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1149 Ergebnisse, ab 1081
SOEPpapers 69 / 2007

Probleme des deutschen Beitrags zu EU-SILC aus der Sicht der Wissenschaft: ein Vergleich von EU-SILC, Mikrozensus und SOEP

EU-SILC wird zu einer der wichtigsten statistischen Datenquellen für die künftigen Armuts- und Reichtumsberichte der Bundesregierung, für den Vergleich der Position Deutschlands mit den anderen Mitgliedsländern der EU im Rahmen der "offenen Methode der Koordinierung" sowie für die internationale Wissenschaftliche Community und die Internationalen Organisationen werden. Daher bedarf diese Stichprobe ...

2007| Richard Hauser
SOEPpapers 68 / 2007

The Impact of Participation in Sports on Educational Attainment: New Evidence from Germany

We analyze the impact of exercising sports during childhood and adolescence on educational attainment. The theoretical framework is based on models of allocation of time and educational productivity. Using the rich information from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), we apply generalized ordered probit models to estimate the effect of participation in sport activities on secondary school degrees ...

2007| Thomas Cornelißen, Christian Pfeifer
SOEPpapers 67 / 2007

What Determines the Demand for Occupational Pensions in Germany?

Demographic change causes an undersupply of financial old age benefits within the statutory pay-as-you-go pension system in Germany. Therefore, the provision of occupational as well as private pensions has to be enhanced. However, there seems to be an undersupply of occupational pension provision particularly in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Using survey data of the German Socio-Economic ...

2007| Kathrin Dummann
SOEPpapers 66 / 2007

Die strukturelle und individuelle Dimension bei der Erklärung von regionaler Bildungsungleichheit

Im Zentrum des vorliegenden Beitrags steht die Frage, ob regionale Strukturen als Determinante von Bildungschancen einen Beitrag zur Erklärung von Bildungsungleichheit leisten können. Es wird die Frage aufgeworfen, ob die elterlichen Bildungsentscheidungen an der Schwelle zum Sekundarsystem des schulischen Bildungssystems durch regionale Angebote und Bedingungen, wie die Bildungsinfra- und Ausbildungs- ...

2007| Michaela Sixt
SOEPpapers 65 / 2007

Optimal Taxation: The Design of Child Related Cash- and In-Kind-Benefits

This paper contributes to the debate about the optimal design of tax-transfer systems. Based on the theory of optimal taxation, combined with microsimulation and microeconometric techniques we derive the welfare function which makes the current German tax and transfer system for single women optimal. Furthermore, we compare the welfare function conditional on the presence and age of children and asses ...

2007| Peter Haan, Katharina Wrohlich
SOEPpapers 64 / 2007

Assimilation and Cohort Effects for German Immigrants

Demographic change and the rising demand for highly qualified labor in Germany attracts notice to the analysis of immigration. In addition, the pattern of immigration changed markedly during the past decades. Therefore we use the latest data of the German Socioeconomic Panel up to the year 2006 in order to investigate the economic performance of immigrants. We perform regressions of three pooled cross ...

2007| Sebastian Gundel, Heiko Peters
SOEPpapers 63 / 2007

Social Deprivation and Exclusion of Immigrants in Germany

This paper aims at providing empirical evidence on social exclusion of immigrants in Germany. We demonstrate that when using a conventional definition of the social inclusion index typically applied in the literature, immigrants appear to experience a significant degree of social deprivation and exclusion, confirming much of the economic literature examining the economic assimilation of immigrants ...

2007| John P. Haisken-DeNew, Mathias Sinning
SOEPpapers 62 / 2007

The Determinants of Smoking Initiation: Empirical Evidence for Germany

This paper aims at analyzing the determinants of the decision to start smoking using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). The data used is a combination of retrospective information on the age individuals started smoking and, by tracing back these individuals within the panel structure up to the point they started smoking, information on characteristics at the age of smoking initiation. ...

2007| Silja Göhlmann
SOEPpapers 61 / 2007

Why Do German Men Marry Women from Less Developed Countries? An Analysis of Transnational Partner Search Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel

This paper examines why German men marry women from countries which are less economically developed. Two hypotheses deduced from exchange theory and the economic theory of the family are tested: 1. Low physical and social attractiveness as well as reduced opportunities to meet German partners lead to marriage with a woman from a poorer country. 2. Because of the economic gap between their countries ...

2007| David Glowsky
SOEPpapers 60 / 2007

Return Migration and the "Healthy Immigrant Effect"

According to the "healthy immigrant effect" (HIE), immigrants upon arrival are healthier than locally born residents. However, this health advantage is supposed to diminish or even disappear over a relatively short period and the immigrants' health status is converging to that of the natives. The causes for this gradient of immigrants' health are subject to an ongoing discussion and the underlying ...

2007| Monika Sander
SOEPpapers 59 / 2007

Wealth and Asset Holdings of Immigrants in Germany

This paper examines the relative wealth position and the portfolio choices of immigrants in Germany. The empirical findings reveal significant differences in overall wealth and various wealth components between German natives and immigrants. Differences in real estate constitute the major part of different levels of net worth, indicating that disparities in home-ownership rates are responsible for ...

2007| Mathias Sinning
SOEPpapers 58 / 2007

Labor Market Effects of International Outsourcing: How Measurement Matters

As regards labor market effects of International Outsourcing, empirical studies have difficulties in confirming theoretical results. The use of different indices adds to the puzzle. The paper examines whether measurement differences are one reason for the mismatch between empirical and theoretical findings. In fact, considering the properties of various outsourcing indices and applying a panel data ...

2007| Daniel Horgos
SOEPpapers 57 / 2007

Ethnic Identity and Immigrant Homeownership

Immigrants are much less likely to own their homes than natives, even after controlling for a broad range of life-cycle and socio-economic characteristics and housing market conditions. This paper extends the analysis of immigrant housing tenure choice by explicitly accounting for ethnic identity as a potential influence on the homeownership decision, using a two-dimensional model of ethnic identity ...

2007| Amelie Constant, Rowan Roberts, Klaus F. Zimmermann
SOEPpapers 56 / 2007

Staatsbürgerschaft als Ressource bei der Heirat ausländischer Frauen: eine Analyse mit Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panel

Der Beitrag untersucht, welche Faktoren dazu führen, dass deutsche Männer Frauen aus dem ökonomisch schwächeren Ausland heiraten. Aus allgemeinen Partnerwahltheorien (Austauschtheorie, ökonomische Theorie der Familie) werden zwei Hypothesen abgeleitet. 1. Geringe physische und soziale Attraktivität sowie schlechte Gelegenheiten auf dem deutschen Heiratsmarkt begünstigen die Heirat mit einer Frau aus ...

2007| David Glowsky
SOEPpapers 55 / 2007

The Set-Point Theory of Well-Being Needs Replacing: On the Brink of a Scientific Revolution?

Set-point theory has dominated the field of subjective well-being (SWB). It has served as a classic Kuhn research paradigm, being extended and refined for thirty years totake in new results. The central plank of the theory is that adult set-points do not change, except just temporarily in the face of major life events. There was always some "discordant data", including evidence that some events are ...

2007| Bruce Headey
SOEPpapers 54 / 2007

Gesundheit im Lebenslauf: zur relativen Bedeutung von Selektions- gegenüber Kausaleffekten am Beispiel des Familienstands

In diesem Beitrag wird der relative Anteil von Selektions- gegenüber Kausaleffekten bei den Gesundheitsunterschieden zwischen Verheirateten und Ledigen untersucht. Mit den Daten des Sozio-ökonomischen Panel (SOEP) werden Mehrzustands-Sterbetafeln berechnet, um sowohl Wechsel zwischen Gesundheitszuständen als auch Wechsel zwischen den Familienständen simultan im Lebensverlauf zu bestimmen. Dabei zeigt ...

2007| Rainer Unger
SOEPpapers 53 / 2007

To Claim or Not to Claim: Estimating Non-take-up of Social Assistance in Germany and the Role of Measurement Error

Using representative micro data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) for the year 2002, we analyse non-take-up behaviour of Social Assistance (SA) inGermany. According to our simulation as much as 67 percent of the eligible population did not claim SA in that year which is slightly higher than reported in previous work. We particularly emphasize the role of measurement error in estimating ...

2007| Joachim R. Frick, Olaf Groh-Samberg
SOEPpapers 52 / 2007

Erbschaftsteuerreform: gleichmäßige Vermögenserfassung und niedrigere Steuersätze statt selektiver Besteuerung

Die Erbschaft- und Schenkungsteuer muss grundlegend reformiert werden. Grund- und Betriebsvermögen sollen nach dem Ertragswertverfahren bewertet werden. Das bedeutet eine deutliche Annäherung an die Verkehrswerte, macht jedoch das Besteuerungsverfahren aufwändiger und streitanfälliger. Ein moderater Freibetrag für Betriebsvermögen sowie Stundungsregelungen für die Steuerbelastung reichen aus, um Probleme ...

2007| Stefan Bach, Henriette Houben, Ralf Maiterth, Jürgen Schupp
SOEPpapers 51 / 2007

From Bottom to Top: The Entire Distribution of Market Income in Germany, 1992-2001

We analyze the distribution and concentration of market incomes in Germany in the period 1992 to 2001 on the basis of an integrated data set of individual tax returns and the German Socio-Economic Panel. The unique feature of this integrated data set is that it encompasses the whole spectrum of the population, from the very poor to the very rich. We find a modest increase in overall inequality of market ...

2007| Stefan Bach, Giacomo Corneo, Viktor Steiner
SOEPpapers 50 / 2007

The Marginal Utility of Income

In normative public economics it is crucial to know how fast the marginal utility of income declines as income increases. One needs this parameter for cost-benefit analysis, for optimal taxation and for the (Atkinson) measurement of inequality. We estimate this parameter using four large cross-sectional surveys of subjective happiness and two panel surveys. Altogether, the data cover over 50 countries ...

2007| Richard Layard, Guy Mayraz, Stephen J. Nickell
1149 Ergebnisse, ab 1081
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