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  • SOEPpapers 1184 / 2023

    There’s More in the Data! Using Month-Specific Information to Estimate Changes Before and After Major Life Events

    Sociological research is increasingly using panel data to examine changes in diverse outcomes over life course events. Most of these studies have one striking similarity: they analyse changes between yearly time intervals. In this paper, we present a simple but effective method to model such trajectories more precisely using available data. The approach exploits month-specific information regarding ...

    2023| Ansgar Hudde, Marita Jacob
  • SOEPpapers 1183 / 2023

    Forced Migration and Social Cohesion: Evidence from the 2015/16 Mass Inflow in Germany

    A commonly expressed concern about immigration is that it undermines social cohesion in the receiving country. In this paper, we study the impact of a large and sudden inflow of asylum seekers on several indicators of social cohesion. In 2015/16, over one million asylum seekers from Syria, Afghanistan, and elsewhere arrived in Germany. Anecdotal evidence suggests that this inflow changed the public opinion ...

    2023| Emanuele Albarosa, Benjamin Elsner
  • SOEPpapers 1182 / 2023

    Punching up or Punching down? How Stereotyping the Rich and the Poor Impacts Redistributive Preferences in Germany

    Redistribution and the welfare state have been linked by academic discourse to narratives that portray specific societal groups as ‘deserving’ or ‘undeserving’. The present analysis contributes to this scholarship in a twofold manner. First, it provides a holistic view on the beneficiaries and benefactors of welfare and asks how the public perception of the rich and the poor drives redistributive preferences. ...

    2023| Matthias Diermeier, Madeleine L. Fischer, Judith Niehues
  • SOEPpapers 1181 / 2023

    Holding the Door Slightly Open: Germany’s Migrants’ Return Intentions and Realizations

    Return migration intentions are complex and are not necessarily followed by future return migration. Our study compares successful return or repeated migration with self-declared return intentions. We take advantage of the latest German Socio-Economic Panel survey dropout studies and fieldwork to observe a wider return migration window than reported in the literature to answer the question of whether ...

    2023| Hend Sallam
  • SOEPpapers 1180 / 2023

    Is There a Union Wage Premium in Germany and Which Workers Benefit Most?

    Using representative data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper finds a statistically significant union wage premium in Germany of almost three percent which is not simply a collective bargaining premium. Given that the union membership fee is typically about one percent of workers’ gross wages, this finding suggests that it pays off to be a union member. Our results show that the ...

    2023| Marina Bonaccolto-Töpfer, Claus Schnabel
  • SOEPpapers 1179 / 2022

    Minimum Wage in Germany: Countering the Wage and Employment Gap between Migrants and Natives?

    This paper investigates the effects of the introduction of a statutory minimum wage in Germany on the wages and employment of migrants. Migrants are an overrepresented group in the low-wage sector and can be expected to particularly benefit from a minimum wage. We combine a “differential trend adjusted difference-in-differences estimator” (DTADD) and descriptive evidence to evaluate the impact of the ...

    2022| Kai Ingwersen, Stephan L. Thomsen
  • SOEPpapers 1178 / 2022

    Gender, Loneliness and Happiness during COVID-19

    We analyse a measure of loneliness from a representative sample of German individuals interviewed in both 2017 and at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Both men and women felt lonelier during the COVID-19 pandemic than they did in 2017. The pandemic more than doubled the gender loneliness gap: women were lonelier than men in 2017, and the 2017-2020 rise in loneliness was far larger for ...

    2022| Anthony Lepinteur, Andrew E. Clark, Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Alan Piper, Carsten Schröder, Conchita D'Ambrosio
  • SOEPpapers 1177 / 2022

    Income Misperception and Populism

    We propose that false beliefs about the own current economic status are an important factor for explaining populist attitudes. Along with the subjects' receptiveness to right-wing populism, we elicit their perceived relative income positions in a representative survey of German households. We find that people with pessimistic beliefs about their income position are more attuned to populist statements. ...

    2022| Thilo N. H. Albers, Felix Kersting, Fabian Kosse
  • SOEPpapers 1176 / 2022

    A Glimpse of Freedom: Allied Occupation and Political Resistance in East Germany

    This paper exploits the idiosyncratic line of contact separating Allied and Soviet troops within East Germany at the end of WWII to study political resistance in a non-democracy. When Nazi Germany surrendered, 40% of what would become the authoritarian German Democratic Republic was initially under Allied control but was ceded to Soviet control less than two months later. Brief Allied exposure increased ...

    2022| Luis R. Martinez, Jonas Jessen, Guo Xu
  • SOEPpapers 1175 / 2022

    Trust We Lost: The Impact of the Treuhand Experience on Political Alienation in East Germany

    Do politically administered mass layoffs undermine trust and political interest? During the German reunification, formerly state-owned socialist firms in East Germany were privatized by the Treuhand, which came at the cost of massive job losses and public protest. I demonstrate that these activities had a detrimental effect on attitudes and political behavior of the affected individuals. Using survey ...

    2022| Kim Leonie Kellermann
  • SOEPpapers 1174 / 2022

    Exposure to Past Immigration Waves and Attitudes toward Newcomers

    How does previous exposure to massive immigrant inflows affect concerns about current immigration and the integration of refugees? To answer this question, we investigate attitudes toward newcomers among natives and previous immigrants. In areas that in the 1990s received higher inflows of immigrants of German origin—so-called ethnic Germans—native Germans are more likely to believe that refugees are ...

    2022| Rania Gihleb, Osea Giuntella, Luca Stella
  • SOEPpapers 1173 / 2022

    Wealth and Its Distribution in Germany, 1895-2018

    German history over the past 125 years has been turbulent. Marked by two world wars, revolutions and major regime changes, as well as a hyperinflation and three currency reforms, expropriations and territorial divisions, it provides unique insights into the role of country-specific shocks in shaping long-run wealth dynamics. This paper presents the first comprehensive study of wealth and its distribution ...

    2022| Thilo N. H. Albers, Charlotte Bartels, Moritz Schularick
  • SOEPpapers 1172 / 2022

    Personality Growth after Relationship Losses: Changes of Perceived Control in the Years around Separation, Divorce, and the Death of a Partner

    Background: Previous research suggests that romantic relationships play a crucial role for perceived control. However, we know surprisingly little about changes in perceived control before and after the end of romantic relationships. Methods: Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), a nationally representative household panel study from Germany, we examined changes of perceived control ...

    2022| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
  • SOEPpapers 1171 / 2022

    Dramatic Effects but Fast Adaptation: Changes in Life Satisfaction and Different Facets of Affective Well-being around the Death of a Partner and Death of a Child

    Although everyone would agree that bereavement is extremely stressful, surprisingly little is known about changes in different facets of affective well-being in the years surrounding the death of a loved one. On the basis of the Socio-Economic Panel Study, we examined changes in cognitive well-being (life satisfaction) and different facets of affective well-being (happiness, sadness, anxiety, and anger) ...

    2022| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
  • SOEPpapers 1170 / 2022

    Does Money Change Who You Are? Quasi-Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Wage Increases on Personality

    Using the 2015 introduction of a statutory minimum wage in Germany as a quasi-experiment, I investigate the effects of wage increases on personality. The degree to which each worker’s wage is intended to be affected by the reform is used as an instrument for the relative increase in the worker’s hourly wage in a two-stage least squares estimation based on nationally representative panel data (N = 1,955 ...

    2022| Adam Ayaita
  • SOEPpapers 1169 / 2022

    Wohnkosten und materielles Wohlergehen von Familien – Analyse der Wohnkostensituation und damit zusammenhängender Wohlfahrtsvorteile

    Wohnkosten machen einen großen Teil der Ausgaben der Haushalte und Familien aus, und variieren zwischen Haushalten unterschiedlicher Größe und Struktur stark. Trotzdem werden sie in der Familienberichterstattung bisher wenig thematisiert. Die vorliegende Arbeit will diese Lücke schließen, indem sie die Wohnkostensituation und Wohlfahrtsvorteile, die sich durch kostenreduziertes Wohnen ergeben, in Kategorien ...

    2022| Susanne Elsas, Annika Rinklake
  • SOEPpapers 1168 / 2022

    Do Individuals Adapt to All Types of Housing Transitions?

    This paper provides one of the first tests of adaptation to the complete set of residential transitions. We use long-run SOEP panel data and consider the impact of all housing transitions, whether or not they involve a change in housing tenure or geographical movement, on both life satisfaction and housing satisfaction. Controlling for individual characteristics, some residential transitions affect ...

    2022| Andrew E. Clark, Luis Diaz-Serrano
  • SOEPpapers 1167 / 2022

    Longitudinal Bidirectional Associations between Personality and Becoming a Leader

    Objective: Leaders differ in their personalities from non- leaders. However, when do these differences emerge? Are leaders “born to be leaders” or does their personality change in preparation for a leadership role and due to increasing leadership experience? Method: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, we examined personality differences between leaders (N = 2683 leaders, women: n ...

    2022| Eva Asselmann, Elke Holst, Jule Specht
  • SOEPpapers 1166 / 2022

    The Impact of Natives’ Attitudes towards Immigrants on Their Integration in the Host Country

    Exploiting the random allocation of asylum seekers to different locations in Germany, we study the impact of right-wing voting on refugees’ integration. We find that in municipalities with more voting for the right-wing AfD, refugees have worse economic and social integration. These impacts are largest for groups targeted by AfD campaigns and refugees are also more likely to suffer from harassment and ...

    2022| Pia Schilling, Steven Stillman
  • SOEPpapers 1165 / 2022

    The Long-Run Effects of Immigration: Evidence across a Barrier to Refugee Settlement

    After the end of World War II in 1945, millions of refugees arrived in what in 1949 became the Federal Republic of Germany. We examine their effect on today’s productivity, wages, income, rents, education, and population density at the municipality level. Our identification strategy is based on a spatial discontinuity in refugee settlement at the border between the French and US occupation zones in ...

    2022| Antonio Ciccone, Jan Nimczik
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