEPpapers 58 / 2007

    Labor Market Effects of International Outsourcing: How Measurement Matters

    As regards labor market effects of International Outsourcing, empirical studies have difficulties in confirming theoretical results. The use of different indices adds to the puzzle. The paper examines whether measurement differences are one reason for the mismatch between empirical and theoretical findings. In fact, considering the properties of various outsourcing indices and applying a panel data ...

    2007| Daniel Horgos
  • SOEPpapers 57 / 2007

    Ethnic Identity and Immigrant Homeownership

    Immigrants are much less likely to own their homes than natives, even after controlling for a broad range of life-cycle and socio-economic characteristics and housing market conditions. This paper extends the analysis of immigrant housing tenure choice by explicitly accounting for ethnic identity as a potential influence on the homeownership decision, using a two-dimensional model of ethnic identity ...

    2007| Amelie Constant, Rowan Roberts, Klaus F. Zimmermann
  • SOEPpapers 56 / 2007

    Staatsbürgerschaft als Ressource bei der Heirat ausländischer Frauen: eine Analyse mit Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panel

    Der Beitrag untersucht, welche Faktoren dazu führen, dass deutsche Männer Frauen aus dem ökonomisch schwächeren Ausland heiraten. Aus allgemeinen Partnerwahltheorien (Austauschtheorie, ökonomische Theorie der Familie) werden zwei Hypothesen abgeleitet. 1. Geringe physische und soziale Attraktivität sowie schlechte Gelegenheiten auf dem deutschen Heiratsmarkt begünstigen die Heirat mit einer Frau aus ...

    2007| David Glowsky
  • SOEPpapers 55 / 2007

    The Set-Point Theory of Well-Being Needs Replacing: On the Brink of a Scientific Revolution?

    Set-point theory has dominated the field of subjective well-being (SWB). It has served as a classic Kuhn research paradigm, being extended and refined for thirty years totake in new results. The central plank of the theory is that adult set-points do not change, except just temporarily in the face of major life events. There was always some "discordant data", including evidence that some events are ...

    2007| Bruce Headey
  • SOEPpapers 54 / 2007

    Gesundheit im Lebenslauf: zur relativen Bedeutung von Selektions- gegenüber Kausaleffekten am Beispiel des Familienstands

    In diesem Beitrag wird der relative Anteil von Selektions- gegenüber Kausaleffekten bei den Gesundheitsunterschieden zwischen Verheirateten und Ledigen untersucht. Mit den Daten des Sozio-ökonomischen Panel (SOEP) werden Mehrzustands-Sterbetafeln berechnet, um sowohl Wechsel zwischen Gesundheitszuständen als auch Wechsel zwischen den Familienständen simultan im Lebensverlauf zu bestimmen. Dabei zeigt ...

    2007| Rainer Unger
  • SOEPpapers 53 / 2007

    To Claim or Not to Claim: Estimating Non-take-up of Social Assistance in Germany and the Role of Measurement Error

    Using representative micro data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) for the year 2002, we analyse non-take-up behaviour of Social Assistance (SA) inGermany. According to our simulation as much as 67 percent of the eligible population did not claim SA in that year which is slightly higher than reported in previous work. We particularly emphasize the role of measurement error in estimating ...

    2007| Joachim R. Frick, Olaf Groh-Samberg
  • SOEPpapers 52 / 2007

    Erbschaftsteuerreform: gleichmäßige Vermögenserfassung und niedrigere Steuersätze statt selektiver Besteuerung

    Die Erbschaft- und Schenkungsteuer muss grundlegend reformiert werden. Grund- und Betriebsvermögen sollen nach dem Ertragswertverfahren bewertet werden. Das bedeutet eine deutliche Annäherung an die Verkehrswerte, macht jedoch das Besteuerungsverfahren aufwändiger und streitanfälliger. Ein moderater Freibetrag für Betriebsvermögen sowie Stundungsregelungen für die Steuerbelastung reichen aus, um Probleme ...

    2007| Stefan Bach, Henriette Houben, Ralf Maiterth, Jürgen Schupp
  • SOEPpapers 51 / 2007

    From Bottom to Top: The Entire Distribution of Market Income in Germany, 1992-2001

    We analyze the distribution and concentration of market incomes in Germany in the period 1992 to 2001 on the basis of an integrated data set of individual tax returns and the German Socio-Economic Panel. The unique feature of this integrated data set is that it encompasses the whole spectrum of the population, from the very poor to the very rich. We find a modest increase in overall inequality of market ...

    2007| Stefan Bach, Giacomo Corneo, Viktor Steiner
  • SOEPpapers 50 / 2007

    The Marginal Utility of Income

    In normative public economics it is crucial to know how fast the marginal utility of income declines as income increases. One needs this parameter for cost-benefit analysis, for optimal taxation and for the (Atkinson) measurement of inequality. We estimate this parameter using four large cross-sectional surveys of subjective happiness and two panel surveys. Altogether, the data cover over 50 countries ...

    2007| Richard Layard, Guy Mayraz, Stephen J. Nickell
  • SOEPpapers 49 / 2007

    Item Non-response and Imputation of Annual Labor Income in Panel Surveys from a Cross-National Perspective

    Using data on annual individual labor income from three representative panel datasets (German SOEP, British BHPS, Australian HILDA) we investigate a) the selectivity of item non-response (INR) and b) the impact of imputation as a prominent post-survey means to cope with this type of measurement error on prototypical analyses (earnings inequality, mobility and wage regressions) in a cross-national setting. ...

    2007| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka
  • SOEPpapers 48 / 2007

    Germans in Germany's Ethnic Neighborhoods

    In contrast to most research on the effects on residents of living in an ethnic neighborhood, this paper explores how living within an ethnic neighborhood affects members of the dominant ethnic group - in this case Germans - rather than the minorities that define it. The results indicate that Germans living within ethnic neighborhoods are less well off financially than their peers in other parts of ...

    2007| Anita I. Drever
  • SOEPpapers 47 / 2007

    Measuring Ethnic Identity and Its Impact on Economic Behavior

    The paper advocates for a new measure of the ethnic identity of migrants, models its determinants and explores its explanatory power for various types of their economic performance. The ethnosizer, a measure of the intensity of a person's ethnic identity, is constructed from information on the following elements: language, culture, societal interaction, history of migration, and ethnic self-identification. ...

    2007| Amelie Constant, Klaus F. Zimmermann
  • SOEPpapers 46 / 2007

    Benefit-Entitlement Effects and the Duration of Unemployment: An Ex-ante Evaluation of Recent Labour Market Reforms in Germany

    We analyse benefit-entitlement effects and the likely impact of the recent reform of the unemployment compensation system on the duration of unemployment in Germany on the basis of a flexible discrete-time hazard rate model estimated on pre-reform data from the German Socioeconomic Panel. We find (i) relatively strong benefit-entitlement effects for the unemployed who are eligible to means-tested unemployment ...

    2007| Hendrik Schmitz, Viktor Steiner
1205 Ergebnisse, ab 1141