1096 Ergebnisse, ab 41
SOEPpapers 1058 / 2019

Occupational Mobility in Europe: Extent, Determinants, and Consequences

We examine occupational mobility and its link to wage mobility across a large number of EU countries using worker-level micro data. In doing so, we document the extent, the individual-level determinants and the consequences of occupational mobility in terms of wage outcomes and structural change across the EU. In addition, we identify potential explanations for the observed cross-country variation. ...

2019| Ronald Bachmann, Peggy Bechara, Christina Vonnahme
SOEPpapers 1057 / 2019

Risk Aversion and the Teaching Profession: An Analysis Including Different Forms of Risk Aversion, Different Control Groups, Selection and Socialization Effects

Risk aversion might affect current and potential teachers’ reaction to reforms, in particular payment reforms. However, evidence on teachers’ risk aversion in comparison to other occupations is limited. The present study is based on twelve waves of a representative German data set (N = 18,381) and shows that teaching relates positively to risk aversion, especially to risk aversion with respect to occupational ...

2019| Adam Ayaita, Kathleen Stürmer
SOEPpapers 1056 / 2019

Quantifizierung lokaler externer Effekte fossiler Kraftwerke: eine empirische Analyse anhand von Lebenszufriedenheitsdaten

In the course of the energy transition, the German Commission on “Growth, Structural Change and Employment” recommended a stepwise phase-out of coal-fired electricity generation until 2038 and a partly substitution by gas-fired power plants. In this context local externalities of various types of fossil fuel-fired power plants are investigated and quantified using the life satisfaction approach. Therefore, ...

2019| Hauke Lütkehaus
SOEPpapers 1055 / 2019

A Practical Guide for the Computation of Domain-Level Estimates with the Socio-Economic Panel (and Other Household Surveys)

There is a huge interest in deriving and comparing socio-economic indicators across societal groups and domains. The indicators are usually derived from population surveys like the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) by direct estimation. Small sample sizes in the domains can limit the precision of these estimates. For example, while SOEP may be a suitable database for determining mean income in Germany, ...

2019| Natascha Hainbach, Christoph Halbmeier, Timo Schmid, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1054 / 2019

Gendered Wealth Losses after Dissolution of Cohabitation but not Marriage in Germany

Objective: To document gender differences in how economic wealth changes following the dissolution of marriage and cohabitation in Germany. Background: Wealth can be an important resource to deal with the adverse economic consequences of union dissolution. Marital property regimes usually ensure that both partners receive a share of the couples’ wealth following a divorce. The dissolution of cohabiting ...

2019| Diederik Boertien, Philipp M. Lersch
SOEPpapers 1053 / 2019

Psychological Distress among Refugees in Germany – a Representative Study on Individual and Contextual Risk Factors and the Potential Consequences of Poor Mental Health for Integration in the Host Country

Background: Responding to the mental health needs of refugees remains a pressing challenge worldwide. We estimated the prevalence of psychological distress in a large refugee population in Germany and assessed its association with host country factors amenable to policy intervention and integration indicators. Method: We analysed the second wave of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP, a representative Germany-wide ...

2019| Lena Walther, Hannes Kröger, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Thi Minh Tam Ta, Christian von Scheve, Jürgen Schupp, Eric Hahn, Malek Bajbouj
SOEPpapers 1052 / 2019

The Distribution of Well-Being among Europeans

We analyse the evolution of EU citizens’ living standards, considering the EU as a single country. Average living standards have improved considerably as the European integration process has unfolded. EU28 income inequality has steadily declined, mostly as a result of the macroeconomic convergence of new EU-accession countries. EU15 income inequality fell steadily until the mid-1980s, but picked up ...

2019| Andrea Brandolini, Alfonso Rosolia
SOEPpapers 1051 / 2019

Long-Run Consequences of Informal Elderly Care and Implications of Public Long-Term Care Insurance

In this paper, I estimate a dynamic structural model of labor supply, retirement, and informal care supply, incorporating labor market frictions and the German tax and benefit system. I find that informal elderly care has adverse and persistent effects on labor market outcomes and therefore negatively affects lifetime earnings, future pension benefits, and individuals’ well-being. These consequences of ...

2019| Thorben Korfhage
SOEPpapers 1050 / 2019

Transitioning Towards More Equality? Wealth Gender Differences and the Changing Role of Explanatory Factors over Time

The objective of the study is to investigate the changing role of explanatory factors of wealth and the gender wealth gap in Germany over the period 2002-2012 using individual level microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The authors apply distributional decomposition methods and focus on the role of changes in labor supply, permanent income, portfolio composition, and marital status in this ...

2019| Eva Sierminska, Daniela Piazzalunga, Markus M. Grabka
SOEPpapers 1049 / 2019

Labor Market Closure and the Stalling of the Gender Pay Gap

The gender pay gap (GPG) remains a persistent phenomenon in contemporary labor markets. Despite a vast body of research examining its causes, as of today, unequal labor market power resources between men and women have remained an underappreciated factor in the literature. Drawing on the German Socio-economic Panel and the Microcensus, the association between the GPG and labor market closure – a crucial ...

2019| Lara Minkus
SOEPpapers 1048 / 2019

Being Unengaged at Work but Still Dedicating Time and Energy: A Longitudinal Study

Overcommitted individuals cannot withdraw from work obligations. We examine whether work goal engagement attenuates the negative effects of overcommitment on work and health outcomes. For overcommitted professionals it should matter whether they dedicate time and energy to work goals they feel bound to or to goals they do not feel attached to (unengaged overcommitment). In a longitudinal study of 752 ...

2019| Sabine Hommelhoff, David Richter, Cornelia Niessen, Denis Gerstorf, Jutta Heckhausen
SOEPpapers 1047 / 2019

Self-Control: Determinants, Life Outcomes and Intergenerational Implications

This paper studies self-control in a nationally representative sample. Using the well-established Tangney scale to measure trait self-control, we find that people’s age as well as the political and economic institutions they are exposed to have an economically meaningful impact on their level of self-control. A higher degree of self-control is, in turn, associated with better health, educational and ...

2019| Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Sarah C. Dahmann, Daniel A. Kamhöfer, Hannah Schildberg-Hörisch
SOEPpapers 1046 / 2019

Internal Migration, Social Stratification and Dynamic Effects on Subjective Well Being

Using German panel data and relying on internal relocation, this paper investigates the anticipation and adaptation of subjective well-being (SWB) in the course of migration. We hypothesize that SWB correlates with the process of migration, and that such correlations are at least partly socially stratified. Our fixed-effects regressions show no evidence of any anticipation of SWB before the event of ...

2019| Marcel Erlinghagen, Christoph Kern, Petra Stein
SOEPpapers 1045 / 2019

Wie (in)stabil ist die Lebenszufriedenheit? Eine Sequenzanalyse mit Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP)

Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich mit der Analyse der Stabilität der Lebenszufriedenheit, auf Basis der Paneldaten des sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP). Benutzt wird das neuartige Konzept der longitudinalen Entropie und so können bereits in der Literatur vorliegende Analysen zur (In)Stabilität der Lebenszufriedenheit ergänzt und vertieft werden. Es wird gezeigt, dass Persönlichkeitseigenschaften, ...

2019| Laura Schräpler, Jörg-Peter Schräpler, Gert G. Wagner
SOEPpapers 1044 / 2019

Leben in Schleswig-Holstein: subjektive Einschätzungen als Teil der Wohlfahrtsmessung

Die Debatte um (andere) Indikatoren zur Messung gesellschaftlicher Wohlfahrt und eines „guten Lebens“ hat in den vergangenen Jahren deutlich an Fahrt aufgenommen. Und das nicht nur auf Bundesebene. Auch auf der Ebene der Bundesländer wächst die Nachfrage nach solchen Indikatoren. Im Rahmen einer Studie zur Berechnung des Regionalen Wohlfahrtsindex (RWI) wurden deswegen auch subjektive Befragungsdaten ...

2019| Benjamin Held
SOEPpapers 1043 / 2019

Experienced Well-Being and Labor Market Status: The Role of Pleasure and Meaning

This paper examines experienced well-being of employed and unemployed workers. We use the survey-adapted day reconstruction method (DRM) of the Innovation Sample of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP-IS) to analyze the role of the employment status for well-being, incorporating complete time use. Summarizing the average share of pleasurable minutes, we generate the P-index. We show that - ...

2019| Tobias Wolf, Maria Metzing, Richard E. Lucas
SOEPpapers 1042 / 2019

The Immigrant-Native Wage Gap in Germany Revisited

This study provides new evidence on the levels of economic integration experienced by foreigners and naturalised immigrants relative to native Germans from 1994 to 2015. We decompose the wage gap using the method for unconditional quantile regression models by employing a regression of the (recentered) influence function (RIF) of the gross hourly wage on a rich set of explanatory variables. This approach ...

2019| Kai Ingwersen, Stephan L. Thomsen
SOEPpapers 1041 / 2019

Emotions, Risk Attitudes, and Patience

Previous work has shown that preferences are not always stable across time, but surprisingly little is known about the reasons for this instability. I examine whether variation in people’s emotions over time predicts changes in preferences. Using a large panel data set, I find that within-person changes in happiness, anger, and fear have substantial effects on risk attitudes and patience. Robustness ...

2019| Armando N. Meier
SOEPpapers 1040 / 2019

Individual Labor Market Effects of Local Public Expenditures on Sports

By merging administrative data on public finances of all municipalities in Germany with individual data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we explore whether local public expenditures on sports facilities influences individual labor market outcomes. Our identification strategy follows a selection-on-observables approach and exploits the panel structure of the data covering 12 years between 2001 ...

2019| Tim Pawlowski, Carina Steckenleiter, Tim Wallrafen, Michael Lechner
SOEPpapers 1039 / 2019

Discrimination in Hiring Based on Potential and Realized Fertility: Evidence from a Large-Scale Field Experiment

Due to conventional gender norms, women are more likely to be in charge of childcare than men. From an employer’s perspective, in their fertile age they are also at “risk” of pregnancy. Both factors potentially affect hiring practices of firms. We conduct a large-scale correspondence test in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria, sending out approx. 9,000 job applications, varying job candidate’s personal ...

2019| Sascha O. Becker, Ana Fernandes, Doris Weichselbaumer
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