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1188 Ergebnisse, ab 1141
  • SOEPpapers 48 / 2007

    Germans in Germany's Ethnic Neighborhoods

    In contrast to most research on the effects on residents of living in an ethnic neighborhood, this paper explores how living within an ethnic neighborhood affects members of the dominant ethnic group - in this case Germans - rather than the minorities that define it. The results indicate that Germans living within ethnic neighborhoods are less well off financially than their peers in other parts of ...

    2007| Anita I. Drever
  • SOEPpapers 47 / 2007

    Measuring Ethnic Identity and Its Impact on Economic Behavior

    The paper advocates for a new measure of the ethnic identity of migrants, models its determinants and explores its explanatory power for various types of their economic performance. The ethnosizer, a measure of the intensity of a person's ethnic identity, is constructed from information on the following elements: language, culture, societal interaction, history of migration, and ethnic self-identification. ...

    2007| Amelie Constant, Klaus F. Zimmermann
  • SOEPpapers 46 / 2007

    Benefit-Entitlement Effects and the Duration of Unemployment: An Ex-ante Evaluation of Recent Labour Market Reforms in Germany

    We analyse benefit-entitlement effects and the likely impact of the recent reform of the unemployment compensation system on the duration of unemployment in Germany on the basis of a flexible discrete-time hazard rate model estimated on pre-reform data from the German Socioeconomic Panel. We find (i) relatively strong benefit-entitlement effects for the unemployed who are eligible to means-tested unemployment ...

    2007| Hendrik Schmitz, Viktor Steiner
  • SOEPpapers 45 / 2007

    The Happiness Gains from Sorting and Matching in the Labor Market

    Sorting of people on the labor market not only assures the most productive use of valuable skills but also generates individual utility gains if people experience an optimal match between job characteristics and their preferences. Based on individual data on subjective well-being it is possible to assess these latter gains from matching. We introduce a two-equation ordered probit model with endogenous ...

    2007| Simon Luechinger, Alois Stutzer, Rainer Winkelmann
  • SOEPpapers 44 / 2007

    Introducing Family Tax Splitting in Germany: How Would It Affect the Income Distribution, Work Incentives and Household Welfare?

    We analyze the effects of three alternative proposals to reform the taxation of families relative to the current German system of joint taxation of couples and child allowances: a French-type family splitting and two full family splitting proposals. The empirical analysis of the effects of these proposals on the income distribution and on work incentives is based on a behavioral micro-simulation model ...

    2007| Viktor Steiner, Katharina Wrohlich
  • SOEPpapers 43 / 2007

    Which Progress for Poverty Studies Can We Expect from New Large Data Sources?

    2007| Jürgen Friedrichs
  • SOEPpapers 42 / 2007

    Verteilungseffekte der öffentlichen Finanzierung der Hochschulbildung in Deutschland: eine Längsschnittbetrachtung auf der Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels

    Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht die Verteilungswirkungen der Hochschulfinanzierung im Längsschnitt. Die Leistungen, die Hochschulabsolventen in Form der Hochschulbildung erhalten, werden den hochschulbezogenen (Steuer-)Lasten der Hochschulabsolventen gegenübergestellt. Es zeigt sich, dass Hochschulabsolventen von positiven Nettoeffekten der öffentlichen Hochschulfinanzierung profitieren, da sie ...

    2007| Sarah Borgloh, Frank Kupferschmidt, Berthold U. Wigger
  • SOEPpapers 41 / 2007

    Does Money Buy Higher Schooling? Evidence from Secondary School Track Choice in Germany

    The German schooling system selects children into different secondary school tracks already at a very early stage in life. School track choice heavily influences choices and opportunities later in life. It has often been observed that secondary schooling achievements display a strong correlation with parental income. We use sibling fixed effects models and information on a natural experiment in order ...

    2007| Marcus Tamm
  • SOEPpapers 40 / 2007

    Circular Migration: Counts of Exits and Years away from the Host Country

    The economic literature has largely overlooked the importance of repeat and circular migration. The paper studies this behavior by analyzing the number of exits and the total number of years away from the host country using count data models and panel data from Germany. More than 60% of migrants from the guestworker countries are indeed repeat or circular migrants. Migrants from European Union member ...

    2007| Amelie Constant, Klaus F. Zimmermann
  • SOEPpapers 39 / 2007

    Self-Productivity in Early Childhood

    Self-productivity is a crucial feature in the process of skill formation. It means that skills and health acquired at one stage in the life cycle enhance skills and health formation at later stages. This paper presents an empirical investigation of self-productivity in early childhood in Germany. The data are drawn from the mother-child questionnaire of the German Socio-Economic Panel for the birth ...

    2007| Katja Coneus, Friedhelm Pfeiffer
  • SOEPpapers 38 / 2007

    Analyzing the Labor Market Activity of Immigrant Families in Germany

    This paper analyzes whether immigrant families facing credit constraints adopt a family investment strategy wherein, upon arrival, an immigrant spouse invests in host country-specific human capital while the other partner works to finance the family's current consumption. Using data for West Germany, we do not find evidence for such a specialization strategy. We further examine the labor supply and ...

    2007| Leilanie Basilio, Thomas K. Bauer, Mathias Sinning
  • SOEPpapers 37 / 2007

    Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Attainment in Germany: The Last Five Decades

    Over the last decades the German education system underwent numerous reforms in order to improve "equality of opportunity", i.e. to guarantee all pupils equal access to higher education. At the same time internationally comparative evidence yields that Germany features particularly low intergenerational mobility with respect to educational attainment. This study investigates the development in intergenerational ...

    2007| Guido Heineck, Regina T. Riphahn
  • SOEPpapers 36 / 2007

    Lohnungleichheit innerhalb und zwischen Bevölkerungsgruppen in Deutschland und den USA

    In diesem Beitrag wird die Entwicklung der Lohnungleichheit in den USA und Deutschland betrachtet. Für Deutschland wird als Datengrundlage die harmonisierte Version des Sozioökonomischen Panels und für die USA die harmonisierte Version der Panel Study of Income Dynamics verwendet. Aufgrund der divergenten ökonomischen Situation in West- und Ostdeutschland werden diese getrennt voneinander betrachtet. ...

    2007| Heiko Peters
  • SOEPpapers 35 / 2007

    How the Distribution of After-Tax Income Changed over the 1990s Business Cycle: A Comparison of the United States, Great Britain, Germany and Japan

    Using kernel density estimation we find that over their 1990s business cycles the entire distribution of after-tax (disposable) income moved to the right in the United States and Great Britain while inequality declined. In contrast, Germany and Japan experienced less growth, a rise in inequality and a decline in the middle mass of their distributions that spread mostly to the right, much like the United ...

    2007| Richard V. Burkhauser, Takashi Oshio, Ludmila Rovba
  • SOEPpapers 34 / 2007

    The Cyclicality of Effective Wages within Employer-Employee Matches: Evidence from German Panel Data

    Using individual based micro-data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), I analyze the cyclicality of real wages for male workers within employer-employee matches over the period 1984-2004, and compare different wage measures: the standard hourly wage rate, hourly wage earnings including overtime and bonus payments, and the effective wage, which takes into account not only paid overtime, ...

    2007| Silke Anger
  • SOEPpapers 33 / 2007

    Precautionary Savings by Natives and Immigrants in Germany

    This paper analyses the savings behaviour of natives and immigrants in Germany. It is argued that uncertainty about future income and legal status (in case of immigrants) is a key component in the determination of the level of precautionary savings. Using the German Socio-economic Panel data it is shown that, although immigrants have lower levels of savings and are less likely to have regular savings ...

    2007| Matloob Piracha, Yu Zhu
  • SOEPpapers 32 / 2007

    Quantifying the Psychological Costs of Unemployment: The Role of Permanent Income

    Unemployment causes significant losses in the quality of life. In addition to reducing individual income, it also creates non-pecuniary, psychological costs. We quantify these non-pecuniary losses by using the life satisfaction approach. In contrast to previous studies, we apply Friedman's (1957) permanent income hypothesis by distinguishing between temporary and permanent effects of income changes. ...

    2007| Andreas Knabe, Steffen Rätzel
  • SOEPpapers 31 / 2007

    Cost Liability and Residential Space Heating Expenditures of Welfare Recipients in Germany

    Within the German welfare system, heating expenditures of recipients are in general fully covered by the government. This paper empirically tests for the hypothesis that households receiving welfare payments turn to over consumption of residential space heating. We use microdata from two different data sources to explore whether conditional heating expenditures of these households significantly differ ...

    2007| Katrin Rehdanz, Sven Stöwhase
  • SOEPpapers 30 / 2007

    Earnings Assimilation of Immigrants in Germany: The Importance of Heterogeneity and Attrition Bias

    Heterogeneity in the ethnic composition of Germany's immigrant population renders general conclusions on the degree of economic integration difficult. Using a rich longitudinal data-set, this paper tests for differences in economic assimilation profiles of four entry cohorts of foreign-born immigrants and ethnic Germans. The importance of time-invariant individual unobserved heterogeneity and panel ...

    2007| Michael Fertig, Stefanie Schurer
  • SOEPpapers 29 / 2007

    Risky Earnings, Taxation and Entrepreneurial Choice: A Microeconometric Model for Germany

    Which role do individual income prospects play in the decision to be an entrepreneur rather than an employee? In a model of occupational choice, higher expected after-tax earnings attract people to self-employment, while more risky net earnings deter risk-averse individuals. In this paper I analyse the expected value and variance of income in self-employment and dependent employment empirically, accounting ...

    2007| Frank M. Fossen
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