1104 Ergebnisse, ab 81
SOEPpapers 1026 / 2019

Willingness to Take Risk: The Role of Risk Conception and Optimism

We show that the disposition to focus on favorable or unfavorable outcomes of risky situations affects willingness to take risk as measured by the general risk question. We demonstrate that this disposition, which we call risk conception, is strongly associated with optimism, a stable facet of personality, and that it predicts real-life risk taking. The general risk question captures this disposition ...

2019| Thomas Dohmen, Simone Quercia, Jana Willrodt
SOEPpapers 1025 / 2019

Do Parental Leaves Make the Motherhood Wage Penalty Worse? Assessing Two Decades of German Reforms

Women-friendly policies may have perverse effects on the wages of employed women and mothers in particular. Yet few have addressed the causal impact of such policies and the mechanisms they might trigger at the individual level to produce such wage responses. We assess if and how two decades of reforms of parental leave schemes in Germany have shaped changes in the motherhood wage penalty over time. ...

2019| Gabriele Mari, Giorgio Cutuli
SOEPpapers 1024 / 2019

The Role of Body Weight for Health, Earnings, and Life Satisfaction

Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel, the influence of the body mass index on health, earnings and satisfaction is analysed by gender. Basic results are: health worsens, income declines and satisfaction is poorer with higher body mass index. If control variables are added, estimates are split by gender and different effects of over- and underweight people are determined, the health estimates show ...

2019| Olaf Hübler
SOEPpapers 1023 / 2019

Life Expectancy and Parental Education in Germany

This study analyses the relationship between life expectancy and parental education. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study and survival analysis models, we show that maternal education is related to children’s life expectancy – even after controlling for children’sown level of education. This applies equally to daughters and sons as well as to children’s further life expectancies ...

2019| Mathias Huebener
SOEPpapers 1022 / 2019

Fiskalische und individuelle Nettoerträge und Renditen von Bildungsinvestitionen im jungen Erwachsenenalter

In dieser Studie werden auf der Basis einer Weiterentwicklung des ZEW Mikrosimulationsmodells des Abgaben- Steuer- und Transfersystems fiskalische und individuelle Nettoerträge und Renditen von Bildungsinvestitionen für junge Erwachsene bezogen auf das Jahr 2016 untersucht und mit früheren Schätzungen bezogen auf das Jahr 2012 verglichen. Nach den Ergebnissen liegt die fiskalische Bildungsrendite pro ...

2019| Friedhelm Pfeiffer, Holger Stichnoth
SOEPpapers 1021 / 2019

Parental Child Care Time, Income and Subjective Well-Being: A Multidimensional Polarization Approach for Germany

Neither market income nor consumption expenditure provides an adequate picture of individual standard of living. It is time which enables and restricts individual activities and is a further brick to a more comprehensive picture of individual well-being. In our study we focus on a prominent part of time use in non-market services: it is parental child care which contributes not only to individual but ...

2019| Joachim Merz, Normen Peters
SOEPpapers 1020 / 2019

Works Councils, Training and Employee Satisfaction

This paper investigates the role of works councils in job satisfaction. Using the recently developed Linked Personnel Panel, we consider both the direct and indirect impact via further training. Basic estimates on an individual level do not reveal clearly direct effects, but on an establishment level, the existence of a works council increases the average job satisfaction in a company. In more extended ...

2019| Lutz Bellmann, Olaf Hübler, Ute Leber
SOEPpapers 1019 / 2018

Does Residential Segregation Matter for the Labor Market Performance of Immigrants? Evidence from Germany

With the arrival of over one million asylum seekers in Germany in 2015, policy discussions opened whether refugees should be spread across the country or spatially concentrated in order to facilitate their integration in society. When an immigrant locates in a residential area with many natives or many foreigners he has access to different respective social networks which are important for the labor ...

2018| Sebastian Reil
SOEPpapers 1018 / 2018

The Causal Effects of the Minimum Wage Introduction in Germany: An Overview

In 2015, Germany introduced a statutory hourly minimum wage that was not only universally binding but also set at a relatively high level. We discuss the short-run effects of this new minimum wage on a wide set of socio-economic outcomes, such as employment and working hours, earnings and wage inequality, dependent and selff-employment, as well as reservation wages and satisfaction. We also discuss ...

2018| Marco Caliendo, Carsten Schröder, Linda Wittbrodt
SOEPpapers 1017 / 2018

Occupational Recognition and Immigrant Labor Market Outcomes

In this paper, we analyze how the formal recognition of immigrants' foreign occupational qualifications afects their subsequent labor market outcomes. The empirical analysis is based on a novel German data set that links respondents' survey information to their administrative records, allowing us to observe immigrants at monthly intervals before, during and after their application for occupational recognition. ...

2018| Herbert Brücker, Albrecht Glitz, Adrian Lerche, Agnese Romiti
SOEPpapers 1016 / 2018

The Effect of a Ban on Gender-Based Pricing on Risk Selection in the German Health Insurance Market

Starting from December 2012, insurers in the European Union were prohibited from charging gender-discriminatory prices. We examine the effect of this unisex mandate on risk segmentation in the German health insurance market. While gender used to be a pricing factor in Germany’s private health insurance (PHI) sector, it was never used as a pricing factor in the social health insurance (SHI) sector. ...

2018| Shan Huang, Martin Salm
SOEPpapers 1015 / 2018

Does Culture Trump Money? Employment and Childcare Use of Migrant and Non-Migrant Mothers of Pre-School Children in Germany

This study investigates the employment and childcare use behaviour of migrant and non-migrant mothers in Germany. We use the waves 2007-2015 of the German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP), including the migrant samples M1 and M2, to identify significant associations between migration background and employment probability, working hours, and childcare usage proba-bility under control of human capital, ...

2018| Christina Boll, Andreas Lagemann
SOEPpapers 1014 / 2018

Does Culture Trump Money? Erwerbsverhalten und Kitanutzung von Müttern mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund in Deutschland

Diese Studie untersucht das Erwerbs- und Kitanutzungsverhalten von Müttern mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund in Deutschland. Wir nutzen die Wellen 2007-2015 des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) mit den Migrantenstichproben M1 und M2, um signifikante Assoziationen zwischen Migrationshintergrund und Erwerbswahrscheinlichkeit, Arbeitsstunden und Kitanutzungswahrscheinlichkeit unter Kontrolle von Humankapital-, ...

2018| Christina Boll, Andreas Lagemann
SOEPpapers 1013 / 2018

Mindestlohn und Lohngerechtigkeit

Wie nehmen Geringverdiener den Mindestlohn war? Führt er in ihren Augen zu mehr Lohngerechtigkeit? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen wurden im Auftrag des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) des DIW Berlin von Infratest Sozialforschung Fokusgruppengespräche durchgeführt. An diesen Gesprächen haben 31 Personen teilgenommen. Unter Berücksichtigung der Arbeitsmarktsituation von zum Teil arbeitslosen, zum Teil ...

2018| Marleen von der Heiden, Ralf Himmelreicher
SOEPpapers 1012 / 2018

Prediction Based on Entrepreneurship-Prone Personality Profiles: Sometimes Worse Than the Toss of a Coin

The human personality predicts a wide range of activities and occupational choices—from musical sophistication to entrepreneurial careers. However, which method should be applied if information on personality traits is used for prediction and advice? In psychological research, group profiles are widely employed. In this contribution, we examine the performance of profiles using the example of career ...

2018| Alexander Konon, Alexander Kritikos
SOEPpapers 1011 / 2018

Different Strokes for Different Folks: Entrepreneurs' Job Satisfaction and the Intersection of Gender and Migration Background

Migrant enterprises comprise about 10% of all enterprises in Germany and are therefore a crucial part of the German economy and its entrepreneurial ecosystems. Relatedly, migrant entrepreneurship is a highly recognized topic within political discussions as well as within entrepreneurship research. While there is already an impressive body of work regarding the nature and quality of migrant enterprises, ...

2018| Teita Bijedić, Alan Piper
SOEPpapers 1010 / 2018

Growing up in Ethnic Enclaves: Language Proficiency and Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children

Does a high regional concentration of immigrants of the same ethnicity affect immigrant children’s acquisition of host-country language skills and educational attainment? We exploit the exogenous placement of guest workers from five ethnicities across German regions during the 1960s and 1970s in a model with region and ethnicity fixed effects. Our results indicate that exposure to a higher own-ethnic ...

2018| Alexander M. Danzer, Carsten Feuerbaum, Marc Piopiunik, Ludger Woessmann
SOEPpapers 1009 / 2018

Housing Expenditures and Income Inequality

In this paper, we show that, in terms of real disposable income, changes in housing expenditures dramatically exacerbate the trend of income inequality that has risen sharply in Germany since the mid-1990s. More specifically, whereas the 50/10 ratio of net household income increasesby 22 percentage points (pp) between 1993 and 2013, it increases by 62 pp for income net of housing expenditures. At the ...

2018| Christian Dustmann, Bernd Fitzenberger, Markus Zimmermann
SOEPpapers 1008 / 2018

University Tuition Fees and High School Students’ Educational Intentions

This paper studies whether higher education tuition fees influence the intention to acquire a university degree among high school students and, if so, whether the effect on individuals from low-income households is particularly strong. We analyze the introduction and subsequent elimination of university tuition fees in Germany across states and over time in a difference-in-differences setting. Using data ...

2018| Michael Bahrs, Thomas Siedler
SOEPpapers 1007 / 2018

Home Ownership and Monetary Policy Transmission

We present empirical evidence on the heterogeneity in monetary policy transmission across countries with different home ownership rates. We use household-level data together with shocks to the policy rate identified from high-frequency data. We find that housing tenure reacts more strongly to unexpected changes in the policy rate in Germany and Switzerland –the OECD countries with the lowest home ownership ...

2018| Winfried Koeniger, Marc-Antoine Ramelet
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