SOEPpapers

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SOEPpapers 1046 / 2019

Internal Migration, Social Stratification and Dynamic Effects on Subjective Well Being

Using German panel data and relying on internal relocation, this paper investigates the anticipation and adaptation of subjective well-being (SWB) in the course of migration. We hypothesize that SWB correlates with the process of migration, and that such correlations are at least partly socially stratified. Our fixed-effects regressions show no evidence of any anticipation of SWB before the event of ...

2019| Marcel Erlinghagen, Christoph Kern, Petra Stein
SOEPpapers 1045 / 2019

Wie (in)stabil ist die Lebenszufriedenheit? Eine Sequenzanalyse mit Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP)

Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich mit der Analyse der Stabilität der Lebenszufriedenheit, auf Basis der Paneldaten des sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP). Benutzt wird das neuartige Konzept der longitudinalen Entropie und so können bereits in der Literatur vorliegende Analysen zur (In)Stabilität der Lebenszufriedenheit ergänzt und vertieft werden. Es wird gezeigt, dass Persönlichkeitseigenschaften, ...

2019| Laura Schräpler, Jörg-Peter Schräpler, Gert G. Wagner
SOEPpapers 1044 / 2019

Leben in Schleswig-Holstein: subjektive Einschätzungen als Teil der Wohlfahrtsmessung

Die Debatte um (andere) Indikatoren zur Messung gesellschaftlicher Wohlfahrt und eines „guten Lebens“ hat in den vergangenen Jahren deutlich an Fahrt aufgenommen. Und das nicht nur auf Bundesebene. Auch auf der Ebene der Bundesländer wächst die Nachfrage nach solchen Indikatoren. Im Rahmen einer Studie zur Berechnung des Regionalen Wohlfahrtsindex (RWI) wurden deswegen auch subjektive Befragungsdaten ...

2019| Benjamin Held
SOEPpapers 1043 / 2019

Experienced Well-Being and Labor Market Status: The Role of Pleasure and Meaning

This paper examines experienced well-being of employed and unemployed workers. We use the survey-adapted day reconstruction method (DRM) of the Innovation Sample of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP-IS) to analyze the role of the employment status for well-being, incorporating complete time use. Summarizing the average share of pleasurable minutes, we generate the P-index. We show that - ...

2019| Tobias Wolf, Maria Metzing, Richard E. Lucas
SOEPpapers 1042 / 2019

The Immigrant-Native Wage Gap in Germany Revisited

This study provides new evidence on the levels of economic integration experienced by foreigners and naturalised immigrants relative to native Germans from 1994 to 2015. We decompose the wage gap using the method for unconditional quantile regression models by employing a regression of the (recentered) influence function (RIF) of the gross hourly wage on a rich set of explanatory variables. This approach ...

2019| Kai Ingwersen, Stephan L. Thomsen
SOEPpapers 1041 / 2019

Emotions, Risk Attitudes, and Patience

Previous work has shown that preferences are not always stable across time, but surprisingly little is known about the reasons for this instability. I examine whether variation in people’s emotions over time predicts changes in preferences. Using a large panel data set, I find that within-person changes in happiness, anger, and fear have substantial effects on risk attitudes and patience. Robustness ...

2019| Armando N. Meier
SOEPpapers 1040 / 2019

Individual Labor Market Effects of Local Public Expenditures on Sports

By merging administrative data on public finances of all municipalities in Germany with individual data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we explore whether local public expenditures on sports facilities influences individual labor market outcomes. Our identification strategy follows a selection-on-observables approach and exploits the panel structure of the data covering 12 years between 2001 ...

2019| Tim Pawlowski, Carina Steckenleiter, Tim Wallrafen, Michael Lechner
SOEPpapers 1039 / 2019

Discrimination in Hiring Based on Potential and Realized Fertility: Evidence from a Large-Scale Field Experiment

Due to conventional gender norms, women are more likely to be in charge of childcare than men. From an employer’s perspective, in their fertile age they are also at “risk” of pregnancy. Both factors potentially affect hiring practices of firms. We conduct a large-scale correspondence test in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria, sending out approx. 9,000 job applications, varying job candidate’s personal ...

2019| Sascha O. Becker, Ana Fernandes, Doris Weichselbaumer
SOEPpapers 1038 / 2019

Depression, Risk Preferences and Risk-Taking Behavior

Depression affects the way that people process information and make decisions, including those involving risk and uncertainty. Our objective is to analyze the way that depressive episodes shape risk preferences and risk-taking behaviors. We are the first to address this issue using large-scale, representative panel data that include both behavioral and stated risk preference measures and a theoretical ...

2019| Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Sarah Dahmann, Nathan Kettlewell
SOEPpapers 1037 / 2019

The Effect of Unemployment on the Smoking Behavior of Couples

Although unemployment likely entails various externalities, research examining its spillover effects on spouses is scarce. This is the first paper to estimate effects of unemployment on the smoking behavior of both spouses. Using German Socio-Economic Panel data, we combine matching and difference-in-differences estimation, employing the post-double-selection method for control-variable selection via ...

2019| Jakob Everding, Jan Marcus
SOEPpapers 1036 / 2019

Capturing Affective Well‑Being in Daily Life with the Day Reconstruction Method: A Refined View on Positive and Negative Affect

In the last years, there has been a shift from traditional measurements of affective well-being to approaches such as the day reconstruction method (DRM). While the traditional approaches often assess trait level differences in well-being, the DRM allows examining affective dynamics in everyday contexts. The latter may ultimately explain why some people feel more happy than others (e.g., because they ...

2019| Dave Möwisch, Florian Schmiedek, David Richter, Annette Brose
SOEPpapers 1035 / 2019

The Effect of Initial Placement Restrictions on Refugees' Language Acquisition in Germany

This paper analyzes the effect of a recently introduced policy reform on participation in integration courses and on certified language proficiency levels among refugees in Germany. The residence rule restricts initial residence for refugees with a permanent residence permit. Given that treatment intensity varies distinctly across states, I utilize this quasi-experiment and apply a difference-in-differences ...

2019| Felicitas Schikora
SOEPpapers 1034 / 2019

No Evidence that Economic Inequality Moderates the Effect of Income on Generosity

A landmark study published in PNAS (Côté S, House J, Willer R, 2015, 112:15838–15843, doi:10.1073/pnas.1511536112) showed that higher income individuals are less generous than poorer individuals only if they reside in a U.S. state with comparatively large economic inequality. This finding might serve to reconcile inconsistent findings on the effect of social class on generosity by highlighting the ...

2019| Stefan C. Schmukle, Martin Korndörfer, Boris Egloff
SOEPpapers 1033 / 2019

Immigration, Social Networks, and Occupational Mismatch

In this study we investigate the link between the job search channels that workers use to find employment and the probability of occupational mismatch in the new job. Our specific focus is on differences between native and immigrant workers. We use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) over the period 2000-2014. First, we document that referral hiring via social networks is the most frequent ...

2019| Sevak Alaverdyan, Anna Zaharieva
SOEPpapers 1032 / 2019

Potenziale unfreiwilliger Teilzeit in Deutschland

Working-time political debates often focus on options for flexible and variable working hours. Meanwhile, employees' desire for more time sovereignty is gaining relevance. Although working time preferences and their impact on the German labor market are investigated in numerous studies, findings are inconsistent, varying with the data set, including the formulation and placement of questions in the ...

2019| Verena Tobsch, Elke Holst
SOEPpapers 1031 / 2019

Undoing Gender with Institutions. Lessons from the German Division and Reunification

Using the 41-year division of Germany as a natural experiment, we show that the GDR’s gender-equal institutions created a culture that has undone the male breadwinner norm and its consequences. Since reunification, East Germany still differs from West Germany not only by a higher female contribution to household income, but also because East German women can earn more than their husbands without having ...

2019| Quentin Lippmann, Alexandre Georgieff, Claudia Senik
SOEPpapers 1030 / 2019

Gender Identity and Wives’ Labor Market Outcomes in West and East Germany between 1984 and 2016

We exploit the natural experiment of German reunification in 1990 to investigate if the institutional regimes of the formerly socialist (rather gender-equal) East Germany and the capitalist (rather gender-traditional) West Germany shaped different gender identity prescriptions of family breadwinning. We use data for three periods between 1984 and 2016 from the representative German Socio-Economic Panel ...

2019| Maximilian Sprengholz, Anna Wieber, Elke Holst
SOEPpapers 1029 / 2019

Living Conditions and the Mental Health and Well-being of Refugees: Evidence from a Representative German Panel Study

The mental health and well-being of refugees are both prerequisites for and indicators of social integration. Using data from the first wave of a representative prospective panel of refugees living in Germany, we investigated how different living conditions, especially those subject to integration policies, are associated with experienced distress and life satisfaction in newly-arrived adult refugees. ...

2019| Lena Walther, Lukas M. Fuchs, Jürgen Schupp, Christian von Scheve
SOEPpapers 1028 / 2019

The Effect of Maternal Education on Offspring's Mental Health

We estimate the causal effect of maternal education on the mental health of mother’s children in late adolescence and adulthood. Theoretical considerations are ambiguous about a causal effect of maternal education on children’s mental health. To identify the causal effect of maternal education, we exploit exogenous variation in maternal years of schooling, caused by a compulsory schooling law reform ...

2019| Daniel Graeber, Daniel D. Schnitzlein
SOEPpapers 1027 / 2019

Optimism, Pessimism and Life Satisfaction: An Empirical Investigation

This empirical investigation into life satisfaction, using nationally representative German panel data, finds a substantial association with an individual’s thoughts about the future, whether they are optimistic or pessimistic about it. Furthermore, including individuals’ optimism and pessimism about the future substantially increases the explanatory power of standard life satisfaction models. The ...

2019| Alan Piper
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