1118 Ergebnisse, ab 1081
SOEPpapers 38 / 2007

Analyzing the Labor Market Activity of Immigrant Families in Germany

This paper analyzes whether immigrant families facing credit constraints adopt a family investment strategy wherein, upon arrival, an immigrant spouse invests in host country-specific human capital while the other partner works to finance the family's current consumption. Using data for West Germany, we do not find evidence for such a specialization strategy. We further examine the labor supply and ...

2007| Leilanie Basilio, Thomas K. Bauer, Mathias Sinning
SOEPpapers 37 / 2007

Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Attainment in Germany: The Last Five Decades

Over the last decades the German education system underwent numerous reforms in order to improve "equality of opportunity", i.e. to guarantee all pupils equal access to higher education. At the same time internationally comparative evidence yields that Germany features particularly low intergenerational mobility with respect to educational attainment. This study investigates the development in intergenerational ...

2007| Guido Heineck, Regina T. Riphahn
SOEPpapers 36 / 2007

Lohnungleichheit innerhalb und zwischen Bevölkerungsgruppen in Deutschland und den USA

In diesem Beitrag wird die Entwicklung der Lohnungleichheit in den USA und Deutschland betrachtet. Für Deutschland wird als Datengrundlage die harmonisierte Version des Sozioökonomischen Panels und für die USA die harmonisierte Version der Panel Study of Income Dynamics verwendet. Aufgrund der divergenten ökonomischen Situation in West- und Ostdeutschland werden diese getrennt voneinander betrachtet. ...

2007| Heiko Peters
SOEPpapers 35 / 2007

How the Distribution of After-Tax Income Changed over the 1990s Business Cycle: A Comparison of the United States, Great Britain, Germany and Japan

Using kernel density estimation we find that over their 1990s business cycles the entire distribution of after-tax (disposable) income moved to the right in the United States and Great Britain while inequality declined. In contrast, Germany and Japan experienced less growth, a rise in inequality and a decline in the middle mass of their distributions that spread mostly to the right, much like the United ...

2007| Richard V. Burkhauser, Takashi Oshio, Ludmila Rovba
SOEPpapers 34 / 2007

The Cyclicality of Effective Wages within Employer-Employee Matches: Evidence from German Panel Data

Using individual based micro-data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), I analyze the cyclicality of real wages for male workers within employer-employee matches over the period 1984-2004, and compare different wage measures: the standard hourly wage rate, hourly wage earnings including overtime and bonus payments, and the effective wage, which takes into account not only paid overtime, ...

2007| Silke Anger
SOEPpapers 33 / 2007

Precautionary Savings by Natives and Immigrants in Germany

This paper analyses the savings behaviour of natives and immigrants in Germany. It is argued that uncertainty about future income and legal status (in case of immigrants) is a key component in the determination of the level of precautionary savings. Using the German Socio-economic Panel data it is shown that, although immigrants have lower levels of savings and are less likely to have regular savings ...

2007| Matloob Piracha, Yu Zhu
SOEPpapers 32 / 2007

Quantifying the Psychological Costs of Unemployment: The Role of Permanent Income

Unemployment causes significant losses in the quality of life. In addition to reducing individual income, it also creates non-pecuniary, psychological costs. We quantify these non-pecuniary losses by using the life satisfaction approach. In contrast to previous studies, we apply Friedman's (1957) permanent income hypothesis by distinguishing between temporary and permanent effects of income changes. ...

2007| Andreas Knabe, Steffen Rätzel
SOEPpapers 31 / 2007

Cost Liability and Residential Space Heating Expenditures of Welfare Recipients in Germany

Within the German welfare system, heating expenditures of recipients are in general fully covered by the government. This paper empirically tests for the hypothesis that households receiving welfare payments turn to over consumption of residential space heating. We use microdata from two different data sources to explore whether conditional heating expenditures of these households significantly differ ...

2007| Katrin Rehdanz, Sven Stöwhase
SOEPpapers 30 / 2007

Earnings Assimilation of Immigrants in Germany: The Importance of Heterogeneity and Attrition Bias

Heterogeneity in the ethnic composition of Germany's immigrant population renders general conclusions on the degree of economic integration difficult. Using a rich longitudinal data-set, this paper tests for differences in economic assimilation profiles of four entry cohorts of foreign-born immigrants and ethnic Germans. The importance of time-invariant individual unobserved heterogeneity and panel ...

2007| Michael Fertig, Stefanie Schurer
SOEPpapers 29 / 2007

Risky Earnings, Taxation and Entrepreneurial Choice: A Microeconometric Model for Germany

Which role do individual income prospects play in the decision to be an entrepreneur rather than an employee? In a model of occupational choice, higher expected after-tax earnings attract people to self-employment, while more risky net earnings deter risk-averse individuals. In this paper I analyse the expected value and variance of income in self-employment and dependent employment empirically, accounting ...

2007| Frank M. Fossen
SOEPpapers 28 / 2007

Economic Gains from Publicly Provided Education in Germany

The aim of this paper is to estimate income advantages arising from publicly provided education and to analyse their impact on the income distribution in Germany. Using representative micro-data from the SOEP and considering regional and education-specific variation, from a cross-sectional perspective the overall result is the expected levelling effect. When estimating the effects of accumulated educational ...

2007| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka, Olaf Groh-Samberg
SOEPpapers 26 / 2007

When Have All the Graduates Gone? Internal Cross-State Migration of Graduates in Germany 1984-2004

The present paper analyzes the out-migration of graduates to other German states or abroad based on the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). Applying duration analysis, it can be shown that, ten years after graduation, slightly more than seventy percent of the graduates still live in the state where they completed their studies. The parametric estimation model identifies personal characteristics that ...

2007| Oliver Busch
SOEPpapers 25 / 2007

Das Sozio-oekonomische Panel (SOEP): Genese und Implementation

2007| Hans-Jürgen Krupp
SOEPpapers 24 / 2007

Keeping up with the Schmidts: An Empirical Test of Relative Deprivation Theory in the Neighbourhood Context

We test empirically whether people's life satisfaction depends on their relative income position in the neighbourhood, drawing on a unique dataset, the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) matched with micro-marketing indicators of population characteristics. Relative deprivation theory suggests that individuals are happier the better their relative income position in the neighbourhood is. To test ...

2007| Gundi Knies, Simon Burgess, Carol Propper
SOEPpapers 23 / 2007

Risk Aversion and Reservation Wages

This study examines the relationship between individual risk aversion and reservation wages using a novel set of direct measures of individual risk attitudes from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). We find that risk aversion has a significantly negative impact on the level of reservation wages. Moreover, we show that the elasticity of the reservation wage with respect to unemployment benefits ...

2007| Markus Pannenberg
SOEPpapers 22 / 2007

Konjunkturen des Ehrenamts: Diskurse und Empirie

Der Beitrag skizziert zentrale Entwicklungstendenzen des Diskurses um ehrenamtliche Tätigkeit in den letzten etwa 30 Jahren. Dabei werden die Probleme der empirischen Erfassung des Wandels der Ehrenamtlichkeit verdeutlicht. Im Anschluss an die konzeptionelle Diskussion erfolgen Analysen zu Verbreitung Entwicklung ehrenamtlichen Engagements anhand von Längsschnittdaten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels ...

2007| Harald Künemund, Jürgen Schupp
SOEPpapers 21 / 2007

Precautionary Saving and Income Uncertainty in Germany: New Evidence from Microdata

The saving ratio of households in Germany has increased in the past few years when the income trend was weak. This could be due to precautionary saving. In this paper, the importance of precautionary saving against income uncertainty is analyzed empirically using micro data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP). Wealth in 2002 is regressed on alternative measures of income uncertainty ...

2007| Nikolaus Bartzsch
SOEPpapers 20 / 2007

Women's Earning Power and the "Double Burden" of Market and Household Work

Bargaining theory suggests that married women who experience a relative improvement in their labour market position should experience a comparative gain within their marriage. However, if renegotiation possibilities are limited by institutional mechanisms that achieve long-term commitment, the opposite may be true, particularly if women are specialized in household activities and the labour market ...

2007| Natalie Chen, Paola Conconi, Carlo Perroni
SOEPpapers 19 / 2007

Zur Erfassung von Einkommen und Vermögen in Haushaltssurveys: Hocheinkommensstichprobe und Vermögensbilanz im SOEP

2007| Joachim R. Frick, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Olaf Groh-Sambeg, Gert G. Wagner
1118 Ergebnisse, ab 1081