SOEPpapers 1166 / 2022
Exploiting the random allocation of asylum seekers to diﬀerent locations in Germany, we study the impact of right-wing voting on refugees’ integration. We ﬁnd that in municipalities with more voting for the right-wing AfD, refugees have worse economic and social integration. These impacts are largest for groups targeted by AfD campaigns and refugees are also more likely to suﬀer from harassment and ...
2022| Pia Schilling, Steven Stillman
SOEPpapers 1165 / 2022
After the end of World War II in 1945, millions of refugees arrived in what in 1949 became the Federal Republic of Germany. We examine their eﬀect on today’s productivity, wages, income, rents, education, and population density at the municipality level. Our identiﬁcation strategy is based on a spatial discontinuity in refugee settlement at the border between the French and US occupation zones in ...
2022| Antonio Ciccone, Jan Nimczik
SOEPpapers 1164 / 2022
We investigate the relationship between homeownership and life as well as housing satisfaction. Using panel data from Germany, we find that compared to renting, owning a home positively impacts housing satisfaction. Contrarily, we find no significant effects on life satisfaction in the long-term. Analysing short-term effects in an event-study design, we show that both life and housing satisfaction ...
2022| Sebastian Will, Timon Renz
SOEPpapers 1163 / 2022
This study contributes to the subjective well-being and retirement literature by quantifying life satisfaction before (4) and after retirement (9+) periods asking: Are retirees more satisfied? Fixed-effects and causal instrumental variables (IV) estimates with individual longitudinal data of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP, 33 waves) analyze anticipation and adaptation retirement effects of statutory ...
2022| Joachim Merz
SOEPpapers 1162 / 2022
This study examines short-, medium-, and long-run price expectations in hous ing markets. We derive and test six hypothesis about the incidence, formation, and relevance of price expectations. To do so, we use data from a tailored household sur vey, past sale offerings, satellites, and from an information RCT. As novel findings, we show that price expectations exhibit mean reversion in the long-run. ...
2022| Niklas Gohl, Peter Haan, Claus Michelsen, Felix Weinhardt
SOEPpapers 1161 / 2022
We estimate the eﬀect of parental separation on the risk and trust attitudes of German adolescents using a large household survey dataset, which allows us to match respondents to their siblings and parents. Our results indicate that adolescents from separated families are less trusting but have the same risk tolerance as adolescents from non-separated families, even after conditioning on the attitudes ...
2022| Sarah C. Dahmann, Nathan Kettlewell, Jack Lam
SOEPpapers 1160 / 2022
This study deals with the impact of the 2015 European Refugee Crisis on the ethnic identity of resident migrants in Germany. To derive plausibly causal estimates, I exploit the quasi experimental setting in Germany, by which refugees are allocated to different counties by state authorities without being able to choose their locations themselves. This study finds that higher shares of refugees in a ...
2022| Christopher Prömel
SOEPpapers 1159 / 2022
Background: The transition to parenthood is characterized by far-reaching changes in life. However, little prospective-longitudinal evidence from general population samples exists on changes of general physical and mental health in the years around the birth of a child among mothers and fathers. Methods: Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), this study examined continuous and ...
2022| Eva Asselmann, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Susanne Knappe, Julia Martini
SOEPpapers 1158 / 2022
Im Zentrum dieses Beitrags steht die Frage, wie Geringverdienende die Einführung des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns in Deutschland wahrnehmen. Auf Grundlage einer qualitativen Erhebung mit 31 Befragten im Rahmen von sechs Fokusgruppengesprächen, die im Sommer 2015 durchgeführt wurden, konnten vertiefte Einsichten gewonnen werden. Zunächst zeigte sich, dass Geringverdienende oftmals mit Beschäftigungshemmnissen ...
2022| Marleen von der Heiden, Ralf Himmelreicher
SOEPpapers 1157 / 2022
Income-Dependent Equivalence Scales and Choice Theory: Implications for Poverty MeasurementEquivalence Scales are a tool for removing the heterogeneity of household sizes in the measurement of inequality, and affect poverty assessments and poverty lines. We address the disadvantage that poor households may suffer due to their reduced ability to share goods within the household. This disadvantage is ...
2022| Christos Koulovatianos, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1156 / 2021
Several studies have suggested that the rank-order stability of personality increases until midlife and declines later in old age. However, this inverted U-shaped pattern has not consistently emerged in previous research; in particular, a recent investigation implementing several methodological advances failed to support it. To resolve the matter, we analyzed data from two representative panel studies ...
2021| Ingo S. Seifert, Julia M. Rohrer, Boris Egloff, Stefan C. Schmukle
SOEPpapers 1155 / 2021
We examine the relationship between parenting activities and center-based care using time diary and survey data for mothers in Germany. While mothers using center-based care spend significantly less time in the presence of their child, we find that differences in the time spent on specific activities such as reading, talking, and playing with the child are relatively small or zero. The pattern of results ...
2021| Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess, Sevrin Waights
SOEPpapers 1154 / 2021
Society drifts apart in many dimensions. Economists focus on income of the poor and rich and the distribution of income but a broader spectrum of dimensions is required to draw the picture of multiple facets of individual life. In our study of multidimensional polarization we extend the income dimension by time, a pre-requisite and fundamental resource of any individual activity. In particular, we ...
2021| Joachim Merz, Bettina Scherg
SOEPpapers 1153 / 2021
Economists increasingly recognise the importance of personality traits for socio-economic outcomes, but little is known about the stability of these traits over the life cycle. Existing empirical contributions typically focus on age patterns and disregard cohort and period inﬂuences. This paper contributes novel evidence for the separability of age, period, and cohort effects for a broad range of personality ...
2021| Bernd Fitzenberger, Gary Mena, Jan Nimczik, Uwe Sunde
SOEPpapers 1152 / 2021
Grandparents act as the third largest caregiver after parental care and daycare in Germany, as in many Western societies. Adopting a double-generation perspective, we investigate the causal impact of this care mode on children’s health, socio-emotional behavior, and school outcomes, as well as parental well-being. Based on representative German panel data sets, and exploiting arguably exogenous variations ...
2021| Mara Barschkett, C. Katharina Spiess, Elena Ziege
SOEPpapers 1151 / 2021
After arriving in a new country, refugees are most often dependent on professional support to reestablish their livelihood. It is however well documented that refugees face barriers when seeking access to services aimed at facilitating their settlement and integration. This study examines refugees’ support service needs and their actual utilization and investigates the impact of social and human capital ...
2021| Ellen Heidinger
SOEPpapers 1150 / 2021
Women have been found to be, on average, less interested in politics and less politically active than men, which might reduce the representation of women’s interests in a democracy. In order to enhance the understanding of these gender gaps, this preregistered study analyzes the role of personality differences for gender gaps in political interest and activity.I use a large representative sample of ...
2021| Adam Ayaita
SOEPpapers 1149 / 2021
Evidence shows that working time mismatch, i.e. the difference between actual and desired working hours, is negatively related to employees’ job satisfaction. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we examine the potential moderating effect of working time autonomy on this relation and we also consider the corresponding role of gender. First, individual fixed effects panel estimations ...
2021| Christian Grund, Katja Rebecca Tilkes
SOEPpapers 1148 / 2021
Watching television is the most time-consuming human activity besides work but its role for individual well-being is unclear. Negative consequences portrayed in the literature raise the question whether this popular pastime constitutes an economic good or bad, and hence serves as a prime example of irrational behavior reducing individual health and happiness. Using rich panel data, we are the first ...
2021| Adrian Chadi, Manuel Hoffmann
SOEPpapers 1147 / 2021
Single mothers often experience precarious financial conditions. However, it is not fully understood to what extent separation is the cause of these conditions versus being their consequence. Estimating an endogenous switching regression model based on a sample of 626 separated and 5,525 non-separated mothers drawn from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 1984-2018, we disentangle the roles of causation ...
2021| Antonia Birkeneder, Christina Boll