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1164 Ergebnisse, ab 61
SOEPpapers 1107 / 2020

Industrial Robots, Workers’ Safety, and Health

This study explores the relationship between the adoption of industrial robots and workplace injuries using data from the United States (US) and Germany. Our empirical analyses, based on establishment-level data for the US, suggest that a one standard deviation increase in robot exposure reduces work-related injuries by approximately 16%. These results are driven by manufacturing firms (–28%), while ...

2020| Rania Gihleb, Osea Giuntella, Luca Stella, Tianyi Wang
SOEPpapers 1106 / 2020

Hartz and Minds: Happiness Effects of Reforming an Employment Agency

Since the labor market reforms around 2005, known as the Hartz reforms, Germany has experienced declining unemployment rates. However, little is known about the reforms’ effect on individual life satisfaction of unemployed workers. This study applies difference-in-difference estimations and finds a decrease in life satisfaction after the reforms that is more pronounced for male unemployed in west Germany. ...

2020| Max Deter
SOEPpapers 1105 / 2020

Compassion and Envy in Welfare Comparisons

Normative-based distributional comparisons across countries and over time usually build upon the assumption that individuals are selfish. However, there is a consolidated evidence that individuals also care about what others have. In this paper we propose a framework for comparing and ranking distributions that includes non-individualistic possibilities. Specifically, we consider ranking criteria that ...

2020| Flaviana Palmisano
SOEPpapers 1104 / 2020

How People Know their Risk Preference

People differ in their willingness to take risks. Recent work found that revealed preference tasks (e.g., laboratory lotteries)—a dominant class of measures—are outperformed by survey-based stated preferences, which are more stable and predict real-world risk taking across different domains. How can stated preferences, often criticised as inconsequential “cheap talk,” be more valid and predictive than ...

2020| Ruben C. Arslan, Martin Brümmer, Thomas Dohmen, Johanna Drewelies, Ralph Hertwig, Gert G. Wagner
SOEPpapers 1103 / 2020

Hohe Impfbereitschaft gegen Covid-19 in Deutschland, Impfpflicht bleibt kontrovers

Dieser Bericht beschreibt die Impfbereitschaft und Akzeptanz einer Impfpflicht gegen Covid-19 in Juni und Juli 2020 in Deutschland auf Basis einer Teilstichprobe (SOEP-CoV) des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels, die zum Themenkomplex Covid-19 befragt wurde. SOEP-CoV beinhaltete auch Fragen zur Impfbereitschaft und zur Akzeptanz einer Impfpflicht gegen Covid-19. Das wichtigste Ergebnis unserer Studie ist, dass ...

2020| Daniel Graeber, Christoph Schmidt-Petri, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1102 / 2020

Are the Losers of Communism the Winners of Capitalism? The Effects of Conformism in the GDR on Transition Success

Following the fall of the Iron Curtain it was important for the acceptance of the new economic and political system that the former Communist elites did not maintain their privileges, and that protesters, who helped to overturn the old system, improved their situation. With newly available panel data on East Germany’s socialist past, the German Democratic Republic, we analyze how former Communist elites, ...

2020| Max Deter
SOEPpapers 1101 / 2020

The Value of Health - Empirical Issues when Estimating the Monetary Value of a QALY Based on Well-Being

Cost-utility analysis compares the monetary cost of health interventions to the associated health consequences expressed using quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). At whichthreshold the ratio of both is still acceptable is a highly contested issue. Obtaining societal valuations of the monetary value of a QALY can help in setting such threshold values but it remains methodologically challenging. A recent ...

2020| Sebastian Himmler, Jannis Stöckel, Job van Exel, Werner Brouwer
SOEPpapers 1100 / 2020

Taking the Ups and Downs at the Rollercoaster of Love: Associations between Major Relationship Events and the Big Five Personality Traits

Personality predicts how we interact with others, what partners we have, and how happy and lasting our romantic relationships are. At the same time, our experiences in these relationships may affect our personality. Who experiences specific major relationship events and how do these events relate to personality development? We examined this issue based on data from a nationally representative household ...

2020| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1099 / 2020

Parental Well-Being in Times of Covid-19 in Germany

We examine the differential effects of Covid-19 and related restrictions on individuals with dependent children in Germany. We specifically focus on the role of school and day care center closures, which may be regarded as a “disruptive exogenous shock” to family life. We make use of a novel representative survey of parental well-being collected in May and June 2020 in Germany, when schools and day ...

2020| Mathias Huebener, Sevrin Waights, C. Katharina Spiess, Nico A. Siegel, Gert G. Wagner
SOEPpapers 1098 / 2020

The Situation is Serious, but Not Hopeless - Evidence-Based Considerations on the Intra-Couple Division of Childcare before, during and after the Covid-19 Lockdown

Drawing on data from the Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) for 2018, we use a sample of 2,145 heterosexual couples with children below age 13 to investigate the paternal involvement in domestic childcare and the relation of the underlying mechanisms to the two job-related “Covid-19 factors” systemic relevance (SR) and capacity to work from home (WfH). Based on bi- and trivariate analyses of the intra-couple ...

2020| Christina Boll, Simone Schüller
SOEPpapers 1097 / 2020

Subjektive Belastung der Eltern durch Schulschließungen zu Zeiten des Corona-bedingten Lockdowns

Die Corona-bedingten Schulschließungen sowie die Schließung von Kinderbetreuungseinrichtungen im April und Mai 2020 haben viele Eltern vor eine immense Herausforderung gestellt. Plötzlich mussten Kinder ganztags Zuhause betreut und beschult werden. In diesem Beitrag beschäftigen wir uns mit der Frage nach der subjektiven Belastung, der sich Eltern durch die Beschulung Zuhause ausgesetzt sahen. Hierbei ...

2020| Sabine Zinn, Michael Bayer, Theresa Entringer, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Daniel Graeber, Martin Kroh, Hannes Kröger, Simon Kühne, Stefan Liebig, Carsten Schröder, Jürgen Schupp, Johannes Seebauer
SOEPpapers 1096 / 2020

Coronavirus & Care: How the Coronavirus Crisis Affected Fathers’ Involvement in Germany

Background: As a response to the spread of the coronavirus in Germany, day care centres and schools closed nationwide, leaving families to grapple with additional child care tasks. In Germany, as in many other societies, women shoulder the lion’s share of housework and child care responsibilities. While the gendered division of household labour has shifted in recent years as men have become more engaged ...

2020| Michaela Kreyenfeld, Sabine Zinn, Theresa Entringer, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Daniel Graeber, Martin Kroh, Hannes Kröger, Simon Kühne, Stefan Liebig, Carsten Schröder, Jürgen Schupp, Johannes Seebauer
SOEPpapers 1095 / 2020

Wie gefährlich ist COVID-19? Die subjektive Risikoeinschätzung einer lebensbedrohlichen COVID-19-Erkrankung im Frühjahr und Frühsommer 2020 in Deutschland

To investigate the coronavirus crisis and perceptions of risks associated with the virus, we analyzed data from the longitudinal Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study and the SOEP-CoV study, which is embedded in the SOEP. In the period from April 1 to July 5, 2020, the CoV-questionnaire included the item: “How likely do you think it is that the novel coronavirus will cause you to become critically ill ...

2020| Ralph Hertwig, Stefan Liebig, Ulman Lindenberger, Gert G. Wagner
SOEPpapers 1094 / 2020

Ein interdisziplinäres Studienkonzept zur Dynamik von COVID-19 auf der Basis der prospektiv erhobenen Daten der Kohorten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP)

Die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) hat jüngst Richtlinien für Studien, die Basisdaten für gesundheitspolitische Entscheidungen im Pandemiefall liefern können, veröffentlicht. Durch die Zusammenarbeit zwischen unterschiedlichen Disziplinen kann es gelingen, evidenzbasierte Entscheidungen durch qualitativ hochwertige, längsschnittliche Befragungsdaten aus den Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften ...

2020| Ulrich Rendtel, Reinhard Meister, Jan Goebel, Antje Gößwald, Markus G. Grabka, Jens Hoebel, Martin Schlaud, Carsten Schröder, Gert G. Wagner, Sabine Zinn, Stefan Liebig, Thomas Lampert
SOEPpapers 1093 / 2020

Why Didn’t the College Premium Rise Everywhere? Employment Protection and On-the-Job Investment in Skills

Why has the college wage premium risen rapidly in the United States since the 1980s, but not in European economies such as Germany? We argue that differences in employment protection can account for much of the gap. We develop a model in which firms and workers make relationship-specific investments in skill accumulation. The incentive to invest is stronger when employment protection creates an expectation ...

2020| Matthias Doepke, Ruben Gaetani
SOEPpapers 1092 / 2020

Diversity in Family Life Course Patterns and Intra-Cohort Wealth Disparities in Late Working Age

Against the backdrop of soaring wealth inequalities in older age, this research addresses the relationship between increasingly diverse family life courses and widening wealth differences between individuals as they age. We holistically examined how childbearing and marital histories matter for West German baby boomer cohorts’ personal wealth at ages 51 to 59. We proposed that wealth penalties associated ...

2020| Nicole Kapelle, Sergi Vidal
SOEPpapers 1091 / 2020

Gesellschaftlicher Zusammenhalt in Zeiten von Corona: Eine Chance in der Krise?

Die Corona-Krise verändert nahezu alle Aspekte des gesellschaftlichen Lebens in Deutschland und weltweit. Die mit der Eindämmung des Virus verbundenen Maßnahmen wie Kontaktbeschränkungen, „Social Distancing“ und die Schließung von Schulen, Geschäften, Restaurants und kulturellen Einrichtungen beeinflussen dabei insbesondere das soziale Miteinander sowohl in Organisationen, Gruppen und Vereinen, als ...

2020| Simon Kühne, Martin Kroh, Stefan Liebig, Jonas Rees, Andreas Zick, Theresa Entringer, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Daniel Graeber, Hannes Kröger, Carsten Schröder, Jürgen Schupp, Johannes Seebauer, Sabine Zinn
SOEPpapers 1090 / 2020

Teilzeit - ein Karrierekiller? Eine empirische Analyse

Ist Teilzeitarbeit und Karriere vereinbar oder ist Teilzeitarbeit ein Karrierekiller? Welche Faktoren spielen bei der Teilzeitarbeit in Verbindung mit Karriere eine wichtige Rolle? Die in dieser Arbeit empirisch ermittelten Ergebnisse sollen dazu beitragen, diese Fragen zu beantworten. Kapitel 1.1 zeigt die Relevanz des Forschungsvorhabens auf. In Kapitel 1.2 wird zunächst die konkrete Zielsetzung ...

2020| Julia Moser
SOEPpapers 1089 / 2020

Die Lage ist ernst, aber nicht hoffnungslos – empirisch gestützte Überlegungen zur elterlichen Aufteilung der Kinderbetreuung vor, während und nach dem COVID-19 Lockdown

Dieser Beitrag untersucht auf Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) 2018 die Zusammenhänge zwischen dem väterlichen Kinderbetreuungsanteil im Paar und den in der Literatur einschlägigen Wirkmechanismen Zeitbudgetverhältnis, Einkommensrelation und Geschlechterrolleneinstellungen im Paar. Die Untersuchungsstichprobe besteht aus 2.145 heterosexuellen Paaren im Alter 18 bis 65 Jahre mit Kindern unter ...

2020| Christina Boll, Simone Schüller
SOEPpapers 1088 / 2020

Drinking is Different! Examining the Role of Locus of Control for Alcohol Consumption

Unhealthy behavior can be extremely costly from a micro- and macroeconomic perspective and exploring the determinants of such behavior is highly important from an economist’s point of view. We examine whether locus of control (LOC) can explain alcohol consumption as an important domain of health behavior. LOC measures how much an individual believes in the causal relationship between her own actions ...

2020| Marco Caliendo, Juliane Hennecke
1164 Ergebnisse, ab 61