SOEPpapers 1131 / 2021
Based on panel data from 1997 to 2018, we investigate the socioeconomic preconditions and economic consequences of ‘shared parenting (SP)’ forms in Germany. Referring to the post-separation year, we build SP groups from information on child residence and fathers’ childcare hours during a regular weekday. We explore the short-term gender and SP group associations with economic well-being as well as, ...
2021| Christina Boll, Simone Schüller
SOEPpapers 1130 / 2021
Against a background of increasing violence against non-natives, we estimate the effect of hate crime on refugees’ mental health in Germany. For this purpose, we combine two datasets: administrative records on xenophobic crime against refugee shelters by the Federal Criminal Office and the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees. We apply a regression discontinuity design in time to estimate the effect of ...
2021| Daniel Graeber, Felicitas Schikora
SOEPpapers 1129 / 2021
The income gradient in political participation is a widely accepted stylized fact. This article asks how income effects on political involvement unfold over time. Using nine panel datasets from six countries, it analyzes whether income changes have short-term effects on political involvement, whether effects vary across the life-cycle, and whether parental income has an independent influence. Irrespective ...
2021| Sebastian Jungkunz, Paul Marx
SOEPpapers 1128 / 2021
Happiness is strongly associated with goal attainment, productivity, mental health and suicidal risk. This paper examines the effect of satisfaction with areas of life on subjective well-being (SWB), the importance of relative perceptions compared to absolute measures in predicting overall life satisfaction, and differences in the domains of life which have the greatest impact on happiness of men and ...
2021| Stefani Milovanska-Farrington, Stephen Farrington
SOEPpapers 1127 / 2021
Work as well as family life are crucial sources of human wellbeing, which however often interfere. This is especially so if partners work in the same occupation or industry. At the same time, being work-linked may beneﬁt their career success. Still, surprisingly little is known about the wellbeing of work-linked couples. Our study ﬁlls this gap by examining the satisfaction differences between work-linked ...
2021| Juliane Hennecke, Clemens Hetschko
SOEPpapers 1126 / 2021
Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we analyze the effects of exposure to trade on the fertility and marital behavior of German workers. We ﬁnd that individuals working in sectors that were more affected by import competition from Eastern Europe and suffered worse labor market outcomes were less likely to have children. In contrast, workers in sectors that beneﬁted from increased ...
2021| Osea Giuntella, Lorenzo Rotunno, Luca Stella
SOEPpapers 1125 / 2021
In der vorliegenden Studie wird untersucht, inwiefern sich der Einsatz eines spezifischen Zeitfensters bei Survey-Abfragen zum ehrenamtlichen und freiwilligen Engagement – im Vergleich zu Survey-Abfragen mit unspezifischen Zeitfenstern – auf die Selbstangaben von Befragten auswirkt. Die Grundlage der Untersuchung bildet ein Experiment, welches zu diesem Zweck im Rahmen des SOEP-Innovationssamples (SOEP-IS) ...
2021| Nadiya Kelle, Luise Burkhardt, Corinna Kausmann, Julia Simonson, Jürgen Schupp, Clemens Tesch-Römer
SOEPpapers 1124 / 2021
Dieses Manuskript ist gerade im Begutachtungsprozess beim International Journal of Public Health (IJPH).
2021| Lea-Maria Löbel, Hannes Kröger, Ana Nanette Tibubos
SOEPpapers 1123 / 2021
Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), this paper investigates how pro-active time-use (e.g., in sports/arts/socializing) relates to subjective well-being of the unemployed and their probability of finding a new job. Allowing for a variety of socio-demographic and -economic observed characteristics, we find that pro-activity is negatively associated with the well-being ...
2021| Alpaslan Akay, Gökhan Karabulut, Levent Yilmaz
SOEPpapers 1122 / 2021
The German law on co-determination at the plant level (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz) stipulates that works councilors are neither to be financially rewarded nor penalized for their activities. This regulation contrasts with publicized instances of excessive payments. The divergence has sparked a debate about the need to reform the law. This paper provides representative evidence on wage payments to works ...
2021| Laszlo Goerke, Markus Pannenberg
SOEPpapers 1121 / 2021
Employment agencies aim to match individuals to appropriate jobs. There are public and private employment agencies, which co-exist in many countries. Selection effects may be relevant in the sense that private agencies potentially engage in ‘cream-skimming’ by prioritizing highly qualified workers. The resulting job match quality is also important from an individual, a firm, and a society perspective. ...
2021| Adam Ayaita, Christian Grund, Lisa Pütz
SOEPpapers 1120 / 2021
Whilst gender inequality has been falling in the developed world, child-related gender inequality in pay has stayed constant. In this paper I use German panel data spanning across 33 years from 1984 until 2017 including over 50,000 individuals. The main contribution of this paper is the analysis of the effect of parenthood on women’s and men’s earnings using propensity score matching. I estimate the ...
2021| Charlotte H. Feldhoff
SOEPpapers 1119 / 2021
This study is an empirical investigation of the empty nest syndrome, commonly understood as a situation where there are feelings of loss or loneliness for mothers and/or fathers following the departure of the last child from the family home. This investigation makes use of rich, longitudinal, nationally representative German data to assess whether there is evidence for such a syndrome. Furthermore, ...
2021| Alan Piper
SOEPpapers 1118 / 2021
Previous work has shown that preferences are not always stable across time, but surprisingly little is known about the reasons for this instability. I examine whether variation in people’s emotions over time predicts changes in risk attitudes. Using a large panel data set, I identify happiness, anger, and fear as signiﬁcant correlates of within-person changes in risk attitudes. Robustness checks indicate ...
2021| Armando N. Meier
SOEPpapers 1117 / 2021
We present ﬁrst evidence how individual risk preferences shape entrepreneurial investment among the very wealthy using novel survey data from the top of the wealth distribution, which have been added to the 2019 German Socio-economic Panel Study. The data include private wealth balance sheets, in particular the value of own private business assets, and a standard measure of risk tolerance. We ﬁnd that ...
2021| Frank M. Fossen, Johannes König, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1116 / 2021
Although there is strong support for renewable energy plants, they are often met with local resistance. We quantify the externalities of renewable energy plants using well-being data. We focus on the example of biogas, one of the most frequently deployed technologies besides wind and solar. To this end, we combine longitudinal household data with novel panel data on more than 13, 000 installations ...
2021| Christian Krekel, Julia Rechlitz, Johannes Rode, Alexander Zerrahn
SOEPpapers 1115 / 2020
We study the causal effect of local labor market conditions and attitudes towards immigrants at the time of arrival on refugees’ multi-dimensional integration outcomes (economic, linguistic, navigational, political, psychological, and social). Using a unique dataset on refugees, we leverage a centralized allocation policy in Germany where refugees were exogenously assigned to live in speciﬁc counties. ...
2020| Cevat Giray Aksoy, Panu Poutvaara, Felicitas Schikora
SOEPpapers 1114 / 2020
We have developed and implemented a new sampling strategy to better represent very wealthy individuals in the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Our strategy is based on the empirical regularity that the very wealthy have at least part of their assets invested in businesses, and that businesses document shares of relevant shareholders in their books. Our results show that combined analysis of the ...
2020| Carsten Schröder, Charlotte Bartels, Konstantin Göbler, Markus M. Grabka, Johannes König, Rainer Siegers, Sabine Zinn
SOEPpapers 1113 / 2020
We analyze workers’ risk preferences and training investments. Our conceptual framework differentiates between the investment risk and insurance mechanisms underpin-ning training decisions. Investment risk leads risk-averse workers to train less; they undertake more training if it insures them against future losses. We use the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to demonstrate that risk affinity is ...
2020| Marco Caliendo, Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Cosima Obst, Arne Uhlendorff
SOEPpapers 1112 / 2020
Commonly described as the “gender care gap”, there is a persistent gender difference in the division of domestic responsibilities in most developed countries. We provide novel evidence on the short- and long-run effects of an exogenous shock on paternal availability, through a job loss, on the allocation of domestic work within couples. We ﬁnd that paternal child care and housework signiﬁcantly increase ...
2020| Juliane Hennecke, Astrid Pape