SOEPpapers 37 / 2007
Over the last decades the German education system underwent numerous reforms in order to improve "equality of opportunity", i.e. to guarantee all pupils equal access to higher education. At the same time internationally comparative evidence yields that Germany features particularly low intergenerational mobility with respect to educational attainment. This study investigates the development in intergenerational ...
2007| Guido Heineck, Regina T. Riphahn
SOEPpapers 36 / 2007
In diesem Beitrag wird die Entwicklung der Lohnungleichheit in den USA und Deutschland betrachtet. Für Deutschland wird als Datengrundlage die harmonisierte Version des Sozioökonomischen Panels und für die USA die harmonisierte Version der Panel Study of Income Dynamics verwendet. Aufgrund der divergenten ökonomischen Situation in West- und Ostdeutschland werden diese getrennt voneinander betrachtet. ...
2007| Heiko Peters
SOEPpapers 35 / 2007
Using kernel density estimation we find that over their 1990s business cycles the entire distribution of after-tax (disposable) income moved to the right in the United States and Great Britain while inequality declined. In contrast, Germany and Japan experienced less growth, a rise in inequality and a decline in the middle mass of their distributions that spread mostly to the right, much like the United ...
2007| Richard V. Burkhauser, Takashi Oshio, Ludmila Rovba
SOEPpapers 34 / 2007
Using individual based micro-data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), I analyze the cyclicality of real wages for male workers within employer-employee matches over the period 1984-2004, and compare different wage measures: the standard hourly wage rate, hourly wage earnings including overtime and bonus payments, and the effective wage, which takes into account not only paid overtime, ...
2007| Silke Anger
SOEPpapers 33 / 2007
This paper analyses the savings behaviour of natives and immigrants in Germany. It is argued that uncertainty about future income and legal status (in case of immigrants) is a key component in the determination of the level of precautionary savings. Using the German Socio-economic Panel data it is shown that, although immigrants have lower levels of savings and are less likely to have regular savings ...
2007| Matloob Piracha, Yu Zhu
SOEPpapers 32 / 2007
Unemployment causes significant losses in the quality of life. In addition to reducing individual income, it also creates non-pecuniary, psychological costs. We quantify these non-pecuniary losses by using the life satisfaction approach. In contrast to previous studies, we apply Friedman's (1957) permanent income hypothesis by distinguishing between temporary and permanent effects of income changes. ...
2007| Andreas Knabe, Steffen Rätzel
SOEPpapers 31 / 2007
Within the German welfare system, heating expenditures of recipients are in general fully covered by the government. This paper empirically tests for the hypothesis that households receiving welfare payments turn to over consumption of residential space heating. We use microdata from two different data sources to explore whether conditional heating expenditures of these households significantly differ ...
2007| Katrin Rehdanz, Sven Stöwhase
SOEPpapers 30 / 2007
Heterogeneity in the ethnic composition of Germany's immigrant population renders general conclusions on the degree of economic integration difficult. Using a rich longitudinal data-set, this paper tests for differences in economic assimilation profiles of four entry cohorts of foreign-born immigrants and ethnic Germans. The importance of time-invariant individual unobserved heterogeneity and panel ...
2007| Michael Fertig, Stefanie Schurer
SOEPpapers 29 / 2007
Which role do individual income prospects play in the decision to be an entrepreneur rather than an employee? In a model of occupational choice, higher expected after-tax earnings attract people to self-employment, while more risky net earnings deter risk-averse individuals. In this paper I analyse the expected value and variance of income in self-employment and dependent employment empirically, accounting ...
2007| Frank M. Fossen
SOEPpapers 28 / 2007
The aim of this paper is to estimate income advantages arising from publicly provided education and to analyse their impact on the income distribution in Germany. Using representative micro-data from the SOEP and considering regional and education-specific variation, from a cross-sectional perspective the overall result is the expected levelling effect. When estimating the effects of accumulated educational ...
2007| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka, Olaf Groh-Samberg
SOEPpapers 27 / 2007
2007| Marcel Erlinghagen
SOEPpapers 26 / 2007
The present paper analyzes the out-migration of graduates to other German states or abroad based on the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). Applying duration analysis, it can be shown that, ten years after graduation, slightly more than seventy percent of the graduates still live in the state where they completed their studies. The parametric estimation model identifies personal characteristics that ...
2007| Oliver Busch
SOEPpapers 25 / 2007
2007| Hans-Jürgen Krupp
SOEPpapers 24 / 2007
We test empirically whether people's life satisfaction depends on their relative income position in the neighbourhood, drawing on a unique dataset, the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) matched with micro-marketing indicators of population characteristics. Relative deprivation theory suggests that individuals are happier the better their relative income position in the neighbourhood is. To test ...
2007| Gundi Knies, Simon Burgess, Carol Propper
SOEPpapers 23 / 2007
This study examines the relationship between individual risk aversion and reservation wages using a novel set of direct measures of individual risk attitudes from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). We find that risk aversion has a significantly negative impact on the level of reservation wages. Moreover, we show that the elasticity of the reservation wage with respect to unemployment benefits ...
2007| Markus Pannenberg
SOEPpapers 22 / 2007
Der Beitrag skizziert zentrale Entwicklungstendenzen des Diskurses um ehrenamtliche Tätigkeit in den letzten etwa 30 Jahren. Dabei werden die Probleme der empirischen Erfassung des Wandels der Ehrenamtlichkeit verdeutlicht. Im Anschluss an die konzeptionelle Diskussion erfolgen Analysen zu Verbreitung Entwicklung ehrenamtlichen Engagements anhand von Längsschnittdaten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels ...
2007| Harald Künemund, Jürgen Schupp
SOEPpapers 21 / 2007
The saving ratio of households in Germany has increased in the past few years when the income trend was weak. This could be due to precautionary saving. In this paper, the importance of precautionary saving against income uncertainty is analyzed empirically using micro data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP). Wealth in 2002 is regressed on alternative measures of income uncertainty ...
2007| Nikolaus Bartzsch
SOEPpapers 20 / 2007
Bargaining theory suggests that married women who experience a relative improvement in their labour market position should experience a comparative gain within their marriage. However, if renegotiation possibilities are limited by institutional mechanisms that achieve long-term commitment, the opposite may be true, particularly if women are specialized in household activities and the labour market ...
2007| Natalie Chen, Paola Conconi, Carlo Perroni
SOEPpapers 19 / 2007
2007| Joachim R. Frick, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Olaf Groh-Sambeg, Gert G. Wagner
SOEPpapers 18 / 2007
2007| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka, Jan Marcus