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SOEPpapers 1072 / 2020

The Situation of Female Immigrants on the German Labour Market: A Multi-Perspective Approach

While general ethnic disadvantages are well documented, much less is known about coinciding disadvantages of ethnic origin and gender. Based on theoretical arguments of human capital theory, sociocultural approaches, labour market segmentation theory, and discrimination mechanisms, we investigate whether immigrant women experience more difficulties on the labour market than immigrant men, non-immigrant ...

2020| Zerrin Salikutluk, Johannes Giesecke, Martin Kroh
SOEPpapers 1071 / 2020

Income Distribution and the Fear of Crime: Evidence from Germany

We here explore the link between individual concerns about crime and the distribution of income in Germany. We make use of 1995-2017 microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to show that both individual polarization and relative deprivation have statistically-significant effects on reported concerns about crime, while relative satisfaction plays no role. At the aggregate level, the main ...

2020| Michelle Acampora, Conchita D'Ambrosio, Markus M. Grabka
SOEPpapers 1070 / 2020

Selection into Employment and the Gender Wage Gap across the Distribution and over Time

Using quantile regression methods, this paper analyses the gender wage gap across the wage distribution and over time (1990-2014), while controlling for changing sample selection into full-time employment. Our findings show that the selection-corrected gender wage gap is much larger than the one observed in the data, which is mainly due to large positive selection of women into full-time employment. ...

2020| Patricia Gallego Granados, Katharina Wrohlich
SOEPpapers 1069 / 2020

Refugees’ and Irregular Migrants’ Self-selection into Europe: Who Migrates Where?

We analyze self-selection of refugees and irregular migrants and test our theory in the context of the European refugee crisis. Using unique datasets from the International Organization for Migration and Gallup World Polls, we provide the first large-scale evidence on reasons to emigrate, and the self-selection and sorting of refugees and irregular migrants. Refugees and female irregular migrants are ...

2020| Cevat Giray Aksoy, Panu Poutvaara
SOEPpapers 1068 / 2020

The Impact of Having Children on Domain-Specific Life Satisfaction: A Quasi-Experimental Longitudinal Investigation Using the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) Data

Longitudinal studies have documented improvements in parents’ life satisfaction due to childbearing, followed by postpartum adaptation back to baseline. However, the details underlying this process remain largely unexplored. Based on past literature, set-point theory, and results from an exploratory sample, we investigated empirically how first childbirth affected satisfaction with specific domains ...

2020| Michael D. Krämer, Joseph L. Rodgers
SOEPpapers 1067 / 2020

Inferring Floor Area Ratio Thresholds for the Delineation of City Centers Based on Cognitive Perception

The morphology of today’s cities is the result of historic urban developments and ongoing urban transformation resulting in complex urban spatial structures. While functionally as well as spatially, cities are structured into sub-units such as the city center, business districts, residential areas or industrial and commercial zones, their precise localization in the geographic space is sometimes difficult. ...

2020| Michael Wurm, Jan Goebel, Gert G. Wagner, Matthias Weigand, Stefan Dech, Hannes Taubenböck
SOEPpapers 1066 / 2020

Who is Thinking of Leaving Germany? The Role of Postmaterialism, Risk Attitudes, and Life-Satisfaction on Emigration Intentions of German Nationals

The subject of emigration from affluent countries, such as Germany, raises the question of who are more likely to leave their highly-industrialized countries known for high living standards, stable political scene and prosperous economy. Using the theory of postmaterialism (Inglehart, 1997) this paper explores emigration intentions of German nationals taking into account country’s specific socio-economic ...

2020| Elena Samarsky
SOEPpapers 1065 / 2019

Do(n’t) Worry, It’s Temporary: The Effects of Fixed‑Term Employment on Affective Well‑Being

This paper examines the impact of fixed-term employment on the affective and cognitive well-being of employees operationalized by the subjective frequency of the basic emotions of happiness, sadness, fear and anger as well as life satisfaction. Longitudinal effects were analysed across 10 waves of sampling from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), an annual representative survey in Germany. Random effects ...

2019| Paul Schumann, Lars Kuchinke
SOEPpapers 1063 / 2019

Till Death Do Us Part: Transactions between Losing One’s Spouse and the Big Five Personality Traits

Objective: Although losing one’s spouse is one of the worst experiences that can occur in life, it has not been resolved yet how this experience relates to personality development. Method: In the German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP), information on the death of a spouse was assessed yearly from 1985 to 2017 and personality was measured repeatedly in 2005, 2009, 2013, and 2017 with the BFI-S. We ...

2019| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1062 / 2019

Short- and Mid-Term Effects of a Parenting Program on Maternal Well-Being: Evidence for More and Less Advantaged Mothers

This paper evaluates how a light-touch parenting program for parents of children below school entry age affects maternal well-being. We first analyze data from a randomized controlled trial focusing on more advantaged parents. Second, we use a sample of mothers from deprived neighborhoods, for which we generate a control group using additional data. Overall, results show a relatively large positive ...

2019| Georg F. Camehl, C. Katharina Spieß, Kurt Hahlweg
SOEPpapers 1061 / 2019

What Makes an Employer?

As the policy debate on entrepreneurship increasingly centers on firm growth in terms of job creation, it is important to better understand which variables influence the first hiring decision and which ones influence the subsequent survival as an employer. Using the German Socio-economic Panel (SOEP), we analyze what role individual characteristics of entrepreneurs play in sustainable job creation. ...

2019| Marco Caliendo, Frank M. Fossen, Alexander S. Kritikos
SOEPpapers 1060 / 2019

The Myth of Equal Opportunity in Germany?

Providing equal opportunities to all members of society independent of an individual’s socio-economic background is a major objective of German policy makers. However, evidence on the access to education suggests that opportunities of children with a non-academic family background are still unequally obstructed. When analysing the labour market implications of this social disadvantage in human capital, ...

2019| Valentina S. Consiglio, Denisa M. Sologon
SOEPpapers 1059 / 2019

The Baby Year Parental Leave Reform in the GDR and Its Impact on Children’s Long-Term Life Satisfaction

This article investigates the effects of an increase in paid parental leave — twelve months instead of six months — on children’s long-term life satisfaction. The historical setting under study, namely the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), allows us to circumvent problems of selection of women into the labor market and an insufficient or heterogeneous non-parental child care supply, which are ...

2019| Katharina Heisig, Larissa Zierow
SOEPpapers 1058 / 2019

Occupational Mobility in Europe: Extent, Determinants, and Consequences

We examine occupational mobility and its link to wage mobility across a large number of EU countries using worker-level micro data. In doing so, we document the extent, the individual-level determinants and the consequences of occupational mobility in terms of wage outcomes and structural change across the EU. In addition, we identify potential explanations for the observed cross-country variation. ...

2019| Ronald Bachmann, Peggy Bechara, Christina Vonnahme
SOEPpapers 1057 / 2019

Risk Aversion and the Teaching Profession: An Analysis Including Different Forms of Risk Aversion, Different Control Groups, Selection and Socialization Effects

Risk aversion might affect current and potential teachers’ reaction to reforms, in particular payment reforms. However, evidence on teachers’ risk aversion in comparison to other occupations is limited. The present study is based on twelve waves of a representative German data set (N = 18,381) and shows that teaching relates positively to risk aversion, especially to risk aversion with respect to occupational ...

2019| Adam Ayaita, Kathleen Stürmer
SOEPpapers 1056 / 2019

Quantifizierung lokaler externer Effekte fossiler Kraftwerke: eine empirische Analyse anhand von Lebenszufriedenheitsdaten

In the course of the energy transition, the German Commission on “Growth, Structural Change and Employment” recommended a stepwise phase-out of coal-fired electricity generation until 2038 and a partly substitution by gas-fired power plants. In this context local externalities of various types of fossil fuel-fired power plants are investigated and quantified using the life satisfaction approach. Therefore, ...

2019| Hauke Lütkehaus
SOEPpapers 1055 / 2019

A Practical Guide for the Computation of Domain-Level Estimates with the Socio-Economic Panel (and Other Household Surveys)

There is a huge interest in deriving and comparing socio-economic indicators across societal groups and domains. The indicators are usually derived from population surveys like the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) by direct estimation. Small sample sizes in the domains can limit the precision of these estimates. For example, while SOEP may be a suitable database for determining mean income in Germany, ...

2019| Natascha Hainbach, Christoph Halbmeier, Timo Schmid, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1054 / 2019

Gendered Wealth Losses after Dissolution of Cohabitation but not Marriage in Germany

Objective: To document gender differences in how economic wealth changes following the dissolution of marriage and cohabitation in Germany. Background: Wealth can be an important resource to deal with the adverse economic consequences of union dissolution. Marital property regimes usually ensure that both partners receive a share of the couples’ wealth following a divorce. The dissolution of cohabiting ...

2019| Diederik Boertien, Philipp M. Lersch
SOEPpapers 1053 / 2019

Psychological Distress among Refugees in Germany – a Representative Study on Individual and Contextual Risk Factors and the Potential Consequences of Poor Mental Health for Integration in the Host Country

Background: Responding to the mental health needs of refugees remains a pressing challenge worldwide. We estimated the prevalence of psychological distress in a large refugee population in Germany and assessed its association with host country factors amenable to policy intervention and integration indicators. Method: We analysed the second wave of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP, a representative Germany-wide ...

2019| Lena Walther, Hannes Kröger, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Thi Minh Tam Ta, Christian von Scheve, Jürgen Schupp, Eric Hahn, Malek Bajbouj
SOEPpapers 1052 / 2019

The Distribution of Well-Being among Europeans

We analyse the evolution of EU citizens’ living standards, considering the EU as a single country. Average living standards have improved considerably as the European integration process has unfolded. EU28 income inequality has steadily declined, mostly as a result of the macroeconomic convergence of new EU-accession countries. EU15 income inequality fell steadily until the mid-1980s, but picked up ...

2019| Andrea Brandolini, Alfonso Rosolia
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