1104 Ergebnisse, ab 21
SOEPpapers 1087 / 2020

Psychische Krise durch Covid-19? Sorgen sinken, Einsamkeit steigt, Lebenszufriedenheit bleibt stabil

Die vorliegende Studie vergleicht das Niveau der selbstberichteten psychischen Gesundheit und des Wohlbefindens in Deutschland zu Beginn der Corona-Krise (April 2020) mit den der Vorjahre. Die Zufriedenheit mit der Gesundheit steigt über alle Bevölkerungsgruppen hinweg deutlich an, während Sorgen um die Gesundheit über alle Gruppen deutlich sinken. Dies deutet darauf hin, dass die aktuelle Einschätzung ...

2020| Theresa Entringer, Hannes Kröger, Jürgen Schupp, Simon Kühne, Stefan Liebig, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Daniel Graeber, Martin Kroh, Carsten Schröder, Johannes Seebauer, Sabine Zinn
SOEPpapers 1086 / 2020

2D:4D Does Not Predict Economic Preferences: Evidence from a Large, Representative Sample

The digit ratio (2D:4D) is considered a proxy for testosterone exposure in utero, and there has been a recent surge of studies testing whether 2D:4D is associated with economic preferences. Although the results are not conclusive, previous studies have reported statistically significant correlations between 2D:4D and risk taking, altruism, positive reciprocity, negative reciprocity and trust. Many “researcher ...

2020| Levent Neyse, Magnus Johannesson, Anna Dreber
SOEPpapers 1085 / 2020

2D:4D and Self-Employment Using SOEP Data: A Replication Study

The 2D:4D digit ratio, the ratio of the length of the 2nd digit to the length of the 4th digit, is often considered a proxy for testosterone exposure in utero. A recent study by Nicolaou et al. (2018) reported an association between the left-hand 2D:4D and self-employment (in a sample of about 1,000 adults). In this pre-registered study we replicate these results on a new and larger sample of about ...

2020| Frank M. Fossen, Levent Neyse, Magnus Johannesson, Anna Dreber
SOEPpapers 1084 / 2020

Verbesserung der Forschungsdateninfrastruktur im Bereich Hochvermögender mit dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)

Im fünften Armuts- und Reichtumsbericht der Bundesregierung wurde darauf hingewiesen, dass die Datenlage im Bereich hoher Vermögen unzureichend sei (BMAS, 2017). Zur Verbesserung der Datenlage haben wir eine neue Sampling-Strategie entwickelt und im Feld implementiert. In der gezogenen Stichprobe sind Personen mit hohem Vermögen überrepräsentiert. Die neue Stichprobe wird entsprechend in das Sozio-oekonomische ...

2020| Carsten Schröder, Charlotte Bartels, Konstantin Göbler, Markus M. Grabka, Johannes König, Rainer Siegers, Sabine Zinn
SOEPpapers 1083 / 2020

COVID-19 Is Not Affecting All Working People Equally

The corona pandemic and the political measures undertaken to contain it are changing the working conditions of many people in Germany. Based on data from the first tranche of a supplementary survey (SOEP-Cov) to the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this study analyzes the effects of the corona crisis on Germany’s working population in 2019. In this paper, we investigate how severely people have ...

2020| Carsten Schröder, Theresa Entringer, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Daniel Graeber, Martin Kroh, Hannes Kröger, Simon Kühne, Stefan Liebig, Jürgen Schupp, Johannes Seebauer, Sabine Zinn
SOEPpapers 1082 / 2020

Testing the Social Investment Principle around Childbirth: Little Evidence for Personality Maturation before and after Becoming a Parent

In line with the Social Investment Principle, becoming a parent should lead to more mature behavior and an increase in conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability. However, previous research provided mixed results that do not support this idea. Here, we used data from a nationally representative household panel study from Germany (N = 19,875) to examine whether becoming a parent relates ...

2020| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1081 / 2020

Economic Downturns and Mental Wellbeing

We study the impact of the business cycle on mental wellbeing by linking rich German survey data to over a decade of detailed gross domestic product information. Endogeneity concerns are tackled using a shift-share instrumental variables approach in which exposure to macroeconomic fluctuations is estimated from regional variations in historical industry sector composition. Estimation results reveal ...

2020| Daniel Avdic, Sonja C. de New, Daniel A. Kamhöfer
SOEPpapers 1080 / 2020

Erwerbstätige sind vor dem Covid-19-Virus nicht alle gleich

Die Corona-Pandemie und die politischen Entscheidungen zu ihrer Eindämmung verändern derzeit die Situation vieler Erwerbstätiger in Deutschland. Auf Grundlage einer ersten Tranche einer Zusatzbefragung (SOEP-Cov) von Haushalten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP), werden hier die Auswirkungen der Corona-Krise auf die Erwerbstätigen des Jahres 2019 analysiert. Die Betroffenheit wird anhand von drei ...

2020| Carsten Schröder, Theresa Entringer, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Daniel Graeber, Martin Kroh, Hannes Kröger, Simon Kühne, Stefan Liebig, Jürgen Schupp, Johannes Seebauer, Sabine Zinn
SOEPpapers 1079 / 2020

Social Inequality in the Digital Transformation: Risks and Potentials of Mobile Health Technologies for Social Inequalities in Health

The paper addresses the impact of digital health technologies on social inequalities in health. We set focus on mobile health technologies (mHealth) and analyse whether (a) usage of such technologies differs by educational level and (b) whether their usage moderate social inequalities in health satisfaction. We first develop a theoretical model in order to establish potential associations between social ...

2020| Tim Sawert, Julia Tuppat
SOEPpapers 1078 / 2020

Gender-Specific Personality Traits and Their Effects on the Gender Wage Gap: A Correlated Random Effects Approach using SOEP Data

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this article examines whether gender wage differentials occur due to differences in prototypical personality traits of women and men and provides the first application of a gender wage gap decomposition on the basis of a correlated random effects model. Main results show that agreeableness and openness are the most important personality ...

2020| Sina Otten
SOEPpapers 1077 / 2020

Who Is Bowling Alone? Quantile Treatment Effects of Unemployment on Social Participation

This article examines heterogeneity in the effect of unemployment on social participation. Whereas existing studies on this relationship essentially estimate mean effects, we use quantile regression methods to provide a broader and more complete picture. To ac-count for the potential endogeneity of job loss, we estimate quantile treatment effects (on the treated) based on entropy balancing and focus ...

2020| Lars Kunze, Nicolai Suppa
SOEPpapers 1076 / 2020

Migrant Fertility in Germany and the Eastern Enlargement of the EU

This paper uses data from the Migrant Samples of the German Socio-Economic Panel to study the fertility behaviour of women who migrated to Germany between 1990 and 2015. Special emphasis is placed on the large groups of migrants who have moved to Germany from Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries since the 1990s. We find that CEE migrants had higher first birth, but much lower second birth rates ...

2020| Katharina Wolf, Michaela Kreyenfeld
SOEPpapers 1075 / 2020

Prosociality and Risk Preferences in the Financial Sector

Using large-scale data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper finds that financial professionals have a lower prosociality and riskier behavior than a control group. I interpret these findings using the person-organization fit theory, and thus, the compatibility between the employee’s personality and the prevailing culture in their organization. The financial sector attracts riskier individuals, ...

2020| Max Deter
SOEPpapers 1074 / 2020

Spenden in Deutschland – Analysen auf Basis des SOEP und Vergleiche mit anderen empirischen Studien

In 2018, participants in the Socio-Economic Panel were asked for the third time whether and how much money they had donated in the past year to social, church, cultural, charitable and non-profit causes. This paper examines the results of this survey and compares them with the previous findings for the years 2009 and 2014. According to SOEP data, almost one in two private individuals in Germany continued ...

2020| Zbignev Gricevic, Karsten Schulz-Sandhof, Jürgen Schupp
SOEPpapers 1073 / 2020

Retirement, Intergenerational Time Transfers, and Fertility

Retired parents might invest time into their adult children by providing childcare. Such intergenerational time transfers can have important implications for family decisions. This paper estimates the effects of parental retirement on adult children’s fertility. We use representative panel data from Germany to link observations on parents and adult children. We exploit eligibility ages for early retirement ...

2020| Peter Eibich, Thomas Siedler
SOEPpapers 1072 / 2020

The Situation of Female Immigrants on the German Labour Market: A Multi-Perspective Approach

While general ethnic disadvantages are well documented, much less is known about coinciding disadvantages of ethnic origin and gender. Based on theoretical arguments of human capital theory, sociocultural approaches, labour market segmentation theory, and discrimination mechanisms, we investigate whether immigrant women experience more difficulties on the labour market than immigrant men, non-immigrant ...

2020| Zerrin Salikutluk, Johannes Giesecke, Martin Kroh
SOEPpapers 1071 / 2020

Income Distribution and the Fear of Crime: Evidence from Germany

We here explore the link between individual concerns about crime and the distribution of income in Germany. We make use of 1995-2017 microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to show that both individual polarization and relative deprivation have statistically-significant effects on reported concerns about crime, while relative satisfaction plays no role. At the aggregate level, the main ...

2020| Michelle Acampora, Conchita D'Ambrosio, Markus M. Grabka
SOEPpapers 1070 / 2020

Selection into Employment and the Gender Wage Gap across the Distribution and over Time

Using quantile regression methods, this paper analyses the gender wage gap across the wage distribution and over time (1990-2014), while controlling for changing sample selection into full-time employment. Our findings show that the selection-corrected gender wage gap is much larger than the one observed in the data, which is mainly due to large positive selection of women into full-time employment. ...

2020| Patricia Gallego Granados, Katharina Wrohlich
SOEPpapers 1069 / 2020

Refugees’ and Irregular Migrants’ Self-selection into Europe: Who Migrates Where?

We analyze self-selection of refugees and irregular migrants and test our theory in the context of the European refugee crisis. Using unique datasets from the International Organization for Migration and Gallup World Polls, we provide the first large-scale evidence on reasons to emigrate, and the self-selection and sorting of refugees and irregular migrants. Refugees and female irregular migrants are ...

2020| Cevat Giray Aksoy, Panu Poutvaara
SOEPpapers 1068 / 2020

The Impact of Having Children on Domain-Specific Life Satisfaction: A Quasi-Experimental Longitudinal Investigation Using the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) Data

Longitudinal studies have documented improvements in parents’ life satisfaction due to childbearing, followed by postpartum adaptation back to baseline. However, the details underlying this process remain largely unexplored. Based on past literature, set-point theory, and results from an exploratory sample, we investigated empirically how first childbirth affected satisfaction with specific domains ...

2020| Michael D. Krämer, Joseph L. Rodgers
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